TODAY IN HISTORY

 JANUARY
 
1ST
  • CROWN The coronation of the future  King Charles II of England,  was crowned  King of  Scotland. (1651)
  • CALENDER Scotland begins its numbered year on January 1st instead of March 25th.(1600).
  • POLITICS The Acts of Union  On this date, the Scottish Parliament and the English Parliament united to form the Parliament of Great Britain(1707)
  •  POLITICS The United Kingdom claims sovereignty over the Falkland Islands. (1833)
  • CROWN Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom is proclaimed Empress of India. (1877)
  • LAW The Sexual Offences Act 1956 came in to force. (1956)
  • LAW The Crown Court was established (1972)
2ND
  • ORGANISATION The British Institution of Civil Engineers is founded. (1818)
3RD
4TH
5TH
  • DEATH of Philippa of England, (Queen of Denmark) the daughter of Henry IV of England, (1430)
  • MEDIA The Daily Mail becomes the first transoceanic newspaper. (1844)
6TH
  • BIRTH King  Richard II of England at Bordeaux, Duchy of Aquitaine (1367)
  • MARRIAGE of King Henry VIII  of England and  Anne of Cleves in (1540).
  • BATTLES/WARS  The Battle of Jersey Part of the Anglo-French War Result British victory (1781)
7TH
8TH
  • DEATH  of Edgar King of Scotland at Edinburgh (1107)
9TH
  • POLITICS British Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger introduces an income tax of two shillings to the pound to raise funds for Great Britain's war effort in the Napoleonic Wars. (1799)
10TH
  • DEATH of Archbishop William Laud is beheaded for treason at the Tower of London. (1645)
  • TECHNOLOGY The Metropolitan Railway opened to the public (1863)
11TH
  • SPORT First recorded  lottery in England (1569)
12TH
  • ORGANISATION The National Trust is founded in the United Kingdom (1895)
13TH
  • MARRIAGE  of King Richard II  and Anne of Bohemia (1382)
  • DEATH of Edmund Spenser, aged 46 years, who was an English poet (1599)
  • DEATH of  George Fox, aged 66 years, who was the founder of the Religious Society of Friends, commonly known as the Quakers or Friends. (1691)
14TH
  • MARRIAGE  of Henry III  and  Eleanor of Provence (1236)
  • BIRTH of Alexander, Prince of Scotland the son of the son of Alexander III of Scotland  (1264)
15TH
  • BATTLES/WAR The Battle of Sandwich Part of the Wars of the Roses Result Decisive Yorkist victory (1460
  • MARRIAGE of  Richard Duke of York, the son of Edward IV of England married at age 5years old to the 4-year-old Anne de mow bray at  St Stephen's Chapel, Westminster, (1487)
  • CROWN The coronation of Queen Elizabeth 1st of England in 1559
  • BUILDINGS The British Museum opens. (1759)
16TH
  • BIRTH Edmund Crouchback the son of King Henry III of England at London, England (1245)
17TH
  • BIRTH of Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Suffolk, the father of the nine-day Queen the Lady Jane Grey (1517)
  •  BIRTH Thomas Fairfax, 3rd Lord Fairfax of Cameron he was a politician, general, and Parliamentary commander-in-chief during the English Civil)War.  (1612
18TH
19TH
  • BATTLES During the  Hundred Years' War: Rouen surrenders to Henry V of England, completing his reconquest of Normandy. (1419)
    DEATH of Henry Howard an English Renaissance poet is executed in the Tower of London (1547)
  • BATTLES/WARS  The Battle of Braddock Down Part of the First English Civil War Result Royalist victory (1643)
20TH
  •  EVENT Edward Balliol surrenders his claim to the Scottish throne to  King Edward III in exchange for an English pension. (1356)
  • DEATH of King George V of Great Britain aged 70 years at Sandringham House, Norfolk (1936)
21ST
  • BIRTH of Prince Alexander of Scotland, The son of King Alexander III Scotland (1264)
22ND
  • DEATH The execution of Edward Seymour , 1st Duke of Somerset, Edward was the-uncle to King Edward VI of England. He was executed for felony (1552)
  • DEATH Queen Victoria died aged 81 years at the Osborne House, Isle of Wight (1901)
  • CROWN The coronation of King George V of Great Britain (1911)
23RD
  •  DEATH James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray, regent for the infant King James VI of Scotland, is assassinated by firearm, the first recorded instance of such. (1570)
  • BUILDINGS The Royal Exchange opens in London.
24TH
  • BUILDING  The construction of Henry VII's Chapel at Westminster Abbey begins (1503)
  • POLITICS King Charles II of England dissolves the Cavalier Parliament. (1679)
  • DEATH Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill aged 90 years British politician, army officer, and writer, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom  (1965)
25TH
  • MARRIAGE of Henry VIII of England secretly marries his second wife Anne Boleyn . (1533)
  • MEDIA The Scotsman Launched  newspaper headquartered in Edinburgh (1817)
26TH
  • DEATH of Henry Briggs was an English mathematician notable for changing the original logarithms (1630)
  • TECHNOLOGY John Logie Baird  one of the inventors of the mechanical television, demonstrating the first working television system (1926)
27TH
  • LAW The trial of Guy Fawkes and other conspirators begins for their role in the  Gunpowder Plot: (1606)
  • BIRTH of Lewis Carroll who was a English writer, mathematician, logician, Anglican deacon, and photographer. (1832)
28TH
  • BIRTH King Henry VII of England at Pembroke Castle, Pembrokeshire, Wales (1457)
  • DEATH King Henry VIII   of England at Palace of Whitehall, London aged 55years and . Edward VI, becomes king. (1547)
  • DEATH of Sir Francis Drake an English sea captainslave trader, and privateer of the Elizabethan era (1596)
  • EVENT King  Charles I  of England goes on trial for treason and other "high crimes(1649)
  •  Sir Thomas Warner founds the first British colony in the Caribbean, on the island of Saint Kitts. (1624)
29TH
  • DEATH of Charles Sackville, 6th Earl of Dorset and 1st Earl of Middlesex, who was a was an English poet and courtier. (1706)
  • DEATH of King George III of Great Britain aged 81 years at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire (1820)
30TH
  • DISASTER  Bristol Channel floods (a possible tsunami)[12] result in the drowning of an estimated 2,000 people, (1607)
  • DEATH The execution of King Charles Ist of England at Whitehall, London (1649)
  • Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, is ritually executed more than two years after his death, on the 12th anniversary of the execution of the monarch he himself deposed. (1661)
31ST
 
