LADY JANE GREY

Who was the Lady Jane Grey and how did she become Queen for nine days?

TIME-LINE AND ADDITIONAL FACTS ON THE LADY JANE GREY, THE NINE DAY QUEEN. JANE WAS THE GREAT-GRANDDAUGHTER OF HENRY THE VII OF ENGLAND, SHE WAS THE COUSIN OF EDWARD THE VI OF ENGLAND. JANE WAS ALSO GREAT-GREAT-GREAT GRANDDAUGHTER OF QUEEN CONSORT ELIZABETH WOODVILLE

TIME-LINE OF THE LADY JANE GREY

 

1537

  • OCTOBER Lady Jane Grey is born, the daughter of Henry Grey and Francis Brandon of Bradgate Park in Leicestershire

  • 12TH OCTOBER Birth of the future Edward VI of England

1540

  • 25TH AUGUST Jane's sister Catherine Grey is born, born at Bradgate Park, near Leicester

1545

  • Jane’s sister Mary Grey is born

  • 22ND AUGUST: Jane’s grandfather Charles Brandon died

1546

  • Jane went to Court to be looked after by Catherine Parr around this time.

1547

1548

  • MARCH Catherine Parr is pregnant.

  • MAY Princess Elizabeth is sent away to live in Anthony Denny's household at Cheshunt after Catherine Parr catches Elizabeth and Thomas Seymour in an Embrace.

  • JUNE Catherine Parr was accompanied by Lady Jane Grey and a large retinue of ladies to attend on her, as well as over one hundred gentlemen of the household and Yeomen of the guard. They Move to Sudeley Castle. Anne, Countess of Pembroke, Catherine Parr sister, also came and attended upon her as her chief lady and groom of the stool.

  • 30TH AUGUST Catherine Parr gives birth to a baby girl who was named Mary

  • The funeral of Catherine Parr Jane's acts as chief mourner, Jane then after returns home, However Thomas Seymour demanded Jane be returned as his ward, in which she did.

  • Thomas Seymour takes over the wardship of Jane.

1549

  • 16TH JANUARY Thomas Seymour is caught breaking into his nephew King Edward VI bedchamber at Hampton Court Palace. Thomas disturbed the king's pet dog and shot it

  • 17TH JANUARY Thomas Seymour is arrested and sent to the Tower of London.

  • The council sent agents to question everyone associated with Thomas Seymour. Jane’s Parents convinced the Privy Council of their innocence in Seymour's scheme to marry Jane to King Edward VI of England

  • 22ND FEBRUARY The council officially accused Thomas Seymour of thirty-three charges of treason

  • 20TH MARCH: The execution of Thomas Seymour for treason.

  • Jane returns back home in Bradgate.

  • It was claimed Jane’s parents contemplated marrying her to Edward Seymour, 1st Earl of Hertford, son of the Lord Protector and Anne Stanhope. However, the Lord Protector was to fall from power soon also.

  • John Aylmer began tutoring Greek to Jane

1550

1552

1553

  • SPRING: Jane is engaged to Lord Guildford Dudley

  • 25TH MAY: Jane married Guildford Dudley. This event was a triple wedding. Janes sister Catherine married Lord Herbert and Guildford Dudley sister married Henry Hastings. The event took place at Durham House. All three couples were dressed in silver and gold

  • Guildford Dudley and some others who had attended the wedding suffered an attack of food poisoning, because of "a mistake made by a cook, who plucked one leaf for another."

  • 21ST JUNE: Patent letters were issued stating that King Edward VI heir was named as the Lady Jane Grey, eldest daughter of the king's cousin, Frances Brandon, Duchess of Suffolk

  • 6TH JULY Edward VI of England is dead. The king’s death was kept quiet until the 9th of July.

  • 7TH JULY The Duke of Northumberland, John Dudley sent his son Robert into Hertfordshire with 300 men to secure the person of Mary Tudor. However, Aware of her half-brother's condition, Princess Mary had only days before moved to East Anglia, where she was the greatest landowner. Mary here was assembling an armed following for support.

  • 10TH JULY – 19TH JULY Jane is declared Queen of England and reigns for nine days. Jane arrived by barge at the Tower of London having travelled from Syon. John Dudley, Duke of Northumberland, and other Councillors greeted them before they made their way through the Tower gates, Jane and Guildford then walking under the canopy of state

  • Only a few hours later Mary Tudor declaration letter came, naming Mary as Queen.

  • Jane had a huge row with her husband Guildford and his mother when she said she would not make him king. Jane would agree only to make him Duke of Clarence.

  •  Jane and Guildford spent her brief rule residing in the Tower of London. They were still in the Tower when their reign collapsed and they remained there, in different quarters, as prisoners.

  • 14TH JULY John Dudley headed for Cambridge with 1,500 troops and some artillery

  • 19TH JULY Jane agreed to be the godmother to one of the Gentlemen Pensioners' children and also wished for the child's name to be Guildford.

  • A letter from the Council in London arrived, declaring that they had proclaimed Queen Mary and commanding Northumberland to disband the army and await events

  • Jane is deposed as queen and Mary Tudor is made the Queen of England, by the privy council, and Lady Jane and Guildford. are arrested and held in the Tower of London.

  • 12TH AUGUST Jane and her husband Guildford were indicted

  • 18TH AUGUST The trial of John Dudley, The Duke of Northumberland in Westminster Hall.

  • 22ND AUGUST John Dudley, the Duke of Northumberland and Jane’s father in law is executed for treason. John Dudley before his execution recanted his Protestant faith. This delighted Queen Mary but enraged Lady Jane Grey.

