PEOPLE FROM THE RENAISSANCE

 The Renaissance happened between the 15th and the 17th Century. It began in Italy liken to a cultural movement and soon spread throughout Europe. It would seem as if it was a  period in time when men’s minds were opened up to expressing all manner of gifts. Even now in this modern age, the artwork is still pleasing to the eye and the words written by those, Liken to who we remember from this era, capture and inspire our imaginations even now.

 
   LIFETIME                                                       
 
              1343
              –
25TH OCTOBER 1400 
    GEOFFREY CHAUCER
  • Geoffrey was considered the greatest English poet of the Middle Ages. He was the first poet to be buried in Poets' Corner of Westminster Abbey.
  • NATIONALITY English
  • NOTABLE WORKS  The Book of the Duchess, The House of Fame, The Legend of Good Women and Troilus and Criseyde. He is best known today for The Canterbury Tales.
  • EXTRA FACTS King Edward III granted Chaucer "a gallon of wine daily for the rest of his life" for some unspecified task
 
        1386
      –   
13TH DECEMBER 1466
           DONATELLO
  • Donatello was a sculptor
  • NATIONALITY Italian
  • EDUCATION He was educated in the house of the Martelli family He apparently received his early artistic training in a goldsmith's workshop, and then worked briefly in the studio of Lorenzo Ghiberti.
  • NOTABLE WORKS St. George, David, Equestrian Monument of Gattamelata, Prophet Habakkuk
     
          1390
9TH  JULY 1441
JAN VAN EYCK
  • Jan Van Eyck  is often considered one of the founders of Early Netherlandish painting,
  • NATIONALITY Flemish
  • NOTABLE WORKS The Arnolfini Portrait, Ghent Altarpiece,  Portrait of Margaret van Eyck, Groeningemuseum, Bruges, and Annunciation,
     
27TH DECEMBER  1571
     –
15TH NOVEMBER 1630
JOHANNES GENSFLEISCH ZUR LADEN ZUM GUTENBERG
  • Johannes Gensfleisch Zur Laden Zum Gutenberg was a blacksmith, goldsmith, printer, and publisher who writing Europe with the printing press
  • NATIONALITY German
  • NOTABLE WORKS His major work was the  printing of the Gutenberg Bible 
 
18TH FEBRUARY 1404
25TH APRIL 1472
    LEON BATTISTA ALBERTI
  • Leon was a humanist author, artist, architect, poetpriestlinguist, philosopher and cryptographer
  • NATIONALITY Italian
  • EDUCATION He was sent to boarding school in Padua, then studied Law at Bologna
  • NOTABLE WORKS Tempio Malatestiano, Palazzo Rucellai, Santa Maria Novella
         1445
     –
MAY 17TH, 1510
    SANDRO BOTTICELLI
  • Sandro was a  was a painter
  • NATIONALITY Italian
  • NOTABLE WORKS Primavera, The Birth of Venus, The Adoration of the Magi, Other works
 
   1447  –1517
     LUCA PACIOLI
  • Luca Pacioli was a  mathematician, Franciscan friar, collaborator with Leonardo da Vinci
  • NATIONALITY Italian
  • EDUCATION Abbaco education. This was an education in the vernacular 
  • NOTABLE WORKS Summa de arithmeti, De Divina Proportione, double-entry bookkeeping
  • EXTRA FACTS He was also called Luca di Borgo after his birthplace, Borgo Sansepolcro, Tuscany.
          1451
              –
20TH MAY 1506
    CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS
  • Christopher was an explorer, navigator, and colonizer.
  • NATIONALITY Italian
  • NOTABLE WORKS During his first voyage in 1492, he reached the New World instead of arriving in Japan as he had intended, landing on an island in the Bahamas archipelago that he named San Salvador.   
  • EXTRA FACTS He was the 1st Governor of the Indies 1492–1499
15TH APRIL 1452
              –
2ND   MAY 1519
            LEONARDO DA VINCI
  • Leonardo Da Vinci was skilled as an inventor,  painter, sculptor, in architecture, science, music, mathematics, engineering, literature, anatomy, geology, astronomybotanywriting, history, and cartography.
  • NATIONALITY Italian
  • EDUCATION Leonardo was educated in the studio of the renowned Florentine painter Andrea del Verrocchio
  • NOTABLE WORKS Mona Lisa, The Last Support, Salvator Mundi, The Vitruvian Man, Lady with an Ermine a
  • EXTRA FACTS Leonardo was the illegitimate son of a lawyer and a peasant.
 
