JAMES 1ST OF SCOTLAND

Who was the real King James the 1st of Scotland and what events in history is remembered in his reign?

TIME-LINE AND ADDITIONAL FACTS ON KING JAMES 1ST OF ENGLAND. JAMES WAS THE SON OF KING ROBERT II AND FATHER TO KING JAMES II OF SCOTLAND.

THE TIME-LINE OF KING JAMES 1ST OF SCOTLAND

 
1394
1401
1402
  • 26TH MARCH: James elder brother David died after being held, the prisoner
  • 14TH SEPTEMBER: The Battle Of Homildon Hill, This was between England and Scotland:
        Result Decisive English Victory
  • James cousin, Murdoch Stewart, Duke of Albany held captive in England after the Battle of Homildon hill
1405
  • James is tutored by Henry Wardlaw,
1406
  • FEBRUARY: After James is accompanied by nobles, they clashed with supporters of Archibald, 4th earl of Douglas, forcing James to take refuge in the castle of the bass rock
  • FEBRUARY: An army of James' supporters is defeated by the Duke of Albany at Edinburgh. James is taken for safety to Bass Rock, off North Berwick
  • 22ND MARCH: James is captured by pirates off the coast of Flamborough head, and given to King Henry IV of England as a hostage
  • 4TH APRIL: Robert III of Scotland died, and James is king. Of Scotland. It was said Robert died after hearing the news of his sons captured.
  • Robert, Duke of Albany becomes Governor of Scotland in his nephew's absence and moves his base to Doune Castle.
1411
  • 24TH JULY  – Battle of Harlaw in Scotland: Domhnall of Islay, Lord of the Isles, and an army commanded by Alexander Stewart, Earl of Mar battle to a bloody draw Result Tactical draw Strategic victory for Earl of Mar
1413
  • 20TH MARCH: Henry IV died, and Henry V is king of England Murdoch Stewart, Duke of Albany and James are held together in the Tower London and at Windsor castle, Murdoch Stewart, Duke of Albany and James are held together in the tower London and at Windsor Castle.
  • 28TH AUGUST  – The University of St Andrews in Scotland is chartered by papal bull.
1415
  • Murdoch Stewart, Duke of Albany is exchanged for Henry Percy and goes back in Scotland, James is still held in England.
1420
  • Murdoch Stewart, Duke of Albany is governor of Scotland now, in James absence
  • James's lodgings at Henry V's court is improved greatly; he ceased to be regarded as a hostage and more of a guest now.
  • James accompanied the English king Henry V to France where his presence was used against the Scots fighting on the dauphin's side.
1421
  • 23RD FEBRUARY: James attended the coronation of Catherine of Valois, consort of Henry V England
  • 23RD APRIL: James was knighted by Henry V of England French and Scottish troops defeated English at Anjou, France
  • French and Scottish troops defeated English at Anjou, France
  • 18TH JULY: Henry V appointed the Duke of Bedford and James as the joint commanders of the siege of Dreux
1422
  • 31ST AUGUST:  When Henry V of England died, his infant son Henry VI as king of England
  • SEPTEMBER: James was part of the escort taking the English king's body back to London
1423
  • FEBRUARY: negotiations are underway for James’s release from England.
  • 4TH FEBRUARY Treaty Of London was made, in respect of the release of James after 18 years of captivity
1424
  • 12TH FEBRUARY: James married Joan Beaufort, the granddaughter of John Of Gaunt, son of the late Edward III of England
  • 28TH MARCH: A ransom treaty of £40,000 sterling (less a dowry remittance of 10,000 marks) was agreed at Durham, James attached his own seal to the treaty.
  • APRIL: James traveled back to Scotland with his new wife Joan Beaufort
  • 24TH MAY: The Coronation of James as first of his name. James was crowned by Henry Wardlaw, Bishop of St Andrews.
  • The Battle Of Verneuil This was between, England& Burgandy against, France and Scotland. Result Anglo-Burgundian Victory
  • 12TH OCTOBER: James and Archibald met at Melrose abbey ostensibly to agree the appointment of John Fogo, a monk of Melrose, to the Abbacy.
  • 25TH DECEMBER: James daughter Margaret of Scotland is born
1425
  • 21ST MARCH: The Trial of Murdoch Stewart, Duke of Albany, and his family tried for treason and executed. With him
  • The Fire of castle of Linlithgow
  • MAY The Scottish Parliament meets in Stirling to try the Albany family for treason. Murdoch and three others are executed and the family is virtually extinguished.
1426
  • James daughter Isabella Stewart is born
1427
  • James daughter Joan Stewart, Countess of Morton born
  • The Conflict of Druimnacour occurs in Sutherland, Scotland.
1428
  • James daughter Mary Stewart, Countess of Buchan born
  • James summons Alexander, Lord of the Isles and other highland clan chiefs to a meeting in Inverness, and has them arrested. Three are executed as an example, but others including Alexander are later released.
  • 12TH OCTOBER:The Siege Of Orléans
  • OCTOBER: Auld Alliance—the terms were to include the marriage of the princess Margaret to Louis, the Dauphin of France,
1429
  • 8TH FEBRUARY 1,000 Scots under the command of brothers John and William Stuart try to relieve the French garrison at Orleans in France. The Scots are defeated by the English at Rouvray Saint-Denis and both brothers are killed.
  • Scotland goes to the aid of Joan of Arc
  • James stopped the ransom payments completely to England in favour of buying cannons and luxury goods from Flanders
1430
  • 16TH OCTOBER: James Wife Joan Beaufort gives birth to twin boys.  Names James and Alexander. James son Alexander Stewart, Duke of Rothesay born and died twin brother James II Scotland survived.
1431
  • SEPTEMBER: This was between a supporter of Alexander De Ros of Clan Donald, and James,
      Result Clan Donald Victory
1433
  • James Daughter Eleanor of Scotland born
1436
  • 25TH JUNE: James daughter Margaret married Charles VII of France daughter Annabella Stewart born
  • James daughter Annabella Stewart born
  • AUGUST: Siege of the English-held Roxburgh castle
1437
  • 4TH FEBRUARY: The general council was held in Atholl's heartland in Perth, James hand his wife Joan, had remained in the town at their lodgings in the Blackfriars monastery
  • 21ST FEBRUARY: James I is dead assassinated in the lodging where he stayed.
 
