EDWARD VI OF ENGLAND

TIME-LINE AND ADDITIONAL FACTS ON KING EDWARD VI OF ENGLAND, THE BOY KING AND SON OF HENRY THE VIII OF ENGLAND

TIME-LINE ON KING EDWARD VI OF ENGLAND

1537
  • 12TH OCTOBER: Edward Tudor was born, at around two o’clock in the morning. at Hampton Court Palace, Middlesex, England. The son of Henry VIII, and his third wife, Queen Jane Seymour
  • 15TH OCTOBER: Edward was christened at the Chapel Royal of Hampton Court Palace, Edward’s two half-sisters, the 21-year-old lady Mary as godmother and the 4-year-old lady Elizabeth is present, who carried the chrisom. The Garter King of Arms (Sir Christopher Barker) proclaimed him as Duke of Cornwall and Earl of Chester. his godfathers were Thomas Howard, Duke of Norfolk, Charles Brandon, Duke of Suffolk, and Archbishop Thomas Cranmer.
  • 24TH OCTOBER Edwards mother Jane Seymour died after childbirth complications.
  • The Lady Margaret Bryan was moved from the Princess Elizabeth ’s household to Edward’s as his Lady Mistress
  • 12TH NOVEMBER, the funeral of Queen Jane Seymour. Jane was buried in St. George’s Chapel at Windsor Castle, after the funeral in which her stepdaughter, Mary Tudor, acted as chief mourner. a procession of 29 mourners followed lady Mary, one for every year of queen Jane life.
  • Edward is given the titles Duke of Cornwall, Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester.
1538
  • SEPTEMBER: Lord Chancellor, Lord Audley, reported Edward’s rapid growth and vigour to King Henry VIII of England
1540
1541
  • Edward falls ill with a life-threatening "quartan fever but recovers.
  • 23RD NOVEMBER Queen Catherine Howard is formally stripped of her title and was to be referred to as Lady Catherine Howard, after accusations of sexual misconduct
1542
  • Up till around this point lady Margaret Bryan was Edwards lady governess, then Blanche Herbert took over.
  • 13TH FEBRUARY The execution of his father’ Henry VIII fifth wife, Queen Catherine Howard
  •  24TH NOVEMBER  Battle Of Solway Moss, a battle between Scotland And England       
     result in a decisive English victory
1543
  • MARCH Ralph Sadler is sent to Scotland by King Henry VIII to arrange a marriage between the infant Mary, Queen Of Scots. and Edward, Prince of Wales.
  • 1ST JULY: Henry VIII signed the Treaty Of Greenwich with the Scots, sealing the peace with Edward’s betrothal to the seven-month-old Mary, Queen Of Scots.
  • JULY “The Third Act of Succession ” was passed by the parliament of England. This returned both Mary and Elizabeth to the line of the succession behind their half-brother Edward
  • 12TH JULY Henry VIII of England marries Catherine Parr, his sixth and final wife
  • 11TH DECEMBER. Scottish Parliament broke the “Treaty of Greenwich” which led to an England-Scotland conflict called the Rough Wooing. This was led by Edward’s uncle Edward Seymour
  • DECEMBER: Edward spent Christmas with his father and his two sisters
1544
  • 10TH JUNE: Edward began his formal education under Richard Cox
  • JULY Catherine Parr arranged for John Cheke to become tutor to Edward.
1546
  • SEPTEMBER: Edward wrote to Catherine Parr, the queen, saying “I received so many benefits from you that my mind can hardly grasp them. Praising Catherine.
  • 30TH DECEMBER: Henry VIII made a final revision to his last will and testament.
1547
  • 10TH JANUARY: Edward wrote to his father and stepmother from Hertford thanking them for his new year's gift of their portraits from life.
  • 28TH JANUARY: Henry VIII of England died and Edward becomes king,
  • Edward Seymour, 1st duke of Somerset, his uncle, was named lord protector of England until 1549. Archbishop Thomas Cranmer.was at the King’s side when he died and deeply upset. Thomas Cranmer chose to grow his beard as an act of his mourning for the late king.
  • Anthony Browne, the Master of the Horse, rode to collect Edward from Hertford and brought him to Enfield, where Lady Elizabeth was living. He and Elizabeth were then told of the death of their father and heard a reading of the will.
  • 31ST JANUARY Thomas Wriothesley, announced King Henry VIII death to parliament.
  • 16TH FEBRUARY Henry VIII was buried at Windsor in the same tomb as his third wife, Jane Seymour, Edward’s mother
  • 19TH FEBRUARY Edward progressed on horseback from the tower to the palace of Westminster through thronging crowds and pageants. Part of the pageants  was a Spanish tightrope walker who "tumbled and played many pretty toys" outside St Paul's Cathedral, the young King Edward found this all funny
  • 20TH FEBRUARY: The coronation of Edward as king of England, the sixth of his name, Edward was crowned by Thomas Cranmer., the Archbishop Canterbury. Thomas Cranmer. affirmed the royal supremacy and called Edward a second Josiah. Edward  wore a crimson satin robe trimmed with gold silk lace costing £118 16s. 8d. and a pair of ‘Sabatons’ of cloth of gold." . Edward Seymour, Edward’s cousin was knighted at his coronation.
  • 4TH MAY: Queen dowager Catherine Parr, married Thomas Seymour Edwards uncle, which many people found, distasteful as, it was so soon after the death of Henry VIII of England her husband.
  • 30TH MAY Edward wrote to his stepmother queen dowager Catherine Parr
  • Bishop Stephen Gardener is put in prison, in the tower of London for five years
  • Treason Act makes it high treason to interrupt the line of succession to the throne established by the Act of Succession; and requires two witnesses to prove a charge of treason.
  • Six Articles repealed7
  • 10TH SEPTEMBER, A battle between England and Scotland: Edward Seymour, Lord Protector is the commander of the army for England.
       result in decisive English victory
1548
  • 7TH FEBRUARY The Young Mary, Queen Of Scots flees Scotland to the safety of France to avoid capture by the English. This ends the War of Rough Wooing
  • SUMMER A pregnant, Catherine Parr discovers Thomas Seymour, her husband embracing lady Elizabeth .as a result, Elizabeth was removed from Catherine Parr household and transferred to Sir Anthony Denny's
  • John Bale writes Kynge Johan, the earliest  known English historical drama
