ANNE OF CLEVES

TIME-LINE AND ADDITIONAL FACTS ON ANNE OF CLEVES, QUEEN CONSORT OF KING HENRY THE VIII OF ENGLAND. ANNE WAS QUEEN FOR VERY SHORT PERIOD OF TIME, HOWEVER SHE OUTLIVED ALL OF THE SIX WIVES OF THE KING.

Who was Anne of Cleves?'. Why did King Henry VIII really divorce her?

TIME-LINE OF ANNE OF CLEVES

 
1515
  • 22ND SEPTEMBER Anne of Cleves was born the daughter of John III, Duke of Cleves and Maria of Jülich-Berg in Düsseldorf at Düsseldorf, Duchy of Berg, Holy Roman Empire
1516
  • 28TH JULY Anne’s brother William of Jülich-Cleves-Berge, born.
1517
  • 17TH OCTOBER Anne’s sister Amalia of Cleve's born.
1526
  • Anne’s older sister Sibylla gets married to John Frederick, elector of Saxony, who is the head of the protestant confederation of Germany and considered the "champion of the Reformation.”
1527
  • Anne was first betrothed to Francis, son and heir of the Duke of Lorraine. She was eleven years and he was ten. thus, the betrothal was considered unofficial and was cancelled in 1535.
1539
  • 6TH FEBRUARY: Anne’s father, John III, Duke of Cleve's died
  • MARCH: marriage negotiations for Anne to marry Henry VIII of England are in full swing.
  • APRIL: Hans Holbein is commissioned to do a portrait of Anne and her sister Amelia, for Henry VIII of England
  • OCTOBER: Anne’s marriage treaty with Henry VIII was signed
  • 11TH DECEMBER Anne reached Calais on her journey toward England
  • DECEMBER 27TH: Anne set sails from Calais after spending two weeks here due to unsettled weather
  • 31ST DECEMBER Anne arrives in Rochester Castle in Kent
1540
  • 1ST JANUARY Henry VIII of England met Anne privately at Rochester abbey on her journey from Dover
  • 6TH JANUARY: Anne married Henry VIII of England. at the royal palace of Placentia in Greenwich, London by Archbishop Thomas Cranmer.
  • 6TH JANUARY 1540 – 9 JULY: Anne is queen consort of England
  • SPRING: Catherine Howard becomes a lady-in-waiting to Anne.
  • MAY- DAY: Anne’s last official appearance as queen of England, during the Mayday celebrations.
  • Henry VIII told Thomas Wriothesley(Secretary of State)the "He the King liketh not the Queen, nor ever has from the beginning. Henry VIII asked Thomas Cromwell to find a way out of this problem of the marriage with Anne.
  • 24TH JUNE Anne is ordered to leave the court
  • 6TH JULY Anne is informed of King   Henry’s plans to reconsider the marriage.
  • 9TH JULY Anne’s marriage, to Henry VIII of England is annulled
  • Henry VIII of England gives Anne Hever Castle as part of a settlement following the annulment to their marriage. Hever Castle had previously been the Home and family seat of the Boleyn's.
  • 28TH JULY Henry VIII of England married his fifth wife, Catherine Howard at Oatlands palace: Thomas Cromwell.was executed on the same day at the Tower of London
1542
  • 13TH FEBRUARY: The Execution of Queen consort Catherine Howard for adultery and treason.
  • After the execution of Catherine Howard in 1542, Anne of Cleves hoped to remarry HenryVIII. It was reported that Duke William initiated discussions but the King quickly rejected the idea. They did exchange gifts at the Christmas
1543
1547
  • 28TH JANUARY King Henry VIII of England is dead and now his son  Edward VI is King of England, under the supervision of his uncle Edward Seymour as regent
  • APRIL: Edward VI ' of  England privy council asked Anne to move out of Bletchingley Palace, her usual residence, to Penshurst Place.
  • Wings Place is taken from Anne and given back to the crown.
1553
  • 6TH JULY:  King Edward VI of England is dead
  • 10TH JULY: Lady Jane Grey is declared Queen
  • 19TH JULY: The Lady Jane Grey is deposed and arrested by supporters of Mary Tudor. Now Mary Tudor is Queen of England.
  • 28TH SEPTEMBER: When Mary I England left St James's palace for Whitehall, she was accompanied by her sister Princess Elizabeth and Anne of Cleve's
  • 1ST OCTOBER: Anne attends Mary I England’s coronation
1554
  • 12TH FEBRUARY: The execution of the Lady Jane Grey
  • 21ST FEBRUARY: Anne’s sister, Sibylla of Cleve's died
  • Anne lost royal favour, for a while, due to her close association with Princess Elizabeth and the events of Wyatt’s rebellion.
  • 4TH AUGUST Anne wrote to Mary I of England, to congratulate her on her marriage to Philip of Spain
1557
  • 16TH JULY Anne died possibly of cancer. at Chelsea Old Manor

