MARGARET POLE, COUNTESS OF SALISBURY

TIME-LINE AND ADDITIONAL FACTS ON LADY MARGARET POLE, COUNTESS OF SALISBURY. MARGARET WAS THE LAST,FROM THE  DIRECT LINE OF PLANTAGENETS.

TIME-LINE OF MARGARET POLE, COUNTESS OF SALISBURY

 

 

1473

  • 14TH AUGUST Margaret Plantagenet was born in Farleigh Hungerford Castle, Somerset, England, the  daughter of George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence, and his wife Isabel Neville,

1475

  • 25TH FEBRUARY Margaret's brother Edward Plantagenet is born at Warwick castle.

1476

  • 6TH OCTOBER Margaret's brother is born Richard of York at Tewkesbury Abbey, Gloucestershire

  • 22ND DECEMBER Margaret's mother Isabel Neville died. Isabel took ill shortly after the birth of her last child Richard of York.

1477

  • 1ST JANUARY Margaret's young brother died Richard of York at Warwick Castle, Warwickshire, buried Warwick.

1478

  • 18TH FEBRUARY The execution of Margaret's father George Plantagenet under a. Bill of Attainder. George was"privately executed" at the Tower The rumour gained ground that he had been drowned in a butt of Malmsey wine

  • Margaret's brother Edward is made Earl of Warwick

1481

  • Margaret brother Edward was made a ward of King Edward IV's stepson, Thomas Grey, 1st Marquess of Dorset,

1483

  • 9TH APRIL King Edward IV is dead and now his son Edward V is King of England

  • 26TH JUNE King Edward V is deposed and now his Uncle. Richard III is King of all England. Edward V is kept in the Tower of London along with his brother Richard of Shrewsbury.

  • SUMMER The deposed Edward V and his brother Richard of Shrewsbury go missing from the Tower and are presumed dead.

  • SEPTEMBER Margaret's brother Edward is knighted by Richard III

1484

  • Richard III established a royal household for Margaret and her Brother Edward

1485

1486

1487

  • NOVEMBER Margaret's brother Edward was briefly displayed in public at St Paul's Cathedral in response to the presentation of the impostor Lambert Simnel as the "Earl of Warwick" to the Irish lords

1491

  • SEPTEMBER Margaret married Richard Pole.

1492

  • Margaret's son Henry Pole is born.

1493

  • Margaret's son Arthur Pole is born.

1495

  • Richard Pole, Margaret's husband helped raised men against the rebellion of Perkin Warbeck.

1499

  • APRIL Richard Pole is made a knight of the Garter

  • 21ST NOVEMBER. When Perkin Warbeck impersonated Edward IV' presumed-dead son Richard of Shrewsbury, 1st Duke of York, Margaret's brother Edward was attainted and executed for involvement in the plot. Margaret's brother Edward appeared at Westminster for a trial before his peers, presided over by John de Vere, Earl of Oxford. He pleaded guilty

  • 28TH NOVEMBER Margaret's brother Edward Plantagenet 17th Earl of Warwick is executed in the Tower of London.

1500

  • 12TH MARCH Margaret's son Reginald Pole is born at Stourton Castle, Staffordshire Kingdom of England

1501

  • 14TH NOVEMBER Prince Arthur of Wales married Catherine of Aragon

  • Margaret became one of Catherine of Aragon's ladies-in-waiting,Margaret Pole became a member of Catherines household. The two women became very close

1502

  • Margaret's son Geoffrey was born

1503

1504

  • Margaret's daughter Ursula Pole, is born.

1505

  • 18TH DECEMBER Margaret's husband Richard Pole died

  • Margaret's financial troubles worsened after her husband's death. Margaret, without adequate means to support herself and her children, was forced to live at Syon Abbey among Bridgettine nuns

1509

1512

  • Parliament restored to Margaret some of her brother's lands of the earldom of Salisbury (only), for which she paid 5000 marks (£2666.13s.4d) The king gave Margaret many of the lands of her Warwick grandfather Richard Neville

1513

  • 14TH OCTOBER Margaret becomes Countess of Salisbury . Henry VIIIVIII gave her the family lands of the earldom of Salisbury in fee.

