LORD OF THE PRIVY SEAL

The Lord Privy Seal (or, more formally, the lord keeper of the privy seal) isthe fifth of the great officers of state in the united kingdom. The office is one of the traditional sinecure offices of state. originally, its holder was responsible for the monarch's personal (privy) seal(as opposed to the great seal of the realm, which is in the care of the lord

TIME-IN -OFFICE       LORD OF THE PRIVY SEAL
 
1485–1487
  • PETER COURTENAY
  • LIFETIME 1432 – 2RD3 September 1492
  • OTHER ROLES Bishop of Exeter &Bishop of Winchester
  • NOTES Peter was from the Noble family Courtenay
1487–1516
1516–1523
  • THOMAS RUTHALL
  • LIFETIME DIED 4th February 1523
  • OTHER ROLES Chancellor of the University of Cambridge 1503–1504 and SECRETARY of State 1500-1516
  • NOTES Dean of Salisbury 1505–1508 & Bishop of Durham1509–1523
1523
  • HENRY MARNEY, 1ST BARON MARNEY
  • LIFETIME 1447 – 24th May 1523
  • OTHER ROLES Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster 1509–1523 & Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard 1521–1523
  • NOTES He was a favourite of Henry VIII . Henry fought in the battle of  battles of Bosworth and Stoke 
1523–1530
  • CUTHBERT TUNSTALL 
  • LIFETIME 1474 – 18 November 1559
  • NOTES Cuthbert was Bishop of London 1522–1530 and Prince-Bishop of Durham1530–1552& 1553–1558 1523–1530
  • NOTES Cuthbert, laterin life was arrested, deprived of his diocese in September 1559, and held PRISONER at Lambeth Palace, where he died within a few weeks, aged 85. He was one of eleven Catholic bishops to die in custody during Elizabeth's reign.
1530–1536
  • THOMAS BOLEYN, 1ST EARL OF WILTSHIRE
  • LIFETIME 1477 – 12th March 1539
  • OTHER ROLES Treasurer of the Household 1521–1525 &
  • NOTES Thomas was the father of Anne Boleyn and the grandfather of the future Queen Elizabeth 1st of England
1536–1540
  • THOMAS CROMWELL, 1ST EARL OF ESSEX
  • LIFETIME 1485 – 28 July 1540
  • OTHER ROLES Chancellor of the Exchequer 1533–1540 ,Secretary of State 1534–1540 and Master of the Rolls 1534–1536 ,Governor of the Isle of Wight
    1538–1540
  • NOTES Thomas was King Henry VIII chief minister, however after falling from grace, he was executed for high treason in 1540.

1540–1542
  • WILLIAM FITZWILLIAM, 1ST EARL OF SOUTHAMPTON
  • LIFETIME 1490-15tg October 1542
  • OTHER ROLES Treasurer of the Household 1525–1537, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster 1529–1533 ,Lord Admiral 1536–1540
  • NOTES William had been was made a Gentleman Usher and King's Cupbearer, and gradually rose at Court. 
1542–1555
  • JOHN RUSSELL, 1ST EARL OF BEDFORD
  • LIFETIME 1485 – 14th March 1555
  • OTHER ROLES Lord High Admiral1540–1542 , Comptroller of the Household] 1537–1539, Lord Warden of the Stannaries 1539–1555
  • NOTES John Russell is the ancestor of all subsequent Earls and Dukes of Bedford and Earls Russell, including John Russell, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 
1555–1558
  • WILLIAM PAGET, 1ST BARON PAGET 
  • LIFETIME 1506 – 9th June 1563
  • OTHER ROLES Clerk of the Signet1532–? ,Secretary of State 1543–1548, Comptroller of the Household1547–1550&Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster1547–1552
  • NOTES William had been in the service of three Tudor monarchs
1558-71
  • SIR NICHOLAS BACON
  • LIFETIME 28th December 1510 – 20th February 1579
  • OTHER ROLES Lord Keeper 1558–1579
  • NOTES He was the son of the philosopher and statesman Sir Francis Bacon.
1571–1572
      &
1590–1598
  • WILLIAM CECIL, 1ST BARON BURGHLEY
  • LIFETIME 13th September 1520 – 4th August 1598
  • OTHER ROLES Secretary of State 1550–1553& 1558–1572 .Lord High Treasurer 1572–1598
  • NOTES William was chief advisor to Queen Elizabeth 1st of England and the father of Robert Cecil.. William was amongst those who persuaded the Queen Elizabeth to execute Mary Queen of Scots
1572-73
  • WILLIAM HOWARD, 1ST BARON HOWARD OF EFFINGHAM
  • LIFETIME 1510 – 12th January 1573
  • OTHER ROLES Lord High Admiral 1554–1558, Lord Chamberlain of the Household 1558–1572
  • NOTES William had been a cousin to Queen Elizabeth 1st of England, through her mother Anne Boleyn. He had served four Tudor, Henry VIIIEdward VIMary I and Elizabeth I
1573–1576
  • SIR THOMAS SMITH
  • LIFETIME 23rd December 1513 – 12th August 1577 Secretary of State1548–1549
  • OTHER ROLES Clerk of the Privy Council 1547–1548 & 1572–1576
  • NOTES Thomas was  English scholar, parliamentarian 
1576-90
  • SIR FRANCIS WALSINGHAM
  • LIFETIME 1532 – 6 thApril 1590
  • OTHER ROLES English Ambassador to France1570–1573 & Secretary of State 1573–1590
  • NOTES Francis was known as the “Spy Master” He was another key person who discovered plots against Elizabeth and secured the execution of Mary, Queen of Scots.
1598–1608
  • ROBERT CECIL, 1ST EARL OF SALISBURY
  • LIFETIME June 1563? – 24th May 1612
  • OTHER ROLES Chancellor of the University of Dublin 1601–1612. Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster1597–1599 &Secretary of State
    1596–1612
  • NOTES Robert was the son of William Cecil. He also played a key role in the discovery of the Gunpowder Plot of 1605, 

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