EXTRA FACTS ON ANNE OF CLEVES

  • Anne of Cleves was Queen of England for six months.

 

  • Anne came from the House of La Marck. A house which goes back to 1200 AD.

 

  • Anne’s grandfather John II, Duke of Cleves, was nicknamed The Babymaker" since he fathered sixty-three illegitimate children, before his marriage with Mathilde of Hesse.

 

 

  • Anne was the fourth wife of King Henry VIII of England. The marriage was never consummated and thus was annulled. Anne was the shortest reigning Queen, however, came of more successful than any other one of Henry the VIII wives.

 

  • Anne did not possess an educational or have any musical accomplishments and was ill-equipped to function in the contentious English court. She was not the first choice for the king. Marie de Guise was the first choice; however, she then went on and married King James V of Scotland, King Henry VIII nephew. The second choice was Christina of Denmark, the sixteen-year-old widowed Duchess of Milan. Christina was disturbed by Henry's treatment of Catherine of Aragon and Anne Boleyn and apparently told Thomas Wriothesley, "If I had two heads, one should be at the King of England's disposal."

 

 

  • When King Henry first met Anne. He and some of his courtiers following a courtly-love tradition went disguised into the room where Anne was staying. Eustace Chapuys reported that Henry went up into the chamber where the Lady Anne was looking out of a window to see the bull-baiting which was going on in the courtyard. Henry suddenly then embraced and kissed her and showed her a token which the king had sent her for New Year’s gift. She is being abashed and not knowing whom it had thanked him, and so he spoke with her. But she regarded him little, and kept looked out of the window…. and when the king saw that she took so little notice of his coming he went into another chamber and took off his cloak and came in again, in a coat of purple velvet. When the lords and knights saw his grace, they did him reverence. According to the testimony of his companions, King Henry was disappointed with Anne, feeling she was not as described. According to the chronicler Charles Wriothesley. Anne "regarded him little", though it is unknown if she knew if this was the king or not. Henry did then reveal his true identity to Anne, although he is said to have been put off the marriage from then on.

 

  • Eleanor Manners, nee (Paston) (Countess of Rutland) who was a lady in waiting at court, had a conversation with Anne during her time as queen consort. Anne had praised the King as a kind husband, saying: "When he comes to bed he kisseth me, and he taketh me by the hand, and biddeth me 'Good night, sweetheart'; and in the morning kisseth me and biddeth 'Farewell, darling.'" Countess of Rutland responded: "Madam, there must be more than this, or it will be long ere we have a duke of York, which all this realm most desire.

 

  • Catherine Howard, Henry VIII fifth wife, had been, the lady in waiting to Anne during her time as the English queen. Anne was aware of Henry’s interest in Catherine and had come to terms with the situation. After Anne’s annulment and Catherine Howard became Queen, Anne danced at court with Catherine to show she held no bitterness.

 

  • After Anne and King Henry VIII annulment, Anne received a generous settlement. This included Richmond Palace, Wings Place and Hever Castle,  the home of Henry's former in-laws, the Boleyn’s. Anne grew to enjoy English ale and gambling. She spent large sums on gowns and she visited with the king’s children and occasionally visited the king himself.

 

  • Anne owned Hever Castle until her death in 1557 but it is not known how much time she spent at the Castle. However, there is a surviving letter written by Anne to the Queen of England, Mary Tudor in 1554 signed ‘from my poor house of Hever’.

 

  • When Anne's health began to fail, Mary the 1st of England permitted her to live at Chelsea Old Manor. This had been the residence of Catherine Parr, Henry the VIII last wife.

 

  • There is an Anne of Cleves House on Southover High Street in Lewes, East Sussex, England. Which is a 15th-century timber-framed Wealden hall house

FICTIONAL PORTRAYALS OF ANNE OF CLEVES

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