JAMES VI OF SCOTLAND 1ST OF ENGLAND

Who was the real man behind King  James VI of Scotland and when did King James of Scotland, become King of England?

TIMELINE AND ADDITIONAL FACTS ON KING JAMES VI OF SCOTLAND, 1ST OF ENGLAND. 

 TIMELINE OF KING JAMES VI OF SCOTLAND 1ST OF ENGLAND

1566
  • 19TH JUNE: James is born, in Edinburgh Castle, Scotland, the son Mary Queen of Scots and Lord Henry Stuart Darnley
  • 17TH DECEMBER: James is baptized, Charles James" or "James Charles, at Stirling Castle
  • Charles given the title; Duke of Rothesay
1567
  • 10TH FEBRUARY: James's father, Henry Darnley, was murdered at Kirk o' field
  • 15TH MAY: Mary James mother married James Hepburn, 4th earl of Bothwell,
  • JUNE: BATTLE CARBERRY HILL Protestant rebels arrested Mary, James mother and imprisoned her in Loch Leven Castle. This was the last time she has seen her son James.
  • 24TH JULY: Mary Queen Scots abdicates in favour of James, her son James.
  • 29TH JULY: James coronation as king of Scotland, the sixth of his name of Scotland
  • James is given the title: Duke of Albany. James was crowned by Adam Bothwell, Bishop of Orkney.
  • 4TH DECEMBER Privy council had made an act prior to the sitting of the parliament, which declared that was the earl of Bothwell guilty of the murder of Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley
1568
  • 2ND MAY Mary Queen of Scots escapes from Loch Leven Castle
  • The forces of Mary Queen of Scots are defeated by a confederacy of Scottish Protestants, under James Stewart, Earl of Moray, her half-brother.
  • 16TH MAY Mary James mother escaped from her imprisonment flees to England.
  • MAY 19THQueen Elizabeth I of England arrests Mary Queen of Scots.
1569
  • Esmé Stewart, 1st Duke of Lennox, is introduced James, who will become his favourite courtier
  • NOVEMBER- DECEMBER  – Rising of the North in England: Three northern earls lead a rebellion against Queen Elizabeth I, in an attempt to place the Catholic Mary Queen of Scots, on the English throne, but are driven out of the country.
1570
  • 23RD JANUARY: James, who is regent and James uncle, was assassinated in Linlithgow by James Hamilton of Bothwell Haugh. James Hamilton was a supporter of Mary Queen of Scots.
  • 14TH FEBRUARY: The funeral of  James  uncle, James Stewart, John Knox preached at the funeral
  • Sir Peter Young with George Buchannan is appointed tutors to James.
1571
  • 4TH SEPTEMBER: James grandfather and regent for Scotland Matthew Stewart is killed.
  • SEPTEMBER John Erskine, Earl of Marr, is regent in Scotland for James now.
1572
  • James Douglas is appointed James fourth and final regent of Scotland
1578
  • 7TH MARCH: James grandmother Margaret Douglas died.
  • James period of regency is ended. He now governs in his own right.
1579
  • John Craig is domestic chaplain to James
1582
  • 14TH APRIL James signs a charter creating the Tounis College, now the University of Edinburgh
  • 22ND AUGUST: The raid of Ruthven several Presbyterian nobles, led by William Ruthven, 1st Earl of Gowrie, who abducted  James while hunting near the castle of Ruthven in Perthshire
1583
  • JULY: James gains his freedom, after the raid of Ruthven
  • 13TH NOVEMBER: James went to Stirling and Falkland Palace, then joined Arran for a banquet at Kinneil House
1584
  • James had the parliament of Scotland pass the black acts
  • Essayes of a prentise in the divine art of poesie, written by the 19-year-old James
1585
1586
  • 16TH JUNE Mary Queen of Scots recognizes Philip II of Spain as her heir
  • 6TH JULY: Treaty of Berwick: 'league of amity' or peace agreement
  • SEPTEMBER 20TH–21ST – Execution of the Babington Plotters: The 14 men convicted of a plot (uncovered on July 17) to murder Queen Elizabeth and replace her with Mary Queen of Scots, are hanged, drawn and quartered (the first seven being disembowelled before death) in St Giles Field, London.
  • OCTOBER 15-26TH Mary Queen of Scots is placed on treason trial at Fotheringhay Castle in England for complicity in the Babington Plot and sentenced to death.
1588
1589
1590
  • 1ST MAY: James and his wife Anne return to Scotland
  • James participated in the North Berwick witch trials
  • 17TH MAY: Anne Denmark coronation at Holyrood Abbey. Anne was crowned by Adam Bothwell, Bishop of Orkney.
  • 7TH DECEMBER North Berwick witch trials: Agnes Sampson is questioned by  James  and confesses to practising witchcraft
1593
  • Anne Lyon, Countess of Kinghorne became James mistress till 1595
1594
  • 19TH FEBRUARY: James son Henry Frederick, prince of wales is born
