MARY OF GUISE

TIME-LINE AND ADDITIONAL FACTS ON MARY OF GUISE, QUEEN CONSORT OF JAMES THE V OF SCOTLAND. MARY WAS THE MOTHER OF SCOTLAND'S FEMALE MONARCH, MARY QUEEN OF SCOTS.

TIME-LINE OF MARY OF GUISE

DATE                                       EVENT
1515
  • 22ND NOVEMBER: Mary of Guise was born in Bar-Le-Duc, Lorraine, the eldest daughter of Claude Of Lorraine, Duke of Guise, and Antoinette De Bourbon,
1519
  • 17TH FEBRUARY: Mary’s brother Francis is bornin  Bar-Le-duc (Lorraine.
1520
  • Mary joined her grandmother Philippa Of Guelders in the convent of the Poor Clares at Pont-à-Mousson
1521
  • 21ST OCTOBER: Mary’s brother Louis De Lorraine is born
1522
  • Mary’s sister Renée of Guise is born.
1524
  • 17TH FEBRUARY: Mary’s brother Charles De Lorraine is born
1526
  • 18TH AUGUST: Mary’s brother Claude of Lorraine is born.
1528
  • Mary’s father Claude, Duke Of Guise, is created Duke of Guise and Marquis of Elbeuf
1529
  • 29TH APRIL: Mary’s brother Francis married Anna D'este,
1530
  • 4TH JULY: Mary makes her first appearance in the French court, at the marriage of King Francis and his new wife Eleanor of Austria. Here she established a friendship with the kings daughter Madeleine of Valois.
1534
  • 4TH AUGUST: Mary married Louis Ii D'orléans, Duke Of Longueville, at the Château Du Louvre, and became Duchess Of Longueville
1535
  • 30TH OCTOBER: Mary gives birth to a son, Louis II D'orléans,
1536
  • 14TH AUGUST: Mary’s brother René of Guise is born
1537
1538
  • JANUARY: Mary and James V Scotland’s marriage contract was finalized
1539
  • OCTOBER: The preparations for Mary coronation begin.
1540
  • 22ND FEBRUARY: The coronation of Mary as Queen consort of scotland at Holyrood Abbey. Mary was crowned by David Beaton, Archbishop of St Andrews
  • 22ND MAY James Stewart, Duke of Rothesay , Mary and James V son is born. The young Duke would not live long (22nd May 1540 – 21st April 1541)
1541
  • 12TH APRIL: Mary gives birth to another boy, Duke of Albany, however he died by the 20th APRIL that same year.
1542
  • 24TH NOVEMBER The start of the The Rough Wooing. Battle Of Solo Way Moss: Part of Anglo-Scottish Wars. Location  Cumberland. A Battle which is between England and Scotland, ResultDecisive English victory
  • 8TH  DECEMBER  Mary gives birth to a  baby  girl at Linlithgow Palace, Linlithgow, Scotland and names her Mary (The future Mary Queen of Scots. Mary was baptised at the nearby Church of St Michael shortly after she was born.
  • 14TH DECEMBER  James V of Scotland died at Falkland Palace, Fife, Scotland. now James and Mary's daughter is Queen of Scots at only few days old.. T From the outset, there were two claims to the regency: one from Catholic Cardinal Beaton, and the other from the Protestant Earl of Arran, who was next in line to the throne
1543
  • APRIL: Another rumour went around reaching James Hamilton, 2nd Earl Of Arran, that King Henry VIII of England wanted to make Mary his sixth wife
  • 1ST JULY Treaty of Greenwich. This was between representatives of England and Scotland. The first sub-treaty helped to establish peace between the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland. The second sub-treaty was a marriage proposal between Edward VI of England and Mary Queen of Scots
  • 27TH JULY  .The Earl of Lennox escorted Mary and her daughter "Mary Queen of Scots."to Stirling with 3,500 armed men.
  • 9TH SEPTEMBER  Marys' daughter Mary Queen of Scots is crowned by John Hamilton, Archbishop of St Andrews at Chapel Royal, Stirling Castle
  • DECEMBER The Treaty of Greenwich was rejected by the Parliament of Scotland
  • James Hamilton, Duke of Châtellerault, the appointed regent for the infant Mary Queen of Scots., had decided with , Mary  and Cardinal David Beaton to persecute the Protestant sect that had taken root in Scotland
1544
  • 7TH MAY: Burning of Edinburgh, Part of Anglo-Scottish Wars English army burn Edinburgh.Result The town surrendered to English and burnt: Edinburgh Castle defended
1545
  • 22ND MARCH: Mary son Francis, write to her, and sends her a piece of string to show her how tall he is now
1546
  • 2ND JULY: Mary receives a portrait of her son Francis
