JAMES II OF ENGLAND

Who was King James II of England? Why was King James II of England deposed in favour of William of Orange?

TIME-LINE AND ADDITIONAL FACTS ON KING JAMES II OF ENGLAND. JAMES WAS THE FATHER OF QUEEN MARY THE II OF ENGLAND AND QUEEN ANNE OF GREAT BRITAIN.

TIME-LINE OF  JAMES II OF ENGLAND VII OF SCOTLAND

1633
  • 14TH OCTOBER: James is born the second surviving son of Charles 1st of England and Henrietta Maria of France, at St. James's Palace, London
  • James is invested a Duke of York from birth
  • James was baptized by William Laud, the Anglican Archbishop of Canterbury.
1635
  • 28TH DECEMBER: James sister Elizabeth Stuart is born at St. James's Palace, London
1633
  • James was appointed Lord High Admiral, at the age of three.
1637
  • 17TH MARCH: James sister Anne of England is born at St. James's Palace, London
1640
  • 8TH JULY: James brother Henry Stuart, is born, Oatlands Palace, Surrey
  • James is made an order of the garter
  • James is made an order of the garter
  • 5TH NOVEMBER: James sister Anne of England died at Richmond Palace, London
1642
  • 3RD JULY: James grandmother Marie de' Medici died at Cologne, Holy Roman Empire
  • James lived at Oxford
  • James is made an order of the Garter.
1644
  • 16TH JUNE: Henrietta of England James sister is born at Bedford House, Exeter, England
  • OCTOBER: James is created Duke Of York
1646
  • MAY: Siege of Oxford
  • JUNE: James moved to St James palace,
1648
  • APRIL James escapes and goes to the Netherlands
1649
  • 30TH JANUARY: James father Charles 1st England is executed by parliament, Whitehall, London., and his brother Charles is king of Scotland only.
  • James has joined his mother in France
  • Commonwealth Of England Begins.
1650
  • 8TH SEPTEMBER: James sister Elizabeth Stuart died at Carisbrooke Castle, Isle of Wight
1651
  • 1ST JANUARY: The coronation of James brother Charles as king of Scotland, first of his name. at scone abbey
  • 3RD SEPTEMBER: James brother Charles loses the crown of Scotland
1652
  • APRIL: James joined the French army
1658
  • 14TH JUNE: The battle of the Dunes
1660
  • 29TH MAY: James brother Charles is king of England, Scotland and Ireland
  • James is appointed lord high admiral of England and lord warden of the cinque ports
  • James was created Duke of Albany.
  • 3RD SEPTEMBER: James married his first wife Anne Hyde
  • 13TH SEPTEMBER: James brother Henry Stuart, Duke of Gloucester died at palace of Whitehall, London
  •  James  sister Mary, princess royal died at Whitehall Palace, London
1661
  • 23RD APRIL: The coronation of James brother Charles as king Charles second of his name of England. Scotland and Ireland.
1662
  • 30TH APRIL: James daughter the future Mary II of England is born
1665
  • .6TH FEBRUARY James daughter the future Anne Queen of Great Britain is born.
1666
  • SEPTEMBER: The great fire London, his brother Charles put him in charge of firefighting operations. his actions were Highley respected and it was said he had won the hearts of the people.
1669
  • 10TH SEPTEMBER: James mother Henrietta Maria of France died at Palais Du Louvre, Paris, France
  • James took up the roman catholic religion
1670
  • 30TH JUNE: James sister Henrietta of England died at château de saint cloud, France.
1671
  • 31ST MARCH: James wife Anne Hyde died she had suffered from advanced breast cancer
1672
  • 28TH MAY: The Naval Battle Of Solebay, This was a battle between England with France against the Dutch. James is commander for England
      Result Tactically Indecisive Strategic Dutch Victory
1673
  • 20TH SEPTEMBER:  James married by proxy Mary of Modena
  • 21ST NOVEMBER: Mary of Modena arrived in England and James her were married.
1677
1679
  • The Exclusion Crisis began the exclusion bill sought to exclude the king's brother and heir presumptive, James, Duke of York, from the thrones of England, Scotland and Ireland because he was roman catholic.
1680
  • James is appointed lord high commissioner to the parliament of Scotland
1681
  • Exclusion Crisis ends
1683
  • The Rye House Plot:  as a plan to assassinate King Charles II of England and his brother (and heir to the throne) James, Duke of York.
1685
  • 6TH FEBRUARY: Charles II of England and Scotland is dead, and James is now king
  • 23RD APRIL: The coronation of James second of England seventh of Scotland. crowned by the bishop of London Henry Compton,
  • James appointed lord high admiral again.
  • 19TH MAY – The beginning of the first session of the Loyal Parliament
  • 11TH JUNE– Monmouth Rebellion: James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth, the illegitimate son of King Charles II of England, Scotland and Ireland, lands at Lyme Regis with an invasion force brought from the Netherlands to challenge his uncle, James II, for the Crown of England.
  • 20TH JUNE– Monmouth Rebellion: James, Duke of Monmouth, declares himself at Taunton to be King and heir to his father's Kingdoms as James II of England and Ireland and James VII of Scotland
  • 6TH JULY: This was Battle between, the royals supporters of James II, against the rebels. result in a decisive royal victory
  • 15TH JULY – The Duke of Monmouth is beheaded at Tower Hill, London, by Jack Ketch
1686
  • 17TH JULY – King James appoints four Catholics to the Privy Council of England
1687
  • The order of the thistle founded by James himself
  • 4TH APRIL King James II issues the Declaration of Indulgence (or Declaration for the Liberty of Conscience), suspending laws against Roman Catholics and nonconformists
  • 1ST MAY King James II attends the consecration of Ferdinando d'Adda, Papal Nuncio to London, as titular Archbishop of Amasia in the Royal Chapel of St James's Palace
  • King James II tries to expel the Fellows of Magdalen College, Oxford, for refusing to Catholicise their institution
1688
  • 4TH MAY– Declaration of Indulgence (reissued on 25 April) ordered to be read aloud in all churches on two consecutive Sundays. Following this, the Friends meeting house at Jordan's, Buckinghamshire, is built.
  • 13TH MAY – the Archbishop of Canterbury, William Sancroft, in a meeting at Lambeth Palace, forms the nucleus of the Seven Bishops resolving to oppose the reading of the Declaration of Indulgence. On 18 May they present a petition to the King.
  • 8TH JUNE  ("Black Friday") – the Seven Bishops are imprisoned in the Tower of London prior to trial for seditious libel
  • 10TH JUNE: James son James Francis Edward, prince of wales is born, at St. James's Palace, London, the kingdom of England
  • 30TH JUNE”: The Invitation to William”, which was a letter sent by seven notable Englishmen to William III prince of orange he letter asked William to force the ruling king, his uncle and father-in-law James II of England, by military intervention to make William's protestant wife Mary, James's eldest daughter, heir,
  • the glorious revolution
  • 5TH NOVEMBER: William of Orange arrived in England with many Protestant officers, joined in including James own daughter Anne. James lost his nerve and declined to attack
  • 11TH DECEMBER: James tried to flee to France, allegedly first throwing the great seal of the realm into the river Thames. James was found and arrested in Kent.
  • 13 TH DECEMBER – "Irish Fright": false rumours of James II's disbanded Irish soldiers preparing to carry out massacres of English towns begin to spread.
  • 18TH DECEMBERWilliam of Orange enters London
  • 23RD DECEMBER: James cousin Louis XIV, offered him a palace and a pension and William of Orange permitted him to escape.
1689
  • 13TH FEBRUARY: James daughter and son in law, Mary and her husband William of Orange are joint in own right king and queen of England
  • James landed in Ireland, after the help of French troops., in Ireland, James was still recognized as king.
  • 12TH MARCH  1689 – 3RD OCTOBER 1691 Williamite–Jacobite War in Ireland
  • 11TH APRIL: James daughter and son in law coronation Mary queen of England second of her name, William King of England, second of his name,
1690
  • 1ST JULY: The Battle Of The Boyne between the forces of the deposed King James now of England, and those of Dutch Prince William of Orange who, with his wife Mary II (James's daughter), had acceded to the crowns of England and Scotland,
        Result Williamite Victory
  • James fled to France once more, departing from Kinsale, after seeing that William arrived in person, he was never to return to England again.
1691
  • OCTOBER: James flees to France
1692
  • 28TH JUNE: Louisa Maria Teresa Stuart, James daughter is born
1694
  • 28TH DECEMBER: James daughter Mary II of England died, and her husband William of Orange remains king of England
1695
  • 5TH MARCH, James daughter Marys funeral: her funeral service was the first of any royal attended by all the members of both houses of parliament
1696
  • James supporters in England attempted to assassinate William iii to restore James to the throne, the plot failed and backlashed on James making him less popular
1697
1701
  • 16TH SEPTEMBER: James died at Château De Saint-Germain-En-Laye, France of a brain haemorrhage
 
