HAMPTON COURT

HAMPTON COURT IS A ROYAL PALACE, WHICH IS IN THE BOROUGH OF RICHMOND UPON THAMES, LONDON, ENGLAND.

Hampton Court started off as a manor, that was built for the Knights Hospitallers of the saint John Jerusalem in the 13th century. Sometime before 1338, the manor was the central part of a large farm estate, which had been designed to provide money to support crusaders in the holy land. In 1494, one of Henry VII senior courtiers, Giles Daubenay, leased the estate.  Then in 1514 cardinal Thomas Wolsey obtained it on a ninety-nine-year lease. Thomas then began transforming it from a private house into a huge palace. The complex building of the palace began in 1515 for cardinal Thomas Wolsey. Thomas was favorite of king Henry VIII of England, however, in 1529, as Wolsey  nfrom favour, the king seized the palace for himself and later enlarged it

INSIDE HAMPTON COURT

TIME LINE OF HAMPTON COURT

DATE     EVENTS THAT HAPPENED AT HAMPTON COURT
 
1494
  • Giles Daubeney, who was later the lord chamberlain, leases and modernizes the medieval manor of which would be Hampton court.
1515
  • Thomas Wolsey begins rebuilding and working toward s converting Hampton court into a lavish palace.
1526
  • The tennis courts at Hampton court are built and are set in about sixty acres of gardens. The tennis court was a popular feature in Tudor times.
1528
  • Thomas Wolsey lost Hampton court to Henry VIII of England, in the period when he was falling from grace with the king.
1531
  • Henry VIII most important addition to the palace was the great hall, it began being built around this time.
1537
1540
  • The astronomical clock was installed and designed by Nicholas Crazter and made by Nicholas Oursian
  • Henry VIII divorce from Anne of Cleves is signed here
1541
  • 2ND NOVEMBER Henry VIII arrived to celebrate mass in the holy day closet
  •  13TH NOVEMBER Catherine Howard’s earlier sexual liaisons were revealed to Henry VIII here. she was interrogated and kept under house arrest in the apartments at the palace
1543
 
1555
  • Mary 1st of England, returned to the palace in preparation for the birth of her first child. However the pregnancy turned out to be a phantom and false alarm.
1562
  • 22ND OF SEPTEMBER : The Treaty Of Richmond” was signed . between Queen Elizabeth and Huguenot leader Louis de bourbon, prince De Condé.
1569
  • 15TH JANUARY Catherine Carey died, Catherine was the first cousin to queen Elizabeth the 1st of England, and the daughter of Mary Boleyn. Catherine was also a lady in waiting to queen Elizabeth.
1603
  • William Shakespeare and his company the ‘king’s men’ performed a number of plays in the great hall for king James of England
  • James the VI/I England was a keen huntsman and the palace provided excellent hunting in the park. James first English court took place at Hampton court over the Christmas and new year of 1603-4.
 
1625
  • Charles the 1st of England and Henrietta Maria of France had their honeymoon here
1642
  • 10TH-12TH January: Charles the 1st st of England fled here when parliament seized London
1649
  • JANUARY: The palace becomes the property of the common wealth.
1653
  • Oliver Cromwell moved into Hampton court palace where he used the former queen’s bedroom for himself. Oliver now lord protector of Great Britain.
1660
  • Charles had the extensive refitting of the Tudor tennis court. at the same time, new nets, curtains and velvet cushions for the spectator's seats were provided.
1662
  • 18TH JUNE: Barbara Villiers gives birth to Charles the II of England’s son
  • Charles II also spent his honey moon here with his wife Catherine of Braganza
1689
  • Sir Christopher wren demolishes large parts of the old Tudor palace and startsbuilding a new palace for king William III and queen Mary II. they had intended the to pull down the lot, however only managed to alter so much.
  • 24TH  JULY Prince William, duke of Gloucester, the son of Queen Anne of Great Britain was born in Hampton court
1700
  • The famous maze at the palace is the oldest surviving hedge maze in the UK
1752-53
  • First Hampton court bridge is built and opened in the December.
1778
  • The second more stronger bridge is made to replace the first bridge
1838
  • Queen Victoria opens the gardens and state apartments to the public free
1865
  • Third replacement bridge is  opened.

OTHER FACTS ON HAMPTON COURT

  • All of Henry VIII six wives have visited the palace at some stage. Henry rebuilt his own rooms quite a few times.
  • The great hall has a hammer beamed roof and tapestries decorating the walls.
  • Some of the greatest plays of William Shakespeare were performed here during the early 17th century
  • Hampton Court served as both palace and prison for James son Charles the 1st (r 1625-49). In the early part of his reign, Charles the 1st   was a frequent visitor to the palace.
  • The Hampton Court Beauties are a series of portraits by Sir Godfrey Kneller, commissioned by Queen Mary II of England, they were commissioned by Queen Mary II of England, depicting the most glamorous ladies from the court of William III.
  • The Six Wives of Henry VIII: Live at Hampton Court Palace is a live album from English keyboardist and composer Rick Wakeman, the album is a live recording of the second of two sold-out concerts on 2 May 2009 at Hampton Court Palace in London.

SOME OF THE ARTWORK FOUND FROM TUDOR TIMES IN HAMPTON COURT

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

THE STORY OF ABRAHAM
These are a series of ten tapestries, believed to have been commissioned in the mid-16th century, by Henry VIII England to furnish Hampton court palace. The series depicts scenes from the life of the prophet Abraham. They have both historically and contemporary been considered one of the finest pieces of decorative artwork from the period.
The ten separate panels, each showing, stories from the life of Abraham, the biblical prophet.
 The tapestry originally hung in the great hall of Hampton court, they are believed to have been commissioned for Henry VIII in 1537, in celebration of the birth of his only son by JANE Seymour.
 
DECORATED CHIMNEYS
The decorated brick chimneys were an integral part of the 1514 design for Thomas Wolsey’s palace.  Demonstration of his exceptional wealth and are the earliest of their type in England. When Henry VIII took over the palace in 1528, he had added even more, now the court has total of two hundred and forty-one brick decorated chimneys, the largest collection in England.
 
THE TENNIS COURT
The royal tennis court, Hampton court palace is a real tennis court. It was built for cardinal Wolsey between 1526 and 1529. Henry VIII of England played there from 1528.
 
THE KING’S BEASTS
The ten animal statues on the bridge leading to the great gatehouse are heraldic symbols. The symbols that represent the ancestry of Henry and his third wife, Jane Seymour. These animals include: the lion of England, the Seymour lion, the royal dragon, the black bull of Clarence, the mythical tale of Beaufort, the white lion of Mortimer, the white greyhound of Richmond, the Tudor dragon. In 1536 King Henry VIII commissioned the carving of a menagerie of heraldic beasts to celebrate his marriage to Jane Seymour.
 In 1536 King Henry VIII commissioned the carving of a menagerie of heraldic beasts to celebrate his marriage to JANE Seymour. The beasts were placed throughout Hampton Court Palace, but were destroyed in the late 17th century.
The beasts were placed throughout Hampton Court Palace, but were destroyed in the late 17th century, the Seymour panther, and the Seymour unicorn. Two hundred years later the beasts were recreated but remained un-decorated. In 2009 Patrick Baty painted and gilded eight wooden replicas, which he put on display in a Tudor-style garden within the palace.
HAMPTON COURT ASTRONOMICAL CLOCK
Sixteenth-century astronomical clock installed in the gate house, around 1540. Designed by Nicholas Crazter and made by Nicholas Oursian.

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