REGENTS OF ENGLAND AND SCOTLAND 1154-PRESENT DAY

A REGENT IS A PERSON WHO IS GIVEN THE RESPONSIBILITY OF THE POSITION OF RULING THE KINGDOM, WHEN EITHER THE MONARCH DURING REGENCY'S TO YOUNG TO RULE OR IS OUT OF THE COUNTRY TO RULE. A REGENT OR REGENCY COUNCIL MAY BE FORMED IN TO SUPPORT THE ELECTED REGENT WHEN IN THE SEAT.

TIMELINE OF REGENTS IN ENGLAND, SCOTLAND AND GREAT BRITAIN

TIME IN REGENCY                        REGENT    

 

1189–1199

 

  • WILLIAM DE LONGCHAMP

  • COUNTRY England

  • LIFETIME died 1197

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCY King  Richard I 

  • Notes: William had also been Lord Chancellor (1189–1197 and Bishop of Ely 1189–1197. He governed England while King Richard was on the Third Crusade.

 

1216–1219

  • WILLIAM MARSHAL, 1ST EARL OF PEMBROKE

  • COUNTRY England

  • LIFETIME 1146 or 1147 – 14th May 1219

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCY Henry III

  • NOTES William was regent, during the minority of King Henry III, he had also been Lord Marshal 1194–1219

     

1219–1227

  • HUBERT DE BURGH, 1ST EARL OF KENT 

  • COUNTRY England

  • LIFETIME 1170 – before 5 May 1243

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCYKing Henry III

  • NOTES He was regent during the during the minority of King Henry III, Other roles included Chief Justiciar of England 1215–1232

1298

  • WILLIAM WALLACE 

  • COUNTRY Scotland

  • LIFETIME died 23 August 1305

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCY none

  • NOTES William claiming to act as regent on behalf of the deposed King John. He was executed by King Edward 1st of England for high treason

1298–130

      &

1302–1304

  • JOHN III COMYN, LORD OF BADENOCH

  • COUNTRY Scotland

  • LIFETIME 1269 – 10th February 1306

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCYnone

  • NOTES He was an important figure in the First War of Scottish Independence and was Guardian of Scotland during the Second Interregnum

1299–1301

  • JOHN III COMYN, LORD OF BADENOCH

  • COUNTRY Scotland

  • LIFETIME 1269 – 10th February 1306

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCY none

  • NOTES John was Scottish nobleman who was an important figure in the First War of Scottish Independence and was Guardian of Scotland during the Second Interregnum  John's mother was the sister of King John Balliol 

     

1300–1301

  • SIR INGRAM DE UMFRAVILLE

  • COUNTRY Scotland

  • LIFETIME 1284–1320

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCY None

  • NOTES Ingram was Guardian of the Kingdom of Scotland during the
    (Second Interregnum)

 

1301–1304

  • SIR JOHN DE SOULES

  • COUNTRY Scotland

  • LIFETIME died 1310

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCY None

  • NOTES John was Guardian of the Kingdom of Scotland during the (Second Interregnum)

1301–1304

  • SIR JOHN DE SOULES

  • COUNTRY Scotland

  • LIFETIME died 1310

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCY None

  • NOTES John was Guardian of the Kingdom of Scotland during the (Second Interregnum)

     

1327–1330

  • HENRY, 3RD EARL OF LEICESTER AND LANCASTER

  • COUNTRY England

  • LIFETIME 1281 – 22nd September 1345

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCY Edward III

  • NOTES Henry was the regent during the minority of Edward III. He was the grandson of King Henry III of England through his father Edmund of Crouch-back. Other roles were Lord High Steward
    1324–1345

     

1329–1332

  • THOMAS RANDOLPH, EARL OF MORAY 

  • COUNTRY Scotland

  • LIFETIME 1278 – 20 July 1332

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCY David II

  • NOTES Thomas was regent during the minority of David II, He had been an important figure during the Wars of Scottish Independence.  Thomas was the nephew of King Robert the Bruce

 

1332&1335–1338

  • SIR ANDREW MURRAY

  • COUNTRY Scotland

  • LIFE TIME1298–1338 

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCY David II

  • NOTES He was regent during the minority of David II.  He married Christina Bruce, a sister of King Robert I of Scotland.

     

1332–1333

  • SIR ARCHIBALD DOUGLAS

  • COUNTRY Scotland

  • LIFETIME before 1298 – 19th July 1333

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCY David II

  • NOTES He was regent during the minority of David II)

     

1334–1335

  • JOHN RANDOLPH, 3RD EARL OF MORAY

  • COUNTRY Scotland

  • LIFETIME 1306 – 17th October 1346

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCY David II

  • NOTES John was regent during the minority of David II). He also had a famous sister Agnes Randolph, "Black Agnes of Dunbar", while his niece, Agnes Dunbar, the daughter of his other sister, became the mistress of David II of Scotland.

