THOMAS HOWARD, 2ND DUKE OF NORFOLK

TIME-LINE AND ADDITIONAL FACTS ON THOMAS HOWARD, 2ND DUKE OF NORFOLK, A GRANDFATHER TO TWO QUEEN CONSORTS ANNE BOLEYN AND CATHERINE HOWARD.

TIME-LINE THOMAS HOWARD, 2ND DUKE OF NORFOLK

DATE                                 EVENT  
 
1443
  • Thomas Howard is born at at Stoke-by-Nayland, Suffolk, the son of John Howard (1st Duke Norfolk) and Katherine Moleyns
1446
  • Thomas sister Anne Howard is born
1450
  • Thomas sister Jane Howard is born.
1461
1465
  • 3RD NOVEMBER Thomas mother Catherine Moleyns died.
1467
  • 22ND JANUARY Thomas father John Howard married for a second time to Margaret Chedworth
1468
  • Thomas brother Nicholas Howard died.
1469
1470
  • 3RD OCTOBER King Edward IV is deposed and now Henry VI is briefly re-instated.
  • Thomas took sanctuary at Colchester
1471
  • 11TH APRIL King Henry VI is deposed and now Edward IV is re-instated
  • 14TH APRIL Thomas fought in the Battle of Barnet.Part of the Wars of the Roses Location (North of Barnet, Hertfordshire, England) Result Yorkist victory Thomas as severely wounded
1472
  • 30TH APRIL Thomas married Elizabeth Tilney widow of Sir Humphrey Bourchier, slain at Barnet
  • Thomas went as a volunteer to the camp of Charles, duke of Burgundy, who was threatening war against Louis XI of France
1473
1474
  • Thomas sister Anne Howard died.
1475
  • JUNE Thomas led six men-at-arms and two hundred archers to join the king's army in France; but Edward soon made peace with Louis XI, and led his forces home without a battle
1476
  • Framlingham Castle is passed to Thomas father John.
  • Thomas was made sheriff of the counties of Norfolk and Suffolk
1478
  • 15TH JANUARY Thomas was knighted by King Edward IV of England. This was done at the wedding of King Edward IV son Richard of Shrewsbury and Anne Mowbray.
1480
1483
  • 9TH APRIL King Edward IV is dead an now His son Edward V is king of England.
  • Thomas Howard and his father John supported Richard III usurpation of the throne.
  • 26TH JUNE King Edward V is deposed for his uncle Richard III of England
  • 28TH JUNE Thomas is made Earl of Surrey and his father John is created Duke of Norfolk 1483-1514
  • Thomas is was also sworn into the Privy Council and invested with the Order of the Garter.
  • JULY The  joint coronation of King Richard III and his consort Anne Neville Thomas bore the Sword of State at Richard's coronation, and served as steward at the coronation banquet. .
  • SUMMER Both princes (The deposed Edward V and Richard of Shrewsbury) go missing from captivity in the Tower . They both are presumed death, murdered even though no bodies were found.
  • OCTOBER Thomas and his father help suppress the Buckingham's rebellion which was Part of the Wars of the Roses
1485
  • 22ND AUGUST Thomas and his father John fought at The Battle of Bosworth. This was between Richard III and Henry Tudor. Result Henry Tudor wins and becomes Henry VII of England.Richard IIIis killed at the battle.
  • John Howard Thomas' father is killed at this battle.
  • Thomas Howard was wounded at Bosworth and imprisoned in the Tower for several years, and the dukedom of Norfolk was forfeited . Thomas remained in the Tower for three years and a half, receiving the liberal allowance of 2l. a week for his board
1487
  • Thomas was offered an opportunity to escape the Tower during the rebellion of the Earl of Lincoln but refused
  • 25TH NOVEMBER Thomas and Elizabeth Tilney his wife attended the coronation of Henry VII 's Queen  consort Elizabeth of York, who appointed Elizabeth a Lady of the Bedchamber.
1489
  • Thomas was released from the Tower of London.
  • LATE NOVEMBER /DECEMBER Elizabeth, Thomas wife was Godmother to Henry VII daughter the princess Margaret, Margaret was baptised in St. Margaret's Church, Westminster
1490
  • 13TH MAY Thomas step-son John Bourchier married his half-sister, Katherine Howard
  • MAY Princes Arthur of Wales was created warden of all the marches towards Scotland and Thomas appointed as the Prince's deputy
1495
1497
  • 4TH APRIL Thomas wife Elizabeth Tilney died
  • 17TH AUGUST Thomas married his first wife Elizabeth cousin, Agnes Tilney,
  • Thomas was was given a command in Scotland and took his sons Thomas and Edward with him
  • 30TH SEPTEMEBER Thomas knighted both Thomas and Edward his sons at Ayton Castle after the signing of a treaty concluding an invasion by James IV of Scotland
1498
  • MAY King Henry VII of England restored Thomas to the earldom of Surrey
1499
  • Thomas was recalled to court
  • Thomas daughter Elizabeth married Thomas Boleyn.
1500
  • Thomas accompanied King Henry VII of England on a state visit to France
1501
  • Thomas was sworn of the Privy Council,
  • 16TH JUNE Thomas is made Lord High Treasurer 1501–1522
  • Thomas granddaughter, Anne Boleyn is Born, through his daughter Elizabeth. Anne Boleyn would be the future Queen consort of King Henry VIII of England
  • Thomas was involved in successful diplomatic negotiations with King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella for a marriage between the Spanish Infanta, Catherine of Aragon, and Henry VII's eldest son Arthur, Prince of Wales.
1502
  • APRIL Thomas supervised the funeral of Arthur prince of Wales, Henry VII eldest son. Thomas also acted as chief mourner
1503
  • JUNE Thomas along with his son Edward escorted the King's Henry VII daughter, Margaret Tudor, to Scotland for her wedding to King James IV. He was at the head of the escort which conducted the princess from her grandmother's house of Colliweston, Northampton, to Edinburgh,
1505
  • 18TH FEBRUARY Thomas son Edward married Elizabeth Stapleton
1506
  • JANUARY Thomas son Edward married Alice Lovell
  • 9TH JULY Thomas daughter from his first marriage to Elizabeth Tilney married for a second time to Sir Thomas Knyvett
1508
  • 15TH AUGUST Thomas sister Jane Howard died.
  • Thomas was sent to Antwerp to negotiate for the marriage of Henry's VII daughter Mary with Charles, prince of Castile
1509
  • MARCH Thomas was one of the commissioners to conclude a treaty with France
  • 21ST APRIL King Henry VII is dead and now his son Henry VIII is King of England.
  • Thomas was was an executor of the late King' Henry VII will,
  • Thomas is made Earl Marshal 1509–1524
  • 24TH JUNE The joint coronation of king Henry VIII of England and Catherine of Aragon Edward Thomas son was appointed the King's standard-bearer . His second son Edmund helped organized the jousts for the joint coronation While Thomas himself served as Earl Marshal.
1510
  • Thomas son William Howard, is born from his second wife Agnes Tilney
1511
  • Thomas' son Lord Thomas Howard is born from his second wife Agnes Tilney
  • 11TH JANUARY Thomas was one of the Godparents to Henry, Duke of Cornwall ,Henry VIIIand Catherine of Aragon son. The child died by the 22nd February that same year.
1512
  • 1ST MAY Thomas daughter Anne Howard from his second wife Agnes Tilney married John de Vere, 14th Earl of Oxford
  • Thomas daughter Muriel Howard by his first wife, Elizabeth Tilney died.
1513
  • 8TH JANUARY Thomas son and heir Thomas Howard married for a second time to married Lady Elizabeth Stafford
  • 25TH APRIL Thomas' son Edward died
  • JULY Thomas was in Doncaster and then went on to Pontefract, where he was assembling and organising more troops from northern England in preparation for battle
  • 9TH SEPTEMEBER Thomas and his sons fought at the The Battle of Flodden, Part of the War of the League of Cambrai Location Near Branxton, Northumberland, England Result English victory . Queen consort Catherine of Aragon was there in the battle also. James IV of Scotland is killed at the battle.
1514
  • 1ST FEBRUARY Thomas is now created Duke of Norfolk 1514-24 and on that same day his son Thomas Howard was created Earl of Surrey for life. Both were granted lands and annuities, and the Howard arms were augmented in honour of Flodden
  • Thomas joined Thomas Wolsey and Foxe in negotiating the marriage of Mary Tudor the sister of King Henry VIII of England to King Louis XII of France
  • Henry VIIIof England gives Thomas Hunsdon House in Hunsdon, Hertfordshire, England,
1516
1517
  • 1ST MAY Thomas led a private army of 1300 retainers into London to suppress the Evil May Day riots
  • Thomas son from his second wife Agnes Tilney, Richard Howard died
1520
1521
  • APRIL Thomas presided as Lord High Steward over the trial of Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham. In which Edward Stafford was found guilty and later executed in the May that year.
1522
  • Thomas went on a expedition to France in command of the Santa Maria.
  • 4TH DECEMBER Thomas resigned from the position of Lord Treasurer upon that his son Thomas Howard Earl of Surrey was given the position.
  • Thomas was almost 80 years of age and in failing health. He retired to his ducal castle at Framlingham in Suffolk
1523
  • APRIL Thomas attended the opening of Parliament,
  • Thomas granddaughter Catherine Howard is born, The future Queen consort of Henry VIII of England, through his third son Edmund.
1524
  • Thomas daughter Catherine from  his second wife Agnes Tilney married Rhys ap Gruffydd
  • 21ST MAY Thomas Howard the 2nd Duke of Norfolk died at the age of eighty-one years at his ducal castle at Framlingham in Suffolk
On the 22nd June Thomas Howard was buried  at Thetford Priory