  • 13TH NOVEMBER: Jane and Guildford were tried at Guildhall, together with Archbishop Cranmer and Guildford's brothers Ambrose and Henry. They were all found guilty and condemned to death. Thomas Cranmer, at first, pleaded ‘not guilty’, but after the case had been presented, and before the jury delivered their verdict, he changed his plea to ‘guilty’

  • DECEMBER Jane was allowed to walk freely in the Queen's Garden

1554

  • Henry Grey, Jane’s father joined the rebellion but was captured by Francis Hastings, 2nd Earl of Huntingdon. Prior to this rebellion, it was said that Queen Mary was contemplating pardoning Jane and her family. Now after this failed rebellion, it made Jane more of a threat. This rebellion sealed

  • Jane’s fate.

  • John Feckenham, the church abbot, visited Jane, the abbot was sent By Queen  Mary to prepare Jane for her death.

  • 11TH FEBRUARY The day before their executions Guildford asked Jane for the last meeting, which she refused, explaining it "would only ... increase their misery and pain, it was better to put it off

  • 12TH FEBRUARY: Guildford was executed first and then Jane was executed within the hour.

  • Jane is executed at the Tower London for high treason The executioner asked her forgiveness, which she granted him, pleading: "I pray you dispatch me quickly." Referring to her head, she asked, "Will you take it off before I lay me down?", and the axeman answered: "No, madam." She then blindfolded herself. Jane then failed to find the block with her hands, and cried, "What shall I do? Where is it?" Probably Sir Thomas Brydges, the Deputy Lieutenant of the Tower, helped her find her way. With her head on the block, Jane spoke the last words of Jesus as recounted by Luke: "Lord, into thy hands I commend my spirit!"

 

The Lady Jane Grey and Guildford Dudley were buried in St Peter ad Vincula, London

EXTRA FACTS ON THE LADY JANE GREY

  • The Lady Jane Grey was Queen of England for nine days.

 

  • Jane was the Granddaughter of Mary Tudor Queen Dowager of France. From Mary’s second marriage to Charles Brandon

 

  • Jane was the Great granddaughter of Thomas Grey, who was the son of the late Queen consort Elizabeth Woodville. Thomas was a son of Elizabeth’s first marriage, John Grey of Groby.

 

  • Jane was said to be thin, freckled and so short she wore elevator shoes.

 

 

  • Jane was first cousin once removed to Edward VI England, Queen Mary I England and the future Elizabeth the 1st England.

 

  • It was said that when her parents insisted she marry John Dudley’s son Guildford, she defied them. Her mother beat her until she surrendered, to their wishes.

 

  • Michelangelo Florio, was a chaplain to Jane. Teaching her both Italian and Latin. Florio never forgot his young student and dedicated to her memory his History of the life and death of the illustrious Jane Grey. Jane was raised as a devout Protestant and proved to be an intelligent and engaged young woman.

 

  • Jane’s husband Guildford, was the brother of Robert Dudley, the known favourite of the future Elizabeth the 1st of England.

 

  • Edward the VI knew, that the succession of his Catholic half-sister Mary would compromise the English Reformation. Edward opposed Mary's succession, not only on religious grounds but also on those of legitimacy and male inheritance, which also applied to his sister Elizabeth. He drafted a document in which he undertook to change the succession, as had his father. Edward passed over the claims of his half-sisters and settled the Crown on his cousin Jane Grey. In doing so he also passed over Frances who otherwise would have been the heir presumptive. It is not clear to what extent John Dudley may have influenced the king's plan, but he supported it.

 

 

  • After the death of Edward VI of England. Francis Grey, Jane’s mother joined her for the proclamation as Queen and during her stay in the Tower. She had been fetched when the Duke of Northumberland realised Jane's confusion and overwhelming feelings with the shock of being named queen. Francis managed to calm her daughter down. Since Francis had seen the late King Edward himself before he had died and had spoken to him about the succession. Francis felt she could convince Jane that she was the rightful queen and heir.

 

 

  • Sir John Cheke was secretary of state for Lady Jane Grey for her nine-day reign.

 

  • After the Lady Jane Grey falls from being the Queen and her arrest. In the months that followed, Frances Grey would attempt to restore her family’s fortunes. Flinging herself on her tender-hearted cousin’s Mary the 1st England, with mercy, begging for her husband’s life. The Queen even made Jane’s younger sisters Lady Katherine and Lady Mary maids of honour. During her appeal to the Queen, Frances Grey never mentioned her daughter Jane once.

 

  • The trial of Lady Jane Grey was chaired by Thomas White, a cloth merchant, Lord Mayor of London, Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk, Edward Stanley.

 

  • Jane’s execution was originally for the 9th of February. However, Dr John Feckenham, Queen Mary I’s Chaplain and Confessor, attempted to try and save Jane’s soul by persuading her to recant her Protestant faith and return to the Catholic fold. Jane refused and stayed loyal to her faith right till the end.

 

  • The Lady Jane watched her husband go from the Beauchamp Tower to his death on Tower Hill, a few hours before her own execution on the Green.

 

  • After Jane gave her speech to the crowd at her execution she cited Psalm 51

NOBLES WHO SUPPORTED DOCUMENT PROCLAIMING LADY JANE GREY HEIR OF EDWARD VI.

THE FAMILY TREE OF THE LADY JANE GREY

FICTIONAL PORTRAYALS OF LADY JANE GREY

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