POPES  UNDER THE STUART PERIOD IN ENGLAND

TIME-LINE OF POPES  1603-1714

TIME IN OFFICE                              POPE
 
1ST APRIL 1605 –27TH APRIL 1605
 
 
     POPE LEO XI
  • LIFETIME 2nd June 1535 – 27th April 1605
  • BIRTH NAME Alessandro Ottaviano de' Medici
  • CONSECRATION March 1573
  • Pope Leo XI is from the House of Medici. He had been the Bishop of Pistoia (1573) Archbishop of Florence (1574–1596)
  •  
 
 
16TH MAY 1605 –28TH JANUARY 1621
     POPE PAUL V
  • LIFETIME 17th September 1550 – 28th January 1621
  • BIRTH NAME Camillo Borghese
  • CONSECRATION 27th May 1597
  • Pope Paul V is best remembered today as the Pope who persecuted Galileo Galilei. He had been Cardinal-Priest of Sant'Eusebio (1596–1605) Cardinal Vicar of Rome (1603–1605) Bishop of Jesi (1597–1599)
     
 
9TH FEBRUARY 1621 –8TH JULY 1623
     POPE GREGORY XV
  • LIFETIME 9th January 1554– 8th July 1623
  • BIRTH NAME Alessandro Ludovisi
  • CONSECRATION 1st May 1612
  • Pope Gregory XV Previous post Referendary of the Apostolic Signatura (1593–1596) Vicegerent of Rome (1597–1598)
     
 
 
6TH AUGUST 1623 –29TH JULY 1644
     POPE URBAN VIII
  • LIFETIME 5th April 1568– 29th July 1644
  • BIRTH NAME Maffeo Barberini
  • CONSECRATION 28th October 1604
  • Pope Urban VIII Previous post were Referendary of the Apostolic Signatura (1589–1592) Governor of Fano (1592–1604)
    Titular Archbishop of Nazareth (1604–1608) Apostolic Nuncio to France (1604–1606)
     
7TH APRIL 1655 –22ND MAY 1667
     POPE INNOCENT X
  • LIFETIME 6th May 1574 – 7th January 1655
  • BIRTH NAME Giovanni Battista Pamphilj
  • CONSECRATION 25th January 1626
  • Pope Innocent X was major political events in which he was involved, this included the English Civil War, conflicts with French church officials over financial fraud issues, and hostilities with the Duchy of Parma related to the First War of Castro. Involved in.
  • He had been Legate to France (1625) Titular Latin Patriarch of Antioch (1626–29) Apostolic Nuncio to Spain (1626–29)
     
 
7TH APRIL 1655 –22ND MAY 1667
     POPE ALEXANDER VII
  • LIFETIME 13th February 1599– 22nd May 1667
  • BIRTH NAME Fabio Chigi
  • CONSECRATION 1st July 1635
  • Pope Alexander VII Previous posts were
  • Bishop of Nardò (1635–1652) Apostolic Nuncio to Germany (1639–1651) Cardinal Secretary of State (1651–1655)
  • Pope Alexander was interested in architecture and supported various urban projects in Rome. He also wrote poetry and patronized artists who expanded the decoration of churches
 
20TH JUNE 1667 –9TH DECEMBER 1669
     POPE CLEMENT IX
  • LIFETIME 28th January 1600 – 9th December 1669
  • BIRTH NAME Giulio Rospigliosi
  • CONSECRATION 29th March 1644
  • Pope Clement IX Previous post were Referendary of the Apostolic Signatura (1632–1636) Secretary of the Sacred Congregation of Rites (1632–1636) Apostolic Nuncio to Spain (1644–1653)
  • He was mediator during the 1668 peace of Aachen, in the wars of succession between France, Spain, England and the Netherlands.
29TH APRIL 1670 –22ND JULY 1676
     POPE CLEMENT X
  • LIFETIME 13th July 1590 – 22nd July 1676
  • BIRTH NAME Emilio Bonaventura Altieri,
  • CONSECRATION 30th November 1627
  • Pope Clement X had Previous posts had Bishop of Camerino (1627–1666) Apostolic Nuncio to Naples (1644–1652) Secretary of the S.C. of Bishops and Regulars (1657–16
 
 
21ST SEPTEMBER 1676 –12TH AUGUST
1689
 
     POPE INNOCENT XI
  • LIFETIME 16th May 1611 – 12th August 1689
  • BIRTH NAME Benedetto Odescalchi
  • CONSECRATION 29th January 1651
  • Pope Innocent XI had Previous posts ofReferendary of the Apostolic Signatura (1642–1645) Governor of Macerata (1644–1645) Prefect of the Apostolic Signatura (1647–1650)Legate of Ferrara (1648–1651) Bishop of Novara (1650–1656)  Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals
 
6TH OCTOBER 1689 –1ST FEBRUARY
1691
     POPE ALEXANDER VIII
  • LIFE-TIME 22nd April 1610 – 1st February 1691
  • BIRTH NAME Pietro Vito Ottoboni
  • CONSECRATION 27th December 1654
  • He is the last pope to take the pontifical name of "Alexander" upon his election to the papacy.
  • He had the Previous post of Cardinal-Bishop of Sabina (1681–1683) Cardinal-Bishop of Frascati (1683–1687) Bishop of Brescia (1654–1664) Cardinal-Bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina (1687–1689)
    Cardinal-Priest of San Salvatore in Lauro (1652–1660)
     
 
12TH JULY 1691 – 27TH SEPTEMBER
1700
     POPE INNOCENT XII
  • LIFETIME 13th March 1615 – 27th September 1700
  • BIRTH NAME Antonio Pignatelli
  • CONSECRATION 27th October 1652
  • Pope Innocent XII had the Previous post Titular Archbishop of Larissa (1652–1671) Apostolic Nuncio to Poland (1660–1668) Apostolic Nuncio to Austria-Hungary (1668–1671) Archbishop-Bishop of Lecce (1671–1681) Archbishop-Bishop of Faenza (1682–1686) Archbishop of Naples (1686–1691)
     
 
23RD NOVEMBER 1700 –19TH MARCH 1721
     POPE CLEMENT XI
  • LIFE-TIME 23rd July 1649 – 19th March 1721
  • BIRTH NAME Giovanni Francesco Albani
  • CONSECRATION 30th November 1700
  • Pope Clement XI was a patron of the arts and of science. He was also a great benefactor of the Vatican Library
  • He had the Previous post-Cardinal-Deacon of Santa Maria in Aquiro (1690–1700) Cardinal-Deacon of Sant'Adriano al Forno (1690–1700) Cardinal-Priest of San Silvestro in Capite (1700)

     

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