 
28TH OCTOBER 1466
             –
12TH JULY 1536
 DESIDERIUS ERASMUS  ROTERODAMUS
  • Erasmus was a humanist, Catholic priest, social critic, teacher, and theologian.
  • NATIONALITY Dutch
  • EDUCATION  University of Paris, in the Collège de Montaigu,
  • NOTABLE WORKS Ecclesiastes: On the Art of Preaching, The Education of a Christian Prince, Apophthegmatum opus and Textus Receptus 
  • EXTRA FACTS He had close friendships with people like Thomas More, John Fisher, Thomas Linacre  Erasmus helped lay the groundwork for the historical-critical study of the past, especially in his studies of the Greek New Testament and the Church Fathers.
3RD  MAY 1469
             –
21ST JUNE 1527
NICCOLÒ DI BERNARDO DEI MACHIAVELLI
  • Niccolò Di Bernardo Dei Machiavelli was a diplomat, politician, historian, philosopher, humanist, and writer 
  • NATIONALITY Italian
  • NOTABLE WORKS Discorso sopra le cose di Pisa. The Life of Castruccio Castracani of Lucca, Decennale primo 
 
24TH NOVEMBER 1472
             –
AUGUST 1528
                                                                              PIETRO TORRIGIANO
  • Pietro Torrigiano was a sculptor 
  • NATIONALITY Italian
  • EDUCATION Sculpture of Saint Jerome  He studied art under the patronage of Lorenzo de' Medici in Florence.
  • NOTABLE WORKS Terracotta bust of Henry VII made by Torrigiano
  • EXTRA FACTS He was important in introducing Renaissance art to England. There was reported a conversation with Torrigiano, in which said that he and Michelangelo, while both young, were copying Masaccio's frescoes in the Carmine chapel, when some slighting remark made by Michelangelo so enraged Torrigiano that he struck him on the nose, breaking it.
19TH FEBRUARY 1473
              –
24TH MAY 1543
             NICHOLAS COPERNICUS
  • Nicholas was a mathematician and astronomer who formulated a model of the universe that placed the Sun rather than the Earth at the center of the universe
  • NATIONALITY German
  • NOTABLE WORKS He is Known for Heliocentrism , Copernicus' Law and the Copernican principle
 
  6TH MARCH 1475
            –
18TH FEBRUARY 1564
    MICHELANGELO
  • Michelangelo was a sculptor, painter, architect and  a poet
  • NATIONALITY Italian 
  • EDUCATION  Michelangelo was sent to Florence to study grammar under the Humanist Francesco da Urbino
  • NOTABLE WORKS David ,Pietà The Last Judgment Sistine Chapel ceiling
  • EXTRA FACTS He completed artworks for nine different Catholic Popes and He inserted his own likeness into some of his most famous works '
    7TH FEBRUARY 1478
             –
    6TH JULY 1535
    THOMAS MORE
  • Thomas More was a lawyer, social philosopher, author, statesman, and noted Renaissance humanist
  • NATIONALITY English
  • EDUCATION  University of Oxford and Lincoln's Inn
  • NOTABLE WORKS Utopia (1516) amongst others
  • EXTRA FACTS Thomas was executed in the Tower of London, for not acknowledging King Henry VIII of England as head of the church of England.
     1480–1541
    JEAN CLOUET
  • Jean was a miniaturist and painter 
  • NATIONALITY French
  • NOTABLE WORKS Among his famous works was Portraits of François I of France, Portrait of Portrait of Marguerite d'Angoulême, ca. 1530
  • EXTRA FACTS He had been awarded the position of Groom of the Chamber by the King Francis of French.He was the father of François Clouet.
28TH MARCH 1483
             –
APRIL 6TH, 1520
     RAPHAEL
  • Raphael was a  painter and architect 
  • NATIONALITY Italian
  • NOTABLE WORKS Mond Crucifixion, Coronation of the Virgin and the Deposition of Christ,  amongst others.
  • EXTRA FACTS Raphael grew up at Urbino, amongst the aristocracy and learned their ways and courtly manners. This made him popular with clients and the public alike, earning him the nickname “Prince of Painters”. Raphael had a bitter rivalry with Michelangelo. They competed for patrons and their works were compared by their contemporaries as well as the public. 
 