1547
  • 28TH JANUARY: Henry VIII of England ism dead, and now his son Edward VI is king of England
  • 10TH SEPTEMBER The Battle of Pinkie Cleugh. Part of the Anglo-Scottish Wars.LocationMusselburgh, Lothian, Scotland.ResultDecisive English victory
  • Mary's daughter Mary Queen of Scots was sent to Inchmahome Priory due to fear for the infant Queen's saftey.
1548
  • FEBRUARY: Mary’s daughter Mary Queen of Scots was moved again for her safety, to Dumbarton castle
  • The Treaty of Haddington. This was a as a treaty signed between France and Scotland that promised Mary Queen of Scots to Dauphin Francis in marriage in return for French assistance in the Siege of Haddington and subsequent French influence in Scotland. Mary Queen of Scots only six years old at the time, subsequently went to live in France, eventually marrying the Dauphin, while her regents ruled in her name in Scotland.
1549
  • FEBRUARY: Alexander Gordon (Bishop of Galloway) sent Mary a vivid account of the  capture of Ferniehirst castle, in Scotland
1550
  • 24TH MARCH: Treaty Of Boulogne, Part of The Rough Wooing, which was primarily between France and EnglandAs part of the treaty six French and English hostages were to be exchanged.One of these foro the French was Mary's brother, Claude of Lorraine, Duke of Aumale.For England: Henry Brandon; Edward Seymour, 1st Earl of Hertford; George Talbot; John Bourchier, 5th Baron FitzWarren; Henry Fitzalan; Henry Stanley. The hostages at both courts were well entertained and most had returned home by August 1550.
1551
  • MARCH: The End of the Wars Of Rough Wooing
  • OCTOBER Mary stayed a night in Warblington Castle as a guest of Sir Richard Cotton.
1553
  • MARCH: Mary and Anne hamilton, Countess Of Huntly, who was one pof her ladies travelled to the west of Scotland
  • 6TH JULY King Edward VI of England is dead
  • 10TH-19TH JULY The Lady Jane Grey is Queen of England for nine day.On the 19th July she is deposed and Mary Tudor the daughter of Henry VIII England is now Queen.
1554
  • 12TH APRIL: Mary is regent for her daughter in scotland, Mary Queen of Scots sends her a congratulation message to her mother.Mary would be regent till her death in 1560.
  • JULY Mary, travelled to Jedburgh to hold a justice Ayre for a fortnight
  • AUTUMN: Mary  paid for a ship, troops and a cannon to be used by John, 11th Earl Of Sutherland and his step-brother Hugh Kennedy of Girvanmains to arrest Iye Du Mackay, Chief of the Clan Mackay
1556
  • Mary visited Inverness, Ross, Elgin, Banff And Aberdeen.
1557
  • DECEMBER: Lords of the congregation, were those who opposed the marriage of Mary Queen Scots and francis the dauphin of France
1558
1559
  • 10TH JULY; Henry II of France is dead, and now his son Francis II is king and Mary Queen of Scots consort .Mary and Francis II began to publicly display the arms of England in their blazon.
  •  
    25TH JULY The Articles of Leith was signed.That were the terms of truce drawn up between the Protestant Lords of the Congregation and Mary of Guise,who was still Regent of Scotland. This negotiation was a step in the conflict that led to the Scottish Reformation.
1560
  • 27TH FEBRUARY: The Treaty Of Berwick was an agreement made by the representative of Queen Elizabeth I Of England, the Duke of Norfolk, and the group of rebellious nobles known as the Scottish Lords of the congregation
  • 12TH MAY: The leaders of the Lords of the Congregation came to Edinburgh Castle and had dinner with Mary and the keeper of the castle, Lord Erskine. There were talks of which, Mary would journey to France and then meet Queen Elizabeth 1st in england. the Lord Congregation were also unhappy that a French man had been assigned to manage the government in Scotland. Lord Erskine seeked peace. However the next day, the talks ended when permission was refused for theFrench commanders in Leith to come to the castle to discuss the proposals with Mary
  • JUNE: Mary became seriously ill, and over the course of the next eight days her mind began to wander; some days she could not even speak.
  • 8TH JUNEMary made her will
  • 11TH JUNE : Mary Of Guise Died At Edinburgh Castle, Edinburgh, Kingdom Of Scotland
 
