HENRY GREY,

1ST DUKE OF SUFFOLK

TIME-LINE AND ADDITIONAL FACTS ON HENRY GREY, 1ST DUKE OF SUFFOLK. HENRY WAS THE GREAT GRANDSON OF QUEEN CONSORT ELIZABETH WOODVILLE AND THE FATHER OF THE NINE DAY QUEEN THE LADY JANE GREY

TIME-LINE OF HENRY GREY, 1ST DUKE OF SUFFOLK

1517
  • 17TH FEBRUARY Henry Grey was born the the son and heir of Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquess of Dorset by his wife Margaret Wotton
1520
  • JUNE Henry's father Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquess of Dorset was at the Field of Cloth of Gold,
1523
  • Lord John Grey Henry's brother was born.
1526
  • Lord Thomas Grey, Henry's brother is born.
1528
  • Henry's father Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquess of Dorset constable of Warwick Castle,
1529
  • Henry's father, Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquess of Dorset was recalled his role as 'chief answerer' at the marriage of Arthur, Prince of Wales, Dorset was a critical witness in favour of Henry VIII's divorce of Catherine of Aragon. He strongly supported the King's contention that Arthur and Catherines marriage had been consummated
1530
  • Henry was betrothed to Catherine FitzAlan, the daughter of William FitzAlan, 18th Earl of Arundel, whom he later refused to marry.
  • 10TH OCTOBER Henry's father Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquess of Dorset died
  • Henry became the 3rd Marquess of Dorset
1532
  • 1ST MAY Henry's sister Katherine Grey died
1533
  • 1ST JUNE Henry was the king's sword-bearer at Anne Boleyn's coronation
  • By the permission of King Henry VIII he married Lady Frances Brandon at Suffolk Place, a mansion which belonged to Francis parents on the west side of Borough High Street in Southwark, .
  • 20TH JULY The Funeral of Henry's mother-in-law Mary Tudor Queen dowager of France. A delegation from France joined the English delegation for the lavish funeral ceremony. Frances Henry's wife was chief mourner, accompanied by her husband Henry and siblings. Anne and Mary, Francis half-siblings from her father' Charles Brandon's first marriage.pushed themselves to the head of the funeral cortege just before the coffin was lowered into the crypt of the Abbey of St Edmundsbury, much to the consternation of their half-siblings
  • 10TH SEPTEMBER Henry's mother Margaret Wotton, Marchioness of Dorset was Godmother to the Princess Elizabeth. (The daughter of Anne Boleyn and King Henry VIII of England) Henry was present .
1537
  • 12TH OCTOBER Henry's daughter by his wife Francis, Lady Jane Grey is born. at Bradgate Park in Leicestershire
1540
  • Henry was present for Anne of Cleves arrival
  • 25TH AUGUST Henry's daughter by his wife Francis, Lady Katherine Grey is born at Bradgate Park, near Leicester
1541
  • Bishop John Aylmer was made chaplain to the Henry and tutor of Greek to his daughter, Lady Jane Grey
  • Henry's mother Margaret Wotton, Marchioness of Dorset died.
1544
  • 19TH JULY Henry was present at the Siege of Boulogne Part of the Italian War of 1542 Location Boulogne, on the French coast of the English Channel Result English victory. Henry's father-in-law Charles Brandon' was present .
1545
  • Henry's daughter by his wife Francis,Lady Mary Grey is born
1546
  • Blackfriars Leicester was granted to Henry.
1547
  • 28TH JANUARY King Henry VIII of England is dead and now his son Edward VI is King of all England
  • 3RD FEBRUARY Henry was also chief mourner at the funeral of  Henry VIII
  • 20TH FEBRUARY The coronation of King Edward VI. Henry was created lord high constable of England for three days (17 to 20 Feb.) to superintend the young king's coronation.
  • Henry became the Order of the Garter.
  • FEBRUARY The Lady Jane Grey, Henry's daughter was sent to live in the Household of Catherine Parr, now Queen Dowager
  • Henry returned home to Bradgate after out of favor with the leader of King Edward VI government, Edward Seymour.
1548
  • 5TH SEPTEMBER Henry's daughter The Lady Jane Grey returned home after the death of Catherine Parr However Thomas Seymour, on the other hand, pressed the Henry with demands that he held Jane's wardshipand she should be returned to his household. Jane returned to Seymour's household and moved into Catherine Parrs apartments.
  • Funeral Catherine Parr Lady Jane acted as chief mourner at the funeral;
  • Henry's sister Anne Grey died.
1549
  • OCTOBER When John Dudley, Earl of Warwick, overthrew the Protectorship (Edward Seymour) and secured power by appointing loyal friends to the Privy Council. Grey joined the Council as a part of this group.
  • Henry is made Lord Lieutenant of Leicestershire 1549–1551 & again 1552–1554
1551
  • 11TH OCTOBER Henry was created Duke of Suffolk
  • Heinrich Bullinger dedicated a book Henry.
1552
  • AUGUST Henry's daughter Katherine Grey was now betrothed to Lord Herbert
1553
  • 25TH MAY Henry's daughter Lady Jane Grey had been married the Duke of Northumberland's son, Lord Guildford Dudley at Durham House. Henry's other daughter Lady Katherine was married to Henry, Lord Herbert The Lady Katharine's marriage was annulled the following year. Mary Grey, Henry's youngest daughter got betrothed to her distant cousin Arthur Grey, 14th Baron Grey de Wilton
  • 6TH JULY King Edward VI is dead
  • Three days later Henry and John Dudley the Duke of Northumberland, and other members of the Privy Council proclaimed Jane queen
  • 10TH JULY Henry's daughter the Lady Jane Grey is Queen for nine days in England.
  • 14TH JULY The Duke Northumberland. At this point marched out of London with three thousand men, reaching Cambridge the next day;
  • Mary Tudor rallied her forces at Framlingham Castle in
    Suffolk, gathering an army of nearly twenty thousand
  • 19TH JULY The Lady Jane Grey is now deposed and kept imprisoned in the Tower of London. Now Mary Tudor is Queen of All England.
  • Henry was arrested but released days later thanks to the Duchess' intervention
  • 22ND AUGUST John Dudley, the Duke of Northumberland is executed for high treason at Tower Hill.
  • 13TH NOVEMBER The trial of Henry's daughter the Lady Jane Grey at Guildhall in the City of London. Jane was charged with high treason, as were her husband, two of his brothers, and the former Archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Cranmer . The commission was chaired by Sir Thomas White, Lord Mayor of London, and Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk.
1554
  • 25TH JANUARY The Thomas Wyatt Rebellion. This was in response to Queen Mary 's Catholic choice in Spanish Marriage with Philip of Spain. Henry had joined the rebellion, b. Henry had proved more determined, but only managed to raise a force of 140 rebels, many of whom were his own men. He was refused entry to Coventry, and gave himself up when captured by Francis Hastings, 2nd Earl of Huntingdon. The revolt had failed by February. This sealed the fate of The Lady Jane Grey.
  • 12TH FEBRUARY The execution of the Lady Jane Grey and her husband Guildford Dudley in Tower London.
  • 23RD FEBRUARY Henry Grey is executed on Tower Hill for treason along with his younger brother Lord Thomas Grey