  1483
      -
12TH AUGUST 1546
    FRANCISCO DE VITORIA
  • Francisco De Vitoria was a philosopher, theologian, and jurist of Renaissance
  • NATIONALITY Spanish
  • EDUCATION  College Saint-Jacques in Paris,
  • NOTABLE WORKS De potestate civili, 1528, De Indis et De Jure Belli amongst others.
  • EXTRA FACTS He is the founder of the tradition in philosophy known as the School of Salamanca
     1488/1490
      -
27TH AUGUST 1576
          TIZIANO VECELLI
  • Tiziano Vecelli was a painter and done great works in religious art.
  • NATIONALITY Italian
  • NOTABLE WORKS A Man with a Quilted Sleeve, (1509) Salome with the Head of John the Baptist (1515) Bacchus and Ariadne, 1520-1523.
        1490
     –
7TH DECEMBER 1562
           ADRIAN WILLAERT
  • Adrian Willaert was a  composer
  • NATIONALITY Netherlandish
  • EDUCATION Willaert went to Paris first to study law, but instead decided to study music
  • NOTABLE WORK  Missa Christus resurgens, for 4 voices 
  • EXTRA FACTS He was a  founder of the Venetian School.
      1490/1495
            –
         1544
           LUCAS HORENBOUT
  • Lucas Horenbout worked as a  "King's Painter" and court miniaturist to King Henry VIII.
  • NATIONALITY Dutch
  • EDUCATION Lucas trained with his father, Gerard Horenbout, becoming a Master of the local Guild of Saint Luke
  • NOTABLE WORKS Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Richmond and, Catherine of Aragon with a monkey, 1525–26 amongst others.
  • EXTRA FACTS He can be said to be the founder of the English school of portrait miniature painting, which began around this period
  1493
       –
24TH SEPTEMBER 1541
    PARACELSUS
  • Paracelsus was a physician, alchemist  and astrologer 
  • NATIONALITY Swiss
  • EDUCATION Paracelsus was educated by his father in botany, medicine, mineralogy, mining, and natural philosophy.[He also received a profound humanistic and theological education from local clerics and the convent school of St. Paul's Abbey in the Lavanttal
  • NOTABLE WORKS Toxicology "The dose makes the poison"
  • EXTRA FACTS  Paracelsianismis the early modern medical movement inspired by the study of his works.
 
 
  13TH DECEMBER 1491
       –
 1ST JUNE 1586
     MARTÍN DE AZPILCUETA
  • Martin was a  canonist and theologian
  • NATIONALITY Spanish
  • EDUCATION He obtained a degree in theology at Alcalá, then in 1518, he obtained a degree of doctor in canon law from Toulouse in France.
  • NOTABLE WORKS He allegedly invented the mathematical concept of the time value of money
         1497
    –
 29TH NOVEMBER 1543
      HANS HOLBEIN THE YOUNGER
  • Hans Holbein "The Younger" is best known as one of the greatest portraitists of the 16th century.
  • NATIONALITY German
  • NOTABLE WORKS Portrait of Erasmus of Rotterdam, 1523, Portrait of Sir Thomas More, 1527. Portrait of Henry VIII, c. 1536. and the portrait of Anne of Cleves amongst many others
 