  • John Erskine is given the charge of caring for Anne’s and James son Henry Fredrick, as James did not want his son influenced by Anne's beliefs. This caused enormous tension between Anne and James in their marriage. Anne began an ongoing campaign in order to see her son Henry.
1595
  • JULY:  James wife Anne suffers a miscarriage
1596
  • JANUARY: The Octavian’s were formed, which was a financial commitment of eight in the government of Scotland first appointed by James
  • 19TH AUGUST: James daughter Elizabeth Stuart, Queen of Bohemia is born at Falkland Palace, Fife
1597
  • Daemonologie: is published by James
1598
  • The gentleman adventurers of fife: a group of 12 Scottish lowlander colonists awarded lands on the Isle of Lewis by King James
1599
  • The Basilikon Doron is a treatise on government written by King James
1600
  • 1ST JANUARY Scotland adopts January 1 as New Year's Day.
  • 5TH AUGUST The brothers Alexander Ruthven and John Ruthven, 3rd Earl of Gowrie, are killed during a failed attempt to kidnap or murder King James VI of Scotland at their home.
  • 19TH NOVEMBER: James son Charles born. (Future Charles I England) Dunfermline Palace, Dunfermline, Scotland
1603
  • 24TH MARCH: Elizabeth 1st of England, died and James risking of England.
  • 5TH APRIL: James left Edinburgh for London
  • 28TH APRIL: The  funeral of Elizabeth I England
  • JULY: The alleged conspiracy by English courtiers, to remove King James from the English throne and to replace him with his cousin Arabella (or Arabella) Stuart
  • 17TH JULY Sir Walter Ralegh arrested for treason
  • 25TH JULY: The joint coronation of James and his wife Anne as King and Queen of England. They were both crowned by John Whitgift, Archbishop of Canterbury.
  • The Bye Plot: a conspiracy by roman catholic priests and puritans aiming at religious toleration for their respective denominations, to kidnap James.
  • The Union of England and Scotland Act
  • NOVEMBER 17TH – Sir Walter Raleigh goes on trial for treason, in the converted Great Hall of Winchester Castle. He is found guilty, but his life is spared by King James I at this time, and he is returned to imprisonment in the Tower of London.
1604
  • JANUARY: The Hampton Court conference discussion between King James I of England and representatives of the church of England Puritans.
  • Work begins on the Authorized King James Version of the Bible and revision of the Book of Common Prayer.
  • 19TH FEBRUARY: After James wife is sent rosary by the Pope, James denounces the Catholic church.
  • 19TH MARCH: James gives a speech to parliament. spoke of his desire to secure peace, but only by "profession of the true religion".
  • 18th AUGUST England concludes the Treaty of London with Spain, ending the Anglo-Spanish War (1585–1604), an intermittent conflict within the Eighty Years' War
  • 20TH OCTOBER: James issued a proclamation at Westminster changing his style to "King of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, defender of the faith.
  • The King James version began in works
  • A counterblast to tobacco is treaty is written by James to tobacco describing smoking as “hateful to the nose, harmful to the brain, and dangerous to the lungs”.
1605
  • JANUARY: James son Charles is created Duke of York
  • 11TH MARCH A proclamation declares all people of Ireland to be the direct subjects of the British Crown and not of any local lord or chief
  • MAY The popish recusants act 1605
  • 26TH OCTOBER: A  letter sent to William Parker, 4th Baron Monteagle revealed the Gun Powder Plot it was anonymous.
  • 5TH NOVEMBER: The Gun Powder Plot: The plan was to blow up the house of lords during the state opening of England's parliament
1606
  • 24TH JANUARY: The trial of the six whom are implicated in The Gun Powder Plot plot. they were convicted and sentenced to be hanged, drawn and quartered.
  • 31ST JANUARY – Guy Fawkes is executed.
  • 10TH APRIL The Charter of 1606: The First Charter of Virginia is adopted, by which King James I of England grants rights to the Virginia Company (comprising the London Company and Plymouth Company) to settle parts of the east coast of North America.
  • APRIL 12TH The first version of the Union Flag is created, to be worn as a national flag by English and Scottish ships.
  • MAY There are severe penalties are imposed for Catholic recusancy, and for refusal to take an Oath of Allegiance to James to serve in public office,
  • 22ND JUNE – 23RD JUNE Sophia Stuart daughter of James born and died at Greenwich Palace.
  • 22ND JUNE: The Oath of Allegiance
1607
  • Robert Carr breaks his leg and the James nurses him back to health
  • James and his wife are living separate lives at this stage
