HENRY IV OF ENGLAND

TIME-LINE AND ADDITIONAL FACTS ON KING HENRY IV OF ENGLAND. HENRY WAS THE GRANDSON OF KING EDWARD III OF ENGLAND, THROUGH JOHN OF GAUNT AND ALSO FIRST COUSIN WITH RICHARD II OF ENGLAND.

TIME-LINE OF HENRY IV OF ENGLAND

1367
  • 15TH APRIL: Henry is born the of John of Gaunt and Blanche of Lancaster at Bolingbroke Castle, Lincolnshire.
1368
  • 12TH SEPTEMBER: Henry's mothers Blanche of Lancaster died
1369
  • 15TH AUGUST: Henry's grandmother and queen consort of England Philippa of Hainault died at Windsor Castle
1371
  • Henry's father John of Gaunt married for a second time Infanta Constance of Castile, daughter of King Peter of Castile
1373
  • Henry's father John of Gaunt entered a love affair with Kathryn Swynford’s
  • 31ST  MARCH: Henry half-sister Catherine of Lancaster is born
  • Henry's half-brother John Beaufort born
1375
  • Henry's half-brother Henry Beaufort born
1376
  • 8TH JUNE: Henry's uncle, Edward of Woodstock (Black Prince) who was heir to Edward III, died at  Westminster Palace
1377
  • 16TH APRIL Henry was created Earl of Derby
  • 23RD APRIL: Henry and his cousin Richard (future Richard II England) are made orders of the garter
  • 21ST JUNE: Henry's grandfather Edward III England is dead, and Henry's first cousin Richard is king of England
  • 16TH JULY: The coronation of Richard as king of England second of his name
  • Henry's half-brother, Thomas Beaufort, is born
  • 21ST SEPTEMBER: Henry father John of Gaunt married Constance of Castile
1379
  • Henry half-sister Joan Beaufort, is born
1380
  • 27TH JULY Henry married Mary Bohun at Arundel Castle. Due to the couples young age the bride (aged 12 years) remained with her parents.
1384
  • 22ND DECEMBER: Henry is created Earl of Northampton
1386
  • 24TH JUNE: Henry's elder sister Elizabeth of Lancaster married John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter who was. half-brother of Richard II England
  • 9TH AUGUST: Henry's son the future Henry V England is born at Thomas of Lancaster
1387
  • 2ND FEBRUARY: Henry's elder sister Philippa of Lancaster married John I of Portugal
1388
  • Henry's son Thomas of Lancaster, is born
  • Henry participated in the lords appellant
1389
  • 20TH JUNE: Henry's son John of Lancaster, is born
1390
  • Henry spent the full year, supporting the unsuccessful Siege of Vilnius
  • 3RD OCTOBER: Henry's son Humphrey of Lancaster, is born
1392
  • SPRING: Henry's daughter Blanche of England, is born, Peterborough castle, Northamptonshire
  • Henry's second expedition to Lithuania
1394
  • 3RD FEBRUARY: John of Gaunt, Henry's father died.
  • 4TH JUNE: Henry's mother Mary of Bohun died at Peterborough castle, Northamptonshire,
  • Henry daughter Philippa of England is born.
1396
  • 13TH JANUARY: Henry's father John of Gaunt,  married his mistress Kathryn Swynford
1397
  • 29TH SEPTEMBER Henry was created Duke of Hereford
1398
  • Henry and Thomas de Mowbray, 1st duke of Norfolk. had a duel, Thomas accused Henry of treason, before the duel, Richard II England, decided Henry should be banished from his kingdom, and exiled. Thomas Mowbray to avoid further upset.
1399
  • 3RD FEBRUARY:John of Gaunt , Henry's father died
  • Richard cancelled the legal documents that would have allowed Henry to inherit John of Gaunt s land automatically. instead, Henry would be required to ask for the lands from Richard
  • Henry met with the exiled Thomas Arundel, former archbishop of Canterbury,
  • Henry began a military campaign, confiscating land from those who opposed him and ordering his soldiers to destroy much of Cheshire.
  • 29TH SEPTEMBER: When Richard returned from Ireland, Henry had him arrested and imprisoned in Pontefract Castle. Henry forced Richard to abdicate the throne of England, in favour of him to be king.
  • 30TH SEPTEMBER: Richard II of England is forced to abdicate, Parliament accepts Henry Bolingbroke as the new king of England
  • 13TH OCTOBER: The coronation of  Henry as king of England and lord of Ireland the fourth of his name
  • Henrys son and heir Henry is created Prince of Wales.
  • 19TH OCTOBER Thomas Arundel is restored as Archbishop of Canterbury, replacing Roger Walden
1400
  • JANUARY: The Epiphany Rising and Henry's brother in law John Holland is executed for his participation in this. the plot to seize Henry IV and restore Richard II to the throne of England, this plot was foiled when one of the conspirators betrayed the others.
  • 14TH FEBRUARY: The deposed Richard II of England dies by means unknown in Pontefract Castle. It is suspected that King Henry IV ordered his death by starvation, to prevent further uprisings
  • Henry's sister Elizabeth married for a second time to Sir John Cornwall, 1st Baron Fanhope and Milbroke
  • AUGUST The English occupy Edinburgh in Scotland but fail to capture Edinburgh Castle.
  • Newcastle upon Tyne has created a county corporate, by Henry
  • DECEMBER: Henry hosted the visit of Manuel II Palaiologos, at Eltham Palace
1401
  • The De Heretico Comburendo Act is passed in England. The Archbishop of Canterbury pressures King Henry IV of England into outlawing as heretics the Lollards, followers of John Wycliffe. Evidence of being a Lollard is having a copy of Wycliffe's translation of the Bible.
1402
  • 22ND JUNE The Battle Of Bryn Glas, the war between Wales and England, Edmund Mortimer (great-grandson of Edward III of England) is commander for the English.
  • 22ND JUNE The Battle Of Nesbit Moor Battle  between England and Scotland Result Decisive English Victory
  • 6TH JULY: Henrys daughter, Blanche of Lancaster married, Louis III, elector palatine at, cologne cathedral, Germany
  • 14TH SEPTEMBER The Battle of Homildon Hill, A battle between England and Scotland   Northern English nobles, led by Sir Henry "Hotspur" Percy, and using longbows, decisively defeat a Scottish raiding army and capture their leader, the Earl of Douglas.
       Result Decisive English Victory
1403
  • 7TH FEBRUARY: Henry married Joan of Navarre at Winchester cathedral. Joan of Navarre is the daughter of King Charles II of Navarre and widow of John IV, Duke of Brittany, at Winchester Cathedral.
  • 26TH FEBRUARY: The coronation of Joan of Navarre Henry's consort
  • 21ST JULY The Battle Of Shrewsbury, Henry and his son the future Henry V of England are commanders for the royals
        Result in decisive royalist victory. Percy’s first attempt to overthrow          Henry.
  • The Battle Of Stalling Down. A battle between Wales and England, Henry is commander for the English.         
         The result of Welsh Victory
1405
  • SPRING The Battle Of Pwll Melyn, A battle between Wales and England
      Result  Decisive English Victory
  • JUNE; Henry is ill
  • JUNE 8TH Archbishop Richard le Scrope of York and Thomas Mowbray, Earl of Norfolk, are executed in York on Henry IV's orders.
  • Scrope's rebellion against Percy’s second attempt to overthrow Henry.
  • Bath Abbey is built in England.
1406
  • 7TH FEBRUARY: Henry married for a second time to Joanna of Navarre
  • 4TH APRIL: James I becomes King of Scotland, after having been captured by Henry
  • Henry is ill again
  • 26TH OCTOBER: Henry's daughter Philippa of England married Eric, king of Denmark, Sweden, and Norway at Lund Cathedral
1408
  • Henry's daughter Blanche of Lancaster is made a lady of the garter
  • 19TH FEBRUARY The Battle Of Bramham Moor, Result Royalist Victory Final Battle In The Percy Rebellion
  • JUNE Henry is ill again
  • SEPTEMBER Henry, Prince of Wales (Henry later V of England) retakes Aberystwyth from Owain Glyndŵr
       Result Royalist Victory Final Battle In The Percy Rebellion
  • JUNE: Henry is ill again
  • SEPTEMBER Henry, Prince of Wales retakes Aberystwyth from Owain Glyndŵr.
1409
  • 22ND JUNE: Henry's daughter Blanche of Lancaster died at Haguenau, Alsace at 17years
1410
  • 16TH MARCH: Henry's half-brother John Beaufort died
1411
  • 21ST SEPTEMBER Henry calls his ninth parliament.
  • 30TH NOVEMBER Following a disagreement with his son, Henry dismisses Prince Henry and his supporters from the government.
1412
  • The Black Death sweeps England for a final time, in a 60-year period.
  • DECEMBER: Henry is ill again.
1413
  • MARCH: Henry is ill again
  • 20TH MARCH: Henry died at Westminster Palace, London, the kingdom of England
 