 
24TH SEPTEMBER 1501
     –
21ST SEPTEMBER 1576
     GEROLAMO CARDANO
  • Gerolamo was a  mathematician, physician, biologist, physicist, chemist, astrologerastronomer, philosopher, writer, and gambler.
  • NATIONALITY Italian
  • EDUCATION  University of Pavia 
  • NOTABLE WORKS He is well known for his achievements in algebra. He made the first systematic use of negative numbers in Europe
  • EXTRA FACTS He was a  close personal friend of Leonardo da Vinci
1503
    –
11TH OCTOBER 1542
   SIR THOMAS WYATT
  • Sir Thomas Wyatt was a politician, ambassador, and lyric poet credited with introducing the sonnet to English literature
  • NATIONALITY English
  • EDUCATION St John's College of the University of Cambridge.
  • EXTRA FACTS Thomas was an alleged lover of Queen Anne Boleyn prior to her marriage to King Henry VIII of England. He is also the father of Thomas Wyatt younger, who led the Wyatt Rebellion of 1553 against Mary Tudor.
1505
    –
23RD NOVEMBER 1585
    THOMAS TALLIS
  • Thomas Tallis was a composer
  • NATIONALITY English
  • NOTABLE WORKS Salve intemerata virgo, "Puer natus est nobis" , Gloria
  • EXTRA Thomas had also been an alleged lover of Queen consort Anne Boleyn, prior to her marriage to King Henry VII. He was also the father of Thomas Wyatt "Younger", the leader of the Wyatt Rebellion of 1554,
    9TH DECEMBER 1508
     –
    25TH MAY 1555
    GEMMA FRISIUS
  • Gemma Frisius was a physician, mathematician, cartographer, philosopher, and instrument maker. 
  • NATIONALITY Dutch
  • EDUCATION  University of Leuven
  • NOTABLE WORKS Cosmographia (1529), Libellus de locorum describendorum ratione and the De astrolabio catholico
  • EXTRA FACTS  Frisius is often considered one of the founders of the Netherlandish school of cartography and significantly helped lay the foundations for the school's golden age 
30TH MARCH 1510
    -  
26TH MARCH 1566
          ANTONIO DE CABEZÓN
  • Antonio was an organist and composer
  • NATIONALITY Spanish
  • EDUCATION He is believed to have been Educated at  Palencia Cathedral 
  • NOTABLE WORKS . Canto del Caballero, Duuiensela.
  • EXTRA He was  blind from birth and was the  first major Iberian keyboard composer
1512   –  1558
            ROBERT RECORDE
  • Robert Recorde was a physician and mathematician
  • NATIONALITY Welsh
  • EDUCATION  University of Oxford and    University of Cambridge
  • NOTABLE WORKS He invented the equals sign (=) and also introduced the pre-existing plus sign (+) to English speakers
 
   1516/1517
            –
19TH JANUARY 1547
   HENRY HOWARD, EARL OF SURREY
  • Henry Howard, Earl Of Surrey one of the founders of English Renaissance poetry. 
  • NATIONALITY English
  • NOTABLE WORKS "Alas, so all things now do hold their peace!" and Of the Death of Sir T. W. The Elder, amongst others.
  • EXTRA FACTS Henry was the first cousin to Queen consorts Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard, wives of King Henry VIII. He was executed for High Treason
1517   – 1577
 
 
 
           SIR ANTHONIS MOR
  • Sir Anthonis Mor was a  portrait painter.
  • NATIONALITY Dutch
  • NOTABLE WORKS Portrait of Queen Mary I of England and King John III of Portugal, amongst others.
1525
   –
2ND FEBRUARY 1594
    GIOVANNI PIERLUIGI DA PALESTRINA
  • Giovanni Pierluigi Da Palestrina was a composer of sacred music 
  • NATIONALITY Italian
  • NOTABLE WORKS Missa Ad coenam Agni, Missa Aspice Domine and Alma Redemptoris Mater,Madrigal Vestiva i colli
     
