RICHARD PLANTAGENET

TIME-LINE AND ADDITIONAL FACTS ON RICHARD  THE THIRD DUKE OF YORK. RICHARD WAS LORD PROTECTOR OF THE REALM DURING BREAKDOWN OF KING HENRY VI OF ENGLAND AND WAS ALSO THE FATHER OF TWO FUTURE KINGS OF ENGLAND, EDWARD IV AND RICHARD III.

TIME-LINE OF RICHARD PLANTAGENET

 
1411
  • 21ST SEPTEMBER: Richard Plantagenet is born the son of Richard of Conisburgh, 3rd Earl of Cambridge by his wife Anne Mortimer
  • 22ND SEPTEMBER: Richard’s mother Anne Mortimer is created the 8th Earl of Ulster
  • Richard is created the 8th Earl of Ulster
1414
  • Richard’s father is created, Richard was created Earl of Cambridge by parliament
1415
  • 5TH AUGUST: Richard’s father Richard of Conisburgh, 3rd Earl of Cambridge was executed for his part in the Southampton plot, which was a conspiracy against King Henry V
  • 23RD OCTOBER: Richard’s uncle Edward of Norwich, 2nd Duke of York, killed at the battle of Agincourt. King Henry V allowed Richard to inherit his uncle's title and (At his majority of twenty-one) the lands of the Duchy of York.
  • Richard went under the guardianship of Robert Waterton
1417
  • Richard became the warship of Ralph Neville.
1421
  • 31ST AUGUST: Henry V of England is dead, and now his very young son Henry VI as king of England
1424
  • The 13-year-old Richard to Cecily Neville, then aged nine. Cecily was Ralph Neville ’s daughter.
1425
  • 18TH JANUARY: Richard’s uncle Edmund Mortimer Earl of March died, Richard inherits his uncle’s lands in Wales
  • Richard inherited Ludlow castle.
  • Richard is given the titles of Earl of Ulster and march
  • 21ST OCTOBER: Ralph Neville died, and the wardship of Richard then went to Ralph’s widow Joan Beaufort
1426
  • 25TH APRIL: Richard’s sister Isabel of Cambridge, married for a second time to Henry Bouncier, 1st Earl of Essex
  • 19TH MAY: Richard is knighted at Leicester by John of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Bedford,
  • Richard is given the title Earl of Cambridge
1429
  • OCTOBER: Richard married to Cecily Neville
  • 6TH NOVEMBER: Richard is present at the coronation of Henry VI England at Westminster Abbey
1430
  • Richard is made constable of England
1431
  • 16TH DECEMBER: Richard is present at Henry VI coronation as king of France in Notre-Dame
1432
  • 12TH MAY Richard, came into his inheritance and was granted full control of his estates within
  • Richard is made guardian of the coast of Normandy,
1433
  • Richard was admitted to the Order of the Garter.
1435
  • Richard appoints Walter Devereux steward of his lordships of Radnor
1436
  • 8TH MAY: Richard is regent and lieutenant of France for Henry VI of England
1438
  • Richard’s daughter, Joan of York was born, Joan was to die in infancy.
1439
  • 10TH AUGUST: Anne of York, Richard’s oldest daughter is born, at Fotheringhay, Northamptonshire
  • NOVEMBER: Richard returns to England
1440
  • William Old hall is Chamberlain to Richard.
  • 2ND JULY: Richard is regent and lieutenant of France till 1445 Cecily Richard’s wife moved to Rouen with him.
1441
  • 10TH FEBRUARY: Richards son Henry of York was born, however would died in infancy
1442
  • 28TH APRIL: The future Edward IV of England is born in Rouen, Normandy, Richard’s oldest son. and immediately baptized privately in a small side chapel. later, Edward’s birth would  be accused of illegitimacy by his cousin, Richard  Neville , 16th Earl of Warwick, and by his own brother, George, Duke of Clarence, a common method of discrediting political enemies
1443
  • 17TH MAY: Richard’s second oldest son Edmund is born, in Rouen, Normandy
1444
  • 22ND APRIL: Elizabeth of York, Richard’s daughter is born, in Rouen, Normandy
1445
  • 20TH OCTOBER: Richard returns form Norman
1446
  • 3RD MAY: Richard’s daughter Margaret of York is born in Fotheringhay Castle, England
1447
  • Anne of York, Richard’s oldest daughter married to Henry Holland, 3rd Duke of Exeter, Anne was only eight years old.
  • 7TH JULY: Richard’s son William of York was born, but would died young in infancy.
  • Richard is justice in Eyre south of the Trent till 1453
1448
  • JUNE Richard and Walter Devereux travelled to Ireland.
1449
  • JUNE: Richard and Walter Devereux traveled to Ireland.
  • 21ST OCTOBER; George Plantagenet, Richard’s son is born in Dublin Castle, Ireland George’s godfather was James Fitzgerald, 6th Earl of Desmond
1450
  • 6 JUNE–12 JULY – Jack Cade's Rebellion: Jack Cade leads a rebellion in Kent and Sussex against war taxes
  • SEPTEMBER: Richard returned to England and had an angry meeting with the king. He marches an army to London and attacks alleged traitors in the royal government
1451
  • Richard held the title of lord lieutenant of Ireland,
  • Edmund, Richard’s son is made lord chancellor of Ireland
