ELEANOR OF PROVENCE

TIME-LINE AND ADDITIONAL FACTS ON ELEANOR OF PROVENCE, QUEEN CONSORT TO KING HENRY III OF ENGLAND.

TIME-LINE OF ELEANOR OF PROVENCE

DATE                                         EVENT
 
1223
  • Eleanor is born, the second of four daughters of Ramon Berenger IV, Count of Provence, and Beatrice of savoy at Aix-en-Provence
1228
  • Eleanor’s younger sister is born Sanchia of Provence
1234
  • Eleanor’s younger sister Beatrice of Provence is born
  •  27TH MAY : Eleanor’s elder sister Margaret of Provence married, king, Louis IX of France and becomes queen consort of France
1235
1236
  • 14TH JANUARY: Eleanor married Henry III of England and becomes queen of England
  • 20TH JANUARY: Eleanor’s coronation as queen consort of England
  • Margaret’s uncle who travelled with her to England, William of Savoy the head of a council of advisors
1239
1240
  • 20TH APRIL; Eleanor’s uncle Peter II, count of savoy is given the honour of Richmond by Henry III England.
  • 29TH SEPTEMBER: Eleanor’s daughter Margaret of England is born, born at Windsor castle
1241
  • Eleanor’s uncle Boniface of savoy became archbishop of Canterbury.
1242
  • 24TH JUNE Eleanor’s daughter Beatrice of England is born, at Bordeaux, France
  • 23RD NOVEMBER: Eleanor’s sister Sanchi of Provence married Richard earl of Cornwall Eleanor who arranged a marriage between her sister Sanchi and her brother-in-law Richard, Eleanor and Henry III of England  attended the wedding.
1243
1245
  • 16TH JANUARY: Eleanor’s, son Edmund Crouchback is born at Lon Henry IIIdon, England
  • 19TH AUGUST: Eleanor’s father Ramon Berenguer IV, count of Provence died, at Aix-en-Provence
1246
  • Eleanor’s son, Edward is seriously ill, Eleanor stayed with him at the abbey at Beulieu in Hampshire for three weeks, long past the time allowed by monastic rule
1251
  • 26TH DECEMBER: Eleanor’s daughter Margaret of England, married Alexander III of Scotland, and becomes Queen consort of Scotland
1253
  • Eleanor is was made regent of England when her husband, King Henry III is away Expedition to Gascony to repel a rumored invasion from Castile
  • King Henry III of England meets with English nobles and church leaders to reaffirm the validity of the Magna Carta.
  • 25TH NOVEMBER: Eleanor’s daughter, Katherine of England is born Westminster palace, Westminster
1254
  • 1ST NOVEMBER: Eleanor’s son, Edward married Eleanor of Castile
  • CHRISTMAS: Eleanor and her husband Henry III were invited to spend Christmas with her sister Margaret of Provence
1255
  • Eleanor sent her physician to Edinburgh to investigate, her daughter Margaret’s well being
1257
  • 13TH  JANUARY: Eleanor’s sister Sanchi of Provence is Queen of the Romans
  • 3RD MAY Eleanor’s daughter, Katherine of England died at Windsor castle age three years old, Eleanor is sick with grief.
1258
  • King Henry III of England is forced by seven powerful barons to accept the Provisions of Oxford, effectively ending the absolute monarchy in England by requiring the calling of a parliament.
1259
  • 4TH DECEMBER Kings Louis IX of France and Henry III of England agree to the Treaty of Paris, in which Henry III   renounces his claims to French-controlled territory on continental Europe (including Normandy) in exchange for Louis withdrawing his support for English rebels.
1260
  •  22ND JANUARY Eleanor’s daughter Beatrice of England, married, John II, Duke of Brittany
1261
  • 12 TH JUNE King Henry III of England obtains a papal bull releasing him from the Provisions of Oxford, setting the stage for a civil war over the power struggle between the crown and the aristocracy of England.
  • 9TH NOVEMBER: Eleanor’s sister Sanchia of Provence died in Berkhamsted castle, Hertfordshire
1263
  •  13TH JULY: Eleanor was was sailing down the Thames when her barge was attacked by citizens of London, Eleanor, hated the Londoners, and they hated her in return. Eleanor she was pelted with stones, loose pieces of paving, dried mud, rotten eggs and vegetables, however rescued by Thomas Fitz Thomas, the mayor of London, who took her to his home for safety
  • Eleanor’s uncle Peter II, count of savoy built the savoy palace, which is now present day the savoy hotel
1264
  • 23RD JANUARY King Louis IX of France issues the Mise of Amiens, a settlement between King Henry III of England and barons led by Simon de Montfort heavily favouring the former, which leads to the Second Barons' War.
  • MAY: The Battle of Lewes is fought between Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester and King Henry III of England in Sussex. By the end of the battle, de Montfort's forces capture both King Henry and his brother, future King Edward I, making de Montfort the "uncrowned king of Engla
1265
  • MAY 28TH: Eleanor’s son Edward I escapes captivity in the hands of Simon de Montfort.
1266
  • 26TH FEBRUARY: Eleanor’s sister is Queen of Sicily
  • JUNE Henry III besieges the rebels in Kenilworth Castle
  • JULY Liverpool Castle surrendered to Eleanor’s son, Edmund Crouchback, 1st Earl of Lancaster
1267
  • Eleanor’s mother: Beatrice of savoy died
  • 23RD  SEPTEMBER: Eleanor; s younger sister Beatrice of Provence died
  • The Second Barons' War ends, as the rebels and King Henry III of England agree to peace terms as laid out in the Dictum of Kenilworth
  • King Henry III of England acknowledges Llywelyn ap Gruffudd's title of Prince of Wales in the Treaty of Montgomery.
1269
  •  8TH APRIL: Eleanor’s Son, Edmund Of Crouchback Married Aveline De Forz
1270
  • AUGUST Eleanor’s son Prince Edward participates in the Ninth Crusade with his wife Eleanor of Castile.
1272
  • 16TH NOVEMBER: Eleanor’s husband Henry III of England, is dead, and now her son Edward is king of England
1274
  • Eleanor looked after her grandson Henry as he lay dying at Guildford, Eleanor had raised him from the age of two years. When her grandson Henry died in her care in 1274, Eleanor went into mourning and gave orders for his heart to be buried at the priory at Guildford which she founded in his memory
  • 2ND AUGUST Eleanor’s son the now King Edward I returns to England from the Ninth Crusade
  • 19TH AUGUST: The coronation of Edward, Eleanor’s son, the first of his name
1275
  • 26TH FEBRUARY: Eleanor’s daughter Margaret of England died
  • 24TH MARCH: Eleanor’s daughter, Beatrice of England died at  London, England
1276
  • 3RD FEBRUARY: Eleanor’s son Edmund of Croucback married Blanche of Artois
  • 3RD JULY: Eleanor took the veil at Amesbury
1285
  • Eleanor’s granddaughter, Mary was dedicated at Amesbury on assumption day, due to Eleanor’s influence
1286
  • JUNE Eleanor retires at Amesbury priory in Wiltshire.
1290
1291
  • 25TH JUNE: Eleanor died at Amesbury
Eleanor was Buried At Abbey of St Mary and St Melor in Amesbury

