THOMAS FAIRFAX, 3RD LORD FAIRFAX OF CAMERON

TIME-LINE OF THOMAS FAIRFAX, 3RD LORD FAIRFAX OF CAMERON

1612
  • 17TH JANUARY Thomas Fairfax was born at Denton Hall son of Ferdinando Fairfax, 2nd Lord Fairfax of Cameron and Mary Sheffield
1614
  • 22ND MARCH Thomas brother Charles Fairfax is born
1619
  • JUNE Thomas mother Lady Mary Sheffield died.
1625
  • 27TH MARCH King James VI/1st England is dead and now his son Charles 1st is king of Great Britain.
1626
  • Thomas studied at St John's College, Cambridge and Gray's Inn (1626–1628)
1627
  • King Charles I created the title Lord Fairfax of Cameron in 1627 for Sir Thomas Fairfax who was Thomas grandfather.
1629
  • Thomas was sent to the Low Countries to learn the art of war under Sir Horace Vere
  • Thomas was present at The siege of Bois-le-Duc
1632
  • Thomas returned to England.
1637
  • 20TH JUNE Thomas married Hon. Anne de Vere,
1638
  • 30TH JULY Mary, Thomas' daughter is born.
1639
  • Thomas commanded a troop of Yorkshire dragoons which marched with King Charles I against the Scots in the First Bishops' War,
1640
  • Thomas father Ferdinando Fairfax is now Lord Fairfax of Cameron
1641
  • Thomas was knighted
1642
  • 3RD JUNE Thomas presented to  King Charles on Heworth Moor a petition of the Yorkshire gentry and freeholders. Which King Charles refused to accept.
  • 22ND AUGUST The start of English Civil War
  • Thomas gained the rank of General of Horse in the Parliamentary Forces
  • 29TH AUGUST Thomas signed the protest of the Yorkshire parliamentarians
1644
  • 29TH JANUARY Thomas defeated Lord Byron and the English troops recalled from Ireland at Nantwich in Cheshire, took fifteen hundred prisoners, and followed up the victory by capturing three royalist garrisons.
  • MAY 1644 - JUNE Thomas fought for Parliamentarians during the Siege of OxfordPart of the First English Civil War Location Oxford, Oxfordshire
  • 2ND JULY Thomas fought for Parliamentarians at the Battle of Marston Moor Part of the English Civil War Location near Long Marston, North Yorkshire Result Decisive Parliamentarian – Covenanter victory
  • 7TH JULY Thomas brother Charles Fairfax was killed in action.
  • AUGUST siege of Helmsley Castle .Thomas was dangerously wounded by a musket-ball, which broke his shoulder,
1645
  • 6TH JANUARY Thomas was made Captain General of The New Model Army of England
  • 14TH JUNE Thomas fought for Parliamentarians at the The Battle of Naseby Location Naseby, Northamptonshire, England Result Decisive Parliamentarian victory
  • 10TH JULY Thomas fought in the Battle of Langport Part of English Civil War Location Langport, near Yeovil, Somerset Result Parliamentarian victory
  • 12TH NOVEMBER Thomas arrived in London
1646
  • Thomas placed Wallingford Castle under siege the castle finally surrendered in July
1647
  • AUGUST Thomas is constable of the Tower of London 1647 and 1650.
1648
  • 14TH MARCH Thomas father, Ferdinando Fairfax, 2nd Lord Fairfax of Cameron died
  • 1ST JUNE Thomas fought for Parliamentarians at the The Battle of Maidstone,Part of the Second English Civil War, Location Maidstone, Kent, England Result Parliamentarian victory
  • 12TH JUNE-28TH AUGUST Thomas fought for Parliamentarians during the Siege of Colchester Location Colchester, England Result Parliamentary victory
  • DECEMBER Pride's Purge Part of Second English Civil War
1649
  • JANUARY John Geree asked Thomas wife ,Anne and her mother to intercede on the King's behalf to prevent his execution at
  • 30TH JANUARY The execution of King Charles 1st of England Whitehall, London
  • Charles II is declared King of Scotland.30 January 1649 –
    3rd September 1651
  • FEBRUARY Thomas was elected Member of Parliament for Cirencester in the Rump Parliament
  • MARCH Thomas was as also reappointed commander-in-chief of all the forces in England and Ireland
  • MAY Thomas last service as Commander-in-chief , The suppression of the Leveller mutiny at Burford
  • 4TH MAY Thomas sister Frances Fairfax died.
  • Thomas held Member of the Council of State 1649 and 1651
1651
  • 3RD SEPTEMBER The Emg of The English Civil War
  • Thomas is now Head of State of the Isle of Man
1654
  • Thomas is elected West Riding in the First Protectorate Parliament
1657
  • Thomas daughter mary jilted Philip Stanhope, 2nd Earl of Chesterfield in favour for the Dyke of Buckingham.
  • 15TH SEPTEMBER Thomas' daughter Mary married George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buckingham
1658
  • 3RD OCTOBER Oliver Cromwell is dead and now his son Richard takes over his role. Richard is not as successful as his father.
1659
  • Thomas and his wife Anne had to negotiate a £20,000 surety to allow the release of their son-in-law, the Duke of Buckingham, from the Tower of London
  • Thomas held Member of the Council of State 1659 to 1660
  • DECEMBER Thomas appeared at the head of a body of Yorkshire gentlemen and such was the influence of Thomas name and reputation that 1,200 horse quit Lambert's colours and joined him. This was speedily followed by the breaking up of all Lambert's forces, and that day secured the restoration of the monarchy. Due to this and his conduct during Civil war, he was spared the same fate of Royalist retributions when Charles II was restored to the throne.
1660
  • APRIL Thomas is was re-elected MP for Yorkshire in the Convention Parliament.
  • 29TH MAY Charles II  as king of Great Britain.
  • Thomas was accompanied to Breda (Netherlands) with Edward Bowles
  • Thomas went into retirement at his seat in Yorkshire, where he stayed for the last remaining eleven years of his life.
  • Thomas is Custos Rotulorum of the West Riding of Yorkshire
1665
  • Anne Vere Thomas wife died at Nun Appleton Hall
1671
  • 12TH NOVEMBER Thomas Fairfax died at Nun Appleton, West Riding of Yorkshire, England
 
