JAMES II OF SCOTLAND

Who was the real James II of Scotland and what was remembered about his reign in Scotland?

 

TIME-LINE AND ADDITIONAL FACTS ON KING JAMES THE II OF SCOTLAND

THE TIME-LINE OF JAMES II OF SCOTLAND

 
1430
1433
  • James sister Eleanor of Scotland born
1436
  • James sister Annabella Stewart born
1437
  • 21ST FEBRUARY: James I of Scotland is assassinated, James I of Scotland was fatally stabbed at Perth in a failed coup by his uncle and former ally, Walter Stewart, Earl of Atholl. James is now king of Scotland, his mother Joan is regent for a very short time.
  • James mother took shelter in Stirling castle with James after his father’s murder.
  • 25TH MARCH: The coronation of James, as king of Scotland, by Pope Eugene IV. For the security of the crown, the capital of Scotland is moved to Edinburgh, from Dunfermline.
  • Sandside Chase in the north of Scotland: Clan Mackay defeat the Clan Gunn of Caithness.
  • 399
1439
  • JULY: James mother Joan Beaufort re-married James Stewart, the black knight of Lorne
  • 3RD AUGUST: James mother Joan is thrown in prison, but later released on good behavior
1440
  • The Black Dinner at Edinburgh castle
  • James half-brother John Stewart, 1st earl of Athol is born
1442
  • James half-brother James Stewart, 1st earl of Buchan is born.
1443
  • James half-brother Andrew Stewart, the future bishop of moray is born.
1445
  • 15TH JULY: James mother Joan Beaufort died
  • 6TH AUGUST: James half-sister Margaret of Scotland died.
1447
1449
1450
  • James half-sister Isabella Stewart, husband Francis I, Duke of Brittany is dead, James made vigorous efforts to persuade her to return to Scotland, where he hoped to arrange a second marriage for her.
1451
  • 10TH JULY: James son James is born, the future James III of Scotland
  • James attacks the lands of the Douglas because of Douglas offenses against neighbouring lords
  • Establishment of the University of Glasgow.
  • James stepfather James Stewart, the black knight of Lorne died
1452
  • 22ND FEBRUARY: James stabbed William Douglas, 8th earl of Douglas, for refusing to dissolve his league with Alexander. at Stirling castle.
  • 18TH MAY: The Battle Of Brechin: This was between clan Gordon (royalist)and clan Lyndsay Result Royalist Victory
1453
  • 13TH MAY: James daughter: Mary Stewart, Countess of Arran is born
1454
  • James son Alexander Stewart, Duke of Albany is born
1455
  • James daughter Margaret Stewart is born
  • 1ST MAY The Battle Of Arkinholm This was  between supporters of James (Royalists) and the Douglass Result: A Royal Victory
1456
  • James son of David Stewart, Earl Of Moray is born
1460
  • 3RD AUGUST While supervising a siege of English occupiers of Roxburgh.Castle, James is killed by a cannon that exploded, known as "The Lion. at The Siege of Roxburgh
 
James II Of Scotland Was Buried In Holyrood Abbey

EXTRA FACTS ON JAMES II OF SCOTLAND

  • James Stuart was King of Scotland for twenty-three years.

 

  • James was a Great-grandson of Edward III of England, through his mother Joan Beaufort. Joan was the granddaughter of John of Gaunt.

 

  • James was nicknamed "Fiery Face," because of a conspicuous vermilion birthmark on his face

 

  • James had an older twin brother who died at birth, named Alexander.

 

  • Joan Stewart, his elder sister had “the misfortune to be deaf and dumb”, and was known as or “. Joan was reported to have used sign language to communicate, even in public (although it was considered at that time to be impolite

 

  • When James came into control of his own realm. As king, James created new earldoms and set about organising central government and introduced central taxation.

 

  • St Salvator's College was founded in 1450 by Bishop James Kennedy. King James ii of Scotland provided an endowment at the college's foundation.

 

 

  • The Black Dinner was in 1440. When the 16-year-old William Douglas, 6th Earl of Douglas and his younger brother were invited to dine with the ten-year-old King James II of Scotland. While they ate, a black bull's head, the symbol of death, was brought in and placed before the Earl. The two brothers were then dragged out to Castle Hill, given a mock trial and beheaded, done in the presence of the young King James.

POLITICAL POSITIONS IN THE COURT OF JAMES II OF SCOTLAND

Ruins of Roxburgh Castle.Where James II Was Killed By A Cannon

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