EDWARD DE VERE, 17TH EARL OF OXFORD

TIME-LINE AND ADDITIONAL FACTS ON EDWARD DE VERE, 17TH EARL OF OXFORD COURTIER AND A POET DURING THE ELIZABETHAN RENAISSANCE

TIME-LINE OF EDWARD DE VERE, 17TH EARL OF OXFORD

 
1550
  • 12TH APRIL Edward De Vere was born at Hedingham Castle, Essex, England the son of John de Vere, 16th Earl of Oxford and Margery Golding `
  • Edward was first brought up in the household of Thomas Smith and his early education was supervised by him.
1553
  • 6TH JULY King Edward VI is dead
  • 10TH JULY The Lady Jane Grey as Queen of England for nine days
  • 19TH JULY Mary Tudor is declared Queen of all England and The Lady Jane Grey is now deposed and imprisoned in the Tower of London and later executed on the 12th February 1554.
1558
  • Edward entered Queens' College, Cambridge
  • 17TH NOVEMBER Queen Mary Tudor is dead and now her half-sister Elizabeth is Queen of England
  • Edward's father John De Vere 16th Earl of Oxford accompanied Princess Elizabeth from house arrest at Hatfield to the throne
1559
  • Edward's mother Margery Golding was appointed Maid of Honour to Queen Elizabeth.
1562
  • Edward was contracted to marry one of Henry Hasting Earl Huntingdon's sisters; when he reached the age of eighteen, he was to choose either Elizabeth or Mary Hastings. However, after the death of the 16th Earl, the indenture was allowed to lapse
  • Edward became a ward of Queen Elizabeth and was sent to live in the household of her principal advisor, Sir William Cecil
  • 3RD AUGUST John de Vere, 16th Earl of Oxford, Edward's-+` father died.
  • Edward is now titled Earl of Oxford Lord Great Chamberlain of England, and heir to an estate whose annual income, though assessed at approximately £2,500, may have run as high as £3,500 1562–1604
  • 31ST AUGUST The funeral of John De Vere the 16th Earl of Oxford. Edward attended.
  • Margery Golding, Countess of Oxford Edward's mother re-married Sir Charles Tyrrel
1563
  • Edward's half-sister, Katherine, then Baroness Windsor, challenged the legitimacy of the marriage of His parents in the Ecclesiastical court. His uncle Arthur Golding argued that the Archbishop of Canterbury should halt the proceedings since a proceeding against a ward of the Queen could not be brought without prior licence from the Court of Wards and Liveries
  • Laurence Nowell was living in the household of William Cecil, he not only tutored William's children but also Edward.
1564
  • AUGUST Edward was among 17 nobles, knights and esquires in Queen Elizabeth entourage who was awarded the honorary degree of Master of Arts by the University of Cambridge
1567
  • Edward was admitted to Gray's Inn to study law
1568
  • 2ND DECEMBER Margery Golding, Countess of Oxford, Edward's mother died at
1569
  • Edward was made Order of the Garter
1571
  • 12TH APRIL Edward attained his majority and took his seat in the House of Lords and became a court favourite.
  • AUGUST Edward declared an interest in William Cecil, fourteen-year-old daughter Anne, and received the queen's consent to the marriage.
  • 16TH DECEMBER Edward married Anne Cecil which took place at the Palace of Whitehall.Q ueen Elizabeth 1st of England attended the wedding.
1572
  • MAY Edward is now in freedom out of William Cecil's control was finally granted the income of £666 which his father had intended him to have earlier
  • 2ND JUNE The execution of Edward's cousin Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk
1575
  • JANUARY Edward sold his manors in Cornwall, Staffordshire and Wiltshire to three trustees for £6,000.
  • FEBRUARY Edward left England for France
  • MARCH Edward was presented to the King and Queen of France
  • While Edward was still abroad, News that Anne, his wife was pregnant had reached him in Paris and he sent her many extravagant presents in the coming months. But somewhere along the way, his mind was poisoned against Anne and the Cecil's, and he became convinced that the expected child was not his. The Cecil family were extremely angry at this allegation which made the situation worse.
  • MARCH Edward travelled to Strasbourg, and then made his way to Venice, via Milan
  • 2ND JULY Elizabeth De Vere is born at Theobalds House, Edward's daughter to his wife Anne Cecil
  • 10TH JULY Elizabeth De Vere was baptised
  • SEPTEMBER Edward learned of his daughter Elizabeth's birth.
1576
  • JANUARY Edward wrote to his father-in-law William Cecil, about the complaint he was receiving from his creditors.
  • Around this time, the Italian financier Benedict Spinola had lent De Vere over £4,000 for his 15-month-long continental tour, while in England over 100 tradesmen were seeking settlement of debts totalling thousands of pounds
  • MARCH Edward left Venice
  • While travelling home to England, Edward's ship was hijacked by pirates from Flushing who took his possessions, stripped him to his shirt, and might have murdered him had not one of them recognized him
  • APRIL Edward, returned home to England, but not to his wife Anne. He took rooms at Charing Cross
  • Eight poems by Edward were published in The Paradise of Dainty Devises
 
