JOAN BEAUFORT

 TIME-LINE  AND ADDITIONAL FACTS TS  JOAN BEAUFORT WAS  THE QUEEN CONSORT OF KING JAMES THE 1ST OF SCOTLAND. JOAN WAS THE GREAT GRANDDAUGHTER OF A KING, EDWARD THE III OF ENGLAND A NIECE OF  A KING HENRY IV ENGLAND AND A COUSIN OF A KING HENRY V AND HENRY VI ENGLAND..

TIME-LINE OF JOAN BEAUFORT

DATE                                    EVENT
 
1404
  • Margaret Beaufort is born the daughter of John Beaufort, 1st earl of Somerset, and Margaret Holland
  • Joan’s father John Beaufort is named constable of England.
 
1406
  • Joan’s younger brother Edmund Beaufort, 2nd Duke of Somerset is born
  • APRIL James the future king of Scotland is captured and held by the Henry IV England
  • 4TH APRIL: Robert III Scotland is dead and James is now king of Scotland but captive to Henry England.
1409
  • Joan’s younger sister Margaret Beaufort, countess of Devon is born.
1410
  • 16TH MARCH: Joan’s father John Beaufort died, at hospital of St Katharine's by the tower
1413
1416
  • 17TH MARCH: Joan’s grandmother Alice Holland, countess of Kent died
1418
  • 25 NOVEMBER: Joan’s brother Henry Beaufort, 2nd Earl of Somerset died
1420
  • Joan meets James1st of Scotland around about now form the first time.
1421
  • 21ST FEBRUARY: James 1st Scotland is assassinated, and now Joan’s son James is king of Scotland
1422
  • 31ST AUGUST King Henry V of England is dead and now his infant son Henry VI is king
1424
  • 12TH FEBRUARY: Joan and King James were married St Mary Overie church in Southwark.
  • 28TH MARCH Margaret's husband James signed a pact for a seven year truce with England.
  • 5TH APRIL: Joan and her husband James 1st Scotland are escorted by English and Scottish nobles reached Melrose Abbey
  • 21ST MAY: The coronation of James and JoanThey are  crownedKing and Queen of Scotland  by Henry De Wardlaw, Bishop of saint Andrews
  • 25TH DECEMBER: Joan’s daughter Margaret of Scotland is born
1426
  • Joan’’s daughter Isabella Stewart is born
1427
  • Joan’s daughter Joan Stewart is born
1428
  • Joan’s daughter Mary Stewart is born
  • King James,  went to visit the North of his kingdom and he made the nobles swear fealty to Joan in the event something happened to him. He done this again in 1435.
1429
  • Alexander Macdonald, Lord of the Isles, was captured after a rampage of burning and pillaging in the Highlands. He was forced to appear before the high altar in Holyrood Abbey, dressed as a penitent. In a pre-staged scene, Joan and others pleaded for Macdonald’s life. This allowed King James to save face while exercising mercy.
1430
  • 16TH OCTOBER: Joan’s son the future James II of Scotland is born, in Holyrood palace, Edinburgh. James had a twin brother Alexander, who died in infancy..
1431
  • 3RD OCTOBER: Joan’s brother Thomas Beaufort, count of percha died
1433
  • Joan’s daughter Eleanor of Scotland is born
1436
  • 25TH JUNE: Joan’s daughter Margaret married the future king Louis XI France
  • Joan and James 1st Scotland youngest daughter is born, Annabelle Stewart
1437
  • 21ST FEBRUARY: James 1st  was assassinated in Perth, Joan had also been a target of assassination along with her husband, Joan was wounded in the shoulder but managed to escape with just injuries
  • 25TH MARCH: Joan’s son James II is crowned by Michael Ochiltree, Bishop of Dunblane king James II of Scotland, at Holyrood abbey. Archibald Douglas, 5th Earl of Douglas, is James primary man, head of the government.
1439
  • JULY Joan married James Stewart, the Black Knight of Lorne
  • JULY Joan married for a second time to James Stewart, the black knight of Lorne
  • 3RD AUGUST: Joan is imprisoned in Stirling castle by sir Alexander Livingston of callendar, Joan is forced to relinquish custody of her son King James II Scotland
  • 4TH SEPTEMBER Joan and her new husband James Stewart are released from prison after a” New agreement” in drawn up called “the appointment” was negotiated. Alexander Livingston was given custody of James II but Joan was allowed access to her son. Joan was relegated to the role of taking care of her children. she had three more sons with Stewart.
  • 31ST DECEMBER: Joan’s mother Margaret Holland, countess of Somerset died at St. Saviour's Abbey, Bermondsey, in London
1440
  • Joan’s son to her second marriage John Stewart, is born
1442
  • Joan’s son to her second marriage James Stewart is born
  • 30TH OCTOBER: Joan’s daughter Isabella of Scotland married Francis i, duke of Brittany at the château d'auray
1443
  • Joan’s son to her second marriage Andrew Stewart is born
  • Joan’s brother John Beaufort is made a Knight Of The Garter
1444
  • Joan’s daughter Mary married Wolfert VI Van Borselen, and Mary was created the 1st countess of buchan
  • 27TH MAY; Joan’s brother John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset died
1445
  • Joan is residing at Dunbar castle
  • Joan’s daughter Eleanor goes to live at the court of Charles vii of France
  • Siege at Dunbar Castle: Joan and the keeper of the castle, Adam Hepburn of Hailes defended the castle as best they could.
  • 15TH JULY: Joan died at Dunbar castle during the siege led by Alexander Livingston
 