James Stuart Was Buried In The Church Of The English Benedictines, Paris

EXTRA FACTS ON JAMES II ENGLAND, VII OF SCOTLAND

  • James Stuart was King of England Ireland and Scotland, for three years.

 

  • James was the second Son of the executed King, Charles I of England, and also a brother to Charles II of England.

 

  • James was the last Roman Catholic monarch of England, Scotland and Ireland

 

  • James was deposed as King in the Glorious Revolution of 1688

 

 

  • James is the Father of Mary II who married William of Orange, and also the Father of Anne Queen of Great Britain.

 

  • James was the grandson was the late Henry IV of France

 

 

  • Charles II also insisted that James’s daughters, Mary and Anne, be raised in the Protestant faith. James himself turned to the Catholic faith, until 1672, Anglican sacraments.

 

  • The Glorious Revolution. was the overthrow of King James II of England (James VII of Scotland) by a union of English Parliamentarians with the Dutch stadtholder William III, Prince of Orange.

 

 

  • In France, James was allowed to live in the royal château of Saint-Germain-en-Laye. His wife had fled with him, and some of his supporters,

 

  • When James had died, James's heart was placed in a silver-gilt locket and given to the convent at Chaillot, and his brain was placed in a lead casket and given to the Scots College in Paris.

POLITICAL OFFICES IN THE COURT OF JAMES II ENGLAND, VII OF SCOTLAND

James with his father, Charles I, by Sir Peter Lely, 1647

Wedding suit of James II, 1673

 JAMES II OF ENGLAND IN FICTION

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