  • SEPTEMBER 5TH: Catherine Parr died of childbed fever, only a few days after giving birth to her daughter Mary.
1549
  • JANUARY: The council had Thomas Seymour arrested on various charges, including embezzlement at the Bristol mint
  • 15TH JANUARY The Act of Uniformity imposes the Book of Common Prayer
  • 20TH MARCH: Thomas Seymour, Edward’s uncle, is executed condemned under an Act of Attainder at Tower Hill.
  • Edward wrote a treatise on the pope as antichrist and was making informed notes on theological controversies
  • 6TH JUNE -17TH AUGUST Prayer Book Rebellion in Devon, Cornwall
  • 8TH JULY- 27TH AUGUST: Kett's rebellion, which was largely in response to the enclosures of land
  • William Herbert who was one of Edwards guardians was made a knight of the garter
  • The half-crown was first issued
  • 8TH AUGUST France declares war on England
  • 17TH AUGUST Battle of Sampford Courtenay: Prayer Book rebellion quashed.
  • 26TH AUGUST Battle of Dussindale, near Norwich: Kett's Rebellion quashed
  • AUTUMN John Gates is Chief Gentleman of the Privy Chamber
  • 10TH OCTOBER  Edward Seymour, Duke of Somerset and Lord Protector, was ordered to leave Windsor Castle and surrender  himself
  • 10TH OCTOBER  Edward's uncle Edward Seymour and his wife Anne Stanhope are Imprisoned in the Tower of London
  • OCTOBER Andrew Dudley became one of Edward VI's Chief Gentlemen of the Privy Chamber
  • 7TH DECEMBER The execution of Robert Kett was hanged from the walls of Norwich Castle.
1550
  • JANUARY Parliament passes an Act encouraging iconoclasm
  • FEBRUARY: John Dudley takes over as Lord President of the Council.
  • Anne Seymour’s wedding and festivities. Anne Seymour was married to John Dudley, Viscount Lisle, son and heir of the Duke of Northumberland
  • 24TH MARCH England and France sign the Treaty of Boulogne; England withdraws from Boulogne in France and returns territorial gains in Scotland
  • French Protestant Church of London established by Royal Charter.
  • Edward re-founded Sherborne School as King Edward's School, a free grammar school for local boys
  • The first half-crown in silver is issued. The coin was dated and showed the king riding a horse
  • 18TH OCTOBER  Edward’s grandmother Margery Wentworth,  died. Margery Wentworth was the mother of Jane Seymour.
  • DECEMBER Edward embarrassed his sister Mary at Christmas and reduced both her and himself to tears in front of the court. Edward publicly reproving her for ignoring his laws regarding worship
1551
  • MARCH: The Rough Wooing, wars between Scotland and England has ended officially
  • Edward founded, the King Edward VI Grammar School, Chelmsford
  • William Paget was put into the Tower London, along with Edward Seymour.
  • Edward was betrothed to Elisabeth of Valois, King Henry II' daughter
  • The first sixpences were minted.
  • APRIL William Cecil became chancellor of the Order of the Garter
  • 8TH APRIL John Gates rose to Vice-Chamberlain of the Royal Household & the Privy Council
  • 30TH JUNE:  The Treaty of Norham
  • The outbreak of sweating sickness.
  • William Scrots painted a portrait of Edward.
  • Parliament passes the Ale Houses Act licensing taverns for the first time
  • 15TH AUGUST Barnaby Fitzpatrick and Sir Robert Dudley were sworn two, of the six gentlemen of the King Edward's privy chamber.
  • 11TH OCTOBER The council had Edward Seymour arrested and brought the king to Richmond, he was later released to only be brought back a few months later. John Dudley is given the Dukedom of Northumberland
  • DECEMBER John Gates is was granted custody of the King's signet
1552
  • 2ND JANUARY Edward founded King Edward's School, Birmingham
  • 22ND JANUARY: The execution of Lord Protector and Edwards uncle, Edward Seymour. for felony
  • Shrewsbury School was founded by charter under Edward
  • 25TH APRIL: Edward gave William Sidney Kent the manor of Penshurst
  • APRIL Edward fell ill with a disease that was diagnosed first as smallpox and later as measles
  • King Edward founds 35 grammar schools, including Shrewsbury; Leeds Grammar School is also established.
  • NOVEMBER Edward was the founder of Christ's Hospital. Christ Hospital was established as a school
1553
  • JANUARY Edward became increasingly sick with fever and a cough, which only worsened with time
  • FEBRUARY: Edward falls more seriously ill, princess Mary Edward’s sister, sees him for the last time
  • SPRING John Dudley arranged the marriage of his son to Lady Jane Grey and then convinced the ill Edward to name Lady Jane Grey as his heir.
  • Lord President of the Council
  • The document, which Edward titled "My Device for the Succession", barred both Elizabeth and Mary, the remaining children of Henry VIII, from the throne, in favour of Lady Jane Grey.)
  • 16TH JUNE Edward founds Christ's Hospital for London orphans
  • 17TH JUNE the king made his will noting Jane would succeed him, contravening the third succession act. Archbishop Thomas Cranmer.tried to speak to Edward alone, but he was refused and his audience with Edward occurred in the presence of the Councillors. Edward told him that he supported what he wrote in his will. Thomas Cranmer. the decision to support Jane must have occurred before 19th June when royal orders were sent to convene the convocation for the recognition of the new succession
  • Edward personally supervised the copying of his will. which was finally issued as letters patent signed by 102 notables, among them the whole Privy Council, peers, bishops, judges, and London aldermen.
  • JUNE: William Paget, John Dudley, John Russell, John Gates, William Petre were among the twenty-six peers to sign a settlement of the crown on Lady Jane Grey
  • 1ST JULY Edwards final appearance in public. when he showed himself at his window in Greenwich Palace, horrifying those who saw him by his "thin and wasted" condition
  • 6TH JULY: Edward VI of England died at 8 pm, at the age of Fifteen of Tuberculosis in the arms of Sir Henry Sidney, his friend and Chief Gentleman of the King’s Privy Chamber. at Greenwich Palace, England
 