28TH FEBRUARY 1533
             –
13TH SEPTEMBER 1592
     MICHEL EYQUEM DE MONTAIGNE,
  • Michel Eyquem De Montaigne, was a philosophers.His work is noted for ITS merging of casual anecdote
  • NATIONALITY French
  • EDUCATION Michel education was assigned to a German tutor (a doctor named Horstanus
  • NOTABLE WORKS The essay,Montaigne's wheel argument
  1540
    –
28TH JANUARY 1596
      SIR FRANCIS DRAKE
  • Francis was an English sea captain, slave trader, and privateer. 
  • NATIONALITY English
  • NOTABLE WORKS He was the first person to complete a circumnavigation of the globe while remaining Captain from beginning to end
  • EXTRA FACTS New Albion, also known as Nova Albion, was the name of the continental area north of Mexico claimed by Sir Francis Drake for England in 1579. Drake was placed in full armor, sealed inside a lead coffin, and sent it overboard off the coast.  Many a diver, historian, and treasure hunter have sought to find Drake’s coffin, but no one yet has found it.
       1547
           –
7TH JANUARY 1619
      NICHOLAS HILLIARD
  • Nicholas Hilliard was an English goldsmith and limner best known for his portrait miniatures of members of the courts of Elizabeth I and James I of England was an English goldsmith and limner best known for his portrait miniatures of members of the courts of Elizabeth I and James I of England.
  • NATIONALITY English
  • NOTABLE WORKS Elizabeth I, the "Pelican" portrait,  1572, Miniature of d'Alençon, 157 , Large miniature Large miniature of George Clifford eorge Clifford
1548 – 17TH FEBRUARY 1600
     GIORDANO BRUNO
  • Giordano was a Dominican friar, philosopher, mathematician, poet, and cosmological theorist
  • NATIONALITY Italian
  • EDUCATION  Naples
  • NOTABLE WORKS Cosmic pluralism
  • EXTRA FACTS He was tried for heresy by the Roman Inquisition on charges of denial of several core Catholic doctrines, including eternal damnation, the Trinity, the divinity of Christ, the virginity of Mary and later burnt at the stake.
              1559
           –
   12TH MAY 1634
      GEORGE CHAPMAN
  • George was an English dramatist, translator, and poet. He was a classical scholar whose work shows the influence of Stoicism
  • NATIONALITY England
  • EDUCATION Oxford 
  • NOTABLE WORKS He is best remembered for his translations of Homer's Iliad and Odyssey, and the Homeric Batrachomyomachia. Among his comedies are The Blind Beggar of Alexandria (1596; printed 1598), An Humorous Day's Mirth (1597; printed 1599)All Fools (printed 1605)Monsieur D'Olive(1605; printed 1606), The Gentleman Usher (printed 1606), May Day (printed 1611) and The Widow's Tears (printed 1612)
1ST FEBRUARY, 1550
             –
  4TH APRIL 1617
     JOHN NAPIER
  • John Napier was a  Scottish landowner known as a mathematician, physicist, and astronomer.
  • NATIONALITY Scottish
  • EDUCATION  St Salvator's College, St Andrews
  • NOTABLE WORKS John is best known as the discoverer of logarithms. He also invented the so-called "Napier's bones" and made common the use of the decimal point in arithmetic and mathematics.
  • EXTRA FACTS He also made common the use of the decimal point in arithmetic and mathematics. John had a deep interest in the Book of Revelation, from his student days. Under the influence of the sermons of Christopher Goodman, he developed a strongly anti-papal reading. He further used the Book of Revelation for chronography, to predict the Apocalypse, in A Plaine Discovery of the Whole Revelation of St. John, which he regarded as his most important work. Napier believed that the end of the world would occur in 1688 or 1700. 
     
          1554
             –
29TH OCTOBER 1618
     SIR WALTER RALEIGH
  • Sir Walter Raleigh was a writer, poet, soldier, politician, courtier, spy and explorer.
  • NATIONALITY English
  • EDUCATION Oriel College, Oxford
  • NOTABLE WORKS "The Nymph's Reply to the Shepherd, The Lie"
  • EXTRA FACTS He is also well known for popularising tobacco in England. Walter Raleigh was, at one time, appointed the Governor of the island of Jersey in the English Channel He was featured in the BBC poll of the 100 Greatest Britons.
 
 
      1561/62
    –
19TH JANUARY 1636
     MICHEL EYQUEM DE MONTAIGNE
  • Marcus Gheeraerts The Younger was an artist working at the Tudor court
  • NATIONALITY Flemish
  • NOTABLE WORKS Queen Elizabeth I, the Ditchley Portrait,  Robert Devereux, Earl of Essex, 1596, Anne of Denmark, 1611-1614, oil on canvas, Woburn Abbey and Portrait of William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley, after 1585
 
 
 
1539/40 OR 1543
  –
4TH JULY 1623
      WILLIAM BYRD
  • William was a composer and produced sacred music for Anglican services, although in later life he became Roman Catholic and wrote Catholic sacred music
  • NATIONALITY English
  • NOTABLE WORKS Mass for FourVoices,Cantiones, quae ab argumento sacrae vocantur, Alman
 
