EDMUND BEAUFORT

TIME-LINE AND ADDITIONAL FACTS ON EDMUND BEAUFORT.EDMUND BEAUFORT WAS THE 2ND DUKE OF SOMERSET AND A GREAT-GRANDSON OF EDWARD III OF ENGLAND.

TIME-LINE OF EDMUND BEAUFORT

DATE                             EVENT
 
1406
  • Edmund Beaufort was born, the son of John Beaufort and Margaret Holland
1409
  • Margaret Beaufort Edmund’s younger sister is born
1410
  • 16TH MARCH: Edmund’s father John Beaufort 1st marquess of Somerset died at hospital of St Katharine's by the tower
  • Henry Beaufort Edmund’s brother became the second earl of Somerset
  • Edmund’s mother Margaret Holland re-married, Thomas of Lancaster, who was brother to Henry IV of England.
1413
  • 20TH MARCH: Henry IV of England is dead, and now Henry V is king of England.Henry V is Edmund’s cousin.
  • 9TH APRIL: The coronation of Henry V of England
1418Henry V
  • 25TH NOVEMBER: Edmund's’ brother Henry Beaufort died aged sixteen at the Siege of Rouen, France
1421
  • Edmund’s sister Margaret married Thomas Courtenay, 13th Earl of Devon
  • 22ND MARCH: : This was between France, England and Scotland: location Baugé, France: both Thomas and John, Edmund’s brothers are present at this battle.
      Result Franco-Scottish Victory
1422
  • 31ST AUGUST:Henry V is dead and now his infant son, Henry VI is king of England Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester, is appointed lord protector and defender of the realm.
1424
  • 12TH FEBRUARY: Joan Beaufort Edmund’s sister married King James of Scotland at St Mary Overie church in Southwark.
1427
  • DECEMBER: Edmund’s brother Thomas Beaufortis created Count of Perche
1429
  • 6TH NOVEMBER: The coronation of Henry VI of England at Westminster abbey.
1431
  • Edmund became a commander in the English in France re-capturing Harfleur
  • 2ND OCTOBER: Thomas Beaufort Edmund's older brother died in Louviers, France
  • 16TH DECEMBER: The coronation of Henry VI of England as King Of France in Notre-Dame De Paris
  • Edmund married Eleanor Beauchamp, Eleanor was the widow of Thomas de Ros, 8th Baron de Ros
  • Lady Eleanor Beaufort is born, Edmund's oldest daughter
1434
  • Elizabeth Beaufort is born Edmunds daughter
1435
  • Edmund daughter Anne Beaufort is born
1436
  • 26TH JANUARY: Henry Beaufort Edmund s son.
  • Edmund was named a Knight of the Garter
1437
  • 21ST FEBRUARY: James 1st Scotland is dead, King James and his wife Joan ,Edmund’s sister were victims of an assignation, Joan survived and now Edmund’s nephew James , is king of Scotland.
  • Margaret Beaufort Edmund's daughter is born.
1438
  • 7TH MARCH: Edmund’s marriage that was unlicensed was pardoned
1439
  • Edmund’s brother, John married Margaret Beauchamp of Bletso, they are the parents of Margaret Beaufort the mother of the future Henry VII of England.
  • JULY: Edmund’s sister Joan .Queen Dowager of Scotland, remarried for a second time to James Stewart, the black knight of Lorne
  • 31ST DECEMBER: Margaret Holland, countess of Somerset, Edmund’s mother died, aged fifty-four years.
1440
  • Edmund helped recaptured Harfleur
1442
  • Edmund was created Earl of Dorset
  • Calais is relieved by Edmund
1443
  • Edmund's brother John was created Duke of Somerset and earl of Kendal, he is also made a knight of the garter, and appointed captain-general of Guyenne
  • Edmund is given the title Marquess of Dorset.
1444
  • 27TH MAY: Edmund's’ brother John Beaufort 1st Duke of Somerset died.
  • Edmund was made lieutenant of France. for five years
1445
  • Edmund’s sister Joan Beaufort queen dowager scots died at Dunbar castle, East Lothian
1447
  • 11TH JULY: Edmund’s uncle Henry Beaufort who was cardinal, Bishop of Winchester, died at Wolvesey Castle, Winchester,
1448
1449
  • Margaret Beaufort countess of Devon, Edmund's younger sister died.
  • Edmund was leading the campaign in France, reopened hostilities in Normandy, but by the autumn had been pushed back to Caen
1450
  • JULY: Edmund’s subsequent military failures left him vulnerable to criticism from Richard 3rd Duke of York's allies. Edmund was supposed to be paid £20,000; but little evidence exists that he was. he failed to repulse French attacks, and by the summer. nearly all the English possessions in northern France were lost
  • AUGUST: Edmund entered London and positioned himself as part of the king's council.
  • SEPTEMBER Edmund is put in the tower for his own safety after the collapse of English Normandy, in France
1451
  • APRIL: Edmund is released from the tower.by Henry VI England
  • Edmund is appointed captain of Calais.
1453
  • English possessions in the south of France were also lost
  • King Henry VI began to show signs of serious mental illness. By means of a "sudden fright" he entered into a trance-like state reacting to and recognizing no one.
  • NOVEMBER: Edmund is imprisoned again in the Tower London by Richard 3rd Duke of Yor
1454
1455
  • JANUARY: Edmund is released from the Tower of London by Henry VI England
  • John Beaufort is born, Edmund’s youngest son
  • 22ND MAY First Battle of St Albans: This was between houses of York and Lancaster. location St Albans in Hertfordshire, England. Edmund and his son Henry is present. Edmund is killed at this battle his son Henry is injured.
         Result Decisive Yorkist Victory

EXTRA FACTS ON EDMUND BEAUFORT

  • Edmund Beaufort was the 2nd Duke of Somerset. He was from the House of Beaufort which was founded in 1373, by Edmund’s father John Beaufort.
 
  • Edmund was great grandson of Edward III England and a son to John Beaufort 1st Earl of Somerset. He was also uncle to Margaret Beaufort who would be mother to the future Henry VII of England.
 
  • Edmund was cousin of Henry V of England; Edmunds father John was half- brother to Henry IV of England. They shared the same father John of Gaunt.
 
  • Edmund was alleged to have had an affair with Queen dowager Catherine of Valois, around 1427. However, there is no evidence to support this. It was also widely suspected that Edmund had an extra-marital affair with Margaret of Anjou, the Queen consort of Henry VI of England. Many even speculated that Margaret’s son Edward of Westminster could have been Edmunds, as at the time of conception Henry VI did not seem in the mental capacity to perform the act of conceiving. Edmund was noted to be quite close to Queen Margaret.
 
 
  • Although Edmund was the head of one of the greatest families in England, his inheritance was worth only 300 pounds. The Duke of York, Richard Plantagenet his rival had a much larger amount money. When the Henry VI tried to compensate Edmund for this, by giving him offices worth £3000, the other nobles including Duke of York became offended. Edmund also had quarrels with Richard Neville 16th earl of Warwick, over the lordships of Glamorgan and Morgannwg which may have forced the leader of the younger Neville’s into York's camp, and supporting them in the Wars of the Roses.

FICTIONAL PORTRAYALS OF EDMUND BEAUFORT

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