Henry IV of England was buried at Canterbury Cathedral, Kent, the kingdom of England

EXTRA FACTS ON HENRY IV OF ENGLAND

  • Henry was King of England for thirteen and half years. He was also known as known as Henry of Bolingbroke
 
  • Henry was the Son of John of Gaunt, the House of Lancasterand Grandson of Edward III of England.
 
  • Richard II of England was Henry’s first cousin.
 
 
  • Henry was next in line to the throne, after his cousin Richard, according to Edward III's entailment of 1376. Henry and Richard had been playmates as children. Yet great enemies as adults.
 
  • The Lords Appellant were a group of nobles in the reign of King Richard II. Who, in 1388, ought to impeach some five of the King's favourites in order to restrain what was seen as tyrannical and capricious rule. Henry joined this group.
 
  • Henry was the first King of England since the Norman Conquest whose mother tongue was English rather than French
 
 
  • The Epiphany Rising was a failed rebellion against Henry IV of England
 
  • Henry barred his half siblings from his father’s other marriage to inheriting the throne.
 
  • The De heretico comburendo, which was passed by Henry, was a law punishing heretics with burning at the stake
 
  • In Henrys reign he introduced the Knights of Bath.
 
  • Owain Glyndŵr, was a Welsh ruler and the last native Welshman to hold the title Prince of Wales. He instigated a fierce and long-running but ultimately unsuccessful revolt against the English rule of Wales.
 
  • The Percy family attempted three times to over throw Henry
 
  • When James I Scotland was captive to Henry, in England. Henry treated the young James well, providing him with a good education.
 
  • The later years of Henry's reign were marked by serious health problems. Henry had a disfiguring skin disease in his later years.

POLITICAL POSITIONS IN THE COURT OF HENRY IV OF ENGLAND

FICTIONAL PORTRAYAL S OF HENRY IV OF ENGLAND

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