CHARLES II ENGLAND
CHARLES IST ENGLAND
ANNE OF CLEVES
CATHERINE OF VALOIS
FEBRUARY
 
1ST
  • CROWN The coronation of King Edward III of England (1327)
2ND
  • EVENT  The Great Comet This was observed across the world from the beginning of February through to mid-March. It was recorded by astronomers in WalesEnglandJapanKoreaChina and Europe. (1106)
  • BATTLE/WARS The Battle of Lincoln Part of The Anarchy Result Decisive Angevin victory (1141)
  • BATTLE/WARS  The Battle of Mortimer's Cross is fought in Herefordshire, England. (Part of the Wars of The Roses) (1461)
  • CROWN The coronation of King Charles 1st of England (1626)
  • BIRTH Alexander Graham Bell   Scottish-born, scientist, inventor, engineer, and innovator who is credited with patenting the first practical telephone (1847)
3RD
  • DEATH of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster was born, the son of King Edward III of England and the father to King Henry IV (1399)
4TH
  •  DEATH of John Rogers is burned at the stake, becoming the first English Protestant martyr under Mary I of England. (1555)
5TH
  • BIRTH of Sir Robert Peel, 2nd Baronet, was born He is regarded as the father of modern British policing and as one of the founders of the modern Conservative Party. (1788)
6TH
7TH
  • BIRTH Empress Matilda (Mother of Henry II of England) (1102)
  • BIRTH Charles John Huffam Dickens, who was an English writer and social critic. He created some of the world's best-known fictional characters and is regarded by many as the greatest novelist of the Victorian era. (1812)
8TH
  • DEATH The Execution of Mary, Queen of Scots, at Fotheringhay Castle, Northamptonshire, England aged 44, years On suspicion of having been involved in the Babington Plot to murder her cousin, Queen Elizabeth I. (1587)
9TH
  • King Charles Ist of England was buried at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, England (1649)
10TH
  • EVENTS  St Scholastica Day riot breaks out in Oxford leaving 63 scholars and perhaps 30 locals dead in two days.(1355)
  • DEATH The murder of Henry Stuart , The husband of Mary, Queen of Scots (1567)
11TH
  • BIRTH & DEATH Elizabeth of York,the daughter of King Edward IV and wife of King Henry VII of England, was born on this day and died on this day.(1466) &(1503)
  • EVENT King Henry VIII  of England is recognized as supreme head of the Church of England. (1534)
12TH
  • DEATH The execution of the Lady Jane Grey at the Tower of London in 1553
  • BIRTH of Charles Robert Darwin Who was an English naturalist, geologist and biologist,[6] best known for his contributions to the science of evolution (1809)
13TH
14TH
  • DEATH The deposed King  Richard II of England died aged 33years, at Pontefract Castle, Yorkshire (1400)
15TH
​​
  • BATTLES/WARS  The end of The Seven Years' War (1763)
  • CURRENCY Decimal Day, the United Kingdom and Ireland decimalised their currencies. (1971)
  • CURRENCY The British decimal one penny is introduced (1971)
16TH
  • BATTLE The Battle of Torrington Part of the First English Civil War Result Parliament victory (1646)
17TH
  • BATTLE The Second Battle of St Albans Part of the Wars of the Roses Result Lancastrian victory (1461)
18TH
  • BIRTH The birth of Queen Mary 1st of England at Palace of Placentia, Greenwich in 1516.
19TH
  • BATTLE The Battle of Bramham Moor Part of The Percy Rebellion Result Royalist victory (1408)
20TH
  • CROWNThe Coronation of King Edward VI of England 1547
21ST
  • DEATH of  King James 1st of Scotland is assassinated at Blackfriars, Perth (1437)
22ND
  • DEATH The death of King David II of Scotland aged 46years at Edinburgh Castle (1371)
  • BIRTH Robert Baden-Powell made the first scouting camp in Brownsea, England. (1857)
23RD
  • CROWN The coronation of Catherine of Valois, The wife of King Henry V and mother to King Henry VI of England. (1421)
  • RELIGION Traditional date for the publication of the Gutenberg Bible, the first Western book printed with movable type. (1455)
  • DEATH The execution of Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Suffolk, the father of the nine-day lady Jane Grey Queen the, for his role in the Wyatt's Rebellion. (1554)
24TH
  • BATTLE The Battle of Roslin  Between England and Scotland. Result Scottish victory (1303)
  • ORGANIZATION The Nazi Party was founded. (1920)
25TH
  • CROWN The coronation of King Edward II of England (1307)
26TH
  • CROWN Margaret of England (Queen of Scots) died the daughter of King Henry III of England and wife of King Alexander II of Scotland (1275)
27TH
  • POLITICS The Treaty of Berwick . This treaty would expel the French from Scotland and signed by England and the Lords of the Congregation of Scotland. (1560)
28TH
  • POLITICS The Treaty of Berwick, which would expel the French from Scotland, is signed by England and the Lords of the Congregation of Scotland. (1560)
  • POLITICS The Scottish National Covenant is signed in Edinburgh. (1638)
  • BATTLE/WARS The Gulf War  ended (1991)
MARY I ENGLAND
CATHERINE OF HOWARD
ELIZABETH OF YORK
 
MARCH
1ST
  • EVENT Sarah Good, Sarah Osborne and Tituba are brought before local magistrates in Salem Village, Massachusetts, beginning what would become known as the Salem witch trials. (1692)
  • ORGANIZATION The Bank of England is nationalised. (1946)
2ND
  • BIRTH  of King Robert II of Scotland at Paisley Abbey, Renfrewshire (1316)
  • CURRENCY The Bank of England issues the first one-pound and two-pound banknotes. (1797)
3RD
  • BATTLES/ WARS World War II: In London, 173 people are killed in a crush while trying to enter an air-raid shelter at Bethnal Green tube station. (1943)
4TH
  • DEATH of Joan of England (Queen of Scots) aged 27years, was born the daughter of King John of England and the wife of King Alexander II of Scotland (1238)
  • CHARTER The Massachusetts Bay Colony is granted a Royal charter. (1628)
  • CHARTER King Charles II grants a land charter to William Penn for the area that will later become Pennsylvania. (1681)
5TH
  • BIRTH of King Henry II of England at Le Mans, France (1133)
  • BATTLE The Battle of Maes Moydog  ResultEnglish victory (1295)
  • BIRTH of King David II of Scotland at Dunfermline Abbey, Fife (1324)
  • EVENT King Henry VII of England issues letters patent to John Cabot and his sons, authorising them to explore unknown lands (1496)
6TH
7TH
  • CURRENCY The Bank of England issues the first one-pound and two-pound banknotes. (1876)
8TH
9TH
  • DEATH of David Rizzio, private secretary to Mary, Queen of Scots, is murdered in the Palace of Holyroodhouse, Edinburgh, Scotland. (1566)
10TH
  • DEATH of John de Vere, 13th Earl of Oxford, English commander and politician, Lord High Constable of England  (1513)
11TH
  • DISASTER The Great Sheffield Flood kills 238 people in Sheffield, England. (1864)
12TH
  • DEATH  of King Alexander III of Scotland aged 44years, at Kinghorn Ness, Fife (1286)
  • BATTLE The Battle of Losecoat Field  Part of the Wars of the Roses Result Royal Victory (1470)
13TH
14TH
  • DEATH of John Russell, 1st Earl of Bedford English royal minister  (1555)
  • BIRTH of  Albert Einstein German-born theoretical physicist[5] who developed the theory of relativity,  was born in Ulm, Kingdom of Württemberg, German Empire (1879)
15TH
  • POLITICS King Charles II of England issues the Royal Declaration of Indulgence. (1672)
16TH
 
  • BATTLE The Battle of Boroughbridge Part of Despenser War Result Royal victory (1322)
  • DEATH of Anne Neville, the Queen consort of Richard III of England (1485)
17TH
  • BIRTH of King James IV at Stirling Castle, Stirling, Scotland (1473)
18TH
  • EVENT Massacre of the Jews at York A wave of anti-Semitic riots culminated in the massacre of an estimated 150 Jews – the entire Jewish community of York – who had taken refuge in the royal castle (1190)
  • BIRTH of Mary Tudor Queen of France, the daughter of King Henry VII of England, at Sheen Palace, London, Surrey, Kingdom of England (1496)
19TH
  • DEATH of King  Alexander III, king of Scotland (1286)
  • POLITICS The House of Commons of England passes an act abolishing the House of Lords, declaring it "useless and dangerous to the people of England". (1649)
20TH
  • EVENT Jews Massacred in Bury St Edmunds  57 Jews Killed  (1190)
  • DEATH of King Henry IV of England at Westminster Palace, London, Kingdom of England (1413)
21ST
  •  DEATH of Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Cranmer is burned at the stake. In Oxford,(1556)
  • BATTLES Operation Michael  Part of the Western Front of World War I (1918)
22ND
  •  EVENT Jamestown massacre: Algonquians kill 347 English settlers around Jamestown, Virginia, a third of the colony's population, during the Second Anglo-Powhatan War. (1622)
23RD
  •  RELIGION Waltham Abbey is surrendered to King Henry VIII   of England; Which the last religious community to be closed during the Dissolution of the Monasteries. (1540)
24TH
  • DEATH of Queen Elizabeth 1st of England at Richmond Palace, Surrey, England (1603)
25TH
26TH
  • CROWN The coronation of King Robert the II of Scotland, the first of a long line of Stuarts (1371)
  • LAW The United Kingdom driving test is introduced. (1934)
27TH
  • DEATH of King James VI of Scotland/1st of England ages 58 years, at Theobalds House, England (1625)
28TH
  • BATTLES/WARS The Battle of Ferrybridge, Part of Wars of the Roses Result Indecisive (1461)
29TH
  •  BATTLES/WARS Battle of Towton: Edward of York defeats Queen Margaret to become King Edward IV of England. (part of wars of the Roses) (1461)
30TH
  • DEATH  Thomas Bourchier, English cardinal  Thomas crowned Edward IV and Richard III and then Henry VII of England (1486)
  • DEATH Queen Mother Elizabeth Angela Marguerite Bowes-Lyon aged 101 years at Royal Lodge, Windsor, Berkshire (2002)
31ST
  • POLITICS The United Kingdom establishes the Bechuanaland Protectorate. (1885)
 
