EDWARD SEYMOUR

Whom was Edward Seymour and what was his role in Tudor history? Who were Edward Seymour's relatives?

TIME-LINE AND ADDITIONAL FACTS ON EDWARD SEYMOUR. EDWARD WAS BROTHER TO QUEEN CONSORT JANE SEYMOUR AND UNCLE AS WELL AS LORD PROTECTOR TO KING EDWARD THE VI OF ENGLAND.

THE TIMELINE OF EDWARD SEYMOUR

1500

  • Edward Seymour was born at Wolf Hall, Wiltshire the son of the son of Sir John Seymour and his wife Margery Wentworth.

1503

  • Henry Seymour, Edward’s brother is born.

1508

  • Edward’s brother Thomas Seymour is born at Wulfhall, Wiltshire

1509

1510

  • 15TH JULY John Seymour Edwards brother died.

1513

  • John Seymour Edward’s father is made Knight banneret and was present at the sieges of Thérouanne and Tournay

1514

  • Edward, he received an appointment in the household of Mary Tudor, Queen of France.

  • 9TH OCTOBER Edward was "enfant d'honneur" to Mary Tudor at her marriage with Louis XII

1518

  • Elizabeth Seymour, Edward’s sister is born.

1519

  • Dorothy Seymour is born, Edward’s sister is born.

1520

  • JUNE John Seymour. Edward’s father attended the Field of Cloth and Gold in France.

  • 15TH JULY John Seymour, Edward’s elder brother died

1523

1525

  • 12TH JANUARY Edward was made a JP for Wiltshire, and in the same year became master of the horse to Henry Fitzroy, Duke of Richmond

1526

1527

  • Edward married Catherine Fillol

  • John Seymour, Edward’s son is born.

  • JULY Edward accompanied Cardinal Thomas Wolsey on his embassy to France

1528

  • Edward Seymour, Edward’s son is born.

  • Edward was granted some lands of the monasteries dissolved in consequence of Thomas Wolsey visitation

1529

  • 25TH MARCH Edward is a steward of the manors of Henstridge, Somerset, and Charlton, Wiltshire

  • Edward is Appointed esquire of the body to Henry VIII

1531

  • JANUARY Elizabeth Seymour, Edward’s sister married Sir Anthony Ughtred, Governor of Jersey

  • John Seymour, Edward’s father is Groom of the Bedchamber

  • 12TH SEPTEMBER Edward was appointed an esquire of the body to Henry VIII with an annuity of 50 marks.

1532

  • Edward and his father John, and his father accompanied Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn to Boulogne to meet Francois I

1533

1535

  • Catherine Fillol died

  • 9TH MARCH Edward Seymour married Anne Stanhope.

  • OCTOBER Henry VIII stayed at Wulfhall during his royal progress

1536

  • 7TH JANUARY Catherine of Aragon is dead

  • Henry VIII takes an interest in Jane Seymour, Edward’s sister.

  • MARCH Edward is a gentleman of the privy chamber

  • Edward wife Anne and his sister Jane, was installed in the palace at Greenwich in apartments which the king could reach through a private passage

  • 19TH MAY The execution of Anne Boleyn

  • 20TH MAY Henry VIII was betrothed to Jane Seymour Edward’s sister.

  • 30TH MAY Henry VIII married Jane Seymour

  • 5TH JUNE Edward was created Viscount Beauchamp of Hache in Somerset

  • 7TH JUNE Edward received a grant of numerous manors in Wiltshire, including Ambresbury, Easton Priory, Chippenham, and Maiden Bradley

  • Sir John Thynne became steward to Edward. John Thynne was the builder of Longleat House

  • 7TH JULY Edward was made governor and captain of Jersey

  • AUGUST Edward was made chancellor of North Wales

  • 21ST DECEMBER Sir John Seymour, Edward’s father died.

1537

1538

  • Anne Seymour, Edward daughter to Anne Stanhope is born.

  • DECEMBER Edward was put on commissions for the trial of the Marquis of Exeter, Lord Montagu, Sir Geoffrey Pole

1539

  • 22ND MAY: Edward Seymour, is born, Edward’s second son to his second marriage to Anne Stanhope is born

  • Edward Seymour, Edward first son to his second Anne Stanhope died

  • 16TH APRIL Edward obtained a grant of land at "Chester Place, outside Temple Bar, London" from his brother-in-law King Henry VIII

  • AUGUST Henry VIII and Thomas Cromwell spent four days (9–12) with Edward wi at Wolf Hall

  • 13TH DECEMBER Edward’s brother Thomas was one of those appointed to meet Anne of Cleves, King Henry’s fourth wife, at Calais

  • Edward was one of those who met Anne of Cleves at Calais, and returned with her to London; he wrote to Thomas Cromwell that nothing had pleased him so much as this marriage since the birth of Prince Edward

1540

1541

  • Lady Jane Seymour, Edward’s daughter to his wife Anne Stanhope is born.

