A TIME-LINE OF NOTABLE PEOPLE

FROM THE ROMANTICISM

Romanticism was an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century, and in most areas was at its peak in the approximate period from 1800 to 1850. 

TIME-LINE

1736

27th October

The birth of James Macpherson (D.17th February 1796) was a Scottish writer, poet, literary collector and politician, known as the "translator" of the Ossian cycle of epic poems. He was the first Scottish poet to gain an international reputation.

1741

7th February

The birth of Henry Fuseli (D.17 April 1825) He was a Swiss painter, draughtsman and writer on art who spent much of his life in Britain. Many of his works, such as The Nightmare, deal with supernatural subject-matter.

1756

27th January

The birth of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (D. 5th December 1791) He was a prolific and influential composers. He composed more than 600 works, many of which are acknowledged as pinnacles of symphonic, concertante, chamber, operatic, and choral music. He is among the greatest and most enduringly popular of classical composers, and his influence is profound on subsequent Western art music.

1757

28th November

The birth of William Blake (D.12th August 1827). Who  was an English poet, painter, and printmaker. Largely unrecognised during his lifetime, Blake is now considered a seminal figure in the history of the poetry and visual arts of the Romantic Age. Blake was placed at number 38 in the BBC's poll of the 100 Greatest Britons. 

1759

25th January

The birth of Robert Burns,(D.21st July 1796) also known familiarly as Rabbie Burns,

the National Bard, Bard of Ayrshire and the Ploughman Poet and various other names and epithets.

He was a Scottish poet and lyricist. He is widely regarded as the national poet of Scotland and is celebrated worldwide. He is regarded as a pioneer of the Romantic movement, and after his death he became a great source of inspiration to the founders of both liberalism and socialism, and a cultural icon in Scotland and among the Scottish diaspora around the world.

1763

21st March

The Birth of Jean Paul(Johann Paul Friedrich Richter) (D.14th November 1825) He was a German Romantic writer, best known for his humorous novels and stories.

1764

9th July

The birth of Ann Radcliffe (D.7th February 1823) was an English author and pioneer of Gothic fiction. She was the most popular writer of her day and almost universally admired; contemporary critics called her the mighty enchantress and the Shakespeare of romance-writers

1767

29th January

The birth of Anne-Louis Girodet de Roussy-Trioson (D.9th December 1824). He was a French painter and pupil of Jacques-Louis David, who participated in the early Romantic movement by including elements of eroticism in his paintings. Girodet is remembered for his precise and clear style and for his paintings of members of the Napoleonic family.

1769

23rd October

The birth James Ward (D. 17th November 1859) He was a British painter, particularly of animals, and an engraver.

1770

7th February

The birth of William Wordsworth (D.23rd April 1850) who was an English Romantic poet who, with Samuel Taylor Coleridge, helped to launch the Romantic Age in English literature with their joint publication Lyrical Ballads 

17th December 

The baptism of Ludwig van Beethoven (D.26th March 1827).

He was a German composer and pianist. He was a crucial figure in the transition between the classical and romantic eras in classical music and is considered to be one of the greatest composers of all time.     

 

1771

15th August

The birth of  Sir Walter Scott, 1st Baronet (D. 21st September 1832). He  was a Scottish historical novelist, poet, playwright and historian. Many of his works remain classics of both English-language literature and of Scottish literature. Famous titles include Ivanhoe, Rob Roy, Old Mortality, The Lady of the Lake, Waverley

 

25th December

The birth of Dorothy Mae Ann Wordsworth (D.25th January 1855) was an English author, poet, and diarist. She was the sister of the Romantic poet William Wordsworth, and the two were close all their adult lives.

 

1772

21st October

The birth of  Samuel Taylor Coleridge (D.25th July 1834) He was an English poet, literary critic, philosopher and theologian who, with his friend William Wordsworth, was a founder of the Romantic Movement in England and a member of the Lake Poets

 

1774

12th August

The birth of Robert Southey (D.21st March 1843) was an English poet of the Romantic school, one of the Lake Poets. The English word "zombie", from the Haitian French "zombi", is purported to have first been recorded by Southey in his 1819 essay History of Brazil.