  • Thomas of York, Richard’s son is born, however Thomas would die in infancy
  • SEPTEMBER: Richard uses a royal summons to answer for breaking the peace.
1452
  • Richard marched on London in an attempt to force Henry VI England to dismiss the Duke Somerset (John Beaufort) from the government
  • Richard returned to Ireland
  • OCTOBER 2ND: Richard’s son the future Richard III of England. is born at Fotheringhay castle
1453
  • AUGUST: Henry VI suffered a catastrophic mental breakdown
  • 13TH OCTOBER: Edward Prince of Wales is born, the son of Henry VI of England.   Edmund Beaufort Duke of Somerset as godfather. Henry VI does not acknowledge son, due to his severe mental state,
  • 19TH OCTOBER: End Of The Hundred Years Of War
1454
  • FEBRUARY Parliament meet. Queen Margaret of Anjou attempted to get herself appointed regent for her husband. The council found her even less palatable than Richard.
  • Richard begins to resent the influence of Edmund Beaufort, 2nd Duke of Somerset. Cecily Richard’s wife attempts to speak with Queen consort Margaret of Anjou on his behalf on her husband concerns.
  • 15TH MARCH
  • 22ND MARCH Cardinal John Kemp, the chancellor, died, making continued government in the king's name constitutionally impossible.
  • 27TH MARCH: Edward of Westminster invested as the prince of Wales
  • JUNE: Richard suppresses a rebellion led by Henry Holland, 3rd Duke of Exeter in the north of England
  • Richard puts Edmund Beaufort Duke Somerset. in prison in the tower of London.
  • 25TH DECEMBER: Henry VI of England regained his facilities and released Duke Somerset from the tower, Richard is dismissed as regent. queen Margaret persuaded the king to employ Edmund Beaufort Duke Somerset.
1455
  • 9TH FEBRUARY Richard’s term as Protector officially ended
  • MAY: Queen Margaret of Anjou, called a council meeting and excluded all from York faction.
  • 22ND MAY First Battle Of St Albans: This was between Houses of Lancaster and York: location was in St Albans in Hertfordshire, England; Richard is present with his brother  in law, The Earl of Salisbury and nephew Richard, Earl Warwick
       Result Decisive Yorkist Victory
  • 22ND  JULY: Richard’s daughter Ursula of York was born, but would die in infancy.
  • 19TH NOVEMBER: Richard is reinstated as regent
1456
  • FEBRUARY: Henry VI mental state has recovered.
  • 25TH FEBRUARY: Richard is dismissed as regent for the second time
1458
  • FEBRUARY: Richard’s daughter Elizabeth, married John De La Pole. John was the eldest son of William De La Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk and Alice Chaucer
  • A Dat Called.” Loveday” was held between King Henry VI of England, his wife, and the Duke of York and other warring nobles in the early years of the wars of the roses, this was an unsuccessful attempt to avert all-out civil war
1459
  • 12TH OCTOBER Battle Of Ludford Bridge: This was between the Houses of York and Lancaster: The location was by Ludford Bridge, south of Ludlow, in Shropshire, England. Richard is present with his brother in law Earl of Salisbury and nephew Earl of Warwick.
        Result Lancastrian Victory
  • DECEMBER: Richard, Earl Warwick and Earl Salisbury suffered attainder.
  • Richard fled to Ludlow
1460
  • 10TH JULY Battle Of Northampton: The battle between Houses of York and Lancaster. The location was in  Northampton in, England Result Yorkist Victory
  • JULY: Richard’s wife Cecily moved to London with her children and lived with the lawyer John Paston.
  • King Henry VI of England was taken prisoner by Richard, Earl of Warwick, and Edward Earl of, march (future Edward IV of England) after the battle of Northampton
  • 9TH SEPTEMBER; Richard returned from Ireland when he did.  He acted as king, showing the banner of his great-grandfather, as he approached London. Cecily Richard’s wife carried the royal arms in triumph for him
  • 10TH OCTOBER: Richard arrived in London and took residence in the royal palace
  • 25TH OCTOBER The Acts Of Accord” under the act, King Henry VI of England was to retain the crown for life but York and his heirs were to succeed, excluding Henry VI son Edward of Westminster. Henry was forced to agree to the act.
  • 31ST OCTOBER. by the same parliament as the “ Richard was made Prince of Wales and Earl Of Chester, Duke of Cornwall and Lord protector of England
  • 30TH DECEMBER: Battle Wakefield; between the Houses of York and Lancaster: The location was in Wakefield, in West Yorkshire, England, Richard was present along with his son Edmund, and his brother in law the Earl of Salisbury.
      Result Decisive Lancastrian Victory
 Richard and his seventeen-year-old son Edmund are killed by Queen Margaret of Anjou,   forces.
 
