GEORGE VILLIERS,

1ST DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM

TIME-LINE AND ADDITIONAL FACTS ON TIME-LINE AND ADDITIONAL FACTS ON GEORGE VILLIERS, 1ST DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM. GEORGE WAS A FAVOURITE COURTIER OF KING JAMES VI OF SCOTLAND

TIMELINE OF GEORGE VILLIERS, 1ST DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM

1592
  • 28TH AUGUST George Villiers was born in Brooksby, Leicestershire the son of Sir George Villiers Mary Beaumont
1593
  • George's younger brother Christopher Villiers is born.
1603
1606
  • George's father Sir George Villiers died.
1607
  • George's sister Susan Feilding married Sir William Feilding,
1610
  • George met Sir John Graham, a gentleman of the privy chamber, who acted as his mentor and promoter.
1612
  • George's half-brother Sir Edward Villiers married Barbara St John
1614
  • AUGUST George caught the eye of King James VI at a hunt in Apethorpe
  • George was given was appointment as Royal Cupbearer,
1615
  • 23RD APRIL George was knighted as a Gentleman of the Bedchamber.
  • King James VI fell out with his favourite Robert Carr, George replaced him.
  • 24TH APRIL George received the Order of the Garter,
1616
  • 3RD JANUARY George was made King' James VI Master of Horse
  • George was made Lord Lieutenant of Buckinghamshire
  • George is made Baron Whaddon and Viscount Villiers
  • George had a strong interest in Irish affairs. George had a dominant influence in Irish affairs, beginning with the appointment of his client, Sir Oliver St John, as Lord Deputy,
1617
  • 5TH JANUARY George was made Earl of Buckingham
  • 29TH SEPTEMBER Georges brother Sir John Villiers married Frances Coke at Hampton Court, with King James VI  giving away the bride.
     
1618
  • 1ST JANUARY George was promoted to Marquess of Buckingham
  • Mary Villiers, George's mother was created Countess of Buckingham in her own right
1619
  • 19TH JANUARY George is now appointed Lord Admiral of the Fleet
  • Daniel Mytens the Elder paints portrait of George
1620
  • 16TH MAY George married Katherine Manners.
  • George is made Lord Lieutenant of Kent
1621
  • 30TH MARCH Lady Mary Villiers was born, George's daughter.
1622
  • George is made Lord Lieutenant of Middlesex and Earls of Coventry
  • 30TH MARCH George's daughter Mary Villiers is born.
1623
  • George was elevated to Duke of Buckingham and made Custos Rotulorum of Rutland
  • 17 TH FEBRUARY George travelled to Spain With Prince Charles (The future Charles 1st ) here Charles met Henrietta Maria his wife
1624
  • AUGUST “A Game of Chess” is first performed by the King's Men at the Globe Theatre
1625
  • George is made Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports and Justice in Eyre south of the Trent
  • 27TH MARCH King James VI  of England is dead and now his son Charles is King of England.
  • Michiel van Miereveld painted portrait of George.
  • Peter Paul Rubens painted a portrait of George.
  • George bought, purchase of Thomas van Erpe's collection of oriental books and manuscripts, he bequeathed them to Cambridge University, where they can still be found.
  • 13TH JUNE King Charles I married Henrietta Maria, daughter of Henry IV of France at St Augustine’s Church
  • 1ST-7TH NOVEMBER The Cádiz expedition of 1625 was a naval expedition against Spain by English and Dutch forces.
  • George went to the Hague to raise an immediate supply by pawning the crown jewels, to place England at the head of a great Protestant alliance, and to enter into fresh obligations to furnish money to the King of Denmark. It all ended in failure.
  • 17TH NOVEMBER Charles is born, George's son.
1626
  • 6TH FEBRUARY Under John Eliot's guidance, it asked for George's punishment. He was impeached before the House of Lords on a long string of charges. Many of these charges were exaggerated, and some were untrue. His real crime was his complete failure as the leader of the administration.
  • MAY George is made Chancellor of Cambridge University
  • MAY Parliament was unhappy with the activities of Charles ’ chief minister, George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham. George had led a failed mission to Cadiz and it appeared that he was planning to help the French to put down the Protestant Huguenot uprising.
  • Dudley Digges and Sir John Eliot – are arrested under orders of King Charles 1st England for speaking out against George. However, after a week are released from Fleet prison. Despite Parliament's protests, however, King Charles refused to dismiss and instead dissolved Parliament
  • 12TH JUNE The House of Commons the Commons launched a direct protestation attacking George asking for him to be removed from State affairs.
  • 7TH SEPTEMBER George's half older brother Sir Edward Villiers died
1627
  • George was a leader in an expedition. The purpose of the expedition was to capture the French fortress of Saint-Martin-de-Ré on the Île de Ré.
  • The Siege of Saint-Martin-de-Ré / Part of the Huguenot rebellions Location Île de Ré Result French victory. George is a commander along with King Charles 1st in England.
  • 16TH MARCH George's son Charles Villiers, Earl of Coventry died in infancy.
  • 27TH JUNE George sailed from Portsmouth at the head of a numerous fleet, and a considerable land force, to relieve the besieged city.
  • SEPTEMBER The Siege of La Rochelle Part of the Huguenot rebellions Result Decisive Royalist victory George is a commander
1628
  • 30TH JANUARY George Villiers is born, George's son.
     
  • 23RD AUGUST George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham was assassinated at Portsmouth, Hampshire, England.
 
George Villiers, the 1st Duke of Buckingham was buried as buried in Westminster Abbey

EXTRA FACTS GEORGE VILLIERS, 1ST DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM

  • George Villiers, was the 1st Duke of Buckingham and the known favourite of King James VI Scotland as well as a patron of the arts. There was much speculation over the nature of King James relationship and George and insinuations of homosexuality.
 
  • George was the king's constant companion and closest advisor. Even after James I's death, Buckingham remained at the height of royal and in favour under Charles I, until he was assassinated
 
  • Mary, George's mother seen potential in her son. Mary sent George to the French court here he learned the courtly skills, including fencing and dancing, and then sent him to the English Court, where he rapidly became the new favourite of King James . As George's rose so did his family along with him.
 
  • Katherine Manners was selected by the Countess of Buckingham to marry her son, George Villiers. However, Katherine Manners was a strict Roman Catholic, and the King refused to allow Villiers to marry her. In addition to this, the Earl of Rutland refused to accept the Countess of Buckingham’s demands for his daughter’s dowry. Katherine Manners converted to Protestantism, to satisfy the Villiers family. After Katherine Manner spending the night at Countess home at due to an attack of illness. Manners father believed his daughters honour to be compromised, the Earl of Rutland refused to receive her back, and demanded that George Villiers marry her immediately
 
  • George was a character in A Game at Cheswhich, which was a comic satirical play by Thomas Middleton. George is represented by the by the King's Men at the Globe Theatre.
 
  • George was stabbed in the chest with a dagger. at the Greyhound Pub in Portsmouth by a Puritan assassin named John Felton , According to an eye-witness account, he lived just long enough to jump up, shouting "Villain!" and making to chase after his assailant, but then fell down dead. John Felton was tried and found guilty and was hanged at Tyburn on the 29th November 1628.
     
  • Barbara Villiers (Palmer) the known mistress of King Charles II of England and mother to at least five of his illegitimate children, was half great niece to George through his nephew William Villiers, 2nd Viscount Grandison .

FICTIONAL PORTRAYALS OF GEORGE VILLIERS, 1ST DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM

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