1577
  • MARCH Mary de Vere , Edward's sister married Peregrine Bertie, 13th Baron Willoughby de Eresby
  • Edward invested £25 in the second of Martin Frobisher's expeditions in search of the Northwest Passage
  • JULY Edward asked the Crown for the grant of Castle Rising, which had been forfeited to the Crown due to his cousin Thomas Howard 4th Norfolk's attainder in 1572.[As soon as it was granted to him, he sold it, along with two other manors, and sank some £3,000 into Frobisher's third expedition . Edward ended up losing his entire investment.
1578
  • Edward attended Queen Elizabeth's progress through East Anglia.The royal party stayed at Lord Henry Howard's residence at Audley End.
1579
  • Edward insulted Sir Philip Sidney by calling him a "puppy" on the tennis-court at Whitehall. Sidney accordingly challenged Oxford, but the queen forbade him to fight, and required him to apologize on the ground of the difference of rank between the disputants. On Sidney's refusal and consequent disgrace Oxford is said to have schemed to murder him
1580
  • Edward did toy in his mind with the Catholicism faith. However later did denounced a group of Catholic friends to the Queen Elizabeth, accusing them of treasonous activities and asking her mercy for his own, now repudiated, Catholicism. He was kept under house arrest for a short time
  • 15TH JUNE Benedict Spinola sold a tenement and 7 acres (28,000 m2) in the parish of St Botolph's Aldgate, London, to Edward , for £2,500.
1581
  • 23RD MARCH Anne Vavasour , Edward's mistress gives birth to Edward's illegitimate son Edward Vere
    This resulted in their imprisonment in the Tower of London by the command of Queen Elizabeth .
  • 8TH JUNE Edward was released from the prison after few months, but banished from court.
  • John Lyly became Edward's private secretary
  •  Edward took part in an Accession Day tournament at Whitehall
1582
  • JANUARY Edward reconciled with his wife Anne Cecil.
  • MARCH There was a duel n the streets of London between Edward and Anne's uncle, Sir Thomas Knyvet. Edward was wounded and his servant killed
  • Edward bought the sublease of the first Blackfriars Theatre and gave it to the poet-playwright Lyly, who operated it for a season under Edward as Earl Oxford's patronage
1583
  • JUNE Edward, we permitted back to court
1584
  • 6TH APRIL Edward's daughter Bridget was born at Theobalds House, Hertfordshire to his wife Anne Cecil.
  • Robert Greene's dedicated his works Gwydonius; The Card of Fancy, to Edward.
  • Edward sold his Essex country houses, Wivenhoe
  • CHRISTMAS Edward sponsored a Christmas court performance of tumbler John Symons and his group of acrobats during his tenure with Lord Strange's Men and Queen Elizabeth's Men
1585
  • 19TH JANUARY Anne Vavasour's (Edward old mistress) brother Thomas sent Edward a written challenge; which he ignored
  • MARCH Edward was to be sent to Scotland as one of the hostages for King James's VI safety. This was when negotiations were underway for King James's to come to England to discuss the release of his mother, Mary, Queen of Scots
1586
  • 6TH MAY Edward and his wife Anne's only son was born, and died the same day & was buried at Castle Hedingham three days later.
  • Edward petitioned the queen for an annuity to relieve his distressed financial situation.
1587
  • 26TH MAY Susan De Vere is born, Edward's daughter to his wife Anne Cecil.
1588
  • 14TH APRIL Edward was was among the peers who found Philip Howard, Earl of Arundel, the eldest son and heir of De Vere's cousin, Thomas, Duke of Norfolk, guilty of treason
  • 5TH JUNE Edward wife Anne Cecil died of a fever. Edward's three daughters stayed in the household of their grandfather William Cecil,
  • DECEMBER Edward secretly sold his London mansion of Fisher's Folly to Sir William Cornwallis
1591
  • 4TH JULY Edward sold the Great Garden property at Aldgate to John Wolley and Francis Trentham.
  • Edward had sold Hedingham Castle, the de Vere family seat from the time of William the Conqueror, to his father-in-law, William Cecil,, 1st Baron Burghley, in trust for Oxford's three daughters by his first wife, Anne Cecil, Elizabeth, Bridget and Susan
  • 27TH DECEMBER Edward married Elizabeth Trentham the sister of Francis Trentham. Elizabeth Trentham brought her husband a dowry of £1000 bequeathed to her in her father's will, payable at the rate of 500 marks a year for three years
1593
  • 24TH FEBRUARY Edward's only surviving son and heir, Henry de Vere, at Stoke Newington. By his second wife Elizabeth Trentham,
1595
  • 26TH JANUARY Edward's daughter Elizabeth married William Stanley, 6th Earl of Derby, at Greenwich Palace in the presence of Queen Elizabeth
  • OCTOBER Edward wrote to his brother in law, Sir Robert Cecil,
1598
1599
  • 28TH APRIL Edward's daughter Bridget married Francis Norris of Rycote,
  • Edward was sued by the widow of his tailor for a debt of £500 for services rendered some two decades earlier.
1600
  • JULY Edward wrote requesting Sir Robert Cecil's help in securing an appointment as Governor of the Isle of Jersey,
1601
  • FEBRUARY Edward was one among twenty-five noblemen' who rendered verdicts at the trials of Earl Essex and Earl Southampton for treason.
  • MARCH After the execution of Charles Danvers, Edward became involved in a complicated suit regarding lands which had reverted to the Crown by escheat at Danvers' attainder, a suit opposed by Danvers' kinsmen
1603
  • 24TH MARCH Queen Elizabeth 1st of England is dead and now King James VI  of Scotland is the ruler of England bringing the union of the crowns.
1604
  • 18TH JUNE Edward granted the custody of the Forest of Essex to his son-in-law Lord Norris and his cousin, Sir Francis Vere.
  • 24TH JUNE Edward De Vere died at Kings Place, Hackney aged fifty-four years.
 