APRIL
 
1ST
  • BATTLE Berwick-upon-Tweed is captured by Scotland from England (1318)
2ND
  • BUILDINGS King King Henry VI of England founds King's College, Cambridge (1441)
  • DEATH of Arthur Tudor aged 15 years, the son of King Henry VII and first husband to Catherine of Aragon )1502)
3RD
  • BIRTH of William Watson, English physician, physicist, and botanist (1715)
4TH
  • POLITICS Declaration of Breda by King Charles II of Great Britain (1660)
  • POLITICS Robert Walpole, 1st Earl of Oxford became the first Prime Minister of Great Britain(1721)
5TH
6TH
  • DEATH of  King Richard 1st of England at Châlus, Duchy of Aquitaine aged 41years. (1199
7TH
  • EVENTS  Empress Matilda became the first female ruler of England, adopting the title 'Lady of the English'. (1141)
8TH
  • BIRTH of Mary Stuart, the daughter of King James VI of Scotland 1st of England (1605)
9TH
  • BIRTH of Margaret, Maid of Norway Queen of Scots (1283)
  • EVENT The coronation of King Henry V of England.
  • DEATH of King Edward IV of England at Westminster, Middlesex, England (1483)
  • CHARTER St John's College, Cambridge, England, founded by Lady Margaret Beaufort, receives its charter. (1511)
  • TECHNOLOGY The electrical telegraph came into operation and entered use on the Great Western Railway in England. It ran for 13 mi (21 km) from Paddington station to West Drayton (1839)
10TH
  • BIRTH  James V of Scotland at Linlithgow Palace, Linlithgow, Scotland (1512)
  • CHARTER The Virginia Company of London is established by royal charter by King James I of England with the purpose of establishing colonial settlements in North America. (1606)
11TH
12TH
  • The  first version of the Union Flag created (1606)
  • EVENTS  The United Kingdom annexes the Transvaal. (1877)
13TH
  • BIRTH of Guy Fawkes, English soldier, WHO planned the Gunpowder Plot  (1570)
14TH
  • BATTLE Battle of Barnet; Part of the Wars of the Roses ResultYorkist victory (1471)
15TH
  • BIRTH of  King Henry IV at Bolingbroke Castle, Lincolnshire, Kingdom of England (1367)
  • EVENT  RMS Titanic sinks in the North Atlantic at 2:20 a.m., two hours and forty minutes after hitting an iceberg. (1912)
16TH
  • BATTLE The Battle of Culloden Part of the  Jacobite rising of 1745 Result Decisive government victoryEnd of Jacobite rising (1745)
17TH
  • ARTS AND ENTERTAINMENT  Geoffrey Chaucer tells The Canterbury Tales for the first time at the court of  King Richard II.  (1397)
18TH
  • POLITICS The Republic of Ireland Act comes into effect. (1949)
19TH
  • DEATH of King Robert II of Scotland aged 74 years, at Dundonald Castle, Ayrshire (1390)
20TH
21ST
  • DEATH of King Henry VII of England aged 52years, at Richmond Palace, Surrey, England (1509)
  • birth
  • BIRTH of Queen Elizabeth II of England at 17 Bruton Street, MayfairLondon, United Kingdom (1926)
22ND
23RD
  • DEATH of Alexander I  King of Scotland aged 45years at Stirling (1124)
  • EVENT The founding of the Order of the Garter by King Edward III  is announced on St. George's Day (1548)
  • DEATH William Shakespeare  died aged 64years at Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England(1616)
  • CROWN The coronation of King James II of England, VI of Scotland (1685)
  • CROWN The coronation of King Charles II of England (1661)
  • CROWN The coronation of Anne Queen of Great Britain . (1702)
  • CURRENCY The introduction of the 5pence piece (1968)
24TH
25TH
  • BIRTH of  King Edward II of England at Caernarfon Castle, Gwynedd, Wales (1284)
  • BATTLES/WARS The Battle of Hedgeley Moor Part of Wars of the Roses Result `Yorkist victory (1464)
  • BIRTH of  Oliver Cromwell  at Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire, Kingdom of England (1599)
26TH
  • BIRTH Playwright William Shakespeare is baptized in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England (1564)
 
27TH
  •  BATTLE/WARS  Battle of Dunbar. (Part Of The Wars Of Scottish Independence) Result Decisive English victory (1296)
28TH
  • BUILDINGS foundation stone of Salisbury Cathedral is laid. The cathedral is being relocated from Old Sarum  (1220)
  • BIRTH of King Edward IV of England at Rouen, Normandy (1442)
29TH
  • POLITICS Lloyd George’s People’s Budget was passed. This introduced unprecedented taxes on the lands and high incomes of Britain's wealthy to fund new social welfare programmes. (1910)
30TH
WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE
MAY
 
1ST
  • BATTLES/WARS The Battle of Arkinholm Part of Royal - Black Douglas civil war (1455)
  • BUILDINGS foundation of St John's College, Oxford. (1555)
  • BIRTH of Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington was an Anglo-Irish soldier and statesman who was one of the leading military and political figures of 19th-century Britain,  famous for his victory at the battle of Waterloo. (1763)
  • The Penny Black was the world's first adhesive postage stamp was  used in a public postal system (1840
  • EVENT  Queen Victoria opens The Great Exhibition at The Crystal Palace in London. (1851)
2ND
  • CHARTER King Richard I of England gives Portsmouth its first Royal Charter (1194)
  •  EVENT Mary, Queen of Scots, escapes from Loch Leven Castle. (1568)
  •  RELIGION The King James Version of the Bible is published for the first time in London, England, by printer Robert Barker. (16110
3RD
  • EVENT London's Royal Festival Hall opens (1951)
4TH
  • BATTLE/WARS  The Battle of Tewkesbury: Edward IV defeats a Lancastrian Army and kills Edward of Westminster, Prince of Wales ResultDecisive Yorkist victory (Part of the Wars of the Roses) (1471)
  •  EVENT Cromwell's Act of Grace, aimed at reconciliation with the Scots, proclaimed in Edinburgh. (1654)
5TH
  • POLITICS King  Charles I  disbands the Short Parliament  (1640)
6TH
  •  RELIGION King Henry VIII    I orders English-language Bibles be placed in every church.  (1536)
7TH
  • ARTS AND ENTERTAINMENT The Theatre Royal, Drury Lane open (1663)
8TH
9TH
  • EVENT  Treaty of Windsor,   England and Portugal formally ratify their alliance with the signing of the Treaty, making it the oldest diplomatic alliance in the world which is still in force. (1386)
  • CRIME Thomas Blood, disguised as a clergyman, attempts to steal England's Crown Jewels from the Tower of London. (1671)
  • BATTLES/WARS The Second Battle of Artois Part of the Western Front of the First World War Result Inconclusive (1915)
10TH
  • EVENT The National Gallery in London opens to the public.(1824)
  • LAW The Age of Marriage Act 1929 was given royal assent, which increased the age of marriage to sixteen. (1929)
  • POLITICS Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela  as the 1st President of South Africa (1994-99)

 
11TH
  • BATTLES/WARS The Battle of Bantry Bay Part of the Nine Years' War and  Williamite War in Ireland Result French tactical victory (1689)
12TH
  • MARRIAGE of King Richard I and Berengaria of Navarre. (1191)
  • BIRTH of Florence Nightingale at FlorenceGrand Duchy of Tuscany and remembered for being the founder of modern nursing. (1820)
  • CROWN The joint coronation of King George VI and Elizabeth of Great Britain (1937)
13TH
14TH
  • CROWN The second coronation of King Henry III of England at  Westminster Abbey (1220)
  • BATTLES/WARS The Battle of Lewes  Part of Second Barons' War (1264)
  • BUILDINGS Blackpool Tower  BlackpoolLancashire, England, opened (1894)
15TH
  • BATTLES The Battle of Hexham ( Part of Wars of the Roses ResultDecisive Yorkist victory (1464)
  • MARRIAGE  Mary, Queen of Scots marries James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell, her third husband (1567)
16TH
  • EVENT  Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom addresses a joint session of the United States Congress. She is the first British monarch to address the U.S. Congress. (1991)
17TH
  • CROWN  Anne of Denmark is crowned Queen of Scotland. (1590)
  • BATTLES/WARS The start of The Seven Years' War
18TH
19TH
  • DEATH The execution of Queen consort Anne Boleyn . for high treason at the Tower of London in 1536
20TH
  • BATTLES/WARS The Second Battle of Lincoln  Part of the First Barons' War Result English victory (1217)
21ST
  • CROWN The coronation of King James 1st of Scotland (1424)
  • DEATH of King Henry VI of England aged 49 years at the Tower of London, London (1471)
22ND
  • BATTLES/WARS The First Battle of St Albans Part of the Wars of the Roses Result Decisive Yorkist victory (1455)
23RD
  •  EVENT Joan of Arc is captured by the Burgundians while leading an army to raise the Siege of Compiègne. (1430)
24TH
  • DEATH The death of David I  King of Scotland at Carlisle (1153)
  • BATTLES/WARS  The start of the Hundred Years of War (1337)
  • BIRTH  of Queen Victoria at Kensington Palace, London (1819)
  • BUILDING The second Westminster Bridge opens (1862)
25TH
  • PARLIMENT The House of Commons of the United Kingdom passes the Home Rule Bill for devolution in Ireland. (1914)
26TH
  • CHARTER  King Edward founds Christ's Hospital for London orphans (1553)
  • BATTLES/WARS The Battle of Dunkirk Part of the Battle of France in the Second World War Result German tactical victory (1940)
 
