CATHERINE OF BRAGANZA

TIME-LINE AND ADDITIONAL FACTS ON CATHERINE OF BRAGANZA, QUEEN CONSORT OF KING CHARLES THE II OF ENGLAND.

TIME-LINE OF CATHERINE OF BRAGANZA

DATE                                       EVENT
 
1638
  • 25TH NOVEMBER: Catherine of Braganza was born in Palace of Vila Viçosa, Vila Viçosa, Portugal, the daughter of John IV of Portugal and Luisa De Guzmán.
1640
  • 1ST DECEMBER: Catherine’s father becomes king John IV of Portugal
1643
  • 21ST AUGUST: Catherine’s younger brother Afonso V is born at Ribeira Palace, Lisbon, Portugal
1648
  • 26TH APRIL: Catherine’s youngest brother Dom Pedro II is born
1649
  • 30TH JANUARY The execution of Charles 1st of England at Whitehall, London
1653
  • 13TH MAY: Catherine’s brother Teodósio, prince of Brazil died
  • 17TH NOVEMBER: Catherine’s sister Joana, princess of Beira died
1656
  • 6TH NOVEMBER: Catherine’s father John IV of Portugal died at ribeira palace, Portugal, at the age of fifty-two years old. Afonso VI, Catherine’s younger brother is now king of Portugal now
1661
  • 23RD APRIL: The coronation of Charles II of England.Charles is crowned by William Juxon, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 23RD JUNE: The marriage negotiations are renewed between Catherine and Charles II England.
  • 23RD AUGUST: an extravagant pageant on the river thames greets Catherine and King Charles II arrive at palace of whitehall from hampton court
  • Dirk Stoop, court painter, does portrait of Catherine
1662
  • 23RD APRIL Catherine departs from Lisbon from the palace square,
  • 13–14TH MAY: Catherine arrives in portsmouth
  • 20TH MAY.: King Charles II of England visits Catherine in portsmouth’s
  • 21ST MAY Catherine marries Charles II of Englandat Portsmouth They had two ceremonies—a Catholic one conducted in secret, followed by a public Anglican service.
  • Catherine suffers a miscarriage
  • Henry Hyde, 2nd Earl of Clarendon is appointed Catherine's private secretary.
  • Winifred Wells who was a maid of Honour To catherine also becomes a mistress to Charles II of England.
1663
  • During a severe illness Catherine imagine she is pregnant.
  • Katherine Stanhope, Countess of Chesterfield is appointed Catherine's Lady of the Bedchamber 1663–1667
  • Barbara Palmer, Countess of Castlemaine becomes lady of the bedchamber to catherine 1663–1673
1664
  • Jacob Huysmans, a flemish catholic, paints Catherine’s portrait as st Catherine, it promptly set a trend among court ladies
1665
  • During the outbreak of the plague emilia butler, countess of ossory lady in waiting to Catherine accompanied the queen and her household to the safety of hampton court, Johnearle served the queen during this time.
  • JULY Henry Hyde, 2nd Earl of Clarendon became Lord chamberlain to catherine.
1666
  • 27TH FEBRUARY: Catherine’s mother Luisa María Francisca de guzmán y sandoval died
  • FEBRUARY: Catherine suffers from still birth
  • 2ND SEPTEMBER: The Great Fire of London
1667
  • The Friary is completed, a religious house Catherine was involved in.
1670
  • Catherine visits audley end with her ladies-in-waiting, a country house outside saffron walden, essex, England
  • HMY Saudadoes is built on the orders of king Charles II of England for Catherine
1672
  • The Test Act of 1673
  • 4TH MAY: Catherine visits Sandwich
1673
  • The Honor of Grafton is given to Catherine which was collection of manors in the south east of northampton shire,
1674
  • Catherine is living in chesworth house she lives here until 1699
  • Carey Mordaunt was Maid of Honour to Catherine 1674 to 1680
1675
  • 10TH JANUARY: Mary of Modena, the wife of the future James II of England named her daughter after Catherine, the baby died by the end of that same year.
  • The Apotheosis of Catherine of Braganza is painted. which is ceiling painting that is the only one of three by Verrio at windsor to survive. found at windsor castle in the queen's presence chamber
1678
  • The Popish Plot the popish plot was a fictitious conspiracy concocted by a titus oates that between 1678 and 1681,that gripped the kingdoms of England and scotland in anti-catholic hysteria. oates alleged that there existed an extensive catholic conspiracy to assassinate Charles II accusations that led to the executions of at least twenty-two men
1683
  • 12TH SEPTEMBER: Catherine’s brother Alfonso, king of Portugal and algarves died at Sintra Palace, Sintra, Portugal, Catherines youngest brother is now Peter II of Portugal.
1685
  • When King Charles was ill before his death, Catherine showed anxiety for his reconciliation with the roman catholic faith
