ANNE OF DENMARK

TIME-LINE AND ADDITIONAL FACTS ON ANNE OF DENMARK, QUEEN CONSORT OF JAMES THE VI OF SCOTLAND. ANNE WAS THE MOTHER OF KING CHARLES 1ST OF ENGLAND.

TIME-LINE OF ANNE OF DENMARK

DATE                                EVENT
 
1574
  • 12TH DECEMBER: Anne of Denmark was born in Skanderborg Castle, Skanderborg, Denmark, the second daughter of king Frederick II of Denmark and Sophie of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
1577
  • 12TH APRIL: Anne’s younger brother Christian iv is born Frederiksborg Palace
  • Anne was sent with her older sister Elizabeth to be raised at Güstrow in Germany by her maternal grandparents, the Duke and Duchess of Mecklenburg
1578
  • Anne’s brother prince Ulrik John of Denmark is born
1579
  • Anne’s sister Elisabeth returns to Denmark
  • Anne;s brother, Christian, joins her their grandparents home
1580
  • 8TH APRIL: Anne’s sister princess Augusta of Denmark is born
1581
  • 5TH AUGUST: Anne’s younger sister princess Hedwig of Denmark is born
1583
  • 9TH JULY: Anne’s brother Johan of Schleswig-Holstein is born.
1588
  • 4TH APRIL: Anne’s father Frederick II is dead and now her brother Christian is king of Denmark and Norway.
1589
  • George Keith, 5th Earl Marischal comes to Denmark to negotiate the marriage of Anne and James,
  • 20TH AUGUST: Anne was married by proxy to King James at Kronborg Castle, King Jamesis represented, by George kith, 5th Earl Marischal,
  • 30TH AUGUST: Anne sets sails for Scotland, but her fleet was beset by a series of misadventures Anne was then forced back to the coast of norway, from where she travelled by land to oslo for refuge
  • 19TH NOVEMBER King James arrives in Oslo, after setting sail from Scotland himself to fetch his wife,
  • 23RD NOVEMBER: Anne married James VI Scotland at the old bishop's palace in Oslo, this was influenced by her mother Sophie of Mecklenburg-Güstrow .Sophie arrnged this marriage against her Royal councils advice.
1590
  • Anne’s sister Elisabeth, married Henry Julius, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
  • 17TH MAY: The coronation of Anne as Queen of Scotland. Anne is crowned by Adam Bothwell, Bishop of Orkney at Holyrood Abbey.
1593
  • Anne’s husband James is romantically linked Anne Murray
1594
  • 19TH FEBRUARY: Anne’s son Henry Frederick, prince of Wales is born, at Stirling castle, Scotland. he is created Duke of rothesay, Earl of Carrick, baron of Renfrew,
  • John Erskine, is given the charge of caring for Anne’s son Henry Fredrick, as James did not want his son influenced by Anne’s beliefs. this caused enormous tension between Anne and James in their marriage. Anne began an ongoing campaign in order to see her son Henry.
  • 30TH AUGUST: Anne’s son Henry Fredrick is baptised, there are celebrations with complex theatrical entertainments written by poet William Fowler
1595
  • JULY:  Anne suffers a miscarriage
1596
  • 19TH AUGUST: Anne’ daughter Elizabeth Stuart, is born at Falkland Palace, Fife
  • 30TH AUGUST: Anne’s sister princess Augusta of Denmark married John Adolf, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp
  • 28TH NOVEMBER : Anne’s daughter Elizabeth is christened at Holyrood Abbey
1597
  • 30TH NOVEMBER: Anne’s brother Christian IV of Denmark, married Anne Catherine of Brandenburg
1598
  • Anne’s brother Ulrik of Denmark travels to Scotland from England to see her.
  • 24TH DECEMBER: Anne’s daughter Margaret of Scotland died
1599
  • APRIL: Anne’s daughter Margaret of Scotland is baptised
1600
  • MARCH: Anne’s daughter Margaret of Scotland died, after being ill. at Linlithgow Palace, Linlithgow
  • 19TH NOVEMBER: Anne’s son Charles is born the future of Charles1st of England.
  • 23RD DECEMBER: Anne’s son Charles is baptised , by David Lindsay, Bishop of Ross, at a protestant ceremony n the chapel royal at holy-rood palace in Edinburgh he created Duke of Albany.
1602
  • 18TH JANUARY: Anne gives birth to another boy Robert Bruce Stuart, He sadly dies by 27th May the same year at Dunfermline palace, Fife, Scotland
  • 28TH OCTOBER: Anne’s brother Johan of Schleswig-Holstein died
1603
  • 24TH MARCH Queen Elizabeth of England is dead an now James Anne's husband is King of both England and Scotland.
  • 25TH JULY: The coronation of James VI Scotland as James king of England Both James and Anne are crowned by John Whitgift, Archbishop of Canterbury
1604
  • Anne’s brother Ulrik of Denmark comes to London
  • JULY: Anne’s son Charles joins them in England, now that he is stronger in health., he is placed in the care of, Lady Carey, the wife of courtier Sir Robert Carey
  • Anne performes with her ladies in a play called the vision of the twelve goddesses, Anne played pallas athena, wearing a tunic that some observers regarded as too short; Anne would often offend people when in theses plays
1605
  • JANUARY: The actor Richard Burbage arranged a revival of Shakespeare's love's labours lost for Anne and her brother Ulrik of Denmark at the house of Robert Cecil
  • Anne performed at six months pregnant, in the masque of blackness he and her ladies causing scandal by appearing with their skin painted as "Blackmore
  • 8TH APRIL: Anne’s daughter. Mary of England is born at Greenwich palace, Greenwich
  • 5TH MAY: Anne’s daughter Mary is christened, at Greenwich palace, Anne’s brother Ulrik of Denmark is Godparent along with Lady Arbella Stuart, first cousin to the king, and Dorothy Percy, countess of Northumberland. the archbishop of canterbury, Richard Bancroft, christened the child
  • 16TH MAY: Anne’s brother Ulrik of Denmark is made Order Of The Garter at Windsor castle.
  • 19TH MAY Anne’s churching ceremony wherein a blessing is given to mothers after recovery from childbirth
  • 5TH NOVEMBER: The Gun Powder Plot This was  a failed assassination attempt against King James I of England and VI of Scotland by a group of provincial English Catholics led by Robert Catesby.
1606
  • Anne’s brother Christian IV Denmark, visits England giving her a £2,000 diamond in memory of the dog, whose name was jewel.
  • During the State visit of Anne's brother Christian IV Denmark ,there was allot of heavy drinking indulged in by English and Danes alike caused some unfavourable comments: both Christian and James had an ability to consume great amounts of alcohol, while remaining lucid, which most of their courtiers did not share. The entertainment which was intended to crown the visit- a masque of Solomon and the Queen of Sheba- was described by the audience as a drunken fiasco, where most of the players simply fell over from the effects of too much wine.
  • 22ND JUNE: Anne's daughter Sophia is born, and Hadley died by 24th June.
1607
  • First English colony is founded in Virginia Jamestown
  • 16TH SEPTEMBER; Anne’s daughter Mary died at Stanwell Park, Stanwell after developing pneumonia
  • 6TH NOVEMBER: Anne and James rarely live together from around this period St James's palace, London at age eighteen years.
1612
  • 6TH NOVEMBER: Anne’s son Stirling castle, Scotland died at
1613
  • 14TH FEBRUARY: Anne’s daughter Elizabeth married Frederick v, elector palatine in the chapel at the palace of Whitehall, the event nearly cost King James to go bankrupt. Anne was not happy with this marriage match, she felt the new groom was not good enough in status for her daughter.
1613
  • Anne shot and killed King James' favourite dog during a hunting session, James threw into a rage, later when James calmed down her made up with her by
1614
  • Anne’s husband King James , meets, and strikes up friendship with George Villiers
1616
  • The construction for the Queens house began , however came to a halt when Anne became ill, designed by indigo Jones.
1617
  • Anne is ill, regularly.
1618
  • 29TH OCTOBER : The execution of sir Walter Raleigh
1619
  • JANUARY: Theodore De Mayerne instructed Anne to saw wood to improve her blood flow, but the exertion served to make her worse.
  • Anne’s son Prince Charles often slept in the adjoining bedroom at Hampton Court Palace and was at her bedside during her last hours, when she had lost her sight.
  • 2ND MARCH: Anne of Denmark died at the age of forty-four of a dangerous form of dropsy, at Hampton Court Palace
 