27TH
  • CROWN The coronation of King Malcolm IV of Scotland (1153)
  • CROWN The coronation of King John 1st of England (1199)
28TH
  • BIRTH of King George of Great Britain was born at Hanover, Brunswick-Lüneburg, Holy Roman Empire (1660)
  • EVENT The Bolton massacre, Part of English Civil War Result Royalist victory (1844)
29TH
  • BIRTH of King Charles II of England at St James's Palace, London, England (1630)
30TH
31ST
  • BATTLES/WARS The  End of the Second Boer War (1902)
  • BUILDINGS Big Ben was completed in Westminster, London, England, UK (1859)
ANNE BOLEYN
HENRY VIII OF ENGLAND
JUNE
1ST
  • CROWN The coronation of Queen consort Anne Boleyn . in 1532
  • BATTLES/WARS   Battle of Maidstone (Part of The English Civil War) (1648)
  • BATTLES/WARS  The Battle of DrumclogPart of Scottish Covenanter Wars (1679)
2ND
 
  • MARRIAGE King  Henry V of England and Catherine of Valois, the daughter of King Charles's VI of France (1420)
  • EVENT  Charles Rolls, a co-founder of Rolls-Royce Limited, becomes the first man to make a non-stop double crossing of the English Channel by plane. (1910)
3RD
  • BIRTH of King George V of Great Britain at Marlborough House, London (1865)
  • MARRIAGE of Wallis Simpson and Pince Edward (who had been Edward VIIi of England) married  3rd June 1937 at the Château de Candé (1937)
4TH
  • BIRTH  of Philippa of England, (Queen of Denmark) the daughter of King Henry IV of England, at Peterborough Castle, Cambridgeshire (1394)
  • BIRTH King George III of Great Britain at Norfolk House, St. James's Square, London (1738)
5TH
6TH
7TH
  • DEATH Robert the Bruce (King of the Scots) aged 54 years at Manor of Cardross, Argyll (1329)
8TH
  • DEATH of Edward of Woodstock, known as the Black Prince, aged 45 years the son of King Edward III of England and father to King Richard II.of England at Westminster Palace, London (1376)
  • DEATH  of Elizabeth Woodville, Queen consort of England (1492)
9TH
  • BATTLES/WARS  The Battle of Saint-Pol-de-Léon Part of the Breton War of Succession, Hundred Years' War Result Anglo-Breton victory (1346)
  • CURRENCY The introduction of the 20 pence piece (1982)
10TH
  • BATTLE/WARS  The Battle of Clitheroe Between England and Scotland Result Scottish victory (1138)
11TH
  • BATTLES/WARS  The Battle of Jargeau Part of the Hundred Years' War (1429)
  • BATTLES/WARS  Battle of Sauchieburn: Fought between rebel Lords and James III of Scotland, resulting in the death of the king (1488)
  • MARRIAGE  Henry VIII   of England married his first wife  Catherine of Aragon. (1509)
  • DEATH King George of Great Britain at Schloss Osnabrück, Osnabrück (1727)
12TH
  • BATTLES/WARS  The Battle of Ballynahinch Part of the United Irishmen Rebellion Result Decisive British victory, end of rebellion in Ulster (1798)
13TH
14TH
  • CROWN King Henry II of England crowns his son Henry the Young King during his own lifetime (1170)
  • BATTLES/WARS The Battle of Naseby Part of the First English Civil War (1645)
15TH
  • POLITICS The Magna Carta (First basic Human Rights) (1215
  • BIRTHof  Edward of Woodstock, known as the Black Prince the son of King Edward III of England at Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire(1330)
  • BIRTH  Henry Fitzroy, the illegitimate son of King Henry VIII   (1519)
  • BATTLE/WARS  The Battle of Carberry Hill Part of Mary, Queen of Scots Civil War ResultVictory for opponents of Mary, Queen of Scots (1567)
  • MEDICINE The first human blood transfusion is administered by Dr. Jean-Baptiste Denys. (1667)
  • CURRENCY The two-pound coin was introduced (1998)
16TH
  • BATTLE/WARS  The Battle of Stoke Field  Part of the Wars of the Roses Result Decisive Tudor (Lancastrian) victory (1487)
17TH
  • BATTLE/WARS  Battle of Deptford Bridge  Forces under King Henry VII defeat troops led by Michael An Gof. (1487)
18TH
  • BATTLE/WARS  The Battle of Patay  Part of the Loire Campaign of the Hundred Years' War (1429)
  • POLITICS   Crown of Ireland Act, the Parliament of Ireland declares King Henry VIII  of England and his heirs to be Kings of Ireland, replacing the Lordship of Ireland with the Kingdom of Ireland (1541)
  •  CROWNED Charles, I is crowned King of Scots at St Giles' Cathedral, Edinburgh (1633)
  • BATTLES/WARS  The Battle of Waterloo Part of the Waterloo Campaign Result Decisive Coalition victory (1815)
19TH
  • BIRTH The of King James VI  of Scotland at Edinburgh Castle, Scotland (1566)
  • ORGANIZATIONS  The Metropolitan Police Act 1829 was given royal assent. This was introduced by Sir Robert Peel replacing the previously disorganized system of parish constables and watchmen
20TH
  • CHARTER The University of Oxford receives its Royal charter. (1248)
  • DEATH King William IV of Great Britain aged 71 years at Windsor Castle, Berkshire 1837
21ST
  • DEATH The death of King Edward III of England at Sheen Palace, Richmond aged 64.(1377)
22ND
23RD
  • BATTLES/WARS  The Battle of Bannockburn Part of the First War of Scottish Independence (1314)
  • BATTLES/WARS  The Battle of Plassey  Part of the Seven Years' War Result Decisive British victory (1757)
24TH
 
