POPES IN THE TUDOR PERIOD

TIME-LINE AND ADDITIONAL FACTS ON POPES DURING THE TUDOR PERIOD.THE TERM POPE (LATIN: PAPA "FATHER") IS USED IN SEVERAL CHURCHES TO DENOTE THEIR HIGH SPIRITUAL LEADERS

      TIME IN OFFICE                                 POPE                           
                                
 
11TH AUGUST 1492–18TH AUGUST 1503
            POPE ALEXANDER VI
  • LIFETIME 1st January 1431– 18tth August 1503
  • BIRTH-NAME Rodrigo de Borja
  • CONSECRATION 30th October 1471
  • Alexander VI He is remembered as one of the most controversial of the Renaissance popes
 
 
 
22ND SEPT 1503–18TH OCT 1503
     POPE PIUS III
  • LIFETIME 29TH May 1439 – 18TH October 1503
  • BIRTH-NAME Francesco Todeschini Piccolomini
  • CONSECRATION 1st October 1503
  • He had one of the shortest pontificates in papal history. He had been Cardinal Protector of England (1492–1503)
 
 
31ST OCTOBER 1503 –21ST FEBRUARY 1513
     POPE JULIUS II
  • LIFETIME 5th December 1443 – 21st February 1513
  • REAL BIRTH-NAME Giuliano della Rovere,
  • CONSECRATION 1481
  • He was nicknamed "The Fearsome Pope" and "The Warrior Pope" Julius commissioned the rebuilding of St. Peter's Basilica, and Michelangelo's decoration of the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel. IN 1476, He founded The Collegium Germanicum in 1552
  • Giuliano had been Bishop of Bologna 1483–1502, Bishop of Lodève 1488–1489 and Bishop of Vercelli
    1502–1503
  • It was Pope Julius II who issued a dispensation allowing the future Henry VIII of England to marry Catherine of Aragon;
 
9TH MARCH 1513–1ST DECEMBER 1521
     POPE LEO X
  • LIFETIME 11TH December 1475 – 1ST December 1521
  • BIRTH-NAME Giovanni di Lorenzo de' Medici
  • CONSECRATION 17 March 1513
 
 
 
 
 
 
9 TH APRIL 1555–1ST MAY 1555
     POPE MARCELLUS II
  • LIFE-TIME 6th May 1501 – 1st May 1555
  • BIRTH-NAME Marcello Cervini degli Spannochi
  • CONSECRATION 10th April 1555
  • Marcello chose to retain his birth name as his regnal name upon his accession
 
 
 
 
 
23RD MAY 1555–18TH AUGUST 1559
    POPE PAUL IV
  • LIFETIME 28th June 1476– 18th August 1559
  • BIRTH-NAME Gian Pietro Carafa
  • CONSECRATION 18th September 1505
  • It was Paul IV that issued a papal bull in 1555, Ilius, per quem Reges regnant, recognising that Philip II of Spain and Mary Tudor as King and Queen of England and its dominions including Ireland. He also angered people in England by insisting on the restitution of property confiscated during the dissolution and rejected the claim of Elizabeth I of England to the Crown.
 
 
26TH DECEMBER 1559–9TH DECEMBER 1565
     POPE PIUS IV
  • LIFETIME 31st March 1499 – 9th December 1565
  • BIRTH-NAME Giovanni Angelo Medici,
  • CONSECRATION 20th April 1546
  • Pope Pius is known for presiding over the final session of the Council of Trent. He had a Previous postArchbishop of Ragusa (1545–1553) and Cardinal-Priest of Santa Pudenziana (1549–1550)
 
 
 
7TH JANUARY 1566–1ST MAY 1572
    POPE ST PIUS V
  • LIFETIME 17th January 1504 – 1st May 1572
  • BIRTH-NAME Antonio Ghislieri
  • CONSECRATION 14th September 1556
  • Pius V Previous post had been, Bishop of Sutri and Nepi (1556–1557) and Cardinal-Priest of Santa Maria Sopra Minerva (1557–1561)
  • It was Pope Pius V excommunicated Queen Elizabeth I of England for heresy and persecution of English Catholics during her reign
 
 
 
13TH MAY 1572–10TH APRIL 1585
    POPE GREGORY XIII
  • LIFETIME 7th January 1502 – 10th April 1585
  • BIRTH-NAME Ugo Boncompagni
  • CONSECRATION 1558
  • Pope Gregory, is best known for commissioning and being the namesake for the Gregorian calendar, which remains the internationally accepted civil calendar to this day. He had the Previous post-Bishop of Vieste (1558–1560) and Legate to Spain (1565). Gregory also encouraged the plans of Philip II of Spain to dethrone Elizabeth I of England
 
 
24TH APRIL 1585–27TH AUGUST 1590
     POPE SIXTUS V
  • LIFETIME 13th December 1521 – 27th August 1590
  • BIRTH-NAME Felice Peretti di Montalto
  • CONSECRATION 12th January 1567
  • Sixtus he excommunicated both Elizabeth I of England and Henry IV of France and was recognized as a significant figure of the Counter-Reformation. His Previous post-Bishop of Fermo (1571–1577) andBishop of Sant'Agata de'Goti (1566–1571)
 
 
15TH SEPTEMBER 1590–27TH SEPTEMBER 1590
    POPE URBAN VII
  • LIFETIME 4th August 1521 – 27th September 1590
  • BIRTH-NAME Giovanni Battista Castagna
  • CONSECRATION 4th April 1553
  • Urban's His twelve-day papacy was the shortest in history.
 
 
 
 
5TH DECEMBER 1590–16 OCTOBER 1591
     POPE GREGORY XIV
  • LIFETIME 11th February 1535 – 16th October 1591
  • BIRTH-NAME Niccolò Sfondrato
  • CONSECRATION 13TH March 1564
  • Gregory had Previous posts of Abbot of Civate (1551–1560) and Bishop of Cremona (1560–1590)
     
 
29TH OCTOBER 1591–30TH DECEMBER 1591
      INNOCENT IX
  • LIFETIME  20TH July 1519 – 30TH December 1591
  • BIRTH-NAME Giovanni Antonio Facchinetti
  • CONSECRATION 1560
  • Pope Innocent IX had been a canon lawyer, diplomat, and chief administrator during the reign of Pope Gregory XIV. He had Previous posts of Governor of Parma (1556–1558), Referendary of the Apostolic Signatura (1559–1560) and Bishop of Nicastro (1560–1575)
 
30TH JAN UARY1592–3RD MARCH 1605
    CLEMENT VIII
  • LIFETIME 24th February 1536 – 5th March 1605
  • BIRTH-NAME Ippolito Aldobrandini
  • CONSECRATION 2nd February 1592
  • Clement VIII founded the Collegio Clementino for the education of the sons of the richer classes, in 1595. His Previous post-Cardinal-Priest of San Pancrazio fouri le Mura (1585–92)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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