Thomas Fairfax, 3rd Lord Fairfax of Cameron was buried in Buried Bilbrough, Yorkshire

EXTRA FACTS ON THOMAS FAIRFAX, 3RD LORD FAIRFAX OF CAMERON

  • Thomas Fairfax, was 3rd Lord Fairfax of Cameron
  • Thomas was a English nobleman, peer, politician, general, and an important Parliamentary commander-in-chief during the English Civil War
  • In Thomas life time there were three monarchs, James VI/1st England, Charles 1st England, then the Common Wealth under Oliver Cromwell and then Charles II.
  • Thomas has five sisters and one brothers.
  • Due to Thomas dark hair and eyes and a swarthy complexion, he was given the nickname "Black Tom .
  • Ferdinando Fairfax, 2nd Lord Fairfax of Cameron was also a commander in the Parliamentary army in the English Civil War.
  • Thomas was uncomfortable with Oliver Cromwell's policy and publicly refused to take part in Charles's show trial. He resigned, leaving Cromwell to control the republic.Thomas had always been more at home in the field than at the head of a political committee.Thomas was not amongst those who signed the death warrrent of King Charles 1st.
  • Thomas had a taste for literature. He translated some of the Psalms, and wrote poems on solitude, the Christian warfare, the shortness of life, etc .During the last year or two of his life he wrote two Memorials which have been published
  • Thomas daughter Maery was married to George Villiers. George was the son of George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham,favourite of James I and Charles I who was was assassinated .

 FICTIONAL PORTRAYALS OF THOMAS FAIRFAX, 3RD LORD FAIRFAX OF CAMERON

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