  • BATTLE/WARS  The Battle of Sluys Part of the Hundred Years' War ResultEnglish victory (1340)
  • CROWN The coronation of King James IV of Scotland (1488)
  • CROWN The coronation of King Henry VIII  and his first wife Catherine of Aragon in 1509
25TH
  • DEATH  Mary Tudor Queen of France, daughter of King Henry VII and sister to King Henry VIII   (1533)
26TH
  • DEATH of King George IV of Great Britain aged 67 years.. (1830)
27TH
  • BATTLES/WARS  The Battle of Dettingen Part of the War of the Austrian Succession Result Allied victory. George II  becomes the last reigning British monarch to participate in a battle. ( 1747)
28TH
  • CROWN The coronation of King Edward IV of England (1461)
  • BIRTH King Henry VIII  of England at Greenwich Palace, Greenwich, Kent in 1491
  • DEATH The thirteen Stratford Martyrs are burned at the stake near London for their Protestant beliefs (1556)
  • CROWN The coronation of Queen Victoria (1838)
29TH
  • BATTLE/WARS  The Battle of Cropredy Bridge  Part of the English Civil War (1644)
30TH
THOMAS MORE
JULY
1ST
  • BATTLE/WARS  The Battle of the Boyne Part of the Williamite War in Ireland Result Williamite  victory (1690)
  • BATTLE/WAR The Battle of the Somme  Part of the Western Front of World War I Result Inconclusive;  (1916)
2ND
  • BATTLE/WARS The Battle of Marston Moor Part of the English Civil War 1644)
3RD
  • BATTLE/WARS The Battle of the Crater  Part of Aden Emergency Result British victory (1967)
4TH
  • DEATH of William Byrd, English composer (1623)
5TH
  • BIRTH Joan of England  (Queen of Scots ) the daughter of King Edward II of England (1321)
  • ORGANISATIONS The National Health Services began  (1948)
6TH
  • DEATH of King Alexander II of Scotland aged 50years at KerreraInner Hebrides
  • DEATH of King Henry II of England aged 56years at Chinon Castle, France (1189))1249)
  • CROWN The coronation of King Richard III OF England and Anne Nevillle (1483)
  • DEATH of Sir Thomas More is executed for treason against King Henry VIII  of England. (1535)
  • DEATH of King Edward VI of England at Greenwich Palace, England in 1553
  • POLITICS  The Treaty of Edinburgh is signed by Scotland and England. (1560)
  • BATTLE The Battle of Sedgemoor Part of the Monmouth Rebellion (1685)
7TH
  • DEATH of King Edward 1st of England at Burgh by Sands, Cumberland, England (1307)
8TH
  • BATTLES/WARS The Battle of Restigouche, Part of the French and Indian War, Result Decisive British victory(1760)
9TH
  •  MARRIAGE King Henry VIII   of England annuls his marriage to his fourth wife, Anne of Cleves. (1540)
  • POLITICS The Act Against Slavery was an anti-slavery law was passed. It banned the importation of slaves and mandated that children born henceforth to female slaves would be freed upon reaching the age of 25 (1793)
10TH
  • DISASTER the Great Fire of Suthwark" (London) (1212)
  • BATTLE/WARThe Battle of Northampton Part of the Wars of the Roses (1460)
  • CROWN The Lady Lady Jane Grey is Queen for nine days (1554)
  • BATTLE/WARS The Battle of Langport  Part of English Civil War (1645)
  • BATTLE/WARS The Battle of Britain Part of the Second World War Result British victory (1940)
11TH
  • BIRTH The of Robert The Bruce at Turnberry Castle, Ayrshire (1274)
  • BATTLE/WARS The Battle of Aldy Charrish  Part of the Scottish clan wars Result Mackay/Sutherland victory )1487)
12TH
  • MARRIAGE King Henry VIII   of England marries his sixth and last wife, Catherine Parr, at Hampton Court Palace. (1543)
  • BATTLE/WARS  The Battle of Aughrim Part of the Williamite War in Ireland (1691)
13TH
  • BATTLE/WARS  The Battle of Alnwick Part of Revolt of 1173–74 Between England and Scotland Result Capture of William the Lion, leads to Treaty of Falaise )1174)
  • CROWN The coronation of King Alexander III of Scotland (1249)
  • CRIME Ruth Ellis  was the last woman to be hanged in Greta Britain (1955)
14TH
15TH
  • EVENT King John of England expels Canterbury monks for supporting Archbishop Stephen Langton.(1207)
16TH
17TH
  • BATTLE/WARS  Castillon Part of the Hundred Years' War Result Decisive French victory (1453)
  • CROWN King George V issues a Proclamation stating that the male line descendants of the British Royal Family will bear the surname Windsor (1917)
18TH
  • POLITICS  King Edward I of England issues the Edict of Expulsion, banishing all Jews (numbering about 16,000) from England (1290)
19TH
  • BATTLE/WARS The Battle of Halidon Hill Part of the Second War of Scottish Independence 1333
  • POLITICS England and the Netherlands sign the Treaty of Westminster, ending the Third Anglo-Dutch War.  (1674)
  • DEATH of Sir George Downing, 1st Baronet died aged 54yeats, he was a preacher, soldier, statesman, diplomat, turncoat and spy, after whom Downing Street in London is named.
  • CROWN The coronation of King George IV of Great Britain (1821)
20TH
  • BATTLE/WARS  The Battle of Kellistown  (1398)
  • SPORTS FA cup is first formed (1871)
  • EVENT The first man Neil Armstrong landed on the Moon (1969)
21ST
  • BATTLE/WARS The Battle of Shrewsbury  Part of the Glyndŵr Rising (1403)
22ND
  • BIRTH of Joan of England (Queen of Scots) the daughter of King John of England and the wife of King Alexander II of Scotland.(1210)
  • BATTLE/WARS The Battle of Lochmaben Fair Part of the Anglo-Scottish wars (1484)
  • ARTS AND ENTERTAINMENT  William Shakespeare ’s play The Merchant of Venice is entered on the Stationers’ Register.  (1598)
23RD
24TH
25TH
  • CROWN The coronation of King James VI of Scotland as King James 1st of England. (1603)
26TH
  • BATTLE/WARS The Battle of Edgecote Moor Part of Wars of the Roses (1469)
27TH
  • BATTLE/WARS  The Battle of Killiecrankie  Part of the Jacobite rising of 1689 (1689)
  • CHARTER  A Royal charter is granted to the Bank of England. (1694)
28TH
29TH
30TH
  • DEATH of Prince William, Duke of Gloucester, The son of Anne of Great Britain (1700)
  • ARTS AND ENTERTAINMENT The world's longest running music show Top of the Pops is broadcast for the last time on BBC Two. The show had aired for 42 years. (2006)
31ST
  • BATTLE/WARS  The Battle of Cravant  Part of the Hundred Years' War (1423)
  • BATTLE/WARS The Battle of Passchendaele Part of the Western Front of the First World War (1917)
LADY JANE GREY
JAMES VI SCOTLAND
RICHARD III ENGLAND
HENRY VII OF ENGLAND
AUGUST 
 
1ST
  • DEATH of Anne Queen of Great Britain aged 49years at Kensington Palace, Middlesex, England, Great Britain (1714)
  • POLITICS The Slavery Abolition Act 1833  abolished slavery throughout the British Empire. (1834)
  • POLITICS  Bank Holidays Act 1871 \(1871)
  • ORGANISATION The British domestic parcel post service was established (1883)
2ND
  • DEATH of The of King William II of England aged 44 years at The New Forest, England (1100)
  • BATTLE/WARS The Gulf War  began (1990)
3RD
  • BATTLES/WARS  Operation Pedestal Part of the Battle of the Mediterranean of World War II (1942)
4TH
  • BATTLES/WARS The Battle of Evesham Part of Second Barons' War (1265)
5TH
  • CROWN The coronation of King Henry Ist of England (1100)
  • EVENT The Mayflower departs from Southampton, England on its first attempt to reach North America. (1620)
6TH
  • BATTLE/WARS  The Battle of Sari Bair Part of the Gallipoli Campaign in the Middle Eastern Theatre of the First World War Result Ottoman victory (1915)
7TH
  • SPORT The first Grand Prix was held in Great Britain (1926)
8TH
9TH
  • CROWN The coronation of King Edward VII of Great Britain (1902)
10TH
  • POLITICS The Treaty of Sèvres Location Sèvres, France. Representatives sign the Treaty of Sèvres that divides up the Ottoman Empire between the Allies. (1920)
11TH
  • BATTLE/WARS  The Battle of La Prairie  Part of King William's War and the Beaver Wars Result English attack repulsed by French (1691)
  • TECHNOLOGY Tyne and Wear Metro began operation (1080)
  • EVENTS  First Ascot Race   The first race, "Her Majesty's Plate", with a purse of 100 guineas, (1711)
12TH
  • DISCOVERIES Christopher Columbus arrives in the Canary Islands on his first voyage to the New World. 1492
  • BIRTH of King George IV of Great Britain at St James's Palace, London (1762)
13TH
  • BIRTH of Sir Alfred Joseph Hitchcock Who was an English film director and producer, widely regarded as one of the most influential film-makers in the history of cinema. Known as "the Master of Suspense" (1899)
  • TECHNOLOGY First production in the UK of stainless steel by Harry Brearley. (1913)
14TH
  • BATTLE/WARS  The Battle of the Yellow Ford Part of the Nine Years' War Result Irish victory (1598)
  • MEDIA UK Marine Broadcasting Offences Act declares participation in offshore pirate radio illegal (1967)
  • BATTLES/WARS The start of The Operation Banner Part of the Troubles British troops are deployed in Northern Ireland. (1969)
  • ARTS AND ENTERTAINMENT  The Rocky Horror Picture Show, the longest-running release in film history, opens in London (1975)
15TH
  • BATTLES/WARSThe Battle of Curlew Pass Part of the Nine Years' War Result Irish victory (1599)
  • DEATH The Execution of Henry John Burnett, the last man to be hanged in Scotland. (1963)
16TH
  • BATTLE/WARS  Battle of the Spurs Part of the War of the League of Cambrai (1513)
17TH
  • BIRTH  of Richard Duke of York the son of Edward IV of England and was one of the missing Princes Tower. (1473)
  • RELIGION Cesare Borgia, son of Pope Alexander VI, becomes the first person in history to resign the cardinalate (1498)
18TH
  • EVENT  A huge fireball meteor is seen across Great Britain as it passes over the east coast (1783)
19TH
  • CROWN The coronation of King Edward 1st and his wife Eleanor of Castile (1274)
  • POLITICS  The Treaty of Nonsuch was signed by Elizabeth I of England and the Dutch Rebels fighting against Spanish rule. It was the first international treaty signed by what would become the Dutch Republic. (1585)
  • EVENT The "Samlesbury witches", three women from the Lancashire village of Samlesbury, England, are put on trial, accused of practicing witchcraft (1612)
20TH
  • EVENT  King Richard I of England initiates the Massacre at Ayyadieh, leaving 2,600–3,000 Muslim hostages dead. (1191)
  • TECHNOLOGY Charles Darwin first publishes his theory of evolution through natural selection in The Journal (1858)
21ST
  • BATTLES/WARS  The Battle of Dunkeld  Part of the Jacobite rising of 1689 (1689)
  • BIRTH King William IV of Great Britain at Buckingham House, London (1765)
22ND
  • BATTLES/WARS  Battle of the Standard, Between England and Scotland. Result English victory (1138)
  • DEATH of King Richard III of England was killed at the Battle of Bosworth. Between the houses of York and Lancaster , Tudor Lancastrian itory(1485)
23RD
  •   DEATH of  Sir William Wallace is executed for high treason at Smithfield, London. (1305)
  • DEATH of George Villiers, the first Duke of Buckingham, is assassinated by John Felton. 1628)
24TH
  • BIRTH of King Alexander II of Scotland at Haddington, East Lothian (1198)
  • MARRIAGEof  King John and 12-year-old Isabella of Angoulême at Bordeaux. (1200)
  • RELIGION The printing of the Gutenberg Bible is completed. (1256)
  • BATTLES/WARS The Battle of Hadden Rig Part of Anglo-Scottish Wars Result Significant Scottish Victory (1542)
25TH
  •  TECHNOLOGY Galileo Galilei demonstrates his first telescope to Venetian lawmakers. (1609)
26TH
27TH
  • BATTLES/WARS  The Rearguard Affair of Étreux Part of the Great Retreat on the Western Front of World War I Result  British victory (1914)
28TH
  • BIRTH of George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham the known favourite of King James VI  of Scotland is born (1592)
  • BATTLES/WARS  The Battle of Newburn Part of Bishops' Wars (1640)
29TH
  • BATTLES/WARS  The Battle of Winchelsea Part of the Hundred Years' War (1350)
  • POLITICS  The British Parliament enacts the Factory Acts, limiting child labour. (1833)
30TH
  • DISASTER HMS Pandora sinks after having run aground on the outer Great Barrier Reef the previous day. (1791)
  • BATTLES/WARS  The Battle of Alam el Halfa
31ST
  • DEATH of King Henry V of England, at Château de Vincennes, Vincennes, Kingdom of France (1422)
  • CRIME  Mary Ann Nichols is murdered. She is the first of Jack the Ripper's confirmed victims. (1888)
  • DEATH of Diana, Princess of Wales, her companion Dodi Fayed and driver Henri Paul die in a car crashin Paris.
ELIZABETH I ENGLAND
SEPTEMBER 
 
