SPEAKERS OF THE HOUSE OF COMMONS

Who were the speakers at the House of Commons in Tudor Times and How long were they in office?

The House of Commons of England was the lower house of the Parliament of England

The Parliament of England developed from the Magnum Concilium which advised the English monarch in medieval times. This royal council, meeting for short periods, included ecclesiastics, noblemen, as well as representatives of the counties (known as "knights of the shire"). The first parliament to invite representatives of the major towns was Montfort's Parliament in 1265. At the "Model Parliament" of 1295, representatives of the boroughs (including towns and cities) were admitted

 

 

The division of the Parliament of England into two houses occurred during the reign of Edward III: in 1341 the Commons met separately from the nobility and clergy for the first time, creating in effect an Upper Chamber and a Lower Chamber. They formed what became known as the House of Commons, while the clergy and nobility became the House of Lords.

During the Good Parliament of 1376, the Commons appointed Sir Peter de la Mare to convey to the Lords their complaints of heavy taxes, demands for an accounting of the royal

expenditures, and criticism of the King's management of the military. The Commons even proceeded to impeach some of the King's ministers. Although Mare was imprisoned for his actions, the benefits of having a single voice to represent the Commons were recognized, and the office which became known as Speaker of the House of Commons.

 

 

The first two Stuart monarchs, James I and Charles I, provoked conflicts with the Commons over issues such as taxation, religion, and royal powers. However, King charles 1st parliment resulted in the English Civil War. In December 1648 the House of Commons was purged by the New Model Army, which was supposed to be subservient to Parliament. Pride's Purge was the only military coup in English history. King Charles I  of England was beheaded and the Upper House was abolished.

 

 

In 1653, when leading figures in this Parliament began to disagree with the army, it was dissolved by Oliver Cromwell. However, the monarchy and the House of Lords were both restored with the Commons in 1660. The influence of the Crown had been decreased and was further diminished after James II was deposed in the Glorious Revolution of 1688 and the Bill of Rights 1689 was enacted.

 

 

 

SPEAKERS OF THE HOUSE OF COMMONS

FROM 1485-1603

Before 1377, the Speaker was referred to by terms such as the parlour and the prolocutor.

UNDER HENRY VII OF ENGLAND

NAME OF SPEAKER

SIR THOMAS LOVELL

JOHN MORDAUNT

THOMAS FITZWILLIAM

RICHARD EMPSON

ROBERT DRURY

THOMAS ENGLEFIELD

EDMUND DUDLEY

LIFE TIME

 

D.1524

D1505

 

D.1497

1450-250

 

1456-35

1455-1514

1462-1510

TIME IN OFFICE

 

1485–1488

1487–1489

 

1489–1490

1491–1492

 

1495

1496–1497

UNDER HENRY VIII OF ENGLAND

NAME OF SPEAKER
 
THOMAS ENGLEFIELD
ROBERT SHEFFIELD
SIR THOMAS MORE
THOMAS AUDLEY,
HUMPHREY WINGFIELD
RICHARD RICH
NICHOLAS HARE
THOMAS MOYLE

LIFE TIME

 

1455-1514

1462-18

1478-35

1488-1544

D1545

1497-1567

1484-1557

1488-1560

TIME IN OFFICE

 

1509

1512–1513

1523

1529 – 1533

1533 -1536

1536

1539 AND 1540.

1542 - 1544.

UNDER EDWARD VI  OF ENGLAND

NAME OF SPEAKER
SIR JOHN BAKER
SIR JAMES DYER

LIFE TIME

 

1488–1558

1510-82

TIME IN OFFICE

 

1547

1553

UNDER MARY 1ST  OF ENGLAND

NAME OF SPEAKER
 
SIR JOHN POLLARD
ROBERT BROKE
CLEMENT HIGHAM
SIR JOHN POLLARD
WILLIAM CORDELL

LIFE TIME

 

 

D.1557

D.1558

1595-71

D1557

1522-81

TIME IN OFFICE

 

 

1553 AND 1555

1554

1554–1555

1553 AND 1555

1558

UNDER ELIZABETH I OF ENGLAND

NAME OF SPEAKER
 
THOMAS GARGRAVE
THOMAS WILLIAMS
RICHARD ONSLOW
CHRISTOPHER WRAY
ROBERT BELL
SIR JOHN POPHAM
SIR JOHN PUCKERING
THOMAS SNAGGE
SIR EDWARD COKE
CHRISTOPHER YELVERTON
SIR JOHN CROKE

LIFE TIME

 

1495-79

1513-66

1528-71

1524-92

D,1577

1531-1607

1544-96

1536-93

1552-1634

1536-1612

1553-1620

TIME IN OFFICE

 

1558-59

1563-66

1566–1571

1571

1572–1576

1580 -1583

1584–1586

1588–1589

1592–1593

1597

1601

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