EXTRA FACTS ON HENRY GREY, 1ST DUKE OF SUFFOLK.

  • Henry Grey, was the 1st Duke of Suffolk and 3rd Marquess of Dorset who was well known for his passion for his protestant faith.
 
  • Henry was the grandson of the late Queen consort Elizabeth Woodville, through her son Thomas Grey. Thomas was a son through her first marriage prior to her marriage to King Edward IV of England.
 
  • After Henry's father's death, a number of quarrels happened between Henry and his mother, were Henry was forced to pay a fine of £4000 for breach of contract after he had renounced his betrothal to Katherine Fitzalan, daughter of the Earl of Arundel.As a result, his widowed mother tried to restrict his allowance throughout his minority which caused much consternation from her peers, who labelled her actions "unmotherly", and inappropriate behaviour towards a nobleman closely related to the King
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  • Henry was the father of The nine day Queen the Lady Jane Grey. Francis Grey (nee Brandon) was the granddaughter of Henry VII of England and daughter to Mary Tudor Queen dowager of France and her second marriage to Charles Brandon.
  •  
 
  • When Henry VIII had excluded the Scottish regal line from the English succession (His sister Margaret) in his Will, This Placed his sister Mary Tudor Queen Dowager of France line next-in-line after his own children
 
  • When Thomas Seymour fell from Grace and was executed for treason and information came to light of Thomas scheme to marry The Lady Jane to King Edward VI, they managed to convince the Privy Council of their innocence in Seymour's scheme
 
  • The moment Francis Brandon heard of her husband's Henry's arrest, she rode over to Queen Mary in the middle of the night to plead for her family. Despite all odds, not only did the Duchess manage to be received by the Queen, but also could secure him a pardon by placing all the blame on Northumberland. Francis spoke to the Queen on prior event were While in his Northumberland household, Lady Jane had fallen sick of food poisoning and had suspected Northumberland's family.The Duchess now used her daughter's suspicions and her husband's sickness to accuse Northumberland of having tried to kill her family.Therefore, Mary was willing to pardon the Duke of Suffolk
     
  • On the day of his execution, Henry was escorted to Tower Hill at 9am on 23rd February, according to John Foxe’s account, as he climbed the scaffold Mary I’s Chaplain, Hugh Weston, attempted to follow him. Henry then pushed him back down the stairs and a scuffle ensued, but Weston told Henry that it was the Queen’s orders that he speak to the crowd. Weston went ahead and preached a sermon attacking Suffolk’s Protestant beliefs. Henry then addressed the crowd .  He asked for forgiveness and knelt down, holding up his hands and looking up to heaven, saying the psalm, Miserere mei Deus. He ended by saying “In manes tuus, Domine, commendo spiritum meum” (Into thy hands, O Lord, I commend my spirit) and then stood up, took off his cap and scarf, and gave them to the executioner.

FICTIONAL PORTRAYALS OF HENRY GREY, 1ST DUKE OF SUFFOLK

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