1552/1553
            –
13TH JANUARY 1599
     EDMUND SPENSER
  • Edmund Spenser was a  poet
  • NATIONALITY English
  • EDUCATION King's New School in Stratford, Pembroke College, Cambridge
  • NOTABLE WORKS Merchant Taylors' School  Pembroke College, Cambridge
  • EXTRA FACTS The word ‘blatant’ was invented in Spenser’s epic poem The Faerie Queene Despite running to over 1,000 pages, The Faerie Queene was left unfinished
       D.1553
           WILLIAM SCROTS
  • William Scrots was a painter of the Tudor court
  • NOTABLE WORKS portraits Edward VI, attributed to Scrots, Hampton Court., Catherine Parr, Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, 1546.  Edward VI, Musée du Louvre.
     
 
 
 
 
 
30TH NOVEMBER 1554
   –
17TH OCTOBER
     SIR PHILIP SIDNEY
  • Sir Philip Sidney was a  poet, courtier, scholar, and soldier
  • NATIONALITY English
  • EDUCATION Shrewsbury School and Christ Church, Oxford.
  • NOTABLE WORKS Astrophel and Stella, The Defence of Poesy and the The Countess of Pembroke's Arcadia.
  • EXTRA FACTS Philip was the nephew of Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester who was the known favorite of Elizabeth 1st of England.Philip fought at the  Battle of Zutphen, fighting for the Protestant cause against the Spanis.During the battle, he was shot in the thigh and died of gangrene 26 days later, at the age of 31
22ND JANUARY 1561
     –
9TH APRIL 1626
      FRANCIS BACON
  • Francis was a Philosopher, statesman, scientist, jurist, orator, and author. 
  • NATIONALITY English
  • EDUCATION Oxford  & Trinity College, Cambridge
  • NOTABLE WORKS Notes on the State of Christendom (1582), The Advancement and Proficience of Learning Divine and Human (1605),New Atlantis (1627
  • EXTRA FACTS He had been Lord High Chancellor of England 1617–1621 and Attorney General of England and Wales 1613–1617
15TH FEBRUARY 1564
           –
8TH JANUARY 1642
    GALILEO GALILEI
  • Galileo Galilei was a polymath
  • NATIONALITY Italian
  • EDUCATION  Vallombrosa Abbey
  • NOTABLE WORKS He was known for Known for Kinematics, Dynamics Telescopic observational astronomy Heliocentric
  • EXTRA FACTS Galileo has been called the "father of observational. Galileo was sentenced to life in prison by the Roman Inquisition. He spent his final years under house arrest. In 1989, NASA and a team from Germany launched a spacecraft bearing Galileo’s name from the cargo bay of space shuttle Atlantis.
           1563
             –
BURIED 20TH FEBRUARY 1626
     JOHN DOWLAND
  • John was a  composer, lutenist, and singer. He is best known today for his melancholy songs such as "Come, heavy sleep
  • NATIONALITY English
  • EDUCATION  Christ Church, Oxford.
  • NOTABLE WORKS  The Whole Booke of Psalmes contained works by 10 composers, including 6 pieces by Dowland. The New Booke of Tabliture was published by William Barley in 1596. It contains seven solo lute pieces by Dowland.
     
6TH FEBRUARY 1564
           –
   30TH MAY 1593
            CHRISTOPHER MARLOWE
  • Christopher Marlowe was a playwright, poet and translator
  • NATIONALITY English
  • EDUCATION  The King's School in Canterbury and Corpus Christi College, Cambridge
  • NOTABLE WORKS Hero and Leander; Edward the Second; The Tragical History of Doctor Faustus; Dido, Queen of Carthage
  • EXTRA FACTS He was greatly influenced William Shakespeare, who was born in the same year. Christopher was stabbed to death. Marlowe’s atheism got him into trouble with the authorities 
        

 

