KNIGHTS TEMPLAR

The Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ also known as the Order of Solomon's Temple, the Knights Templar or simply as Templars, were a Catholic military order recognised in 1139 by papal bull Omne Datum Optimum of the Holy See. The order was founded in 1119 and was active until about 1312

GRAND MASTERS OF THE KNIGHTS TEMPLAR

Hugues de Payens

1070 – 24th May 1136

 the co-founder and first Grand Master of the Knights Templar

 

Robert de Craon

Nationality French

(died 13th January 1147)

 the second Grand Master of the Knights Templar from June 1136 until his death. 

 

Bernard de Tramelay

  (died 16th August 1153) 

the fourth Grand Master of the Knights Templar.

 

Everard des Barres

Nationality French

 (died 1174) 

 the third Grand Master of the Knights Templarfrom 1147 to 1151.

 

Bertrand de Blanchefort

Nationality French

1109 – 13th January 1169

He is known as a great reformer of the order.

 the sixth Grand Master of the Knights Templar, from 1156 until his death in 1169.

 

André de Montbard

Nationality French

 (5th November 1097 – 17th January 1156) 

 the fifth Grand Master of the Knights Templar and also one of the founders of the Order.

 

Hugues de Payens,

First Grand Master

artist Henri Lehmann 

Painted in 1841

Philip of Milly

Nationality French

1120 – April 3rd, 1171)

the seventh Grand Master of the Knights Templar.

 

Eudes de St. Amand

Nationality French

(1110 – 9th October 1179)

 8th Grand Master of the Knights Templar, between 1171 and 1179.

 

Arnold of Torroja

Nationality Spanish

(? – 30th September 1184) 

 the ninth Grand Master of the Knights Templar from 1181 until his death in 1184.

 

Robert IV de Sablé 

Nationality French

(1150 − 23rd September 1193)

 the eleventh Grand Master of the Knights Templar from 1191 to 1192

 

Gerard of Ridefort

Nationality French

(died 4th October 1189)

 Grand Master of the Knights Templar from the end of 1184 until his death in 1189.

 

Gilbert Horal

  Nationality French

(died December 1200)  

 the 12th Grand Master of the Knights Templar from 1193 to 1200.

 

Guillaume de Chartres

Nationality French

(1178 – 1219) 

 grand master of the Knights Templar from 1210 – 26 August 1218.

 

Philippe du Plessis

Nationality French

(1165 – 12TH November 1209)

 the 13th Grand Master of the Knights Templar

 

Peire de Montagut

Nationality French

(? – 28 January 1232) 

 Grand Master of the Knights

 He was previously Master of the Crown of Aragon

Templar from 1218 to 1232

 

Armand de Périgord

 Nationality French

(1178–1247?)

 Grand Master of the Knights Templar.

 

Richard de Bures

Nationality French

 (? – May 1247)

 seventeenth Grand Master of the Knights Templar, from 1245 to 1247

 

Thomas Bérard

Nationality French

( (? – 25 March 1273)

20th Grand Master of the Knights Templar, from 1256 to 1273.

 

Guillaume de Beaujeu

Nationality French

(? – 1291)

  the 21st Grand Master of the Knights Templar, from 1273 until his death

He was the last Grand Master to preside in Palestine. 

 

Guillaume de Sonnac

Nationality French

(died 6th April 1250)

 Grand Master of the Knights Templar

 

Renaud de Vichiers

Nationality French

(? – 20 January 1256)

 the 19th Grand Master of the Knights Templar from 1250 to 1256.

 

Thibaud Gaudin

Nationality French

(1229? – April 16, 1292)

 Grand Master of the Knights Templar from August 1291 until his death in April 1292.

 

Jacques de Molay

Nationality French

 1243 – 18 March 1314

 the 23rd and last Grand Master of the Knights Templar

 

Jacques de Molay, Last

(23rd) Grand Master

Unknown artist

Painted 19th century

A Seal of the Knights Templar

this was used by The Grand Masters of the Knights Templar during the later 12th and the 13th century.

a double-sided seal which showed a representation of The Dome of the Rock on one side (a holy structure) and the Order's symbol of two knights on one horse on the other sideThe Templar (perhaps Hugues de Payens and Godfrey de Saint-Omer) on one horse.

 Bertrand de Blanquefort, the order's sixth Grand Master, introduced this in  1158 and it was used forty years 

Flag used by the Templars in battle.

HEADQUARTERS OF THE KNIGHTS TEMPLARS

The Kingdom of Jerusalem and the other Crusader states in the context of the Near East in 1135.

Jerusalem

 

Temple Mount

 The Knights Templar, who believed the Dome of the Rock was the site of the Solomon's Temple, gave it the name "Templum Domini" 

BATTLES AND ENGAGEMENTS OF THE KNIGHTS TEMPLAR

Preheraldic Emblem of the Kingdom of Asturias
Coat of Arms of The flag of The Kingdom of León
Coat of Arms of The Kingdom of Castile
Coat of arms of Kingdom of Jerusalem
Coat of arms of Odo de St Amand
The Order of Saint Lazarus of Jerusalem
Coat of arms of The County of Tripoli
Cross of Knights of Montjoie
England's Royal Arms (1399–1603)
The Flag of The Holy Roman Empire
The coat of Arms of The flag of The Crown of Aragon

 PAPAL BULLS  IN RELATION TO THE KNIGHTS TEMPLAR

  •  The Knights original purpose was to protect pilgrims from danger, However, they progressively expanded its duties. By becoming defenders of the Crusader states in the Holy Land and were known as brave, highly skilled warriors.

 

  • The Knights had a dress code, they would to wear the white mantle at all times, even being forbidden to eat or drink unless they were wearing it. Sergeants wore a black tunic with a red cross on the front and a black or brown mantle. As monks, Templars were tonsured.

 

  • It was said that the "The Knights Templar had found the Holy Grail and other religious secrets in Jerusalem.

 

  • It was  King Phillip IV of France set his sights on the fabled riches of the Knights Templar. The king was deeply in debt Philip's intention was to destroy the Templar Order and confiscate all their treasuries and properties in France, but he had to obviously achieve this legally.

 

  • On the break of dawn on Friday,  the 13th October  1307, scores of French Templars were simultaneously arrested by agents of King Philip, then later to be tortured in locations such as the tower at Chinon, into admitting heresy and other sacrilegious offences in the Order. Then they were put to death.

 

  •  In England and Wales, the Grand Priory of Knights Templar, has about 140 members. ... Temple Church still stands on the site of the old Preceptory in London, and effigies of Crusading Templars can still be seen there today. In Yorkshire, Temple Newsam was one of the key Templar holdings.

 EXTRA FACTS ON THE KNIGHTS TEMPLAR

THE KNIGHTS TEMPLAR

IN  LITERATURE

  • The Knights Templar, by Helen J. Nicholson

 

  • The Templars: The Rise and Spectacular Fall of God's Holy Warriors, by Dan Jones

 

  • Knights Templar Encyclopedia: The Essential Guide to the People, Places, Events, and Symbols of the Order of the Temple, by Karen Ralls 

 

  • The Knights Templar are one of the most mysterious and powerful religious orders in history, by Susie Hodge

 

  • The Knights Templar: The Hidden History of the Knights Templar: The Church's Oldest Conspiracy, by Conrad Bauer

 

  •  Knights Templar: The Essential History by Stephen Howarth

  • The Templars: Knights of Christ, by Regine Pernoud

  • The New Knighthood: A History of the Order of the Temple, by Malcolm Barber

  • The Knights Templar: A New History, by Helen Nicholson

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