  • Henry VIII gave Warblington Castle to Margaret

1514

  • SEPTEMBER Margaret's son Arthur was part of the escort That travelled with Henry VIII sister Mary when she was wed to Louis XII in France.

  • 12TH OCTOBER Henry Pole , Margaret's son was summoned to Parliament as Baron Montagu in the Peerage of England

1516

1518

  • Margaret's son Arthur became Gentleman of the Bedchamber to King Henry VIII

  • FEBRUARY King Henry VIII granted Margaret's son Reginald the deanery of Wimborne Minster, Dorset

1519

  • 16TH FEBRUARY Margaret's daughter Lady Ursula married Henry Stafford, 1st Baron Stafford .Ursula's dowry was 3,000 marks, which would be increased by 1,000 marks "if the Countess (of Salisbury) get back certain lands from the King".

1520

  • MAY Margaret's son Henry married Jane Neville

  • JUNE Margaret's son Arthur and daughter Ursula were among the courtiers who travelled to France for the Field of the Cloth of Gold

  • Margaret becomes Governess to the Princess Mary Tudor.

1521

  • Margaret's son Reginald went to the University of Padua, King Henry VIII paid for his studies at the University of Padua.

1522

  • 24TH OCTOBER Margaret's son Arthur married Jane Lewkenor

1523

  • Margaret's son Arthur was knighted by Charles Brandon on campaign against the French

1525

  • Margaret went with Princess Mary to Wales

1526

  • During Margaret's absence King Henry VIII of England visited Margaret's house at Warblington in Hampshire.

1528

  • It is believed Margaret and her son, Lord Montagu, did not wish Jane to remarry, which would deprive the Pole family, and Arthur's heirs, of her fortune. They coerced Jane to become a novice

1532

  • Henry VIII offered Margaret's son Reginald the Archbishopric of York or the Diocese of Winchester if he would support his divorce from Catherine of Aragon. Reginald withheld his support and went into self-imposed exile in France and Italy

  • Margaret purchased the manor of Aston Clinton in Buckinghamshire from Sir John Gage.

1533

  • When the king married Anne Boleyn, Margaret's loyalty was severely tried. She refused to give up Mary 's jewels to a lady sent from court, and was discharged of her position as governess. She declared that she would still follow and serve the princess at her own expense

  • DECEMBER Margaret was dismissed from the princess Mary Tudor household after Mary was sent to wait upon the new half sister the Princess Elizabeth.

1535

  • Margaret's son Reginald was considered by Eustace Chapuys, the Imperial ambassador to England, as a possible husband for Princess Mary.

1536

  • MAY Margaret's son,Henry Pole  was one of the peers in the trial of Anne Boleyn. Anne Boleyn was executed on the 19th Mat that year.

  • Margaret returned to court,

  • Reginald, Margaret's son sent the King Henry VIII  his book, ‘De Unitate Ecclesiastica,’ which gave deep offence,

  • 22ND DECEMBER Margaret's son Reginald has created a cardinal. Pope Paul III put him in charge of organising assistance for the Pilgrimage of Grace. Reginald was given permission to supply funds to the rebels and Pope Paul III gave Pole a letter of full papal credit in order to raise money in Flanders.

1537

  • Both Margaret and her eldest son, Lord Montague, wrote to Reginald in strong language of reproof. She denounced Reginald as a traitor to her own servants and expressed her grief that she had given birth to him. The letters, however, were written to be shown to the king's council ); by whom they were dispatched to Reginald in Italy.

6

  • The Exeter Conspiracy, Which was, was a supposed attempt to overthrow Henry VIII, who had taken control of the Church of England away from the Pope and replace him with Henry Courtenay, 1st Marquess of Exeter.