  • 14TH MAY Jamestown, Virginia, is established as the first permanent English settlement in North America
  • .NOVEMBER Case of Prohibitions: Sir Edward Coke determines that legal cases should not be tried by the monarch.
1608
  • Calvin’s case: was a 1608 English legal decision establishing that a child born in Scotland, after the union of the crowns under James vi and  is 1603, was considered under the common law to be an English subject
  • APRIL Performances of George Chapman's new play The Conspiracy and Tragedy of Charles, Duke of Byron by the Children of the Chapel at the Blackfriars Theatre in London are suppressed after the French Ambassador complains to King James
1609
  • The Statutes of Iona is assessed in Scotland
  • 28TH AUGUST  English explorer Henry Hudson (in the service of the Dutch East India Company) finds Delaware Bay.
1610
  • 9TH JULY Arbella Stuart, a claimant to the throne, imprisoned for marrying William Seymour, 2nd Duke of Somerset, another claimant,
1611
  • The King James Version Bible is completed
1612
  • 24TH MAY Secretary of State Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury, dies and is succeeded by the King's favourite Robert Carr, Viscount Rochester.
  • 20TH AUGUST  Ten Pendle witches are hanged, having been found guilty of practising witchcraft in Lancashire, England.
  • 26TH AUGUST  BATTLE OF KRINGEN: A Scottish mercenary force is destroyed in Norway
  • 6TH NOVEMBER: James son Henry Frederick,Prince of Wales died from typhoid fever at the age of 18
  • 7TH DECEMBER: The funeral of Henry Frederick , Charles his brother is chief mourner.
1613
  • 20TH JANUARY  James successfully mediates the Treaty of Knäred between Denmark and Sweden.
  • 14TH FEBRUARY: James daughter Elizabeth is married Fredrick V royal chapel at the palace of Whitehall
  • Anne shot and killed James' favorite dog during a hunting session.
  • 29TH JUNE Fire destroys London's famed Globe Theatre
  • James condemns duels, in his proclamation Against Private Challenges and Combats.
1614
  • 1ST JANUARY: James grandson Henry Frederick, is born an electoral prince of the palatinate to his daughter Elizabeth
  • 5TH APRIL  Parliament assembles for the first time since 1610 and debates the imposition of taxes by the King
1616
  • 1ST JANUARY James attends the masque The Golden Age Restored, a satire by Ben Jonson on fallen court favorite the Earl of Somerset. James asks for a repeat performance on January 6TH
  •  3RD JANUARY  In the court of James I of England, the king's favorite George Villiers becomes Master of the Horse
  • 1ST FEBRUARY  James grants Ben Jonson an annual pension of 100 marks, making him de facto poet laureate
  • 19TH MARCH Sir Walter Ralegh, English explorer of the New World, is released from prison in the Tower of London, where he has been imprisoned for treason, in order to conduct a second (ill-fated) expedition, in search of El Dorado in South America
  • 25TH MAY James  former favorite, the Earl of Somerset, and his wife Frances, are convicted of the murder of Thomas Overbury in 1613. They are spared death, and are sentenced to imprisonment in the Tower of London (until 1622). Although the King has ordered the investigation of the poet's murder and allowed his former court favourite to be arrested and tried
  • OCTOBER King James's School at Knaresborough in Yorkshire is founded by Dr. Robert Chaloner, and the charter is signed by King James
  • 4TH NOVEMBER  Prince Charles (15-year-old surviving son of James and Anne of Denmark) is invested as Prince of Wales at Whitehall in London, the last such investiture until 1911.
1617
  • 22ND DECEMBER: James grandson Charles I Louis, elector palatine born to daughter Elizabeth
1618
  • 29TH OCTOBER English adventurer, writer and courtier Sir Walter Raleigh is beheaded at the Palace of Westminster, for allegedly conspiring reasonably against James
  • 26TH DECEMBER: James granddaughter Elisabeth of the Palatinate is born to his daughter Elizabeth
1619
  • JANUARY James Banqueting House, Whitehall in London is destroyed by fire. Inigo Jones is commissioned to design a replacement.
  • 2ND MARCH : James wife Anne of Denmark died
  • 17TH DECEMBER: James grandson Rupert, count palatine of the rhine, born to daughter Elizabeth
1620
  • 17TH DECEMBER: James grandson prince Maurice of the palatinate is born to daughter Elizabeth
1622
  • 7TH FEBRUARY  James disbands the English Parliament
1625
  • 27TH MARCH: James died at Theobalds House, England, seriously ill, and then suffered a stroke.
James VI, Scotland, 1st of England was buried on the 7th May 1625 in  Westminster Abbey