EXTRA FACTS ON THOMAS HOWARD, 2ND DUKE OF NORFOLK

  • Thomas Howard, was the 2nd Duke of Norfolk abd was Earl of Surrey
  • Thomas was a descendant of English royalty On his father's side, He was descended from Richard, 1st Earl of Cornwall, the second son of King John, who had an illegitimate son, named Richard whose daughter, Joan of Cornwall, married Sir John Howard .
 
  • Thomas was educated at the school at Thetford . Then went on to have a long career of service at court as henchman to Edward IV.
 
  • Thomas and his father John Howard were close friends and companion of Richard, Duke of Gloucester, the Future Richard II of England. When Henry VII (Tudor) can to the throne, after the battle of Bosworth it took time for Thomas to gain Henry Tudor's Trust, but it did happen.
 
  • Thomas first wife and second wife were first cousins ro eachother.
  • Thomas first wife Elizabeth had served as a lady-in-waiting to Queen consort Elizabeth Woodville, and later as Lady of the Bedchamber to the Queen's daughter, Elizabeth of York, consort of King Henry VII of England
  • Thomas funeral was said to have been 'spectacular and enormously expensive, costing over £1300 and including a procession of 400 hooded men bearing torches and an elaborate bier surmounted with 100 wax effigies and 700 candles', befitting the richest and most powerful peer in England . After the dissolution of Thetford Priory, the Howard tombs were moved to the Church of St Michael the Archangel, Framlingham

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