Mary Of Guise In July 1561 At Saint Pierre De Reims, Kingdom Of France
EXTRA FACTS ON MARY OF GUISE
  • Mary of Guise, also called Marie de Guise, was Queen consort of James V of Scotland, for just over four years
 
  • Mary of Guise, was from the house of Guise, which was founded in 1528 by her father, Claude of Lorraine and lasted till 1688.
 
  • Mary was the mother of Mary Queen of Scots.
 
  • Mary’s brother’s boyhood friend was no other than the future Henry II of France, who would be the father law to her daughter Mary Queen of Scots.
 
  • In 1537, the recently widowed Henry VIII of England, had an interest in the hand of Mary, however she declined this offer, and again later when her second husband James V of Scotland died.
 
  • Mary had a good relationship with Margaret Tudor, James V mother. Whenever Mary had the chance, she encouraged Margaret to attend court.
 
  • In 1548. Mary chose the four attendants,who would serve her daughter Mary Queen of Scots in France.
  1. Mary Beaton, whose mother had been a lady in waiting to Mary herself. Mary Beaton’s Janet Beaton was a mistress of James Hepburn, Earl of Bothwell, who would in 1567, become the third husband of Queen Mary
  2. Mary Seton, again her mother was a lady in waiting to Mary herself
  3. Mary Fleming, her mother had been a half-sister to James Iv, and was Lady Fleming became a governess to the infant Queen,
  4. Mary Livingston, he daughter of Alexander Livingston, 5th Lord Livingston (c. who was Queen Mary's guardian
 
  • Mary’s regency received a lot of opposition. Many in Scotland resented the French having input in Scotland’s government. When Mary Queen of Scots married the French Dauphin Francis, this did not go well with many in Scotland. It brought fear that France could eventually rule in Scotland. Part of the Treaty of Haddington in 1548, was that France would have input in Scotland’s government. The Treaty of Haddington was a part of the marriage negotiations.
 
  • After Mary’s death, in June 1560, her body was wrapped in lead and rested in a coffin on a bier in St Margaret's Chapel in Edinburgh Castle for several months. On the 18th of MARCH 1561, it was secretly carried from the castle at midnight and shipped to France. Mary, Queen of Scots attended her mother’s funeral at Fécamp in JULY 1561.
 
  • There were rumours of Poison in regards the nature of Mary of Guise’s Death. However, there is no evidence that support this. Mary’s main goal was a close alliance between the powerful French Catholic nation and smaller Scotland, who she wanted to be Catholic and independent from England. Mary failed and at her death the Protestants took control of Scotland. Mary’s Grandson James the VI of Scotland would bring the unions of the crowns of England and Scotland.

FICTIONAL PORTRAYALS OF MARY OF GUISE

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