  • 9TH JANUARY Edward has created a Knight of the Garter

  • 22ND FEBRUARY Edward’s daughter Jane is baptized. her Godparents are the Lady Mary (the King's daughter and Queen Catherine Howard

  • Edward, Thomas Cranmer and Thomas Audley had the chief management of affairs in London while Henry VIII was an absence in the North

  • NOVEMBER Edward and Thomas Cranmer, and the archbishop were the recipients of the charges against Catherine Howard

1542

  • JANUARY Edward was lord great chamberlain

  • 13TH FEBRUARY The execution of Catherine Howard, Queen of England.

  • SEPTEMBER Edward was appointed warden of the Scottish marches, and a few months later Lord High Admiral,

1543

  • APRIL Edward took an active part in procuring the conviction and imprisonment of Earl of Surrey Henry Howard for eating flesh in Lent and riotous proceedings

  • MAY Edward’s brother Thomas is appointed an ambassador to the Netherlands

  • JULY Henry VIII married Catherine Parr

  • Henry VIII  again visited Edward at Wolf Hall.

1544

  • MARCH Edward was made Lieutenant-general of the North and instructed to punish the Scots for their repudiation of the treaty of marriage between Prince Edward and the infant Mary Queen of Scots.

  • 7TH MAY The Burning of Edinburgh

  • JULY Edward was appointed Lieutenant of the Realm under the queen regent, Catherine Parr, during Henry's absence at Boulogne.

  • AUGUST Edward joined the king and was present at the surrender of the town Boulogne.

  • AUTUMN Edward was one of the commissioners sent to Flanders to keep Charles V to the terms of his treaty with England,

1545

  • JANUARY At Boulogne, Edward was in command, was on the 26th he brilliantly repelled an attempt of Marshal de Biez to recapture the town.

1546

  • MARCH Edward, was sent back to Boulogne to supersede Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, whose command had not been a success

  • MAY Edward was again appointed Lieutenant-general in the North to avenge the Scottish victory at Ancrum Moor;

  • 30TH DECEMBER Henry VIII made a final revision to his last will and testament

1547

  • 28TH JANUARY King Henry VIII of England is dead. Edward VI the king’s

  • Edward along with, John Dudley Viscount Lisle and Sir William Paget, Anthony Denny helped to finalist Henry VIII   will upon his deathbed

  • JANUARY 31ST Edward arrived with King Edward VI at the Tower. The death of Henry VIII is made public.

  • 2ND FEBRUARY Edward is appointed, high steward of England for the coronation of Edward VI

  • 10TH FEBRUARY Edward is now Lord High Treasurer and Earl Marshal.

  • 16TH FEBRUARY Edward is created Duke of Somerset

 

  • 20TH FEBRUARY The coronation of King Edward VI of England. Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury, crown the new king. Edward Seymour, Edwards son is knighted at the coronation.

  • 12TH MARCH Edward is nominated lord Protector

  • SPRING Edward’s brother Thomas married Catherine Parr, Queen Dowager.

  • Edward’s brother Thomas sought the 9-year-old King Edward VI to write a letter on his behalf in support of his marriage to the dowager queen, Catherine Parr. The letter was obviously dictated by Thomas for Edward'S signature and only enraged Edward.

  • NOVEMBER When parliament for the first time as Edward as Lord Protector, he procured the repeal of all the heresy laws and nearly all the treason laws passed since Edward III.

1548

  • A proclamation was issued against ceremonies, and at Easter, a new communion office was published;

  • SUMMER A pregnant Catherine Parr discovered Thomas Seymour embracing Princess Elizabeth As a result, Elizabeth was removed from Catherine Parr's household and transferred to Sir Anthony Denny's.

  • SEPTEMBER Catherine Parr. died after complications in childbirth.

1549

  • 16TH JANUARY Thomas Seymour was caught trying to break into the King's apartments at Hampton Court Palace. He entered the privy garden and awoke one of the King's pet spaniels. In response to the dog's barking, he shot and killed it

  • 17TH JANUARY Thomas Seymour was arrested and sent to the Tower of London.

  • 21st JANUARY The Act of Uniformity is passed.

  • 22ND FEBRUARY Thomas Seymour, the council officially accused him of thirty-three charges of treason. He was convicted of treason, and condemned to death

  • 20TH MARCH The execution of Thomas Seymour.