26TH APRIL 1564
    –
23RD APRIL 1616
           WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE
  • William Shakespeare, was a  poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the English language
  • NATIONALITY English
  • EDUCATION King's New School in Stratford
  • NOTABLE WORKS Romeo and Juliet, Hamlet Richard III amongst many others
  • EXTRA FACTS Shakespeare's grave, in the Holy Trinity Church in Stratford-Upon-Avon, carries a curse. It reads: "Good friend, for Jesus' sake forbear, To dig the dust enclosed here. Blessed be the man that spares these stones, And cursed be he that moves my bones"
               1565
                 –
BURIED 2ND OCTOBER 1617
      ISAAC OLIVER
  • Isaac Oliver was a  portrait miniature painter
  • NATIONALITY French
  • EDUCATION He studied miniature painting under Nicholas Hilliard
  • NOTABLE WORKS Elizabeth I and the three Goddesses and Richard Sackville, 3rd Earl of Dorset amongst others
  • EXTRA FACTS After the death of Queen Elizabeth I of England, he became a painter of James I's court, painting numerous portraits of the Queen Anne of Denmark and Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales.
27TH DECEMBER 1571
    –
15TH NOVEMBER 1630
     JOHANNES KEPLER
  • Johannes Kepler was a mathematician, astronomer, and astrologer
  • NATIONALITY German
  • NOTABLE WORKS Tübingen Kepler's laws of planetary motion.Kepler conjecture Rudolphine Tables
 
11TH JUNE 1572
   –
6TH AUGUST 1637
     BEN JONSON
  • Ben Jonson, was a playwright, poet, actor, and literary critic
  • NATIONALITY English
  • EDUCATION Jonson attended school in St. Martin's Lane. Later, a family friend paid for his studies at Westminster School,
  • NOTABLE WORKS Every Man in His Humour (1598), Volpone, or The Fox (c. 1606), The Alchemist (1610) and Bartholomew Fair (1614)
  • EXTRA FACTS Father Christmas’ first appeared in a 1616 play by Ben Jonson.
15TH JULY 1573
   –
21ST JUNE 1652
     INIGO JONES
  • Inigo Jones was the first significant English architect (of Welsh ancestry)
  • NATIONALITY English
  • EDUCATION  1603 a rich patron (possibly the Earl of Pembroke or the Earl of Rutland) sent him to Italy to study drawing 
  • NOTABLE WORKS Buildings Banqueting House, Whitehall , Queen's House, Wilton House
    Covent Garden
 D.23RD JUNE 1576
            LEVINA TEERLINC
  • Levina Teerlinc was a female  miniaturist who served as a painter to the English court of Henry VIII, Edward VI, Mary I and Elizabeth I.
  • NATIONALITY  Flemish
  • NOTABLE WORKS Portrait of Elizabeth I  1565, An Elizabethan Maundy, miniature amongst others.
 
    
 
 
 
 
 
     1572
        –
7TH NOVEMBER 1633
 
 
     CORNELIS JACOBSZOON DREBBEL
  • Cornelis was a  Dutch engineer and inventor.
  • NATIONALITY Dutch
  • EDUCATION Latin school in Alkmaar & Academy in Haarlem
  • NOTABLE WORKS He was the builder of the first navigable submarine in 1620 
 
       5TH APRIL 1588
               –
4TH DECEMBER 1679
 
      THOMAS HOBBES
  • Thomas Hobbes was a philosopher who is considered one of the founders of modern political philosophy
  • NATIONALITY English
  • NOTABLE WORKS book Leviathan, A Briefe of the Art of Rhetoric and. Elementorum Philosophiae Sectio Tertia de Cive 
  • EXTRA FACTS Hobbe religious position is much disputed. He was not a straightforward atheist or agnostic. Superstitious people blamed the Fire of London of 1666 on him.
25TH DECEMBER 1642
    –
20TH MARCH 1726/27
     SIR ISAAC NEWTON
  • Sir Isaac Newton was an English mathematician, astronomer, theologian, author and  physicist
  • NATIONALITY English
  • EDUCATION  The King's School, Grantham and the  Trinity College, Cambridge
  • NOTABLE WORKS He is Known for Newtonian mechanics, Universal gravitation calculus Newton's laws of motion OpticsBinomial series Principia Newton's method
  • EXTRA FACTS Late in life, Newton suffered a nervous breakdown and became known for his eccentric behavior.
Alman - Byrd Fitzw Metzner
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Madrigal Vestiva i colli - Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina
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Canto del Caballero - Antonio de Cabezón
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Fantasia on a Theme - Thomas Tallis
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