GROOMS OF THE PRIVY CHAMBER
What was the Groom of the Stool, what was their role? Who in Tudor Court had this position?
The Groom of the Stool, position as a courtier was the most intimate job any courtier could have with their monarch. Due to how intimate this role was, it naturally led to him becoming a man in whom much confidence was placed by his royal master and with whom many royal secrets. This role in office progressed gradually over decades and centuries into one of administration of the royal finances, and under Henry VII, the Groom of the Stool became a powerful official involved in setting national fiscal policy, under the "chamber system"
Many in modern day could think of this job in the royal court as the worst role and very degrading, however at the time, this role held importance.
The appellation "Groom of the Close Stool" comes from the item of furniture used as a toilet. It also appears as "Grom of the Stole" as the word "Groom" comes from the Old Low Franconian word "Grom
During the reign Henry VIII's reign, the title was awarded to court companions of the king who spent time with him in the privy chamber. These were generally the sons of noblemen or important members of the gentry
When Queen Elizabeth I of England ascended to the throne in 1558, it was replaced by the First Lady of the Bedchamber, first held by Kat Ashley. The office effectively came to an end when it was "neutralised" in 1559