1334–1335

        &

1338–1341

&

 1346–1357

1388–1393

  • ROBERT STEWART, DUKE OF ALBANY

  • COUNTRY Scotland

  • LIFETIME 1340 – 3 September 1420

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCY Robert II, Robert III and James 1st.

  • NOTES He was regent during the incapacity of his father, Robert II and of his brother, Robert III He also served as regent to King James 1st of Scotland.

BEFORE 1390

  • JOHN STEWART, EARL OF CARRICK  ( THE FUTURE ROBERT III OF SCOTLAND)

  • COUNTRY Scotland

  • LIFETIME 1337/40 – 4th April 1406

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCY Robert II 

  • NOTES He was regent during the incapacity of his father, Robert II). John was the father of the Future King James 1st of Scotland.

1399–1401

  • DAVID STEWART

  • COUNTRY Scotland

  • LIFETIME 24th October 1378 – 26th March 1402

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCY Robert II

  • NOTES. David was the son of Robert II and brother to Robert III of Scotland David was regent during the incapacity of his father, Robert III

1420–1424 

  • MURDOCH STEWART, DUKE OF ALBANY 

  • COUNTRY Scotland

  • LIFETIME 1362 – 24th May 1425

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCY James 1st

  • NOTES He was re genet during the captivity in England of his nephew James I )he was also the grandson of King Robert II of Scotland, Murdock was arrested, found guilty of treason, and executed, along with two of his sons. 

     


5 TH DECEMBER 1422 –

6TH NOVEMBER 1429

  • JOHN OF LANCASTER, 1ST DUKE OF BEDFORD

  • COUNTRY England

  • LIFETIME 20th June 1389 – 14th September 1435

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCY Henry VI

  • REGENCY He was regent, during the minority of their nephew, Henry VI

  • NOTES He was the son of King Henry IV of England and uncle to Henry VI. Other roles included Lord High Admiral26th July 1426 – 14th September 1435

1422–1437

  • HENRY BEAUFORT

  • COUNTRY England

  • LIFETIME 1375 – 11th April 1447

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCY Henry VI

  • NOTES He was the son of John Beaufort and uncle to Henry VI. Henry was also Bishop of Winchester and Lincoln 

1437–1439

  • ARCHIBALD DOUGLAS 

  • COUNTRY Scotland

  • LIFETIME 1390 – 26th June 1439)

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCY James II

  • NOTES Archibald was regent during the minority of James II). He had fought at 1He fought with the French at Baugé part of the Hundred Years of War and also served as ambassador to England in 1424, during the ransoming of James I. served as ambassador to England in 1424, during the ransoming of James I.

1439–1445

  • WILLIAM CRICHTON, 1ST LORD CRICHTON

  • COUNTRY Scotland

  • LIFETIME died 1454

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCY James II

  • NOTES William I was associated with what is remembered in history as the “Black Dinner” William and Sir Alexander Livingston invited the 16-year-old William Douglas, 6th Earl of Douglas and his brother to dinner in Edinburgh Castle, and murdered them, despite the young King's James II pleas for their lives.

1439–1445

  • SIR ALEXANDER LIVINGSTON OF CALLENDAR 

  • COUNTRY Scotland

  • LIFETIME `died in 1451

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCY James II

  • NOTES Alexander was regent during the early part of King James II reign along with William Crichton.  He conspired with William Crichton, the Lord Chancellor, in the assassination of the 6th Earl of Douglas and his brother, the "Black Dinner" at Edinburgh Castle.

1445–1449

  • WILLIAM DOUGLAS, 8TH EARL OF DOUGLAS, 2ND EARL OF AVONDALE

  • COUNTRY Scotland

  • LIFETIME 1425 – 22nd February 1452

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCY James II

  • NOTES William was regent during the minority of James II

1454–1455&1455–1456

  • RICHARD PLANTAGENET, 3RD DUKE OF YORK

  • COUNTRY England

  • LIFETIME 21st September 1411 – 30th December 1460

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCY Henry VI

  • NOTES Richard was the cousin to King Henry VI and he was also the father to the future King Edward IV and Richard III of England. Richard was killed along with his son Edmund, during the Battle of Wakefield