EXTRA FACTS ON ELEANOR OF PROVENCE

  • Eleanor Queen consort of England for thirty-six years and was the wife of Henry III of England
 
  • Eleanor was from the house of House Barcelona. The House of Barcelona was a medieval dynasty that ruled the County of Barcelona since 878AD.
 
  • Eleanor was the mother of A King, Edward 1st England. The mother of a Queen consort Margaret Queen of Scotland. The sister of Marguerite, Queen of France, Sanchia, Queen of Germany and Beatrice, Queen of Sicily.
 
  • Eleanor, was known for her great beauty, dark-haired brunette with fine eyes
  • Eleanor was very much resented by the public, mainly because she brought a large number of her relatives in to England, with her, these were known as "the Savoyards", and on top of everything, they were given influential positions in the government At least 170 Savoyards arrived in England after 1236, coming from Savoy, Burgundy and Flanders.
 
  • Eleanor raised troops for Henry in 1264 following his defeat at Lewes, stood side by side with him throughout the struggles he faced during his reign.
 
  • Eleanor was close to her son’s Edward’s daughter, Eleanor, while Edward and his wife were on the eighth Crusade, their daughter Eleanor spent a great deal of time with her. When Edward had become King, she remained in England as queen dowager, and raised several of her grandchildren
 
 
  • Eleanor was renowned for her learning, cleverness, and skill at writing poetry

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