HENRY VI OF ENGLAND

What was King Henry Vi role in the Wars of The Roses? Why was he originally deposed as King of England?

TIME-LINE AND ADDITIONAL FACTS ON KING HENRY VI OF ENGLAND.HENRY WAS THE SON OF HENRY V  OF ENGLAND AND FROM THE HOUSE OF LANCASTER A KEY FIGURE IN BEGINNING OF THE WARS OF THE ROSES

TIMELINE OF HENRY VI OF ENGLAND

                              
1421
  • 6TH DECEMBER: Henry VI of England is born to Henry V of England Catherine of Valois at Windsor Castle, Berkshire
  • Henry is duke of Cornwall, Duke of Aquitaine
1422
  • 31ST AUGUST: Henry V of England is dead, and Henry is king of England. Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester, Henry’s uncle is appointed Regent.
  • 21ST OCTOBER: King Charles VI of France, Henry VI of England is proclaimed King of France in Paris, while the Dauphin, Charles, is proclaimed King Charles VII of France in Bourges
1423
  • 31ST JULY Hundred Years' War – Battle of Cravant: The French army is defeated at Cravant, on the banks of the River Yonne near Auxerre, by the English and their Burgundian allies
  • 26TH SEPTEMBER The Battle of La Brossinière (Part of The Hundred Years of War)
  • 28TH SEPTEMBER: Nobles swore loyalty to Henry VI. they summoned a parliament in the king's name and established a regency council to govern until the king should come of age.
1424
  • 17TH AUGUST The Battle of Verneuil. John Duke of Bedford, Henry's uncle is commander for the English against Scottish and the French
1426
  • FEBRUARY The Parliament of Bats. This was a meeting of Parliament held at Leicester by John Duke of Bedford to settle the dispute between Gloucester and Beaufort. All attendees were told that they were not to carry arms so they appeared carrying bats or clubs instead. A reluctant truce was reached.
  • 6TH MARCH The Battle of St. James John Duke of Bedford, Henry's uncle is commander for the English, against the French
  • MAY Henry was knighted by his uncle Bedford at Leicester
1427
  • Lincoln College, a constituent college of the University of Oxford, is founded by Richard Fleming Bishop of Lincoln.
1428
  • Richard De Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, was Henry tutor
  • 12TH OCTOBER-8TH MAY The Siege of Orléans, Joan of Arc is commander for the French
  • A serious fire occurs at Baynard's Castle in London, England.
  • At this time. Voices tell Joan of Arc that Charles VII of France must be crowned, and the English expelled from France.
1429
  • 12TH FEBRUARY The Battle of the Herrings
  • 11TH-12TH JUNE The Battle of Jargeau, Joan of Arc is commander for the French
  • 15TH JUNE The Battle of Meung-Sur-Loire Joan of Arc is commander for the French.
  • 16-17TH JUNE The Battle of Beaugency Joan of Arc is commander for the French
  • French forces under Joan of Arc smash the English forces under Lord Talbot and Sir John Fastolf, forcing the withdrawal of the English from the Loire Valley.
  • JUNE 24–16 JULY: March to Reims
  • 3RD – 8TH SEPTEMBER The Siege Of Paris, Joan of Arc and King Charles VII of France are commander for the French
  • 6TH NOVEMBER: The first coronation of Henry as king of England the sixth of his name, aged 7. St Pauls Cathedral. Henry was crowned by Henry Chichele, Archbishop of Canterbury.
1430
  • 23RD APRIL Henry sailed from Sandwich to Calais, where he stayed at the castle until July
  • 11TH JUNE Henry's half-brother Edmund Tudor is born.
  • 18TH JUNE The Siege of Compiègne, Joan of Arc is commander for the French.
1431
  • 14TH FEBRUARY Henry returns to London
  • 26TH MARCH The trial of Joan of Arc begin
  •  30TH MAY Joan of Arc is burned at the stake in Rouen, Normandy then under ENGLISH rule.
  • NOVEMBER: Henry's half-brother Jasper Tudor is born.
  • 16TH DECEMBER: The second Coronation of Henry as king of France.at Notre Dame De Paris. Henry was crowned by Henry Beaufort, Bishop of Winchester.
1435
  • 21st SEPTEMBER Congress of Arras. This meeting between representatives of the French, English and Burgundians sought to find a peace. The Treaty of Arras found agreement between France and Burgundy which broke the Burgundians allegiance to the English and ultimately left the English in a much weaker position in France.
1437
  • 9TH JANUARY Henry's mother Catherine of Valois died.
  • Henry became of age to rule for himself.
  • Henry finished his education with Richard de Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick,
1438
  • All Souls College, Oxford is founded
1440
  • Eton College founded by Henry.
1441
  • 12TH FEBRUARY King's College Cambridge, founded by Henry
1442
  • Henry had a two-year truce with France
1444
  • 22ND MAY The Treaty of Tours signed between England and France secures a truce in the Hundred Years' War for 5 years
  • William De La Pole influences negotiations with a marriage between, Margaret of Anjou and Henry.
  • The Talbot Shrewsbury book very large richly-illuminated manuscript made in Rouen, presented to Margaret of Anjou from John Talbot Earl of Shrewsbury
1445
  • 23RD APRIL: Henry married Margaret of Anjou at Titchfield Abbey
  • 30TH MAY Henry's wife Margaret of Anjou is crowned Queen consort of England by John Stafford, Archbishop of Canterbury
1447
  • 20TH  FEBRUARY Henry had Humphrey Duke of Gloucester his uncle, arrested and imprisoned on the account of treason. Humphrey  died a few days after being imprisoned
1448
  • Henry surrendered Maine
  • Queens' College, Cambridge is founded by Margaret of Anjou
  • 29TH OCTOBER The French recapture Rouen from the English
1450
  • 15TH APRIL The Battle of Formigny