Edward De Vere was perfumed buried in buried in St Augustine's church I Hackney.

EXTRA FACTS ON EDWARD DE VERE, 17TH EARL OF OXFORD

  • Edward de Vere, was the 17th Earl of Oxford English poet, playwright and courtier
 
  • Edward is believed to be named after Edward VI, from whom he received a gilded christening cup. Edward was born into one of the second oldest Earldom families in England. Before his earldom Edward was styled Viscount Bulbeck and was raised in the Protestant reformed faith
 
  • Anne Cecil, Edward's first wife was the daughter of William Cecil, Queen Elizabeth's chief advisor . Edward had been William's ward since after his own father's John De Vere death. Edward and Anne marriage brought three daughters, yet was an unhappy one. During their bitter five year separation, Edward insisted that when his estranged wife Anne was at court and attending on the Queen, that she will not speak to him or approach him. He even went on to insist that his wife Anne should not be at court when he was present.
 
  • Elizabeth Trentham , Edward's second wife was Maid of Honour to Queen Elizabeth
     
  • Elizabeth De Vere ,Edward's daughter,was rumoured to have had affairs with Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, and Walter Raleigh
 
  • By the time of Edward's death, he had lost all of his inherited estates. Henry de Vere, Edward's son to his second wife Elizabeth, inherited the earldom in 1604 on his father's death.
 
  • Edward was noted for his literary and theatrical patronage. Between 1564 and 1599, 33 works were dedicated to him, including works by Arthur Golding, John Lyly, Robert Greene and Anthony Munday
 
  • The Prince Tudor theory (also known as Tudor Rose theory) is a variant of the Oxfordian theory of Shakespeare authorship, which asserts that Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford, was the true author of the works published under the name of William Shakespeare. The Prince Tudor variant holds that Oxford and Queen Elizabeth I were lovers and had a child who was raised as Henry Wriothesley, 3rd Earl of Southampton. The theory followed earlier arguments that Francis Bacon was a son of the queen
 
  • In 1987, a group called The De Vere Society was  a group set up to put forward the evidence that Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford was the real author of the works of William Shakespeare.
 
  • Edward De Vere 17th Earl Essex is portrayed by Rhys Ifans in the 2011 film, Anonymous, The film supports “The Prince Tudor theory” notion.

THE WORKS OF EDWARD DE VERE 17TH EARL OF OXFORD

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