THE WEDDINGS OF KING HENRY VIII OF ENGLAND

 On the 19th of May 2018, Prince Harry married Meghan Markle. Multitudes of people around the globe tuned in to this televised event. King  Henry viii and his six wives were more of a had much attention of its time and have been a topic of many BBC documentaries and TV dramas

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

In Tudor, times, however, there were only written records left  One of our most famous monarchs for his weddings, is King Henry VIII of England. His personal life turned England upside down and brought the birth of the Church of England. This King's needs to have a male heir changed the whole of English History.

 

HENRY'S WIVES

DIVORCED
BEHEADED
DIED
DIVORCED
BEHEADED
OUTLIVED

ROYAL WEDDINGS OF KING HENRY VIII  

          WIFE                                      FACTS

 

 CATHERINE OF ARAGON

  • DATE 11th June 1509

  • VENUE  Queen’s closet at Greenwich Palace

  • MARRIAGE PERFORMED BY William Warham

  • EXTRA FACTS Catherine was the widow of Arthur Prince of Wales, Henry's older brother marriage to Catherine had depended on Pope Julius II granting a special dispensation because canon law forbade a man to marry his brother’s widow. Catherine testified that her marriage to Arthur was never consummated and as such was not valid., Henry's wedding to Catherine was kept low-key and Henry was only two days away from his 18th birthday.

  • Catherine's marriage lasted for over twenty years, However when  she couldn't provide him with a male heir, Henry strayed and his attention fell on his next wife Anne Boleyn.

  • KNOWN GUESTS William Thomas and George Talbot, 4th Earl of Shrewsbury,

      ANNE BOLEYN

  • DATE 25th January 1533

  • VENUE London  

  • MARRIAGE PERFORMED by Rowland Lee  Bishop

  • EXTRA FACTS Anne was Henry VIII second wife. She had waited years for this marriage t0o happen. It took Henry breaking away from the Catholic church in Rome for things to progress and a divorce from his first wife Catherine of Aragon  

  •  Henry and Anne had married previously in a secret ceremony on the November 14th, 1532, St Erkenwald’s Day Anne soon became pregnant to legalize the first wedding, which was deemed as unlawfully married again in private. 

  • KNOWN GUESTS Henry Norris who was the groom of the stool and Thomas Mr Henage of the Privy Chamber and the Lady Barkeley,

     

      JANE SEYMOUR

  • DATE 30th June 1936

  • VENUE Palace of WhitehallWhitehallLondon, in the Queen's closet.

  • MARRIAGE PERFORMED BY Stephen Gardiner Bishop of Winchester

  • EXTRA FACTS As a wedding gift the King made her a grant of 104 manors in four counties as well as a number of forests and hunting chases for her jointure, the income to support her during their marriage. Jane was a second to Anne Boleyn, Henry VIII second wife.

  • As part of the preparations for the royal wedding, Anne’s Boleyn falcon badges were immediacy replaced with Jane’s personal emblem, ‘a phoenix rising from a castle amid flames and Tudor roses painted in red and white’ After the wedding ceremony, Jane presided over the court for the first time seated in the Queen’s chair beneath the canopy of royal estate.

   ANNE OF CLEVES

  • DATE 6TH JANUARY 1540

  • VENUE  Palace of Placentia in Greenwich, London

  • MARRIAGE PERFORMED BY  Thomas Cranmer. Archbishop of Canterbury

  • EXTRA FACTS It was Thomas Cromwell, Henry's Master Secretary, who suggested the German Anne of Cleves. She was the sister of the Duke of Cleves, and Cromwell saw it as a safe match and had good prospects of an alliance. When Henry VII first met Anne, he disguised himself and was disappointed when Anne never recognised him. Henry never took well to Anne and wanted out of the marriage, but due to plans being in place at that moment in time he couldn't wriggle out of it. The phrase "God send me well to keep" was engraved around Anne's wedding ring

  • The marriage was lucky to last six months and Anne had the lucky escape of being left with the title of “The Kings Beloved Sister”.

 CATHERINE HOWARD

    CATHERINE PARR

  • DATE 12th July 1543Rowland Lee  Bishop

  • VENUE Hampton Court Palace. 

  • MARRIAGE PERFORMED BY Bishop Rowland Lee 

  • EXTRA FACTS Catherine was the first Queen of England also to be Queen of Ireland following Henry's adoption of the title King of Ireland. Catherine and Henry were third cousins-once-removed through both their mother's side.

  • GUESTS Around two dozen. including Henry's daughter ThePrincess Mary and Elizabeth and his niece Margaret Douglas, Charles Brandon and his wife Catherine.Anne Seymour the Countess of Hertford and the New Queen Catherine’s sister and brother-in-law, Anne and William Herbert.

  • The wedding was followed by a special celebration breakfast and Catherine was proclaimed Queen of England. 