  • AUGUST Margaret' son Sir Geoffrey Pole was arrested. Geoffrey had been corresponding with his brother Reginald, and the investigation of Henry Courtenay, Marquess of Exeter (Henry VIIIs first cousin and the Countess of Salisbury's second cousin) had turned up his name; he had appealed to Thomas Cromwell, who had him arrested and interrogated

  • 4TH NOVEMBER Margaret sons Henry and Edward along with Henry's wife Jane Neville and her brother are arrested on a charge of treason by Henry VIII.R eginald, Margaret's son was in exile at the time due to his opposition of Henry's divorce from Catherine of Aragon. They were committed to the Tower of London

  • 14TH NOVEMBER Margaret is now arrested and placed in the Tower of London. Margaret would be was held in the Tower of London for two and a half years under severe conditions; she, her grandson (Henry son), and Henry Courtenay son Edward were held together and supported by the King. Edward Courtenay was kept in the tower for 15 years after his arrest

  • Margaret was interrogated by William Fitzwilliam, Earl of Southampton and Thomas Goodrich, bishop of Ely

1539

  • 9TH JANUARY Margaret's son Henry Pole, 1st Baron Montagu is executed under Henry VIII. Sir Geoffrey Pole Margaret's youngest son was pardoned

  • As part of the evidence for the Bill of Attainder, Thomas Cromwell produced a tunic bearing the Five Wounds of Christ, symbolising Margaret's support for Roman Catholicism and the rule of her son Reginald and the king's Catholic daughter Mary. The supposed discovery, six months after her house and effects were searched at her arrest, is likely to have been a fabrication.

1541

  • 27TH MAY Margaret pole was executed for high treason at Tower Green:

 

Margaret Pole was buried in the chapel of St. Peter ad Vincula within the Tower of London.

EXTRA FACTS ON MARGARET POLE, COUNTESS OF SALISBURY

  • Lady Margaret Pole, was Countess of Salisbury. Also known as Margaret Plantagenet, Blessed Margaret Pole .Margaret is a devout Catholic and a member of the House of York,
 
  • Margaret was one of the last Plantagenet, she niece of King Edward IV and Richard III of England. Margaret was First cousin to Queen consort Elizabeth of Yorkand second cousins ro King Henry VIII of England.
 
  • Margaret Pole was the first and, apart from Anne Boleyn, the only woman in sixteenth-century England to hold a peerage title in her own right.
 
  • Margaret's Father George was executed by his brother, Edward IV. Margaret's brother Edward, was imprisoned from being a young boy in the Tower of London and then later when a man executed by King Henry VII. Margaret herself would meet the same fate By Henry VIII.
 
  • Margaret's mother Isabel Neville is thought to now of died with either consumption or childbed fever, yet at the time. George Margaret's father, accused one of her ladies-in-waiting of having murdered her, and committed in his turn a notorious judicial murder of the lady, called Ankarette Twynyho.
 
  • Magaret's husband Richard Pole, wasa first cousin to King Henry VII of England. Richard's Himother was Edith St John, daughter of Sir Oliver St John of Bletso, Bedfordshire and the half-sister of Lady Margaret Beaufort, mother of Henry VII.
 
  • Margaret devoted her third son Reginald Pole to the Church, where he was to have an eventful career as a papal Legate and later Archbishop of Canterbury.
     
  • By 1538 her gross annual income of £2,311 revealed her to be among the top five wealthiest peers of her generation and potentially one of the most influential women in England.
 
  • On the morning of the 28th May, Margaret was informed that she was to die within the hour. There was no scaffold erected, and there was only a low block. The lord mayor and a select company were present to witness the execution. The countess commended her soul to God, and asked the bystanders to pray for the king and queen, Prince Edward, and the Princess Mary, her god-daughter, to whom she desired to be specially commended. She then, as commanded, laid her head upon the block. The executioner was a clumsy novice, who hideously hacked her neck and shoulders before the decapitation was accomplished
 
  • On the 29th December Margaret was beatified by Pope Leo XIII.

FICTIONAL PORTRAYALS OF MARGARET POLE, COUNTESS OF SALISBURY

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