THE  WORKS OF RAPHAEL

Whom was Raphael and was were some of his well-known works?

RAPHAEL WAS AN ITALIAN PAINTER AND ARCHITECT OF THE HIGH RENAISSANCE. TOGETHER WITH MICHELANGELO AND LEONARDO DA VINCI, HE FORMS THE TRADITIONAL TRINITY OF GREAT MASTERS OF THAT PERIOD.

LIFETIME: March 28th or April 6th, 1483 – April 6th, 1520

EXTRA FACTS ON RAPHAEL

  • Raphael’s first documented work is the Baronci Altarpiece

 

  •  Giovanni Santi, Raphael's father was a court painter to the Duke of Urbino

 

  • Leonardo Da Vinci’s art had the greatest influence on his Florentine period works

 

  • Michelangelo and Raphael were involved in a bitter conflict.

 

 

  • Raphael, by, 1517 had become the most important artist in Rome

 

  • It was said that Raphael's death was caused due to excessive sex. Raphael officially died of a fever.

  • Raphael was buried at Pantheon, Rome, Italy.

PORTRAITS

Guidobaldo da Montefeltro, Duke of Urbino from 1482–1508, c.1507

Guidobaldo I, was an Italian condottiero and the Duke of Urbino from 1482 to 1508.

Current location Uffizi Gallery

Portrait of Baldassare Castiglione 1514–1515

Baldrassare was a count of Casatico, was an Italian courtier, diplomat, soldier and a prominent Renaissance author

Location LouvreParis

Portrait of Pope Julius II, 1512​

Location National Gallery, London, Uffizi and other versions

La Fornarina, Raphael's mistress

The woman is traditionally identified with the fornarina (baker) Margherita Luti, Raphael's Roman lover, though it has been questioned

Location Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Antica, Rome

SELF PORTRAITS

Self-portrait, Raphael in the background, from The School of Athens

Presumed portrait of Raphael

PAINTINGS

The Coronation of the Virgin 1502–3

The painting shows Jesus on the cross, who is looking peaceful even though he is dying. There are two angels catching his blood in chalices. On Jesus' left kneels Mary Magdalene, with John the Evangelist standing behind her. On his right Mary stands, and St. Jerome, to whom the altar was dedicated, is kneeling.

Location National: GalleryLondon

The Mond Crucifixion, 1502

St. George and the Dragon 1504–1506

 Saint George and the Dragon, chivalry and Christianity

Type Oil on wood

Location National Gallery of Art, Washington

Madonna of the Pinks c 1506–7

The painting shows a youthful Virgin Mary playing with the Christ child and handing him carnations. 

Location National Gallery London

Deposition of Christ, 1507

Type: Oil on wood

Location Galleria Borghese, Rome

The Wedding of the Virgin,1509

The painting is of the marriage ceremony between Mary and Joseph.

Type Oil on roundheaded panel

Location Pinacoteca di Brera, Milan

           Sistine Madonna (1512)
 The painting the Madonna, holding the Christ Child and flanked by Saint Sixtus and Saint Barbara, stands on clouds before dozens of obscured cherubim, while two distinctive winged cherubim rest on their elbows beneath her

Location Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister, Dresden

The Holy Family, 1518

(Jesus, Mary and Joseph), Saint Elisabeth, an infant John the Baptist and two angels. 

Type Oil on canvas transferred from wood

Location Louvre, Paris

The Expulsion of Heliodorus from the Temple

 Heliodorus is ordered by Seleucus IV Philopator, the king of Syria, to seize the treasure preserved in the Temple in Jerusalem. Answering the prayers of the high priest Onias, God sends a horseman assisted by two youths to drive Heliodorus out.

Location            Apostolic Palace, Vatican City

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