The Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ also known as the Order of Solomon's Temple, the Knights Templar or simply as Templars, were a Catholic military order recognised in 1139 by papal bull Omne Datum Optimum of the Holy See. The order was founded in 1119 and was active until about 1312
GRAND MASTERS OF THE KNIGHTS TEMPLAR
Hugues de Payens
1070 – 24th May 1136
the co-founder and first Grand Master of the Knights Templar
Robert de Craon
(died 13th January 1147)
the second Grand Master of the Knights Templar from June 1136 until his death.
Bernard de Tramelay
(died 16th August 1153)
the fourth Grand Master of the Knights Templar.
Everard des Barres
the third Grand Master of the Knights Templarfrom 1147 to 1151.
Bertrand de Blanchefort
1109 – 13th January 1169
He is known as a great reformer of the order.
the sixth Grand Master of the Knights Templar, from 1156 until his death in 1169.
André de Montbard
(5th November 1097 – 17th January 1156)
the fifth Grand Master of the Knights Templar and also one of the founders of the Order.
Hugues de Payens,
First Grand Master
artist Henri Lehmann
Painted in 1841
Philip of Milly
1120 – April 3rd, 1171)
the seventh Grand Master of the Knights Templar.
Eudes de St. Amand
(1110 – 9th October 1179)
8th Grand Master of the Knights Templar, between 1171 and 1179.
Arnold of Torroja
(? – 30th September 1184)
the ninth Grand Master of the Knights Templar from 1181 until his death in 1184.
Robert IV de Sablé
(1150 − 23rd September 1193)
the eleventh Grand Master of the Knights Templar from 1191 to 1192
Gerard of Ridefort
(died 4th October 1189)
Grand Master of the Knights Templar from the end of 1184 until his death in 1189.
(died December 1200)
the 12th Grand Master of the Knights Templar from 1193 to 1200.
Guillaume de Chartres
(1178 – 1219)
grand master of the Knights Templar from 1210 – 26 August 1218.
Philippe du Plessis
(1165 – 12TH November 1209)
the 13th Grand Master of the Knights Templar
Peire de Montagut
(? – 28 January 1232)
Grand Master of the Knights
He was previously Master of the Crown of Aragon
Templar from 1218 to 1232
Armand de Périgord
Grand Master of the Knights Templar.
Richard de Bures
(? – May 1247)
seventeenth Grand Master of the Knights Templar, from 1245 to 1247
( (? – 25 March 1273)
20th Grand Master of the Knights Templar, from 1256 to 1273.
Guillaume de Beaujeu
(? – 1291)
the 21st Grand Master of the Knights Templar, from 1273 until his death
He was the last Grand Master to preside in Palestine.
Guillaume de Sonnac
(died 6th April 1250)
Grand Master of the Knights Templar
Renaud de Vichiers
(? – 20 January 1256)
the 19th Grand Master of the Knights Templar from 1250 to 1256.
(1229? – April 16, 1292)
Grand Master of the Knights Templar from August 1291 until his death in April 1292.
Jacques de Molay
1243 – 18 March 1314
the 23rd and last Grand Master of the Knights Templar
Jacques de Molay, Last
(23rd) Grand Master
Painted 19th century
A Seal of the Knights Templar
this was used by The Grand Masters of the Knights Templar during the later 12th and the 13th century.
a double-sided seal which showed a representation of The Dome of the Rock on one side (a holy structure) and the Order's symbol of two knights on one horse on the other sideThe Templar (perhaps Hugues de Payens and Godfrey de Saint-Omer) on one horse.
Bertrand de Blanquefort, the order's sixth Grand Master, introduced this in 1158 and it was used forty years
Flag used by the Templars in battle.
HEADQUARTERS OF THE KNIGHTS TEMPLARS
The Kingdom of Jerusalem and the other Crusader states in the context of the Near East in 1135.
The Knights Templar, who believed the Dome of the Rock was the site of the Solomon's Temple, gave it the name "Templum Domini"
BATTLES AND ENGAGEMENTS OF THE KNIGHTS TEMPLAR
PAPAL BULLS IN RELATION TO THE KNIGHTS TEMPLAR
The Knights original purpose was to protect pilgrims from danger, However, they progressively expanded its duties. By becoming defenders of the Crusader states in the Holy Land and were known as brave, highly skilled warriors.
The Knights had a dress code, they would to wear the white mantle at all times, even being forbidden to eat or drink unless they were wearing it. Sergeants wore a black tunic with a red cross on the front and a black or brown mantle. As monks, Templars were tonsured.
It was said that the "The Knights Templar had found the Holy Grail and other religious secrets in Jerusalem.
It was King Phillip IV of France set his sights on the fabled riches of the Knights Templar. The king was deeply in debt Philip's intention was to destroy the Templar Order and confiscate all their treasuries and properties in France, but he had to obviously achieve this legally.
On the break of dawn on Friday, the 13th October 1307, scores of French Templars were simultaneously arrested by agents of King Philip, then later to be tortured in locations such as the tower at Chinon, into admitting heresy and other sacrilegious offences in the Order. Then they were put to death.
In England and Wales, the Grand Priory of Knights Templar, has about 140 members. ... Temple Church still stands on the site of the old Preceptory in London, and effigies of Crusading Templars can still be seen there today. In Yorkshire, Temple Newsam was one of the key Templar holdings.
EXTRA FACTS ON THE KNIGHTS TEMPLAR
THE KNIGHTS TEMPLAR
The Knights Templar, by Helen J. Nicholson
The Templars: The Rise and Spectacular Fall of God's Holy Warriors, by Dan Jones
Knights Templar Encyclopedia: The Essential Guide to the People, Places, Events, and Symbols of the Order of the Temple, by Karen Ralls
The Knights Templar are one of the most mysterious and powerful religious orders in history, by Susie Hodge
The Knights Templar: The Hidden History of the Knights Templar: The Church's Oldest Conspiracy, by Conrad Bauer
Knights Templar: The Essential History by Stephen Howarth
The Templars: Knights of Christ, by Regine Pernoud
The New Knighthood: A History of the Order of the Temple, by Malcolm Barber
The Knights Templar: A New History, by Helen Nicholson