James 1st of Scotland is buried at Perth charter-house

EXTRA FACTS ON JAMES IST OF SCOTLAND

  • James Stuart was King of Scotland for thirty-one years.

 

  • Joan Beaufort, James wife and consort, was a great-granddaughter of Edward III England, and a first cousin to Henry V of England.

 

 

  • James became the prisoner of Henry IV of England in 1406. He would remain captive for the next 18 years. The king had a small household of Scots that included Henry Sinclair, Earl of Orkney, Alexander Seaton, the nephew of Sir David Fleming, and Orkney's brother John Sinclair following the earl's return to Scotland. In time, James's household—now paid for by the English—changed from high ranking individuals to less notable men

 

  • When James was in captivity at the English court, he was given a very good education.

 

  • Murdoch Stewart. Earl of Albany acted as regent during King James's imprisonment in England. Albany refused to ransom King James and tried to prevent his return. After the king's return, they challenged the crown's authority. These Stewart ties led to Donnchadh's downfall. In 1425.

 

  • When James assassination occurred that resulted in his death. It was a number of about thirty conspirators —led by Robert Graham and the Chambers brothers access to the building. James was alerted to the men's presence giving the king time to hide in a sewer tunnel but with its exit recently blocked off to prevent tennis balls getting lost, James was trapped and killed Joan his wife, was wounded, but she managed to escape.

 

  • The King is Quair poem attributed to James I of Scotland. describing the King's capture by the English in 1406 on his way to France and his subsequent imprisonment by Henry IV of England and his successors, Henry V

POLITICAL OFFICES IN THE COURT OF JAMES IST SCOTLAND

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