Anne of Denmark was buried on the 13th May at in King Henry's Chapel, Westminster Abbey
EXTRA FACTS ON ANNE OF DENAMRK
  • Anne of Denmark, was Queen consort of James VI Scotland, 1st of England for just under thirty years
 
  • Anne was from the House of Oldenburg, which was founded in 1448, the monarchy of Denmark stayed under their house until 1863, and the monarchy of Norway until 1814.
 
  • Anne’s father, was known for his drunkenness and Infidelity, and restless behaviour. Anne was brought up in a more stable environment of her grandparents’ home. Anne mother Queen Sophia, nursed her children herself, and was close to them.
 
  • During Anne and King James return from Norway after their wedding, they experienced terrible storms and had to shelter in Norway for several weeks before continuing. he admiral of the escorting Danish fleet blamed the storm on the wife of a high official in Copenhagen whom he had insulted. Several nobles of the Scottish court were implicated, and witchcraft trials were held in Denmark. This sparked King James obsession in witchcraft and doing all he could to protect against it. James took a personal interest in the North Berwick Witch trial in1590
 
  • Somerset House in London, was one of Anne’s royal residences.
 
 
  • Anne refused to be controlled, after he so-called Gowrie conspiracy of 1600, the young Earl of Gowrie, John Ruthven, and his brother Alexander Ruthven were killed by James' attendants for a supposed assault on the King, Anne’s ladies who were sisters of Ruthven, of whom they were chiefly credited b y her. Anne refused when Five months pregnant to get out of bed, or even eat. Anne warned King James to tread careful into how he treated her, and she was not Ruthven’s. Anne was never gave supporting them to the point it became a breech of security, when Anne smuggled one of the sisters Beatrix Ruthven into Holyrood.King James eventually gave in and he finally decided to grant Beatrix Ruthven a pension of £200.
 
 
  • Anne’s brother the king of Denmark Christian IV, wanted to have good relations with England, he and his sister remained in contact. In 1606 when he visited England, it was noted that allot of alcohol consumption between the two monarchs, James 1st, and Christian occurred, this did not make a good impression, The entertainment a was play of The Queen Sheba was performed however described by the audience as a drunken fiasco, where most of the players simply fell over from the effects of too much wine

FICTIONAL PORTRAYS OF ANNE OF DENMARK

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