MARY OF GUELDERS

TIME-LINE AND ADDITIONAL FACTS ON MARY OF GUELDERS, QUEEN CONSORT OF JAMES THE II OF SCOTLAND.

TIME-LINE OF MARY OF GUELDERS

DATE                                    EVENT
 
1434
  • Mary of Guelders was born in Grave, Netherlands to Arnold, Duke of Gelderland and Catherine of Cleves
  • Mary’s brother William died
1436
  • Mary’s sister Margaret is born
1437
1438
  • 12TH FEBRUARY: Mary’s brother Adolf, Duke of Guelders is born
1440
  • Mary’s sister, Catherine of Guelders is born
1447
  • JULY Negotiations began  for a marriage between James II Scotland  to Mary began
1449
  • 1ST APRIL: Mary was betrothed to James II, king of Scots, Duke Philip agreed to provide her dowry
  • 9TH JUNE Mary sets sail for Scotland escorted by William Crichton
  • 18TH JUNE: Mary landed in Scotland
  • 3RD JULY: Mary at fifteen ,married the nineteen year old, James II of Scotland, at Holyrood Abbey in Edinburgh
1451
  • 10TH JULY: Mary’s son James is born the future James III of Scotland at Stirling or St Andrews Castles
1453
  • 13TH MAY: Mary’s daughter Mary Stewart, is born at Stirling castle
1454
  • Mary’s son Alexander Stewart, born
  • MAY: Mary is was present at the siege of blackness castle, and when the siege resulted in a victory for the king, he gave the castle to her as a gift.
1455
  • Mary’s son David Stewart, Earl of Moray is born
1456
  • Mary’s son John Stewart is born
1457
  • 18TH JULY: Mary’s son David Stewart, Earl of Moray died age two years old
  • Mary's daughter Margaret Stewart was born around this time.
1458
  • Mary’s son Alexander Stewart, is Duke of Albany
1460
  • Mary’s son Alexander Stewart, Duke of Albany travels to Mary’s homeland to Guelders
  • Mary’s husband James attempted to recover Roxburgh, one of the last Scottish castles held by the English
  • JULY Mary she entertained Margaret of Anjou and her son in Lincluden Abbey;
  • Mary’s son James is betrothed to Margaret of Denmark
  • 3RD AUGUST Mary’s husband James II while trying to recover Roxburgh, was killed standing near cannons, known as "The Lion", when it exploded and killed him Mary had the cannon destroyed.
  • JULY Mary entertained Margaret of Anjou and her son in Lincluden Abbey;
  • 10TH AUGUST: The coronation of James III of Scotland. James was crowned by James Kennedy, Bishop of St Andrews at Kelso Abbey
  • Mary becomes regent for her son James III of Scotland, until her death., she appoints, Bishop Kennedy as her chief advisor
  • Roxburgh was recaptured by the Scots in 1460 under Mary as Regent. Part of the Anglo-Scottish Wars
  • Mary has Ravenscraig castle built as a memorial to her husband James II of Scotland, and Mary then lives here until her death
  • The trinity college kirk is founded by Mary in memory of her husband, king James II
1461
  • Mary gave Margaret of Anjou and her husband, the deposed King Henry VI of England, shelter after their defeat at Towton
1462
  • 25TH MARCH Mary issued a charter detailing the constitution for trinity college
  • Mary paid Margaret of Anjou to leave Scotland with her son Edward of Westminster
1463
  • 1ST DECEMBER Mary of Guelders died at Roxburgh castle, Roxburghshire.
 
Mary was buried at buried at Trinity College Church, Edinburgh,her coffin was moved to Holyrood Abbey in 1848.
EXTRA FACTS ON MARY OF GUELDERS
  • Mary of Guelders, was Queen consort of James II of Scotland for eleven years.
 
  • Mary was born into the House of Egmond, which was one of the principal noble families of the County of Holland during the Middle Ages.
 
  • Mary was a great-niece of Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy. Through her mother Catherine of Cleves line
 
  • Mary for a time, was at her uncle’s Philip the Good’s court at Burgundian, she attended on her cousin Charles the Bold’s wife Catherine of France.
 
  • Isabelle Mary of Guelders  aunt, through marriage, helped arrange the Mary’s marriage to James II of Scotland. The Duke, Philip the Good,  Isabelle's husband ,gave a settled a dowry of 60,000 crowns.
 
  • Mary’s husband James II of Scotland, nickname, was  Fiery Face,which  referred to a conspicuous vermilion birthmark on his face which appears to have been deemed by contemporaries an outward sign of a fiery temper
 
  • Mary’s marriage appeared to be a happy one with James II of Scotland. Mary and James had seven children.fter the death of her husband the King,Mary, reportedly, had several affairs during her period as regent, notably one with the Lord Hailes.
 
 
  • During the Wars of the Roses, King James II  placed his weight behind the Lancastrians, which was his mother, Joan Beaufort's family, hoping for some personal gain. After King James II death,  Mary’s eldest daughter Mary Stewart was briefly engaged to Edward of Westminster The son of Margaret of Anjou. Margaret of Anjou had fled to Scotland looking for Allies and had taken refuge with Mary. In return for her support, Mary asked for the town of Berwick on the Anglo-Scottish border, which Margaret was willing to give up. Relations between the two women deteriorated, however, Duke Philip, pressured Mary to call off the betrothal of her daughter and Prince Edward. His was to Margaret's disappointment. The engagement was eventually called off by Mary due to political pressure from Edward IV of England.
 
  • Some have said That Marys son, James III of Scotland, was the first renaissance monarch in Scotland

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