  • 6TH FEBRUARY: the death of Catherine’s husband Charles II England, Charles brother James is now king of England, as Charles had no legitamte heirs.
  • After the death of King Charles II, Catherine remained in England, living at Somerset House
  • The Monmouth Rebellion, This was was an attempt to overthrow James II, the Duke of York. James had become King of England, James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth, an illegitimate son of Charles II, claimed to be rightful heir to the throne and attempted to displace James II.
  • 23RD APRIL The coronation of James II of England. James is crowned king by William Sancroft, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • Catherine unsuccessfully interceded with King James II for the life of James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth, the illegitimate son of her late husband King Charles II.
  • 15TH JULY The execution of James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth
1686
  • Catherine interceded for Miles Prance who was accused in being part of a plot against James II , when came to the english throne. miles had been a servant-in-ordinaryto Catherine.Catherine helped by arguing that he had returned to the roman catholic faith and was repentant
1688
  • The Glorious Revolution. This was the was the overthrow of King James II of England (James VII of Scotland) by a union of English Parliamentarians with the Dutch stadtholder William III, Prince of Orange along with his wife Mary . Mary was the eldest daughter of James II of England.
  • 11TH DECEMBER James II of England, abdicated and then fled England.
1689
  • William of Orange and Mary II are king and Queen of Great Britain.
  • 11TH APRIL The coronation of William of Orange and Mary II of England.They were both cronwed as joint monarchs by Henry Compton, Bishop of London
  • Initially Catherine was on good terms with William and Mary, her position deteriorated as the practice of her religion led to misunderstandings and increasing isolation. A bill was introduced to Parliament to limit the number of Catherine's Catholic servants, and she was warned not to agitate against the government.
1692
  • MARCH: Catherine returns to Portugal and lives at the Bemposta Palace in Lisbon, palace established for her.Catherine took care of and mentored her nephew, Prince John
1701
  • Catherine is regent of Portugal during the absence of her brother Peter II
1703
  • Catherine supported the treaty of methuen between Portugal and England
1704
  • Catherine is regent of Portugal during the absence of her brother Peter II
1705
  • 31ST DECEMBER: Catherine died at Bemposta Palace, Lisbon, Portugal aged sixty seven years old.
Catherine of Braganza was buried at Pantheon of the Braganzas, Lisbon
ADDITIONAL FACTS ON CATHERINE OF BRAGANZA
  • Catherine of Braganza was Queen consort of Charles II of England for twenty-three years.
  • Catherine came from the House of Braganza, a house founded in 1442 (Portuguese)
  • Catherine was the daughter of the King, and sister of a King of Portugal and Algarves
  • Due to Catherine's Catholic beliefs, Catherine was unpopular consort with the public.
  • Catherine’s marriage, came with dowry of Tangier (in North Africa) and the Seven islands of Bombay (the latter having a major influence on the development of the British Empire in India)
  • Catherine of Braganza has ben credited for bringing tea drinking habit to the Royal court. Official trade of tea began in 1664 with an import of only two pounds two ounces for presentation to the king, but grew to 24 million pounds a year by 1801
  • Catherine had three miscarriages and produce no heirs. Charles II her husband however had many illegitimate children.
 

 
  • Catherine was forced to have Barbara Palmer, King Charlee’s main mistress as one of her Ladies of the Bedchamber.

 
  • Queens, a borough of New York City, was supposedly named after Catherine of Braganza, since she was queen when Queens County was established in 1683. However, there is no historical evidence that Queens County was named in her honor, neither is there a document from the time proclaiming it

 
  • Catherine's marriage had an important result for the later history of India and of the British Empire, though the Queen personally had little to do with it: soon after acquiring the Seven Islands of Bombay as part of her dowry, Charles II rented them to the East India Company which moved its Presidency there - resulting in Bombay/Mumbai eventually growing to become one of the main cities of India.

FICTIONAL PORTRAYALS OF CATHERINE OF BRAGANZA

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