  • 8TH MAY Jack Cade's Rebellion: Kentishmen revolt against King Henry VI of England
1452
  • Henry's brother Edmund Tudor is made Earl of Richmond
  • OCTOBER English troops under John Talbot, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury, land in Guyenne, France, and retake most of the province without a fight.
1453
  • 17TH JULY  The Battle of Castillon. Battle part of the hundred years of war. Result Decisive French Victory
  • End of The Hundred Years of War
  • SUMMER: Henry begins to get ill liken to a mental breakdown
  • 13TH OCTOBER Henry's son Edward of Westminster is born
  • 19TH OCTOBER: Henry is no longer king of France
1454
  • 27TH MARCH Duke of York Richard Plantagenet is named as Lord protector of the realm and regent
  • 25TH DECEMBER Henry began to regain his senses again and come out of his mental breakdown.
1455
  • 23RD FEBRUARY The Gutenberg Bible is the first book printed with movable type.
  • Beginning Of The War Of The Roses
  • 22ND MAY First Battle of St Albans, Henry is a commander. for Lancastrians and Richard Duke York and his nephew Richard 16th earl Warwick is commander for the Yorkist Result  Richard Plantagenet, Duke of York, defeats and captures King Henry VI of England. Margaret of Anjou  favourite, Edmund Beaufort, Duke of Somerset was killed
  • 1ST NOVEMBER Henry's  half-brother Edmund married Margaret Beaufort
1456
  • 7th JULY A retrial of Joan of Arc acquits her of heresy, 25 years after her execution
  • 3RD NOVEMBER: Henry's  half-brother Edmund Tudor died of the bubonic plague
1458
  • William of Waynflete, Bishop of Winchester and Lord Chancellor founded Magdalen College, Oxford
1459
  • 23RD SEPTEMBER The Battle Of Blore Heath(Result Yorkist Victory)
  • 12TH OCTOBER The Battle Of Ludford Bridge, Henry is commander for Lancastrians, and Richard Plantagenet Duke York and his nephew Richard 16th earl Warwick is commander for the Yorkist. ( Result Lancastrian Victory)
  • Wars of the Roses: Due to the advance of a royal force on his fortress of Ludlow, Richard Plantagenet, Duke of York, flees to Ireland, while his ally Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick, goes to Calais.
1460
  • JANUARY: The Battle Of Sandwich (Result Yorkist Victory)
  • 26TH JUNE Wars of the Roses: Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick and Edward, Earl of March (eldest son of Richard Plantagenet, Duke of York) land in England with an army, and march on London.
  • JULY 4TH The cannons of the Tower of London, still in Lancastrian hands, is fired on the city of London, which is mostly in Yorkist hands. The Tower is surrendered on July 19TH
  • 10TH JULY The Battle Of Northampton: Henry is commander for the Lancastrians. Edward Earl March, the Future Edward I of England, and his cousin Richard 16th earl of Warwick .( Result Yorkist Victory)
  • Henry was found in his tent nearby. Richard Neville  Lord Warwick, showing him proper respect they escorted him to Delapre Abbey. Then Northampton, and finally London, where the Tower Garrison surrendered soon after
  • 16TH DECEMBER Battle Of Worksop (Result Small Lancastrian Victory)
  • 30th December The Battle Of Wakefield, Richard Duke York and his son Edmund are commanders          (Result Decisive Lancastrian Victory)
  • Richard Plantagenet and his son, Edmund, Earl of Rutland, who are both killed (the latter murdered after the battle). York's son Edward becomes a leader of the Yorkist faction
1461
  • 2ND FEBRUARY The Battle Of Mortimer's Cross, Edward Earl march is commander for the Yorkists and Henry's half-brothers Jasper and Edmund Tudor commanders for the Lancastrians (Result Decisive Yorkist Victory)
  • 17TH FEBRUARY The Second Battle Of St Albans, Margaret of Anjous is commander for the Lancastrians, and Richard 16th earl Warwick, commander for the Yorkist’s.  Result Lancastrian Victory
  • Henry is released from being a prisoner of Richard 16th earl Warwick. Henry had apparently spent the battle sitting under a tree than participating.
  • 4TH MARCH: Henry has been deposed in favour of Edward Plantagenet, who is king of England.
  • Henry and his Queen Margaret of Anjou  fled to Scotland
  • 29TH MARCH The Battle Of Towton, Edward IV England and his cousin Richard 16th Earl Warwick. are commanders for the Yorkist’s. (Result  decisive Yorkist victory)
  • 28TH JUNE The coronation of Edward IV of England. Edward was crowned by Thomas Bourchier, Archbishop of Canterbury
1464
  • 25TH APRIL  The Battle Of Hedgeley Moor (Result Yorkist Victory)
  • 1ST MAY Edward IV of England secretly marries Elizabeth Woodville and keeps the marriage a secret for 5 months afterwards
  • 15TH MAY The Battle Of Hexham Result Decisive Yorkist Victory
1465
  • Henry captured again by the Yorkist’s and is held captive in the Tower Of London.
1469
  • 26TH JULY The Battle Of Edgecote Moor (Result Rebel Victory)
1470
  • 12TH MARCH The Battle Of Losecoat Field, Edward IV England is commander for the Yorkist’s Result Royal Victory
  • 3RD OCTOBER: Edward IV of England has been deposed, and now Henry is back king of England
1471
  • 11TH  APRIL Henry has been deposed again as king,Edward IV is king again.
  • 14TH APRIL The Battle of Barnet. Edward IV England and his brother Richard, commanders for the Yorkist’s, Richard 16th earl Warwick., commander for the Lancastrians Result Yorkist Victory
  • 4TH MAY The Battle Of Tewkesbury Margaret of Anjou and her son Edward are commanders for the Lancastrians, and Edward IV and his brother Richard are commanders for the Yorkist. Results
  • 21ST MAY Henry VI of England died in the  Tower of London.
 
