ROBERT III OF SCOTLAND

Who was Robert the III of Scotland and what was significant about his reign?

TIME-LINE AND ADDITIONAL FACTS ON KING ROBERT THE III OF SCOTLAND.

TIME-LINE OF ROBERT III OF SCOTLAND

1337
  • Robert is born, under the name John Stewart, the son of Robert II and Elizabeth Mure at scone palace, Perth, Scotland
1343
  • Roberts brother Alexander Stewart, Earl of Buchan born
1347
  • Robert is made legitimate, then happened when his parents had their marriage made legitimate. and recognized by the church.
1355
  • Roberts mother, Elizabeth Mure died
  • 2ND MAY: Roberts father Robert  married his second wife Euphemia De Ross, member of Clan Ross
1357
  • Roberts half brother David Stewart is born
  • The Treaty of Berwick, officially ended the second war of Scottish independence
1360
  • Roberts half-brother Walter Stewart, Earl Of Atholl, Strathearn and Caithness is born
1363
  • Robert joined his father Robert and other magnates in a rebellion against his grand-uncle, king David II Scotland
  • Robert brother Walter died
1367
1368
  • Robert is created Earl of Carrick by his uncle king David II Scotland
1371
  • 22ND FEBRUARY: King David II of Scotland is dead, and his father Robert is king
  • 26TH MARCH  The coronation of Robert II. Robert is crowned by William de Landallis, Bishop of St Andrews
1372
  • 26TH MARCH: The coronation of Robert's  father as Robert the second of his name
1375
  • 22ND FEBRUARY: Roberts sister Elizabeth Stewart, married David Lindsay
  • King Robert II had commissioned John Barbour to write the poem, The Bruse,
1378
  • 24TH OCTOBER: Roberts son and heir David Stewart is born
1384
  • NOVEMBER :  Robert’s  father. king Robert II reputation declined because of his backing his younger brother Alexanders methods so, he with the backing of the general council, took executive authority from his father Robert with lawlessness in the north being a major issue, took over the authority of the king
  • Robert becomes an invalid after an accident with a horse.
1386
  • Robert brother David Stewart died.
1388
  • AUGUST:The Battle Of Otterburn , This was between Scotland and England
      Result Decisive Scottish Victory
1390
  • 19TH APRIL: Robert II of Scotland is dead and Robert is king of Scotland.
  • 13TH AUGUST: Robert's father late king Robert II Scotland is buried at Scone Abbey
  • 14TH AUGUST: The joint coronation of Robert as king of Scotland,  with his wife Anabella
  • Roberts daughter princess Margaret of Carrick, married Archibald Douglas, Duke of Touraine.
1394
  • JULY: Roberts son the future James I Scotland is born at Dunfermline Abbey,
1396
  • SEPTEMBER – Battle of the North Inch ("Battle of the Thirty"): In a mass trial by combat on the North Inch of Perth, Scotland, the Clan Cameron defeat the Clan Mackintosh.
1398
  • Robert brother also called Robert was created Duke of Albany
  • Robert wife Anabella arranged a tournament in Edinburgh. were their was son  knighted.
1399
  • Roberts son David Stewart appointed "Lieutenant" of the kingdom
1400
  • AUGUST: The English invasion of Scotland in Berwickshire & Lothian.
  • The English occupy Edinburgh in Scotland, but fail to capture Edinburgh Castle.
1401
  • OCTOBER: Roberts wife Anabella Drummond died in Scone Palace
1402
  • FEBRUARY: Roberts son David is arrested
  • 26TH MARCH: Roberts son and heir David Stewart died while being held captive by his uncle, Robert Stewart, 1st Duke of Albany.
  • 22ND JUNE The Battle of Nesbit Moor. Part of Anglo-Scottish Wars. An English force decisively defeats a returning Scottish raiding part. Result Decisive English Victory
  • Henry IV of England invaded the lowlands and following two defeats of the Scots briefly occupied Edinburgh
      Result Decisive English Victory
  • 14TH SEPTEMBER:The Battle Of Homildon Hill .This was between England and Scotland. Northern English nobles, led by Sir Henry "Hotspur" Percy, and using longbows, decisively defeat a Scottish raiding army and capture their leader, the Earl of Douglas Result Decisive English Victory
1405
  • 20TH JUNE: Robert’s brother Alexander Stewart, Earl of Buchan died called the wolf of Badenoch
1406
  • FEBRUARY: Robert sent his 10-year-old 2nd son James to France in 1406 for safety but he was captured at sea during the journey and taken prisoner by the English
  • 4TH APRIL: Robert III of Scotland died at Rothesay castle age 68years
 
Robert III Of England Was Buried in Paisley Abbey

EXTRA FACTS ON ROBERT III OF SCOTLAND

  • Robert who had also been known as John Stewart was King of Scotland for sixteen years.

 

  • He was the Son of Robert II of Scotland, great-grandson of Robert the Bruce

 

  • He was known under the name John Stewart, Earl of Carrick before ascending the throne at the age of 53years. And then changed his name to Robert.

 

  • David II of Scotland was his great uncle. His grandmother’s(Marjorie Bruce) half-brother. David had no heir so the crown had passed down to his father, Robert II Scotland, David’s Nephew.

 

  • Due to an accident with a horse, he grew increasingly despondent and incompetent throughout his reign and was not capable to govern. Because the Robert was not able to rule, Anabella his wife was prompted to take manage state affairs. He told is Queen Anabella that he was ‘the worst of kings and most miserable of men’.

 

  • Robert was not a successful king, he played a larger part in the affairs of the kingdom before his accession than as monarch. He seems to have played an important part in the early years of his father's reign, negotiating with John of Gaunt in 1380 and being directed to restore order in the Highlands in 1384.

 

  • The news of Robert’s son’s capture, after he was sent away for, his safety was said to have hastened the death of Robert who died shortly after hearing the news.

POLITICAL POSITIONS IN THE COURT OF ROBERT III OF SCOTLAND

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