1ST
2ND
  • DISASTER The Great Fire of London breaks out and burns for three days, destroying 10,000 buildings (1666)
  • BATTLES/WARS  The End of World War Two (1945) Part of the Western Desert Campaign of the Second World War Result British victory[ (1942)
3RD
  • CROWN The coronation of King Richard 1st of England (1189)
  • BATTLES/WARS The Battle of Dunbar Part of Wars of the Three Kingdoms (1650)
  • BATTLES/WARS The Battle of Worcester  Part of Scottish Civil War and English Civil War (1651)
  • BATTLES/WARS Oliver Cromwell died at Whitehall, London, The Protectorate (1658)
4TH
  • BIRTH King Alexander III of Scotland at Roxburgh Castle, Roxburghshire (1241)The United Kingdom declares war on the Qing dynasty of China. (1189)
  • MARRIAGE of King  Edward I and  Marguerite, sister of King Philip IV (12899)
5TH
6TH
  • BATTLES/WARSThe Battle of the Marne Part of the Western Front of World War I Result Decisive Franco-British victory (1914)
7TH
  • BATTLES/WARSThe Battle of Arsuf Part of the Third Crusade Result Decisive Crusader victory (1191)
  • DEATH of Joan of England( Queen of Scots) The daughter of King Edward II of England (1362)
  • BIRTH of  Queen Elizabeth 1st of England at Palace of Placentia, Greenwich, England in 1533
  • DEATH of Catherine Parr, the 6th wife of King Henry VIII  of England at Sudeley Castle, Gloucestershire, England (1548)
  • EVENT  Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk, is arrested for his role in the Ridolfi plot to assassinate Queen Elizabeth 1st of England and replace her with Mary, Queen of Scots  (1571)
8TH
  • BIRTH King Richard 1st of England at Beaumont Palace, Oxford, England (1157)
  • BATTLES/WARS The start of World War two (1939)
9TH
  • DEATH William the Conqueror age 59 years at Priory of Saint Gervase, Rouen, Duchy of Normandy (1087)
  • DEATH King James IV is killed aged 44 years at the Battle of Flodden  Northumberland, England (1513)
  • CROWN The coronation of Mary, Queen of Scots (1543)
10TH
  • DEATH Empress Matilda aged 65 years at RouenFrance (1167)
  • BATTLES/WARSThe Battle of Piperdean Part of the Anglo-Scottish Border Wars ResultDecisive Scottish victory (1436)
  • BATTLES/WARSThe  Battle of Pinkie Cleugh Part of the Anglo-Scottish Wars (1547)
11TH
  • BATTLES/WARSThe Battle of Stirling Bridge  Part of the First War of Scottish Independence ResultScottish victory (1297)
12TH
13TH
  • BATTLES/WARS The Battle of Aberdeen Part of Wars of the Three Kingdoms Result Royalist Victory (1644)
  • BATTLES/WARS The Battle of Philiphaugh  Part of Wars of the Three Kingdoms (1645)
14TH
  • BATTLES/WARS The Battle of Homildon Hill Battle between Scotland and England. Result Decisive English victory (14020
15TH
  • BATTLES/WARSThe Battle of Signal Hill  Part of the Seven Years' War French and Indian War Result British victory (1762)
  • TECHNOLOGY The Liverpool to Manchester railway line opens; )1830)
16TH
  • DEATH of the deposed King James II of England VII of Scotland aged 67 years at Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France (1701)
17TH
  • BATTLES/WARS The  German submarine U-29 sinks the British aircraft carrier HMS Courageous (1038)
18TH
  • TECHNOLOGY  Voyager I takes the first photograph of the Earth and the Moon together. (1977)
19TH
  • DEATH of Henry Fitz Ailwin de Londonstane  who had been the very first Lord Mayor of London in the office
    1189–1212 (1212)
  • BATTLES/WARS The Battle of Poitiers  Part of the Hundred Years' War Result Decisive English victory (1356)
20TH
  • BATTLES/WARS The Battle of Fulford  Part of the Viking invasions of England Result Norwegian victory (1066)
  • BIRTH of Prince Arthur Tudor, at Winchester Cathedral Priory, Winchester, Kingdom of England the son of King Henry VII of England
21ST
  • DEATH of King Edward II of England aged 43 years at Berkeley Castle, Gloucestershire (1327)
  • CROWN The coronation of King James V of Scotland (1513)
22ND
  • CROWN Anne of Cleves , the fourth wife of Henry VIII   of England at Düsseldorf, Duchy of Berg,
    Holy Roman Empire (1515)
  • CROWN The coronation of King George III of Great Britain (1761)
23RD
  • BATTLES/WARSThe Battle of Blore Heath Part of the Wars of the Roses (1459)
  • BATTLES/WARS The Battle of San Juan de Ulúa Part of the Anglo-Spanish War (1585–1604) Result Spanish victory (1568)
24TH
  • BATTLES/WARS The Battle of Rowton Heath Part of English Civil War Result Parliamentarian victory (1645)
25TH
  • BATTLES/WARS  Stamford Bridge Part of the Viking invasions of England Result Decisive English victory (1066)
  •  POLITICS England and Scotland sign the Treaty of York, establishing the location of their common border. (1237)
26TH
  • CROWN The coronation of King William II of England (1087)
  • DEATH of Margaret, Maid of Norway Queen of Scots aged 7 years at St Margaret's Hope, Orkney Islands, Scotland (1290)
  • DISCOVERIES Sir Francis Drake finishes his circumnavigation of the Earth. (1580)
27TH
  • TECHNOLOGY The Stockton and Darlington Railway first opened (1825)
  • Ocean liner Queen Elizabeth 1st is launched in Glasgow. (1936)
28TH
  • BATTLES/WARSThe Battle of Tinchebray Part of Henry I of England's invasion of Normandy ResultVictory for Henry I of England (1106)
  • BATTLES/WARS The Siege of Antwerp Part of the Western Front of World War I Result German victory (1914)
  • BATTLES/WARS The Fifth Battle of Ypres Part of the Western Front of World War I Result Allied victory (1916)
  • CRIME Spaghetti House siege, in which nine people are taken hostage, takes place in London.(1975)
29TH
  • BIRTH of Margaret of England (Queen of Scots) the daughter of King Henry III of England (1240)
30TH
  • TECHNOLOGY  Britain's first tram service begins in Birkenhead, Merseyside. (1860)
MARY QUEEN SCOTS
HENRY III ENGLAND
OCTOBER
1ST
  • BIRTH of King Henry III of England at Winchester Castle, Hampshire, England (1207)
  • CROWN The coronation of Queen Mary 1st of England. (1553)
2ND
  • BIRTH of King Richard III of England at Fotheringhay Castle, Northamptonshire (1452)
3RD
  • CROWN The deposed Henry VI of England regains his throne. This would last from 3rd October 1470 – 11th April 1471
4TH
  • RELIGION The first complete English-language Bible (the Coverdale Bible) is printed, with translations by William Tyndale and Myles Coverdale (1535)
  • ORGANIZATION The Boys' Brigade  is founded by Sir William Alexander Smith (1883)
  • POLITICS Margaret Thatcher becomes  the first woman to lead a major political party in the United Kingdom (1979)
5TH
6TH
  • DEATH of William Tyndale was executed by Executed by strangling, then burnt at the stake near Vilvoorde, Duchy of Brabant, Seventeen Provinces
  • ORGANISATION The first Metropolitan Police station was opened  in a street called Great Scotland Yard  ((1829)
7TH
8TH
  • CROWN  Isabella of Angoulême is crowned queen consort at Westminster Abbey (1200)
  • BIRTH  Margaret Douglas, the daughter of Mary Tudor Queen of Scots and the mother of Henry Darnley the father of King James VI of England(1515)
9TH
  • MARRIAGE  Louis XII of France and Mary Tudor (1514)