Joan Beaufort was buried in the Carthusian priory at Perth
EXTRA FACTS ON JOAN BEUFORT
 
  • Joan Beaufort was Queen consort of James 1st of Scotland for seven years
 
  • Joan, came from the House of Beaufort, John Beaufort was the founder of this House and the son of John of Gaunt,
 
 
  • Joan was a cousin of Henry the V of England, and first cousin once removed to Henry VI of England. Joan mother was Margaret Holland, a half-niece of King Henry IV of England. Through her mother she was a related to King Edward I of England and through her father related to King Edward III.
 
  • Joan met James the 1st when he was a captive of the English King. The couple had known each other from at least the year 1420. James fell in love with Joan and she is said to have been the inspiration for his famous long poem, “The King is Quair”, written after he saw her from his window in the garden. After the wedding there was festivities held and run by Cardinal Henry Beaufort, Joan’s uncle.
 
  • Joan's dowry of 10,000 merks was subtracted from the substantial ransom of 60,000merks the Scots had to pay for the return of their king.
 
 
  • Joan’s daughter, Joan Stewart was born deaf and dumb. Joan was taught sign language. In this era, it was deemed impolite to use sign language in public, however Joan Stewart, dismissed this and used sign language publicly.
 
  • Joan’s brother John Beaufort, would be the grandfather to the future Henry VII of England, through his daughter Margaret Beaufort.
 
  • On the 20th of February 1437, Joan and her husband King James were in private rooms at Blackfriars lodgings. They were separated from the servants the king's chamberlain, allowed his co-conspirators—thought to number about thirty—led by Robert Graham and the Chambers brothers access to the building. James was alerted to the men's presence giving the king time to hide in a sewer tunnel but with its exit recently blocked off to prevent tennis balls getting lost, James was trapped and murdered. Joan however managed to escape, quickly sending word to Edinburgh to keep her son James safe. Joan removed her son’s current governor and replacing him with someone she trusted
 
  • Catherine Douglas, was a lady-in-waiting to Joan Beaufort when Queen tried to prevent the assassination of King James. Catherine sprang to the door and placed her arm through the staples to bar the assassins' entrance. However, they forced the door open anyway, breaking Catherine's arm.The idiomatic phrase "Katy, bar the door!" (a warning of the approach of trouble) may have its origins in the story of Catherine Douglas.

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