 
In each of Henry VIII of England marriages, the  following vows  is believed to have been the same for all :
 
I, Henry, take thee to be my wedded wife, to have and to hold from this day forward, for better for worse, for richer for poorer, in sickness and in health, till death do us part, and thereto I plight thee my troth.’
 
Then the Queen replied, ‘I take thee, Henry, to my wedded husband’, followed by the same vow as Henry’s but with the promise to be ‘bonny and buxom in bed and board’.

MARRIAGE CUSTOMS AND TRADITIONS IN TUDOR TIMES

CUSTOMS AND TRADITIONS
 
The marriage and weddings process was very different from modern day Britain now.  The Church's law dictated that all that made a legal marriage was the consent of two people.
 
If a couple decided to get married in a church there were strict rules that they had to follow. There were certain days, such as Holy Days, on which they could not get married. Also, before the marriage, the couple had to attend church for three Holy Days leading up to their marriage.
 
AGE OF CONSENT
The age of consent was very different, Richard of Shrewsbury, the son of King Edward IV was only five years old when he married the four-year-old Anne de Mowbray, 8th Countess of Norfolk. Both children would never co-habit together until a mature age. However, due to their marriage, the King would have control of the wealth that came with Anne. In general, the minimum age was twelve for a girl and fourteen for boys, when it came to sex in marriage. Girls were expected to bare a son and carry on the male bloodline for the husband. Once married, the law gave a husband full rights over his wife. She effectively became his property. 
 
FINANCIAL OBLIGATION 
At the betrothal, the groom was expected to do a payment, liken to a  deposit, which would strengthen his commitment to the bride. Should in return out for whatever reason, he was obligated to pay a fee, four times the sum or its equivalent, that he had originally paid. There was also the dowry, gifts of money or goods made from the bride’s family to the new household.
 
CHOICES
Many marriages were organised by family members. The family's preferences and choices were Influenced by the wealth they would attain by through the marriage match or a rise in status for their family. If a couple wished to break off the marriage or to separate they had to take their matter to the Church court. Then later have a have a marriage annulled the person had would have to prove that they were insane when they married, or they were too closely related to their new spouse, or that the marriage had never been consummated, Not a very comfortable process. 
 
Henry VIII famously broke with Rome when he sought an annulment of his marriage from his first wife Catherine of Aragon, turning the whole church upside down. 
 
CEREMONY
The most important part of the marriage service was a full form of trothplight, in which both partners promised to love and cherish each other until death in both sickness and health. The woman also undertook to obey her husband. The man then gave the woman the wedding ring, putting it on the fourth finger of her left hand. He declared that he endowed her with all his worldly goods. The priest pronounced the couple man and wife and invoked God’s blessing upon them.
 
WEDDING DRESS
 The bride rarely bought a special wedding dress, she would go to their best outfit instead. Green was always avoided, as it was thought to be unlucky. To say a girl 'had a green gown' also suggested that she was of loose morals because her dress would be grass-stained due to rolling around in the fields! Hence 'Marry in Green, ashamed to be seen'. White Dresses were made popular by Queen Victoria, who broke the tradition of royals marrying in Silver.

 
THE BEDDING CEREMONY 
This was a  wedding custom of putting the newlywed couple together in the marital bed before numerous witnesses, thereby completing the marriage. The consummation itself, meaning. the couple's first sexual intercourse was not witnessed in most of Western Europe. The original purpose of the bedding ceremony was to establish the consummation of the marriage, without which the union could be annulled
 
In England, the ceremony usually started with a priest blessing the bed, after which the newly-weds prepared themselves for bed and drank sweet and spicy wine. The groomsmen and the bridesmaids then sat on the sides of the bed and threw the couple's stockings at them; a hit was believed to indicate that the thrower would soon marry. Finally, the curtains were drawn around the bed and the couple were left alone Many refused to take part in the bedding ceremony, King Charles 1st notably barred the door of his bedroom but despite his rejection, the custom remained in force for another century among all social classes, including the royal family.
 
Theo old tradition of tying old shoes to the back of the couple's car stems from Tudor times when guests would throw shoes at the bride & groom, with great luck being bestowed on them if they or their carriage were hit!

 
WEDDING CAKE
The Wedding Cake was originally lots of little wheat cakes that were broken over the Bride's head to bestow good luck and fertility.
Wedding Veil OOne wedding superstition about the wedding veil is that it was once thought that brides were very vulnerable to evil spirits and many customs were originated to fight off these evil spirits for the bride. The bride’s veil was an attempt to disguise her face to fool the evil spirits.
 
FLOWERS
Flowers have always been a part of weddings. This stems from the medieval tradition of a Knight wearing his Lady's colours, as a declaration of his love. Each flower has its own meaning and can display a special message

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