 

5th September

The birth of Caspar David Friedrich (D. 7th May 1840) was a 19th-century German Romantic

 landscape painter, generally considered the most important German artist of his generation.He is best known for his mid-period allegorical landscapes which typically feature contemplative figures silhouetted against night skies.

1775

10th February

The birth of Charles Lamb (D. 27th December 1834) was an English

essayist, poet, and antiquarian, best known for his Essays of Elia and for the children's book Tales from Shakespeare, co-authored with his sister, Mary Lamb (1764–1847).

23rd April

The birth of J. M. W. Turner (Joseph Mallord William Turner) (D. 19th December 1851) He was an English Romantic painter, printmaker and watercolourist. He is known for his expressive colourisation, imaginative landscapes and turbulent, often violent marine paintings.

16th December

The birth of Jane Austen (D. 18th July 1817) was an English novelist known primarily for her six major novels, Sense and Sensibility (1811), Pride and Prejudice (1813), Mansfield Park (1814) and Emma (1816)

1776

24th January

The birth of Ernst Theodor Amadeus Hoffmann (D.25th June 1822) was a German Romantic author of fantasy and Gothic horror, a jurist, composer, music critic and artist. He is also the author of the novella The Nutcracker and the Mouse King, on which Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's ballet The Nutcracker is based.

11th  June

 The birth of John Constable,(D.31st March 1837) He was an English landscape painter in the Romantic tradition. Born in Suffolk, he is known principally for his landscape paintings of Dedham Vale, the area surrounding his home – now known as "Constable Country"

1777

23rd July

The birth of Philipp Otto Runge (D. 2nd December 1810) was a Romantic German painter and draughtsman. Although he made a late start to his career and died young, he is considered among the best German Romantic painters.

1778

10th April

The birth of William Hazlitt (D.8th September 1830) He was an English essayist, drama and literary critic, painter, social commentator, and philosopher. He is now considered one of the greatest critics and essayists in the history of the English language.

17th December

The birth of Sir Humphry Davy, 1st Baronet (D.29th May 1829) He was a Cornish chemist and inventor/ In 1799, he experimented with nitrous oxide and was astonished at how it made him laugh, so he nicknamed it "laughing gas" and wrote about its potential anaesthetic properties in relieving pain during surgery.

1782

27th October

The birth of Niccolò Paganini (D.27 May 1840) He was an Italian violinist, violist, guitarist, and composer. He was the most celebrated violin virtuoso of his time, and left his mark as one of the pillars of modern violin technique. He was described as a man who sold his soul to the devil in exchange for impossible techniques on the violin. 

 

1783

24th February

The birth of Vasily Zhukovsky (D.April 24th, 1852). He was the foremost Russian poet of the 1810s and a leading figure in Russian literature in the first half of the 19th century. He held a high position at the Romanov court as tutor to the Grand Duchess Alexandra Feodorovna .Zhukovsky is credited with introducing the Romantic Movement into Russia.

3rd April

The birth of Washington Irving, (D.28th November 1859) was an American short-story writer, essayist, biographer, historian, and diplomat of the early 19th century. He is best known for his short stories "Rip Van Winkle" (1819) and "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" (1820)

1786

18/19th November

The birth of Carl Maria von Weber full name, Carl Maria Friedrich Ernst von Weber.

(D.5th June 1826) was a German composer, conductor, pianist, guitarist and critic, and was one of the first significant composers of the Romantic school.

1788

22nd January

The birth of George Gordon Byron, the 6th Baron Byron (D.19th April 1824) He was an English poet, peer, and politician who became a revolutionary in the Greek War of Independence, and is considered one of the historical leading figures of the Romantic movement of his era.He is regarded as one of the greatest English poets and remains widely read and influential.

1789

19th July

The birth of John Martin (D. 17 February 1854)He was an English Romantic painter, engraver and illustrator.Known for Painting, engraving, illustration

1791

10th February

The birth of Francesco Hayez (D.12th February 1882) was an Italian painter, the leading artist of Romanticism in mid-19th-century Milan, renowned for his grand historical paintings, political allegories

26th September

The birth of Théodore Géricault (D.26th January 1824) He was an influential

French painter and lithographer, whose best-known painting is The Raft of the Medusa

1792

29th February

The birth of Gioachino Rossini full name, Gioachino Antonio Rossini. (D.13th November 1868) was an Italian composer who gained fame for his 39 operas, although he also wrote many songs, some chamber music and piano pieces, and some sacred music.​

 

4th August

The birth of Percy Bysshe Shelley (D.8th July 1822) He was one of the major English Romantic poets, who is regarded by some as among the finest lyric and philosophical poets in the English language, and one of the most influential.Shelley own second wife, Mary Shelley, the author of Frankenstein.