 EXTRA FACTS ABOUT JAMES VI OF SCOTLAND

  • The Jameson( Era refers to the period in English and Scottish history that coincides with the reign of James VI of Scotland. Jacobean derived from Modern Latin Jacobean's from Jacobus, the Ecclesiastical Latin form of the English name James

 

  • James was a great-grandson of Henry VII of England, grandson of Margaret Tudor Queen of Scots. James parents Mary Queen Scots, and Henry Darnley were first cousins.

 

  • James’ Godparents were Charles IX of France (represented by John, Count of Brienne), Elizabeth I of England (represented by the Earl of Bedford), and Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy (represented by ambassador Philibert du Croc

 

  • James mother Mary Queen Scots, third husband James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell, was suspected of murdering his father Henry Darnley.

 

  • James was Elizabeth I England, first cousin twice removed.

 

  • George Buchanan. Was one of James tutors as a child, Buchanan subjected James to regular beatings but also instilled in him a lifelong passion for literature and learning

 

  • James enjoyed bear baiting and cock fighting but disapproved of cutting trees down.

 

  • The Union of England and Scotland Act 1603: It appointed a commission led by the Lord Chancellor, Lord Ellesmere, to meet and negotiate with a commission which would be appointed by the Parliament of Scotland.

 

  • James generally took only one bath a year, as water was thought to carry diseases.

 

  • The Popish Recusants Act 1605. an act of the Parliament of England which quickly followed the Gunpowder Plot of the same year, The Act forbade Roman Catholics from practising the professions of law and medicine and from acting as a guardian or trustee; and it allowed magistrates to search their houses for arms

 

  • Anne James, the wife, complained of James Drinking and did not find it tastefulwhen he conducts himself in a disrespectful way.

 

  • George Villiers was a close favourite and suspected lover of king James. James's nickname for Buckingham was "Steenie", after St. Stephen who was said to have had "the face of an angel".

 

  • It was after James visit to Denmark, that sparked of His interest in With hunts. He attended the North Berwick witch trials, the first major persecution of witches in Scotland under the Witchcraft Act 1563. James obsession led on to his book he wrote on Demonology

POLITICAL POSITIONS IN THE COURT OF JAMES VI SCOTLAND & 1ST OF ENGLAND

JAMES VI SCOTLAND & 1ST OF ENGLAND

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