  • 6TH JUNE – 17 TH AUGUST Prayer Book Rebellion

  • 10TH SEPTEMBER War between England and Scotland. Location Musselburgh, Lothian, Scotland,

         Result Decisive English victory

  • (Site somerset house) London. Edward pulled down an old Inn of Chancery and other houses which stood on the site and began to build himself a palatial residence, making liberal use of other nearby buildings including some of the chantry chapels and cloisters at St. Paul's Cathedral which were demolished partly at his behest as part of the ongoing Dissolution of the Monasteries. It was a two-story house built around a quadrangle with a gateway rising to three stories and was one of the earliest examples of Renaissance architecture in England

       After the battle Edward knights his son Edward Seymour

  • OCTOBER Edward and his wife Anne Stanhope were imprisoned in the Tower of London.

1550

  • 14TH JANUARY Edward is was deposed from the protectorate by an act of parliament

  • FEBRUARY John Dudley, Earl of Warwick, emerged as the leader of the Council

  • 6TH FEBRUARY Edward is set free from the Tower

  • 10TH APRIL Edward was again admitted to the privy council

  • 14TH MAY  Edward was made a gentleman of the king's chamber

  • 3RD JUNE Edward’s daughter Anne Seymour was married toJohn Dudley, Viscount Lisle, son and heir of the Duke of Northumberland John Dudley. The match was intended as an expression of renewed amity between the young people's fathers, who were political rivals, but the peace would not last.

  • 18TH OCTOBER Edward’s mother Margery Wentworth died

1551

  • 7TH APRIL Edward Seymour, Edward’s son is he was sent to France as a hostage, returning three weeks later.

  • 10TH MAY Edward is lord-lieutenant of Buckingham-shire and Berkshire

  • 4TH OCTOBER John Dudley rises to the title of Duke of Northumberland

  • Thomas Palmer revealed to John Dudley and the king a plot, which he described as having been formed in April by Edward Seymour Duke Somerset, Arundel, Paget, and himself, with the object of raising the country and murdering Warwick.

  • 11TH OCTOBER Edward is arrested and taken to Richmond to see king Edward VI

  • 1ST DECEMBER Edward was convicted of felony

1552

  • 19TH JANUARY The Privy council decided that Edward would be executed.

  • 21ST JANUARY Imprisoned in the Tower of London, on the day before his execution he wrote his final religious devotions in a tiny book, an almanack just three inches square and covered in red velvet. Inside the flyleaf, he penned phrases taken from the Bible. Fear of the lord is the beginning of wisdom. Put thy trust in the Lord with all thine heart.’

  • 22ND JANUARY Edward Seymour was executed at Tower Hill for treason

 

Edward Seymour was buried in St. Peter ad Vincula, Tower of London.

EXTRA FACTS ON EDWARD SEYMOUR

 
  • Edward Seymour was Lord Protector of the realm to his nephew King Edward the VI of England.

 

  • The Seymour’s were descendants of an Anglo-Norman family that took its name from St. Maur-sur-Loire in Touraine

 

  • Through Edward’s mother Margery the Wentworth’s, the Seymour’s claimed royal blood through descent from Edward III.

 

  • Edward’s mother was first cousins, to Edmund and Elizabeth Howard.was the father of Queen consort Catherine Howard and Elizabeth was the mother of Anne Boleyn.

 

  • It alleged that Catherine Fillol, Edward’s first wife had had an affair with her father-in-law, Sir John Seymour. Catherine gave Edward two sons, John and Edward.

 

  • Edward Seymour was one of the sixteen executors of Henry VIII of England’s will. When Henry VIII of England died, Edward became Lord Protector of the realm and in effect ruled England from 1547 to 1549. William Paget described Edward as king in all but name.

 

  • Edward's oldest son, Edward was educated with the young Prince Edward, later Edward VI, and was knighted on the occasion of Edwar

 

  • There was a rivalry between Catherine Parr and Edward’s wife Anne Stanhope. Anne Stanhope was Catherine Parr’s former lady-in-waiting. Things became particularly acute over the matter of Catherine's jewels. Anne Stanhope argued that as queen dowager, Catherine was no longer entitled to wear the jewels belonging to the wife of the king. Instead she, as the wife of the protector, should be the one to wear them. Eventually, the Duchess won the argument, which left her relationship with Catherine permanently damaged.

 

  • Edward Fall from grace came in by the Autumn of 1549, his costly wars had lost vast amount and the crown faced financial ruin. Riots and rebellions were breaking out around the country. Edward was overthrown by his former ally John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland

 

FICTIONAL PORTRAYALS OF EDWARD SEYMOUR

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