23rd July

The birth of Pyotr Vyazemsky full name Prince Pyotr Andreyevich Vyazemsky (D. 22nd November 1878). A leading personality of the Golden Age of Russian poetry.

1793

13th July

The birth of John Clare (D.20th May 1864) was an English poet. He known for his celebrations of the English countryside and sorrows at its disruption

1795

10th February 

The birth of Ary Scheffer(D.15th June 1858)He  was a Dutch-French Romantic painter.He was known mostly for his works based on literature, with paintings based on the works of Dante, Goethe.

7th September

The birth of John William Polidori (D.24th August 1821) was an English writer and physician. He is known for his associations with the Romantic movement and credited by some as the creator of the vampire genre of fantasy fiction. His most successful work was the short story "The Vampyre" (1819), the first published modern vampire story.

31st October

The Birth of John Keats (D.23rd February 1821) He was an English Romantic poet. The poetry of Keats is characterised by sensual imagery, most notably in the series of odes.Some of his most acclaimed works were "Ode to a Nightingale", "Sleep and Poetry", and the famous sonnet "On First Looking into Chapman's Homer".

4th December 

The birth of Thomas Carlyle (D.5th February 1881)was a British historian, satirical writer,

 essayisttranslator,philosopher, mathematician, and teacher.His works included On Heroes, Hero-Worship, and The Heroic in History.A great polemicist, Carlyle coined the term "the dismal science"

 

1896

26th July

The birth of George Catlin (D.23rd December 1872) . He was an American painter, author, and traveler, who specialized in portraits of Native Americans in the Old West. Catlin was the first white man to depict Plains Indians in their native territory.

1797

27th March

The birth of Alfred de Vigny (D.17th September 1863) was a French poet and early leader of French Romanticism. He also produced novels, plays, and translations of Shakespeare.

30th August

The birth of Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley (D.1st February 1851)Who was an English novelist who wrote the Gothic novel Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus (1818).

1798

26th April

The birth of Eugène Delacroix full name Ferdinand Victor Eugène Delacroix ,(D.13th August 1863)

He was a French Romantic artist regarded from the outset of his career as the leader of the French Romantic school.

1799

6th June

The birth of Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin (D.10th February 1837).He was a Russian poet, playwright, and novelist of the Romantic era who is considered by many to be the greatest Russian poet and the founder of modern Russian literature.

 

12th December

The birth of Karl Bryullov(D.11th June 1852),original name

Charles Bruleau,also transliterated Briullov and Briuloff, and referred to by his friends as "Karl the Great", was a Russian painter. He is regarded as a key figure in transition from the Russian

 neoclassicism to romanticism.

1800

1st December 

The birth of Mihály Vörösmarty (19th November 1855)He was an important Hungarian poet and dramatist.

1801

1st February

The birth of Thomas Cole (D. 11th February  1848) He was an English-born American painter known for his landscape and history paintings. Cole's work is known for its romantic portrayal of the American wilderness

1802

26th February

The birth of Victor Marie (D.22nd May 1885).He a French poet, novelist, and dramatist of the Romantic movement. Hugo is considered to be one of the greatest and best-known French writers. Outside France, his most famous works are the novels Les Misérables, 1862, and The Hunchback of Notre-Dame

 

1803

25th May

The birth of  Ralph Waldo Emerson (D. April 27, 1882). He  was an

American essayist, lecturer, philosopher, and poet who led the transcendentalist movement of the mid-19th century. He was seen as a champion of individualism and a prescient critic of the countervailing pressures of society,

1804

1st July

The birth of Amantine Lucile Aurore Dupin, (D.8th June 1876) best known by her pen name George Sand. She was a French novelist, memoirist and socialist.One of the most popular writers in Europe in her lifetime.Known primarily for her so-called rustic novels.