On the 8th of August 1553, King Edward the VI of England was buried in Henry VII Lady Chapel at Westminster Abbey
  • Edward the VI was King of England for just over five years, the son of Henry VIII England, and his third wife Jane Seymour
 
  • Edward was England's first monarch to be raised as a Protestant.
 
  • Edward was first Cousin once removed to Mary Queen scots.
 
  • King Henry VIII'S will named sixteen executors, who were to act as Edward’s council until he reached the age of eighteen. these executors were supplemented by twelve men "of council" who would assist the executors when called on
  •  Edward was one of the first monarchs to keep a personal diary, which is still here today.
 
  • Edward's reign was marked by economic problems and social unrest that, in 1549, erupted into riot and rebellion
 
  • Blanche Milborne, Lady Herbert of Troy was the Lady Mistress in charge of the upbringing of Queen Elizabeth I, Edward VI, and William Sidney in charge of his household, later sir Richard Page. Henry VIII demanded strictness and cleanliness in his son's household, stressing that Edward was "this whole realm's most precious jewel"
 
  • Jean Belmain, was a French Huguenot scholar who served as a French-language teacher to future English monarchs King Edward VI. Roger Ascham, tutor in Greek and Latin between 1548 and 1550, and served in the administrations of Edward VI.
 
  • Barnaby Fitzpatrick, was a close companion of Edward’s and also was educated with him at court, he is believed to have been appointed to the unenviable part of a royal whipping boy. Which meant that he had to suffer the punishments that their governors would not dare to administrate to the Lord´s Anointed, their sovereign Edward.
 
  • Both Edward's sisters were attentive to their brother and often visited him – on one occasion, Elizabeth gave him a shirt "of her own working to Edward.
 
  • Thomas Seymour, Edwards uncle, was bent on scheming for power. He began smuggling pocket money to King Edward, telling him that his other uncle Edward (Lord Protector) held the purse strings too tight, making him a "beggarly king". Thomas planted seeds in Edward’s mind that his Uncle Edward seeked to control him that care for him.
 
  • The 'Prayer-Book' or 'Western' rebellion, was one of the most important attempts in England to oppose the Protestant Reformation during the reign of Edward VI (1547-53).Most of the demands of the rebels involved undoing the anti-Catholic church reforms of Edward VI; they wanted to restore the old Latin services, belief in transubstantiation, confession to priests, and the celibacy of the clergy.
 
  • Edward named his first cousin once removed, Lady Jane Grey, as his heir and excluded his half-sisters, Mary and Elizabeth

EXTRA FACTS ON KING EDWARD VI OF ENGLAND

 KING EDWARDS VI COUNCIL OF REGENCY

FICTIONAL PORTRAYALS OF EDWARD VI OF ENGLAND

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