  • TECHNOLOGY Supernova 1604, the most recent supernova to be observed in the Milky Way. (1604)
10TH
  • DISASTER The Windscale fire, which as the worst nuclear accident in Great Britain's history (1957)
11TH
  • BATTLES/WARS  The  Start of the Second Boer War (1899)
12TH
  • CROWN King John of England Loses Crown Jewels  (1216)
  • BATTLES/WARS  The Battle of Ludford Bridge  Part of the  Wars of the Roses Result Lancastrian victory (1259)
  • BIRTH King Edward VI of England at Hampton Court Palace, Middlesex, England in 1537.
13TH
  • CROWN The coronation of King Henry IV of England (1399)
  • BIRTH of Edward of Westminster, the son of King Henry VI of England was born at Palace of Westminster, London, England (1453)
14TH
  • BATTLES/WARSThe Battle of Hastings Part of the Norman conquest of England (1066)
  • BIRTH of  King James II of England &VII of Scotland at St. James's Palace, London (1633)
15TH
  • DISASTER The Great Storm of 1987  violent extratropical cyclone that occurred on the night of 15–16 October, with hurricane-force winds causing casualties in England, France and the Channel Islands (1987)
16TH
17TH
  • BATTLES/WARS The Battle of Fornham Part of Revolt of 1173–74 ResultRebel defeat. Royalists capture Robert de Beaumont and Petronilla de Grandmesnil. (1173)
  • BATTLES/WARS The Battle of Neville's Cross Part of the Hundred Years' War and the Second War of Scottish Independence Result English victory (1346)
  • RELIGION Pope Paul III excommunicates Henry VIII   of England. (1538)
18TH
  • DEATH of Margaret Tudor Queen of Scots, daughter of King Henry VII, sister to King Henry VIII  and mother to King James V of Scotland. (1551)
  • ARTS AND ENTERTAINMENT The British Broadcasting Company Ltd (BBC) was formed (1922)
19TH
  • CROWN  Henry II of England is crowned at Westminster Abbey. (1154)
  • DEATH  of King John 1st of England aged 49 years, at Newark Castle, Newark-on-Trent, Nottinghamshire (1216)
  • BATTLES/WARSThe end of the Hundred Years of War (1453)
  • RELIGION  Martin Luther becomes a doctor of theology  (1512)
  • DISCOVERIES The ships Susan Constant, Godspeed, and Discovery depart England carrying settlers who founded, at Jamestown, Virginia, the first of the thirteen colonies that became the United States. (1606)
20TH
  • CROWN The coronation of King George of Great Britain
21ST
  • DISCOVERIES  Plymouth Colony: William Bradford and the Mayflower Pilgrims land on what is now known as Plymouth Rock in Plymouth, Massachusetts. (1620)
  • BATTLES/WARS The Battle of Trafalgar Part of the Trafalgar Campaign Result British victory (1805)
22ND
  • DISASTER The Scilly naval disaster .1550 sailors lost their lives aboard the wrecked vessels, making the incident one of the worst maritime disasters in British naval history (1707)
23RD
  • DISASTER  London Tornado of 1091: A T8/F4 tornado is recorded in London, which destroys London Bridge and badly damages St Mary-le-Bow church. (1091)
  • BATTLES/WARS The Battle of Sark, Part of the Anglo-Scottish Border Wars Result Decisive Scottish victory (1448)
  • BATTLES/WARS The Battle of Edgehill Part of the First English Civil War (1642)
  • POLITICS  The first Parliament of Great Britain meets. (1707)
24TH
25TH
  • DEATH of King Stephen 1st of England at Dover, Kent, England (1154)
  • BATTLES/WARS The Battle of Agincourt Part of the Hundred Years' War (1415)
  • DEATH of King George II of Great Britain aged 76 years at Kensington Palace, London (1760)
26TH
  • POLITICS  The Treaty of Ripon is signed, restoring peace between Scotland and Charles I of England. (1640)
27TH
28TH
  • CROWN The first coronation of King Henry III of England at  Gloucester (1216)
  • DISCOVERIES  Christopher Columbus lands in Cuba on his first voyage to the New World (1492)
29TH
  • DEATH of Sir Walter Raleigh writer, poet, soldier, politician, courtier, spy and explorer was executed in 1618.
30TH
  • CROWN The coronation of King Henry VII of England (1485)
31ST
  • BATTLES/WARS The Battle of Beersheba Part of the Middle Eastern theatre of World War I Result in British Empire victory (1917)
EDWARD VI OF ENGLAND
JAMES II SCOTLAND
THOMAS FAIRFAX
NOVEMBER
1ST
  • ARTS AND ARTS AND ENTERTAINMENT William Shakespeare's tragedy Othello is performed for the first time, at Whitehall Palace in London. (1604)
  • ARTS AND ARTS AND ENTERTAINMENT William Shakespeare's play The Tempest is performed for the first time, at Whitehall Palace in London. (1611)
2ND
  • BIRTH of King Edward V of England at Westminster, Middlesex, England (1470)
3RD
  • POLITICS English Parliament passes the first Act of Supremacy, making King Henry VIII   head of the Anglican Church (1534)
4TH
  • MARRIAGE The future Mary II of England and  William, Prince of Orange (677)
5TH
  •   CRIME Gunpowder Plot: Guy Fawkes is arrested. (1605)
6TH
  • CROWN The coronation of King Henry VI of England (1429)
7TH
  • CROWN Elizabeth Stuart, the daughter of King James VI of Scotland 1st of England, is crowned Queen of Bohemia. (1619)
  •  MEDIA The London Gazette, the oldest surviving journal, is first published (1665)
8TH
  •  DEATH Robert Catesby, the ringleader of the Gunpowder Plotters, is killed shot dead at Holbeche House, Staffordshire, England (1605)
  • BIRTH Abraham "Bram" Stoker best known for his novel Dracula. (1847)
9TH
  • BATTLES /WARS  William of Orange captures Exeter. (Part of the Glorious Revolution)
  • BIRTH of the Birth of King Edward VII of Great Britain at Buckingham Palace, London (1841)
10TH
  • BIRTH of Martin Luther, German monk and priest, leader of the Protestant Reformation (1483)
  • BIRTH  of Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, English general and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland  (Favourite of Queen Elizabeth 1st of England) )1565)
11TH
  • MARRIAGE King Henry 1st of England and Matilda of Scotland, daughter of King Malcolm III of Scotland (1100)
  • BATTLES /WARS The end of World War one (1918)
12TH
  • DEATH of Thomas Fairfax, 3rd Lord Fairfax of Cameron was born, he was a politician, general, and Parliamentary commander-in-chief during the English Civil)War. (1671)
13TH
  • BATTLES /WARS  Battle of Alnwick, Between England and Scotland, Result English victory (1093)
  • BIRTH of King Edward III of England at Windsor Castle, Berkshire (1312)
  • BATTLES /WARSTurnham Green Part of the First English Civil War (1642)
14TH
  •  BATTLES /WARS Coventry is heavily bombed by German Luftwaffe bombers. Coventry Cathedral is almost completely destroyed. (1940
  • BIRTH Prince Charles at BuckinghamAlexander Graham Bell Palace, London (1948)
  • ARTS AND ENTERTAINMENT The first regular UK Singles Chart published by the New Musical Express. (1952)
15TH
  • POLITICS  The Anglo-Irish Agreement is signed at  Hillsborough Castle by British Prime Minister
16TH
  • DEATH of King Henry III of England aged 65 years, at Westminster, London (1272)
17TH
  • CROWN  John Balliol becomes King of Scotland. (1292)
  • DEATH of  Queen Mary 1st of England at St James's Palace, London in 1558
18TH
  • BATTLES /WARS The Battle of Berlin Part of Strategic bombing during World War II Result in German victory (1943)
     