Richard the 3rd Duke of York was buried on the burial 30th July 1476 at church of St Mary and all saints, Fotheringhay, Northamptonshire

EXTRA FACTS ON RICHARD  3RD DUKE OF YORK

  • Richard Plantagenet was the 3rd Duke of York, and also for a period of time, Lord Protector of the Kingdom England.

 

  • Richard was from the royal house of Plantagenet, he was a great-grandson of Edward III of England, from Edmund of Langley line.

 

 

  • Richard was the father of two monarchs, Edward IV and Richard III

 

  • Richard was the uncle to RichardNeville16th Earl of Warwick, the man who was nicknamed the “kings maker” due to his political influence.

 

 

  • It was Richard who first used “Plantagenet” as his family name. Plantagenet derived from Plantegenest" (or "Plante Genest") was a 12th-century nickname for Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou and Duke of Normandy,

 

  • Cecily. Neville, Richard’s wife was known as the Rose of Raby

 

  • Edmund Beaufort, the Duke of Somerset, was a cousin of both Richard, Duke of York and the Lancastrian King Henry VI. Edmund was Richard most deadly enemy in the court of Henry VI England, until his death at the Battle of St Albans.

 

 

  • There are varied accounts of how Richard died. The precise nature of his end was variously reported; he was either unhorsed, wounded and died fighting to the death, or captured, given a mocking crown of bulrushes and then beheaded

 

  • Richard was originally buried at Pontefract, but his head was put on a pike by the victorious Lancastrian armies and displayed over Micklegate Bar at York, wearing a paper crown. His remains were later moved to Church of St Mary and All Saints, Fotheringhay.

TUDOR ROSE TUDOR ROSE TUDOR ROSETUDOR ROSETUDOR ROSE TUDOR ROSE TUDOR ROSE

  • Pinterest Social Icon

All contents © 2018 DEATHBYWORDS616: Tudor Rose

TUDOR ROSE TUDOR ROSE TUDOR ROSETUDOR ROSETUDOR ROSE TUDOR ROSE TUDOR ROSE

  • Black Google+ Icon
  • Black Pinterest Icon
This site was designed with the
.com
website builder. Create your website today.
Start Now