WHEN DID AMERICAN BECOME INDEPENDENT

In the recent news President Trump's comments to Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau: According to the sources, Trudeau pressed Trump on how he could justify the tariffs as a "national security" issue. In response, Trump quipped to Trudeau, "Didn't you guys burn down the White House?" referring to the War of 1812. British troops burned down the White House during the War of 1812. Historians note the British attack on Washington was in retaliation for the American attack on York. Canada was born in 1867, fifty-five years later.

EARLY HISTORY OF AMERICA

The name American came about not long after Christopher Columbus's voyage to the Americas in 1492. On May 24th, 1607, their three ships set sail and landed near the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay area on the banks of the James River. Here they founded the town of Jamestown, the first permanent English colony in the New World. Many colonists had chosen to came to America because they wanted to escape religious persecutions.  ericas in 1492. It is generally accepted that the name derives from Amerigo Vespucci, the Italian explorer, who explored the new continents in the following years.

 

Sir Francis Drake, in 1578, landed on the coast of California in what is now known as  Drakes Bay.

 

In 1587 Sir Walter Raleigh who was an English adventurer and writer who established a colony near Roanoke Island, in present-day North Carolina. Came back from  his expedition bringing back with him with tobacco, maize and potatoes. However, some believe Tobacco may have been in England beforehand.

 

 

 

 

 

 

The English inspired by stories from the Spanish of riches and gold made plans to build new lives in what they called "The New World". It was to them a place where dreams could become reality.

In 1607,  On May 24th, 1607, their three ships set sail and landed near the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay area on the banks of the James River. These colonists were a mix of English and Scots. Here they founded the town of Jamestown, the first permanent English colony in the New World. Many colonists had chosen to came to America because they wanted to escape religious persecutions. 

 

 

In 1620 The Mayflower, carrying some one hundred Brownist religious refugees, English and Scots Pilgrim Fathers, travelled the seas to Provincetown Harbor, north of the territory around the mouth of the Hudson River for which they had been granted a land patent. These colonists would be the start of the Plymouth colony.

 

 

On the 1st May 1707, The new sovereign state of Great Britain began, as a result of the Acts of Union, which combine the countries Scotland and England into a single United Kingdom of Great Britain and merge the Parliaments of England and Scotland, to form the Parliament of Great Britain.

COLONISTS OF THE NEW WORLD

AMERICAN WAR OF INDEPENDENCE

In April 1775 British soldiers, that were called lobsterbacks because of their red coats, and minutemen—the colonists' militia, exchanged gunfire at Lexington and Concord in Massachusetts. Described as "the shot heard round the world," it signalled the start of the American Revolution and led to the creation of a new nation. This war lasted from April 19th, 1775 – September 3rd, 1783.

America had been under British rule for nearly 170 years. In general, the British colonies in North America were known as British America and the British West Indies until 1776, after which the Thirteen Colonies declared their independence and formed the United States of America. The American colonies chose to declare independence from Great Britain for many reasons. They believed the British were treating the colonists unfairly. The British passed many tax laws that impacted the colonists. The colonists had no representatives in Parliament to vote on or discuss these laws.

The British were defeated, however, did not leave America. Britain recognized the independence of the United States following their defeat at Yorktown in 1781. The Treaty of Paris, signed in Paris by representatives of King George III of Great Britainand representatives of the United States of America on September 3rd, 1783, ended the American Revolutionary War. 

 

THE AMERICAN FLAG

Francis Hopkinson (21ST September 1737 – May 9TH, 1791)is often given credit for the Betsy Ross design, as well as other 13-star arrangements. The Second Continental Congress passed the Flag Resolution on June 14th, 1777, establishing the first congressional standard for official United States ensigns.

The flag of the thirteen United States is thirteen stripes, alternate red and white; that the union be thirteen stars, white in a blue field, representing a new constellation.

INDEPENDENCE DAY

 

Independence Day, also referred to as the 4th July or July Fourth, is a federal holiday in the United States commemorating the adoption of the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776. The Continental Congress declared that the thirteen American colonies regarded themselves as a new nation, the United States of America

The thirteen colonies were: Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Georgia, Connecticut, Massachusetts Bay, Maryland, South Carolina, New Hampshire, Virginia, New York, North Carolina, and Rhode Island and Providence.

Even now present-day America still celebrates independence day with fireworks, parades, barbecues, carnivals, fairs, picnics, concerts, baseball games, family reunions, 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

On the 30th April 1789, George Washington became the first in long line of Presidents to come ofPresident of the United States. George was one of the leading patriots, he was among the new nation's Founding Fathers, and served as commander-in-chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. He became known as the "Father of His Country."

In 1801, Thomas Jefferson who became the third President of the United States became the first of many to come to live in "The White House". From then on The White House was  official residence and workplace of the President of the United States

 

 

 

More conflicts broke out in 1812, between the Britsh and America. This was related to  Great Britain being involved in a  long and bitter conflict with Napoleon Bonaparte's France. In an attempt to cut off supplies from reaching the enemy, both sides attempted to block the United States from trading with the other.

 

During the War of 1812, the mansion was set ablaze, on the 24th August 1814, by the British Army in the Burning of Washington, destroying the interior and charring much of the exterior. This The attack was in part a retaliation for the recent American destruction of Port Dove in Upper Canada. 

 

The War of 1812 ended when Great Britain and the United States of America signed the Treaty of Ghent on December 24th, 1814. The treaty said that each country would have their borders made the same as they were before the war. So, neither Britain or the U.S. gained any territory from each other.

 

AMERICAN NATIONAL ANTHEM 

"The Star-Spangled Banner" was written by the poet Francis Scott Key, in 1814. This was after witnessing the bombardment of Fort Mc Henry, by British ships of the Royal Navy in Baltimore Harbor during the Battle of Baltimore in the War of 1812. 

In 1889, The Star-Spangled Banner" was recognized for official use by the United States Navy and   by U.S. President Woodrow Wilson in 1916 and was made the national anthem by a congressional resolution on March 3rd, 1931 

 
 

WARS OF 1812

The Star-Spangled Banner - Francis Scott Key
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