1805

27th January

The birth of Samuel Palmer (D.24th May 1881)He was a British landscape painter,etcher and

printmaker. He was also a prolific writer. Palmer was a key figure in Romanticism in Britain and produced visionary pastoral paintings. He was also a prolific writer. Palmer was a key figure in Romanticism in Britain and produced visionary pastoral paintings.

1807

The birth of Raden Saleh Sjarif Boestaman (D.23rd April 1880) 

He was a pioneering Indonesian Romantic painter of Arab-Javanese ethnicity. He was considered to be the first "modern" artist from Indonesia (then Dutch East Indies), and his paintings corresponded with nineteenth-century romanticism

1809

19th January

The birth of Edgar Allan Poe (D.7th October 1849). Who was an American writer, editor, and literary critic. Poe is best known for his poetry and short stories, particularly his tales of mystery and the macabre.He is widely regarded as a central figure of Romanticism in the United States.He is generally considered the inventor of the detective fiction genre and is further credited with contributing to the emerging genre of science fiction

 

3rd February

The birth of Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy more known as Felix Mendelssohn

(D.4th November 1847) He was a German composer, pianist, organist and conductor of the early Romantic period. Mendelssohn's compositions include symphonies, concertos, piano music and chamber music. His best-known works include his overture and incidental music for A Midsummer Night's Dream, the Italian Symphony, the Scottish Symphony, the oratorio Elijah, the overture The Hebrides, his mature Violin Concerto, and his String Octet. The melody for the Christmas carol "Hark! The Herald Angels Sing" is also his. 

1810

1st March

The birth of Frédéric François Chopin (D.17th October 1849). He was a Polish composer and virtuoso pianist of the Romantic era who wrote primarily for solo piano. He has maintained worldwide renown as a leading musician of his era, one whose "poetic genius was based on a professional technique that was without equal in his generation."

8th June

The birth of Robert Schumann (D.29th July 1856) He was a German composer,

pianist, and influential music critic. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest

composers of the Romantic era. 

 

11th December

The birth of Alfred de Musset full name. Alfred Louis Charles de Musset-Pathay.

(D. 2nd May 1857) was a French dramatist, poet, and novelist. Along with his poetry

1811

22nd October

The birth of Franz Liszt (D.31 July 1886) He was a Hungarian composervirtuoso pianist

,conductor, music teacher, arranger, and organist of the Romantic era. He was also a writer, a philanthropist, a Hungarian nationalist and a Franciscan tertiary.

1813

22nd May

The birth of Richard Wagner, (Wilhelm Richard Wagner) (D.13th February 1883). He was a German composer, theatre director, polemicist, and conductor who is chiefly known for his operas 

1817

21st February

The birth of José Zorrilla y Moral (D.23rd January 1893)Spanish poet and dramatist.

29th July

The birth of Ivan Konstantinovich Aivazovsky (D.2nd May 1900)

He was a Russian Romantic painter who is considered one of the greatest masters of marine art.

1818

30th July

The birth of Emily Jane Brontë (D.19th December 1848)  She was an English novelist and poet who is best known for her only novel, Wuthering Heights, now considered a classic of English literature.

 

1819

13th September

The birth of Clara Schumann née Clara Josephine Wieck; (D. 20th May 1896) was a German pianist, composer and piano teacher. Regarded as one of the most distinguished pianists of the Romantic era

 

1825

10th December

The birth of George MacDonald (D.18th September 1905) was a Scottish author, poet and Christian minister. He was a pioneering figure in the field of modern fantasy literature and the mentor of fellow writer Lewis Carroll.

 

1830

10th December

The birth of Emily Elizabeth Dickinson (D.15th May  1886) was an American poet.

1832

The birth of  Stevan Todorović (D.1925) He was a Serbian painter and the founder of modern

 fencing and Sokol movement in Serbia

1840

7th May

The birth of Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (D.6th November 1893) He was a Russian composer of the romantic period. He was the first Russian composer whose music made a lasting impression internationally, bolstered by his appearances as a guest conductor in Europe and the United States. He was honored in 1884 by Emperor Alexander III, and awarded a lifetime pension

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