King Henry VI was originally buried in Chertsey Abbey; then, in 1484, his body was moved to St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, by Richard III

EXTRA FACTS ON HENRY VI OF ENGLAND

  • Henry was King of England, and France for a brief time

 

  • Henry was the Son of Henry V of England and his mother was the daughter of Charles VI of France and a younger sister to the late king’s wife Isabel of Valois

 

  • Henry first cousins twice removed to Edward IV of England and future

        Richard III.

 

  • Henry became king of England and France at only 9 months old.

 

  • Richard Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick, was Henry’s tutor and in charge of his education, this was part of his father Henry V, wishes.

 

  • Henry’s two half-brothers, Jasper and Edmund, were to his mother Catherine of Valois, second marriage, to the Welsh courtier, Owen Tudor. Edmund Tudor was the Father of the future Henry VII of England.

 

 

  • From August 1453 Henry appeared to have experienced a mental breakdown and became completely unresponsive to everything that was going on around him for more than a year., due to this, many at court were sceptical on whether Henry was the father to Prince Edward his son.

 

 

  • After Henry's exile in 1461, he did have a very brief reign, for 6months the term "redemption"

 

  • Henry had founded Eton College, King's College, Cambridge and All Souls College, Oxford.

 

  • William Shakespeare wrote a series of a play about Henry VI, in 1590.

POLITICAL POSITIONS IN THE COURT OF HENRY VI OF ENGLAND

FICTIONAL PORTRAYALS OF HENRY VI OF ENGLAND

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