19TH
  • DISCOVERIES  Christopher Columbus first sights the island now known as Puerto Rico. (1493)
  • BIRTH King Charles 1st at Dunfermline Palace, Dunfermline, Scotland (1600)
20TH
  • BATTLES /WARS Battle of Cambrai Part of the Western Front of the First World War (1917)
     
  • MARRIAGE of  The Princess Elizabeth marries Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten, who becomes the Duke of Edinburgh, at Westminster Abbey in London. (1947)
  • TECHNOLOGY  Microsoft Windows 1.0 is released. (1985)
  • DISASTER  a fire breaks out in Windsor Castle, badly damaging the castle and causing over £50 million worth of damage. (1992)
21ST
  • CRIME The Birmingham pub bombings kill 21 people (1974)
22ND
  •   BIRTH of Mary of Guise, Queen of Scots, the mother of Mary Queen Scots (1515)
23RD
  •  DEATH Pretender to the throne Perkin Warbeck is hanged for reportedly attempting to escape from the Tower of London (1499)
  • ARTS AND ENTERTAINMENT The BBC broadcasts the first episode of An Unearthly Child (starring William Hartnell), the first story from the first series of Doctor Who, which is now the world's longest-running science fiction drama. (1963)
24TH
  • CROWN The coronation of King David II of Scotland(1331)
  • BATTLES /WARThe Battle of Solway Moss Part of Anglo-Scottish Wars (1542)
25TH
  •  CROWN Elizabeth of York is crowned Queen consort of England. (1487)
26TH
  • DISCOVERY English archaeologist Howard Carter opens Tutankhamun's virtually intact tomb in Egypt (1922)
27TH
  • EVENT  The Berners Street Hoax was perpetrated by Theodore Hook in the City of Westminster, London. (1801)
  • DEATH  James Pratt and John Smith are hanged in London; they are the last two to be executed for sodomy in England. (1835)
  • BATTLES /WARS The Battle of Cape Spartivento Part of the Battle of the Mediterranean of World War II Result Inconclusive (1940)
28TH
  • BIRTH Margaret Tudor Queen of Scots, the daughter of King Henry VII of England. (1489)
29TH
  • BIRTH  Barbara Palmer, 1st Duchess of Cleveland (Villiers) the mistress of King Charles II of England (1640)
30TH
  • BIRTH  Philip Sidney, English soldier, courtier, and poet  (1554)
  • BIRTH Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill British politician, army officer, and writer, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1874)
  • SPORT The first-ever international football match takes place at Hamilton Crescent, Glasgow, between Scotland and England. (1872)

 
DECEMBER
1ST
  • DEATH King Henry Ist of England aged 66 years at Saint-Denis-en-Lyons, Normandy (1135)
  • DEATH of Isabella of England Holy Roman Empress; Queen consort of Sicily aged 26 years, the daughter of King John of England and wife of Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor (1241)
2ND
  •  RELIGION St Paul's Cathedral is consecrated in London. (1697)
3RD
  •  BATTLES/WARS  Fighting breaks out in Athens between the ELAS and government forces supported by the British Army. ( part of the Greek Civil wars)
4TH
  • RELIGION Nicholas Breakspear is elected pope, (Pope Adrian IV ) only English pope known)(1154)
  • DEATH of  The death of William the Lion King of Scotland aged 71 years, at Stirling (1214)
5TH
  • DISCOVERIES Christopher Columbus becomes the first European to set foot on the island of Hispaniola (now Haiti and the Dominican Republic). )1492)
6TH
  • CROWN The coronation of King Alexander II of Scotland (1214)
  • BIRTH of King Henry VI of England at Windsor Castle, Berkshire (1421)
7TH
  • DISASTER The Great Storm of 1703, the greatest windstorm ever recorded in the southern part of Great Britain, makes landfall. Winds gust up to 120 mph, and 9,000 people die. (1703)
  • BATTLES/WARS Operation Frankton Part of Western Front World war II, Result British victory (1942)
8TH
9TH
  • DEATH King Malcolm IV of Scotland at Jedburgh (1165)
  • BATTLES/WARS The Battle of Reading (Part of the Glorious Revolution)(1688)
  • TECHNOLOGY The first traffic lights are installed, outside the Palace of Westminster in London. Resembling railway signals (1868)
10TH
  • DEATH  Thomas Culpeper and Francis Dereham are executed for having affairs with Catherine Howard, Queen of England and wife of Henry VIII  . (1541)
  • CROWN  Abdication Crisis: Edward VIII signs the Instrument of Abdication. (1936)
  • BATTLES/WARS  The Royal Navy capital ships HMS Prince of Wales and HMS Repulse are sunkby Imperial Japanese Navy torpedo bombers near British Malaya. (World War II) (1941)
11TH
  • BATTLES/WARS The Battle of Orewin Bridge ResultDecisive English victory (1282)
  •  Edward VIII's abdication as King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions beyond the Seas, and Emperor of India, becomes effective. (1936)
  •  POLITICS  Statute of Westminster 1931: The British Parliament establishes legislative equality between the UK and the Dominions of the Commonwealth—Australia, Canada, Newfoundland, New Zealand, South Africa, and Ireland. (1931)
12TH
13TH
  • DISCOVERIES Sir Francis Drake sets sail from Plymouth, England, on his round-the-world voyage (1577)
  • BATTLES/WARS  The Battle of Alton  Part of English Civil War (1643)
  • BATTLES/WARS  The Battle of the River Plate  Part of the American Theatre of Second World War Result British victory (1939)
14TH
  • DEATH King James V of Scotland aged 40 years at Falkland Palace, Fife, Scotland (1542)
15TH
  • BATTLES/WARS The Battle of St. Lucia Part of the American Revolutionary War Result British victory (1778)
16TH
  • CROWN The coronation of King Henry VI of England as King of France at Notre-Dame de Paris (1431)
  • BIRTH Catherine of Aragon at Archbishop's Palace, Alcalá de Henares, Castile, the first wife of King Henry VIII of England. (1485)
  • BATTLES/WARS  The Battle of the Bulge  World War Two) (1944)
17TH
18TH
  • POLITICS  The Whitehall Conference ends with the determination that there was no law preventing Jews from re-entering England after the Edict of Expulsion of 1290. (1655)
  • BATTLES/WARS  The Battle of the Heligoland Bight Part of the Western Front of World War II Result German victory (1939)
19TH
  • CROWN The coronation of King Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine at Westminster Abbey (11540
20TH
  •  EVENT Richard I of England is captured and imprisoned by Leopold V of Austria on his way home to England after the Third Crusade. (1192)
21ST
  • POLITICS  The Nepal–Britain Treaty   United Kingdom and Nepal formally signed an agreement of friendship (1923)
22ND
  • CROWN The coronation of King Stephen 1st of England (1135)
23RD
  • BATTLES/WARS  The Battle of Magdhaba Part of the Middle Eastern theatre of World War I Result British Empire victory (1916)
24TH
  • CROWN The coronation of William the Lion King of Scotland (1165)
25TH
26TH
  • BATTLES/WARS  The Battle of the North Cape Part of World War II Result Allied victory (1943)
27TH
  • DEATH Protestant paramilitary leader Billy Wright is assassinated in Northern Ireland, United Kingdom. (1997)
28TH
29TH
  •  DEATH Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, is assassinated inside Canterbury Cathedral by followers of King Henry II of England (1170)
30TH
  • BATTLES/WARS The Battle of Wakefield Part of the Wars of the Roses (1460)
31ST
  • CHARTERS The British East India Company is chartered. (1600)
  • BIRTH Charles Stuart, also known as Bonnie Prince Charlie the Stuart claimant to the throne of Great Britain. During his lifetime, he was also known as "The Young Pretender" or "The Young Chevalier" (1720)
MARGARET TUDOR
HENRY VI ENGLAND

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