1460–1463

  • MARY OF GUELDERS 

  • COUNTRY Scotland

  • LIFETIME 1434 – 1st December 1463

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCY James III

  • NOTES Mary was the Queen consort of King James II of Scotland and the mother King James III. Mary was regent during the minority of her son, James III)

1463–1466

  • JAMES KENNEDY

  • COUNTRY Scotland

  • LIFETIME 1408–1465

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCY James III

  • NOTES James was the Bishop of St Andrews1440–1465 . He was regent during during the minority of James III)

1463–1466

  • GILBERT KENNEDY OF DUNURE, 1ST LORD KENNEDY

  • COUNTRY Scotland

  • LIFETIME 22nd February 1405 – 27 March th1489

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCY James III

  • NOTES Gilbert was a grandson of King Robert III of Scotland. He served as one of six Regents during the early reign of James III of Scotland, 

1466–1469

  • ROBERT BOYD, 1ST LORD BOYD

  • COUNTRY Scotland

  • LIFETIME died c. 1482

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCY James III

    NOTES He was regent (during the minority of James III) In 1464 he was one of the commissioners at York for a truce with Edward IV of England.

APRIL 1483-END JUNE

  • RICHARD, DUKE OF GLOUCESTER (RICHARD III OF ENGLAND

  • country England

  • LIFETIME 2nd October 1452 – 22nd August 1485

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCY Edward V

  • NOTES He was the brother of King Edward IV of England. Richard was regent for his nephew until he took the crown for himself in June 1483. Not long after being king, Both his nephew the deposed Edward V and Richard went missing from the Tower of London in the summer of 1483. Richard himself was killed at the Battle of Bosworth field in 1485

 

1488–1494

  • PATRICK HEPBURN, 1ST EARL OF BOTHWELL

  • COUNTRY Scotland

  • LIFETIME died 18th October 1508

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCY James IV

  • NOTES Patrick was regent during the minority of James IV)  He was one of the diplomats sent to conclude the treaty for the marriage of James IV to Princess Margaret Tudor of England 

1513–1514

  • MARGARET TUDOR

  • COUNTRY Scotland

  • LIFETIME 28th November 1489 – 18th October 1541

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCY James V

  • NOTES Margaret was the daughter of a King Henry VII and a sister of a King Henry VII and the mother of King James V of Scotland.Margaret was regent during the minority of her son, James V

1509

  • LADY MARGARET BEAUFORT

  • COUNTRY England

  • LIFETIME 31st May 1441/1443 – 29th June 1509

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCY King Henry VIII of England

  • NOTES Margaret was the moth to King Henry VII of England and grandmother to Henry VIII ., She was regent during the minority of her grandson Henry VIII

1513

  • QUEEN CATHERINE OF ARAGON

  • COUNTRY England

  • LIFETIME 16th December 1485 – 7th January 1536

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCY Henry VIII

  • NOTES Catherine was the wife of King Henry VII and mother to the future Mary 1st of England. While Henry VIII was in France. during her time as regent she played a large role in the defeat of the Scots at Flodden, and was Queen Regent for several months. Catherine Had went into the Battle of Flodden, heavily pregnant very bold and brave. 

1513–1514

  • MARGARET TUDOR

  • COUNTRY Scotland

  • LIFETIME 28th November 1489 – 18th October 1541

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCY James V

  • NOTES Margaret was the daughter of a King Henry VII and a sister of a King Henry VII and the mother of King James V of Scotland. Margaret was regent during the minority of her son, James V

1513

  • ROBERT MAXWELL, 5TH LORD MAXWELL 

  • COUNTRY Scotland

  • LIFETIME 1493 – 9 July 1546)

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCY James V

  • NOTES He was Regent Isle of Arran during the minority of James V. Also in 1536 he was created one of the members of the Council of Regency during the absence of the king in France. He was also one of the ambassadors sent to the French Court to negotiate the marriage of James to Mary of Guise

1514–1524

  • JOHN STEWART, DUKE OF ALBANY

  • COUNTRY Scotland

  • LIFETIME 1481 or 1484 – 2 July 1536

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCY James v

  • NOTES John was regent during the minority of his cousin, James V) He was the grandson of James II of Scotland.

1524–1528

  • ARCHIBALD DOUGLAS, 6TH EARL OF ANGUS

  • COUNTRY Scotland

  • LIFETIME 1489 – 22nd January 1557

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCY James v

  • NOTES Archibald was the second husband to Margaret Tudor Queen of Scots. He was regent during the minority of the former's stepson James V) Archibald was Lord Chancellor of Scotland 1526–1528. He was also the grandfather to Henry Darnley, the husband to Mary Queen of Scots.

1524–1528

  • JAMES BEATON

  • COUNTRY Scotland

  • LIFETIME 1473–1539

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCY James v

  • NOTES He was the  the uncle of David Cardinal Beaton and the Keeper of the Great Seal of Scotland. James had also been Lord Chancellor of Scotland
    1515–1526

1542–1554

  • JAMES HAMILTON, 2ND EARL OF ARRAN 

  • COUNTRY Scotland

  • LIFETIME 1516 – 22 January 1575

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCY Mary Queen of Scots

  • NOTES James was regent during the minority of his cousin, Mary, Queen of Scots. He was the great-grandson of King James II of Scotland. 

 

JULY TO SEPTEMBER 1544

  • CATHERINE PARR 

  • COUNTRY England

  • LIFETIME 1512–7th September 1548

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCY Henry VIII

  • NOTES Catherine was the sixth wife of King Henry VIII of England. She was regent while Henry VIII was in France.

 

1547–1549

  • EDWARD SEYMOUR, 1ST DUKE OF SOMERSET

  • COUNTRY England

  • LIFETIME 1500 –22nd January 1552

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCY King Edward VI

  • NOTES Edward was the brother of the Queen consort Jane Seymour, the wife of King Henry VIII of England. He was the uncle to King Edward VI.\He was regent during the minority of his nephew, Edward VI, Edward was later executed for High treason.

    . John's mother was the sister of

1550–1553

  • JOHN DUDLEY, 1ST DUKE OF NORTHUMBERLAND

  • COUNTRY England

  • LIFETIME 1504  – 22nd August 1553

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCY Edward VI

  • NOTES John was the father-in-law to the Lady Jane Grey and the father to Robert Dudley the known favourite of The future Queen Elizabeth 1st of England. He was regent during the minority of Edward VI. In 1553 John was executed for in his role in placing The Lady Jane Grey(Nine day Queen) on The English Throne

 

1554–1560

  • MARY OF GUISE 

  • COUNTRY Scotland

  • LIFETIME 22nd November 1515 – 11th June 1560

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCY Mary queen Scots

  • NOTES Mary was the Queen consort of King James V of Scotland and the mother of Mary Queen of Scot. She was regent during the minority of her daughter Mary, Queen of Scots

1567–1570

  • JAMES STEWART, 1ST EARL OF MORAY

  • COUNTRY Scotland

  • LIFETIME 1531 – 23 January 1570

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCY James VI

  • NOTES He was the  the illegitimate son of King James V,  and half-brother to Mary Queen of Scots. James was regent during the minority of his nephew James VI) until his assignation.

1570–1571

  • MATTHEW STEWART, 4TH EARL OF LENNOX

  • COUNTRY Scotland

  • LIFETIME 21st September 1516 – 4th September 1571

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCY James VI

  • NOTES Matthew was the father of Henry Darnley, the husband of Mary Queen of Scots. He was regent during the minority of his grandson James VI

1571–1572

  • JOHN ERSKINE, EARL OF MAR

  • COUNTRY Scotland

  • LIFETIME died 28th October 1572

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCY James VI

  • NOTES John had been a was guardian of King James V and afterwards of Mary, Queen of Scots. He was regent during the minority of James VI

1572–1581

  • JAMES DOUGLAS, 4TH EARL OF MORTON

  • COUNTRY Scotland

  • LIFETIME 1516 – 2nd June 1581, aged 65

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCY James VI

  • NOTES He was Regent during the minority of James VI . James was executed by the means of the guillotine, which he first himself introduced Scotland

1714

  • THOMAS PARKER, 1ST EARL OF MACCLESFIELD

  • COUNTRY Great Britain

  • LIFETIME 23rd July 1666 – 28th April 1732

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCY  King George I 

  • NOTES Thomas was an EnglishWhig politician. After the death of Queen Anne in 1714 a regency under Lord Parker, the Lord Chief Justice, was set up while King George I was sent for to take up the crown.

     

1716–17

  • GEORGE, PRINCE OF WALES (FUTURE KING GEORGE II 

  • COUNTRY Great Britain

  • LIFETIME 30th October / 9 November 1683O.S./N.S.– 25th October 1760

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCY George II

  • NOTES He was the son of King George 1 of Great Britain and the father of King George III. George was regent during the absence of his father, George 

1729; 1732

       &

1735; 1736–37

  • CAROLINE OF ANSBACH 

  • Country Great Britain

  • LIFETIME 1st March 1683 – 20th November 1737

  • MONARCH DURING REGENCY George II

  • NOTES Caroline was the Queen consort to King George II of Great Britain, She was regent during the absences of her husband, George II.

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